Solonechnik ordinary

Perennial herb 20-50 cm tall, naked or nearly naked (but with pautinistym pubescence in the inflorescence), slightly rough on small spines located on the edge of the leaves. Stems are usually few or solitary, erect, uniformly leafy, branching at the top, with obliquely erect branches, ending with one or more baskets. The leaves are alternate, linear-oblong, with one vein, 1-3 mm wide, entire. Baskets are small, cylindrical, collected in terminal corymbose inflorescence. All baskets without ray flowers, with 15-40 tubular yellow flowers. Outer bracts linear-subulate or narrow-linear, acute, Read more [...]
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Rhode ANDRACHNE L. – ANDRAHNA.

Shrubs, herbaceous perennials, 7-40 cm high. Distribution: Caucasus. Contain alkaloids and 0.8% in the underground. Part A. S. rotundifolia Mey. ex Eichw., flavonoids, phytosterols, and higher aliphatic hydrocarbons and alcohols established structure. Allocated resin rubbery substance Patient (A rotundifolia). Those therapeutically effect - astringent. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: the diseases of the digestive system, symptoms and syndromes: with hyperhidrosis in veterinary medicine. In the experiment, an alkaloid andrahnin stimulates respiration, showing hyper-tenzivnye, Read more [...]
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Rhode ACHYRANTHES L. – SOLOMOTSVET.

A. japonica (Miq.) Nakai (syn. A. bidentata auct.) - odioletiik to 100 cm high. Found ua Far East (in the vicinity. Vladivostok). Contains triterpenondy (including triterpene sapoiiiy) antrahiioiy and ECDIS-teroidy, financial toaster and iy and higher fatty acids (Wei et al., 1997) established structure. Discovered polysaccharides (type et al., 1995). Drug (podz.ch.). Therapeutic action - diuretic, uterotonic. Indications - kidney and urinary tract: kidney disease, diseases of the reproductive system: infertility, diseases of the digestive system: for gastroenteritis, oral disease: with stomatitis, Read more [...]
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Reference mushroom picker

Reference mushroom picker Author: Klepinin ZA Format: djvu Size: 5.2 MB Year: 2006 In Russia, more than 300 species of fungi that can be eaten, but the basket gets only 15-20 of them. But in nature there are no toadstools very often and unfairly applied the term to a raincoat, umbrella, shaft and so on for nutrition and taste, they are not inferior to aspen, boletus and even white. A detailed description and some 300 color illustrations will make you a real connoisseur of mushrooms. In addition, from this book you will learn all about the mushroom calendar, as well as the intricacies of mushroom Read more [...]
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Ray Mears: The Art of Survival – New Zealand

Raymond "Ray" Mears (Born February 7, 1964) is a British writer and broadcaster TV, an expert on the art of survival in extreme environments. Survival expert Ray Mears travels to different corners of the planet. He will teach you not only see the beauty of wildlife, but also to take away everything you need to survive. As a true master of his craft, he does not miss the opportunity to learn from the locals. Virtually every series are wonderful and understand examples of survival under these conditions untrained people. The main feature of this series of broadcasts from other similar Read more [...]
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Ragwort Prirechny

Bezrozetochnoe perennial herbaceous plant 90-160 cm, with a creeping rhizome. Stems are erect, densely leafy, branching at the top, ribbed. The leaves are alternate, lanceolate or elliptic-lanceolate, tapering to the base cuneate, glabrous on both sides, the edges serrate-toothed. Baskets 2-2.5 cm in diameter, numerous, generally corymbose inflorescence. Outer bracts 4-5, equal in length or slightly shorter than the inner them, internal bracts lanceolate, ciliate at the top, with a black spot. Lozhnoyazychkovyh flowers in each basket of 6-8, they are bright yellow, limb them up to 1.2 cm long Read more [...]
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Bite

Bite in 90 cases out of 100 should be considered as any rod tip deviate from the standard. Most bites fisherman on the tip of the eye-spinning, and they are perceived as strikes (the tip of a sharp nod) twitch (quiver tip) or a sudden and premature weakening of the fishing line. Stroke occurs when a predator attacks the bait in front, opposite to the motion. These bites are often "empty", ie ineffective because, grasping jaws load bait and not very "porolonku" and felt something was wrong, perch just get rid of him, not even caught on the hook. Bite is effective only when Read more [...]
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The most common injuries

Accident on land transport. The vehicle is completely broken, turned over or fallen off a cliff. In these cases, the most common syndrome is compression of the body or its individual amputees, simple and compound fractures, lacerations, severe bruises, separation of limbs, head injuries. At fire vehicle can lead to burns of varying severity. Emergency, an unsuccessful landing of the aircraft. Aircraft or helicopter during a landing can dig into the trees, rocks, split in half, burn and explode. Injuries happen in this variety, and their degree depends on the force of impact. Quite serious Read more [...]
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Predicting the weather on the moon

Signs of bad weather By color If the color of the moon at night cloudy, pale, wait for the next day of rain, and winter - heavy snowfall. In the winter time. If the moon at night like a blush, - expect tomorrow wind, heat and snow. In the winter time. Clear sharp-horned moon - to frost.     By halo (circles around the moon) If the rising moon red fringed, long vanishing circle - we should expect rain with wind. If the background of thin cirrus cloud cover, prolonged moon appear large, thin little glowing circles - it talks about cloud cover and Read more [...]
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Polar Robinson-90. Excerpts from the diaries

I must say that this experience was not unique. Paradoxically stay on uninhabited islands spawned true friendship. And not only between the partners on the adventure. The guys point out that friends are all Robinsons. "They are like brothers to me now," - wrote in a test form is not the most sentimental of the contestants. We did not insist on getting accepted diary was finished: Alex returned to the living space and could not forget, lose, to rethink the feelings that possessed them in the last days Robinson Crusoe. But you can make a pretty fair presentation of these days to blog Read more [...]
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Plants, thirst-quenching

In the forests of the temperate zone is water practically everywhere, and plants all year get it in enough. In many tropical forest trees should provide themselves with water to quietly endure drought, searing winds and scorching sun. The reservoir in the tissues of the tree keeps an emergency supply, consuming it very sparingly and stretching for months. In the tropics, deserts and highlands of the lost traveler or people caught in an extreme situation, is most needed is usually water. In Australia, the perfect thirst quenching juice Australian pine - kazauriny. Pleasant-tasting liquid Read more [...]
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Karelian Robinson: spring fun. Part 4

In general, as you know, I did not have to miss Rest went on as usual. In the morning I went out to inspect the land, the number of young mink kept going this year, checked familiar perehodiki marten. Tried to analyze the situation with the beaver, watch space samolovov. Considerably less than in previous years began to meet wintering flocks of tits. And the composition has changed. Now flocks opolovnichki prevail, but before that was full of pow. Do muskrats this year the number of deep depression - no lodges found. Fish, except perch, too, was less than the situation 10-15 years ago. Lynx, Read more [...]
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Marshes and swamps

The most insidious obstacles in the forest - it swamps and bogs. A characteristic feature of the swamp is its weak populated, lack of roads, the presence of almost impassable, and at times quite impassable areas. Bogs are rarely equally passable throughout and at different times of the year. Their surface is very deceptive. Most impassable swamp marsh, the hallmarks of which is whitish surface layer. Small wetlands are easy to get around, stepping on the mound or shrub roots, or wade, after feeling the bottom of the sixth. Convinced of the impossibility to pass or avoid dangerous areas, you Read more [...]
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Organization bivouacs during trekking and mountain climbing

Dress code - storm or track suit, hat, high boots or shoes, gloves. Personal equipment - ice ax, repshnur (5 m). Equipment group - 2 tent, an ax, a set of extensions and wedges, dishes, stove, matches. Introductory talk: "How to choose a place for a camp. Preparation and organization of the forest, in a clearing at different slopes, moraine and scree, mountain terrain. " Describe the storage and handling of products in the bivouac, especially perishables, placing personal items in a tent, on hygienic requirements for bivouac, distribution and fulfillment of the responsibilities Read more [...]
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Marmot marmot – marmota menzbieri kaschkarov. Colonial and types of settlements

Sex and age composition of the population. Of 157 marmots, caught in the mountains Karzhantau throughout the active season of their lives, there were 57 adults (36.3%), semi-mature than two years old, 22 (14%), over one year - 21 (13.3%) and profit - 57.3 (36.3%). According Yanushko PA (1951), 42 of them captured marmots 27 (64.3%) were adults, seven (16.6%), semi-mature and eight (19%) profit. However, marmots, assigned them to a group of semi-mature, according to the weight and size, are actually profit. If so, then the young marmots not eight, and 15, or 35.7%, the same as on our data. Read more [...]
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Solar disinfection of water

Solar disinfection of water (Solar water disinfection) Is also known as SODIS is a method of disinfecting water using only sunlight and plastic (PET) - a bottle. SODIS is a free, open source technology, and, thus, not surprising as quite effective method for decentralized water purification. It can be applied at the household level in poor countries. And it is recommended by the World Health Organization as a real way to clean waste water and safe storage. Principle of operation: Destruction of pathogens in contaminated drinking water is exposed to sunlight. Three mechanisms solar radiation Read more [...]
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Rhode HESPERIDIUM (DC) G. Beck GESPERIDIUM.

H. tristis (L.) Beck (syn. Hesperis tristis L.) – biennial 30-80 cm high. Distribution: European part, Caucasus.

Flavonoids are found.

Medicinal. Therapeutic action – anti-inflammatory, diaphoretic, diuretic – Hopes. h, seeds. Stern.

Environmental significance. Ornamental.

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Violet-eared

This elegant perennial plant can also be found in the swamp, and wet meadow. Thanks creeping underground stems - rhizomes - violet actively spreading on the territory. Marsh violet blooms, like many other species of violets in the spring, in April or May. Therefore, from the ancient times violet - it is a symbol of spring, after the winter Bulletin reviving nature. At that time, many other marsh plants only co-only start to grow new shoots. In violet on thin stalks emerging from the axils of the leaves of short shoots, reveals bizarre irregular flowers. The name refers to the flowers, which Read more [...]
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Obtaining food in the desert

In the desert, it is difficult to find food. Distribute food to begin with. Do not eat anything for the first 24 hours and do not eat for as long as you do not have water. Natural sources: 1. In the desert, rarely seen animals. Rats and lizards can be found at the source of water, and they may be your only food. Cloven-hoofed animals can be found in the desert, but it is difficult to approach. The most common animals are rodents (rats), rabbits, jackals, snakes and lizards, which are usually found near bushes or water. On rocks and in bushes looking-glass snails. 2. In the desert, you can Read more [...]
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Nodes

ways to connect  ropes Education rope loops and tying ropes to k.-l. subjects, and do rope connections. An important feature of D is that with increased tension rope increases its reliability. Slack in the rope loops unclamp CG that makes it easy to unleash it. In the tour. practice common diff. W. (Figure). Ropes of the same diameter, usually joined by a line, reef, counter and weaving W., of different diameters - academic, sheet and bramshkotovym W. nezatyagivayuscheysya to form a loop, and for roping in organizing tourist insurance normally serve U. "Explorer", " Eight Read more [...]
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