Seasonal cycles

Seasonal movements. These include birds flying, elk migrations, reindeer and saiga. Animals move for different reasons: to nesting or calving, in search of food places, in order to survive the unfavorable season. Hunting small game during the seasonal migration is the basis of hunting (as a sport and fishing) in many parts of the country. Especially noticeable is usually spring animal movements that take place in a shorter time. Autumn migration is not so obvious, but experienced hunters and should not be ignored. In addition to flights and mass migrations over long distances, the beasts and Read more [...]
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Stir in the avalanche zone

To not get in the shower, not enough to know where they can be expected, it is necessary also to know how to behave in the avalanche site to observe certain rules of movement. The main thing - do not cut the avalanche better work around dangerous place party. If this is not possible, then move down the slope best straight up, at least - an angle, as the transverse (horizontal), the intersection of the snow layer can "cut" it, to break the adhesion strength of snow from the underlying surface and cause an avalanche. Being in the avalanche site, we can not make any noise and shouting. Read more [...]
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Sable

Sable body elongated, slender and flexible, covered with lush, soft and shiny hair. Head, rather broad at the ears, muzzle ends acute. Pricked ears are medium-sized, rounded at the top. On the feet - five fingers with sharp claws, between the bases of the fingers - a small ear. Feet covered with thick fur and tough, winter is almost hiding claws. The tail is very lush, but relatively short, not more than one third of the body length and only slightly longer than the hind legs outstretched. This is markedly different from the sable marten. The length of the body varies from 30 to 52 cm Males Read more [...]
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Rope

standard unit of length equal to Naib. common core length. rope (30 or 40 m). Used in mountaineering and mountain T. for measuring on sections of the route with the raising, lowering or Travers where a hitch rail or alternating movement. At such sites usually have to perform the full range of safety actions - from the preparation of personal funds insurance (Harnesses, zhumarov, eights, etc.) to create points fixing ropes, hardware items for insurance, storage locations of participants, etc. The use of the term "V" allows you to succinctly characterize the complexity of the route Read more [...]
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Ridges and spurs

On ridges, snow and rock, frequent wind education - snow cornices, and below them on the leeward slopes - snow bags. On the windward side of the crest, where the corridors begin rising air currents form a snowy wind funnel. When raising the crest of snow in the area of the snow avalanche danger extremely bag, and if you want to cross, do it with a reliable insurance from a safe place. Overcoming the danger of caving cornice below and therefore permissible only where it obtayal and overhangs, with the location of fear in the side of the ledge. It should also be wary of cornices formed not Read more [...]
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Metapleksis Japanese

Shrubby vine to 3 m length with a smooth cylindrical branches and yellow-green hairy stems. Ovate leaves 8-14 cm long and 4-9 cm wide, pointed at the top and at the base glubokoserdtsevidnye sit on long, up to 8 cm tonkoopushennyh stalks. Leaf blade on top of juicy dark-green, off-white below, with a pattern of cirrus veins. Inflorescence racemose, 8 - 16-flowered, on long stalks. The large flowers are white or pink and white at the bottom and in the middle of the purple, with campanulate corolla, dissolved in May - June. Fruit-leaflets 5-7 cm long, pointed at the end, with a curved beak, Read more [...]
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Rhode STAPHYLEA L. — KLEKACHKA.

Shrubs or trees up to 5 m high. Distribution: European part (south-west), the Caucasus. Contain flavonoids (including anthocyanins), carbohydrates, as well as phenolic and higher fatty acid established structure. Allocated fixed oil to 49% from seed S. pinnata L. Found alkaloids. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - laxative - Seeds (fatty oil) S. colchica Steven, S. pinnata. Food. Edible raw or pickled form oversight. hours, buds, flowers, S. colchica, stems, buds, buds, flowers, S. pinnata, seeds (fatty oil) S. colchica, S. pinnata. Melliferous. S. colchica, S. pinnata. Materials. Read more [...]
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East European vole

Status. Common species in the region. Distribution. Widely distributed in the Right Bank and the Volga. Difficulties in diagnosing type does not allow the usual methods of research to reveal features Biotopical placement voles in the Saratov region. To living rodent in Krasnokutsk and Rivne regions indicate, for example, ML Oparin et al (1999). According to data obtained by electrophoretic karyotype and blood, it is assumed that the East European vole lives in all areas of the Saratov Volga (Baskevich et al, 2005; Bogomolov et al, 2005). In the Volga it occurs together with the common vole, Read more [...]
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African poisons quot;comboquot; and quot;Onayquot;

Residents of West Africa since ancient times used Strelna poison "yin" or "Onay", and in East Africa and in the central lake was known poison "combo". In 1853 - 1856 years. in these places have traveled the famous African explorer D. Livingston. The accompanying doctor Kirk interested in Strelna poisons and poisonous plants carried the samples in his bag. Soon his collection grew so much that it had to shift to another place. In an empty bag Kirk put his belongings, including a toothbrush. In the morning he was brushing my teeth and suddenly felt a strong heartbeat. Read more [...]
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Rhode PHLOMOIDES L. — FLOMOIDES.

Herbaceous perennials, 20-150 cm tall. Prevalence in the European part (except the north), the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East (invasive). Contain iridoids, alkaloids to 2.1% in the flowers, other nitrogen Comm., Flavonoids and 1.6% in the leaves of P. tuberosa (L.) Moench, karotiioidy, carbohydrates, as well as phenolic acids and fatty acids established structure. Highlighted the essential oil to 0.1% of oversight. Part P. tuberosa, fatty oil to 30.2% NZ P. laciniata (L.) Kamelin et Makhm., tannins. Found triterpenoids, steroids, coumarins, saponins, vitamin C. Medicinal. Read more [...]
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People in the autonomous existence

To the people who found themselves in an autonomous existence, from the first minutes, a number of key areas: - overcoming the stress state of a panic situation - first aid to the victims; - protection from the adverse effects of environmental factors (low or high temperatures, direct sunlight, wind, etc.) - providing food and water - determination its location - communication and preparation of the alarm. However, not all people who find themselves in an emergency situation (shipwreck, plane crash, fire, flood, etc.), are able to take immediate, vigorous, appropriate action. Most of the approximately Read more [...]
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Rhode MESPILUS L. Medlar.

M. germanica L. - A tree up to 6 m high. Distribution: Caucasus. Flavonoids (including catechins), triterpenoids, glycityl, carbohydrates, as well as phenolic acids and fatty acids, alitsiklncheskie acid and aliphatic aldehydes established structure. Marked tannins to 2.6% of the fruits, fatty oil and 10% of the seeds. Medicinal. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: diarrhea - bark, leaves, fruits, seeds, hemorrhoids - leaves, infections / infestations: dysentery - bark, leaves, fruits, seeds, diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract: kidney disease - leaves, diseases of the ear Read more [...]
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Rhode LILIUM L. — LILY.

Herbaceous perennials to 1 m high. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Snbnr Far East. Contain up to 1.6% alkaloids and flavonoids to 3.6% of Hopes. Part L martagon L., karotnnondy, carbohydrates to 23.1% in the pollen L. lancifolium Thunb., and neprotennovye amino acids and other nitrogen Comm. (Satou et al., 1996), phenolic glycosides, and higher aliphatic hydrocarbons glnieroly established structure. Found saponins. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - anti-inflammatory, wound healing - Subtitle. hours, leaves L. martagon, L. pensylvanicum Ker Gawl., L. pumilum Read more [...]
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Rhode ISATIS L. — AW.

Single, biennials or herbaceous perennials, 20-120 cm tall. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western n Eastern Siberia, the Far East. Contain flavonoids, thioglycosides, phytosterols, and nitrogen Comm., Phenolic acid esters of n, higher fatty acids and aliphatic hydrocarbons established structure. Allocated to the fixed oil from the seeds of 32.8% I. tinctoria L. (Syn. I. japonica auct.). Detected alkaloids, saponins, vitamins B and C. Medicinal. Indications - infections / infestations: the measles - I. tinctoria, typhoid - Hopes. hours, influenza, sepsis, dysentery, polio, meningitis Read more [...]
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Rhode GYMNOCARPIUM Newman — GOLOKUCHNIK.

Herbaceous perennials and 50 cm high. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East. Contains xanthones and phytosterols established structure. Isolated waxes. Carotenoids are found. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - analgesic - leaves G. dryopteris (L.) Newman. Indications - injuries: the dislocation of the shoulder joint, bruises, wounds, in veterinary medicine at dislocations in horses, infections / infestations: in scabies, diseases of the respiratory system: Veterinary respiratory infections in horses; pain: with arthralgia, diseases of the reproductive Read more [...]
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Rhode FIBIGIA Medikus — Fiebig.

Herbaceous perennials, 30-75 cm high. Distribution: Caucasus.

Contain thioglycosides and higher fatty acid established structure. Allocated fixed oil to 12% of the seeds F. clypeata (L) Medikus. Flavonoids are found.

Medicinal. Indications — diseases of the skin and subcutaneous fat: with skin rashes — E clypeata.

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Rhode DRYAS L. — Dryad.

Shrubs, up to 8 cm high. Distribution: Arctic, the European part (north), the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East. Contain flavonoids established structure. Marked tannins. Discovered vitamin C. Drug (leaves D. octopetala L.). Therapeutic action - astringent. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: diarrhea. Food. Substitute for tea: leaves D. octopetala. Stern. For deer: D. octopetala. Environmental significance. Decorative: D. octopetala. Read more [...]
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Rhode COTONEASTER Medikus — cotoneaster.

Shrub 0.5-2 m high. Propagation: All. Contain anthocyanins to 9.5% in the leaves and fruits of S. melanocarpus Fisch. ex BlyH, cyanogenic Comm., as well as phenolic acids established structure. Found catechins polnizopre-Noida, vitamin C. Medicinal. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: diarrhea - the fruits of S. integerrimus Medikus, S. melanocarpus, gastroenteritis, jaundice - the branches of S. integerrimus, flatulence - the fruits of S. melanocarpus; infections / infestations: dysentery - the fruits of S. integerrimus, S. melanocarpus , sepsis - fruits, scabies - branches S. Read more [...]
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How to make fire with an aluminum cans

Another interesting way of getting the fire - this time with the help of aluminum cans. It turns out that with a can of Coke and a chocolate bar can make a fire. This is of course advice on survival rather for American teenagers, but they drag around with such crap (I mean soda, chocolate - horoshaya.Nahodim thing any American teenager. Give the neck, pick up can of Coke and a chocolate bar. Bank overturn. Bottom in She slightly concave, frosted, polished and perfectly chocolate. ten minutes of work, and in the mirrored surface of the banks may see their distorted reflection. Now you just Read more [...]
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Rhode TEUCRIUM L. — Dubrovnik.

Herbaceous perennials, annuals, shrubs, bushes 10-70 cm high. Distribution: European part (except for the north-called north-west), the Caucasus, Western Siberia. Contain monoterpeioidy (including iridoids in H), sesqui-, di-, and triterpenoids, flavonoids to 4.1% in oversight. Part T. poliuni L, phytosterols, carbohydrates and nitrogen Comm., phenols, federal nilpropanoidy, phenolic and higher fatty acids, aliphatic hydrocarbons, alcohols and aldehydes established structure. Highlighted the essential oil to 0.3% of oversight. Part T. montanum L., tannins to 4.1% of oversight. Part T. hircanicum Read more [...]
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