Very similar to anthrax, and some botanists is not seen as a separate species, but as a form of anthrax. Siberian fir differs from a longer, wider and thicker needles (3-4 cm, 1.5-2 mm). Reaches more than 30 m in height. Narrow, almost columnar crown low down.
Found in Chatkal and Jungar Alatau and the northern slope of the Talas Alatau mixed with Tien-Shan spruce, and at the lower limit of distribution in the mix with walnut and other hardwoods. It prefers shady slopes. Does not reach the upper limit of the forest. It grows well in the more humid places, such as at the bottom Read more [...]
"Basic Instinct. Hunting and fishing around the world" - informational and educational magazine. Hunting, fishing, active forms of recreation, nature conservation. The target audience of the magazine - the people who are willing to go on a hunting and fishing expedition anywhere in the world or with interest to read about it. The magazine is divided into sections: hunting, fishing, guns, bullets, navigation, knives, hunting and fishing tourism, transport, taxidermy ... Main Columns: - "From the wanderings ..." - reports on hunting and fishing expeditions - "Where Read more [...]
a set of measures to ensure the safety of tourists in the campaign, in the narrow sense - set tech. means (and how to use them), providing the ability to prevent severe consequences for breakdowns and accidents. There are three types of MS: Group C, vzaimostrahovka and lanyard. Collective (Or mass) C is designed to ensure the safety of a large group of tourists through the construction of rail crossings and on steep mountain slopes, fences on the narrow dangerous roads, etc. Vzaimostrahovka - DOS. C. to form groups (crews) in the 2 - 4 people. The purpose - to prevent the interaction of crises Read more [...]
Rocky Mountains (English Rocky Mountains) - a mountain range in the system of the Cordillera of North America, the western United States and Canada, between 60 and 32 ° N.
Length of about 3200 km. Width of up to 700 km. The watershed between the basins of the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. In the Rocky Mountains originate from the Missouri River, Colorado, Rio Grande, Snake, Arkansas, and many others. The northern Rocky Mountains (north of 45 ° N), composed primarily of granite up to 3954 m (Mount Robson), the southern Rocky Mountains, or the Rocky Mountains USA consist of short ranges, composed Read more [...]
In early summer, a sin not to crawl into the bosom of nature. Squinting in the sun in the park walking, active vacationers and pohodniki and urbanists are hardened even crawl out of town for kebabs. So we think, and so, it could probably argue and mites, in which "open season" quite accurately matches our holiday season - from May to September.
However, much depends on the weather: you can be bitten in April, and even in early October.
If you managed to pull the tick alive and whole, it must be delivered to the laboratory in a sealed jar with a damp salfetkoy.Tomu who has ever discovered Read more [...]
Climber to climb the pole to a height of 10 m Attached to the tree by a set of thin roots, suckers. Shoots red-brown, naked, in contact with the ground roots. The leaves are thin, widely or broadly, with a round-shirokokli iovidnym or neglubokoserdtsevidnym base. The tops of the leaves pointed or udlinennozaostrennye. The leaves on the edge of the sharp-toothed, seated on long stalks. Inflorescence corymbose, loose, wide, and 25 cm in diameter, with flowers of two types: large sterile, up to 3 cm in diameter and small bisexual with fused petals. Flowers appear in July - August. Fruit-boxes Read more [...]
Hunting can be a reliable source of human food. However, without some hunting skills, even with a gun, trying to get the beast will be unsuccessful. Careful study of tracks and droppings will help determine not only the species and number of animals, but also their size, direction, etc.
It is important to be able to determine how long a trace. In winter, the fresh powder is not hard to do, because fresh prints animal paws are always distinct, their contours - with delicate small notches on the sides of the trail. In fresh snow on the sides of the track visible pillowslip fresh and dragged - Read more [...]
Most bears occurs in the den before the snowfall, but some animals lie down and after the snowfall, especially in years with an early winter. With the first snow falling out the hunters go in bear habitat, find traces of it on the trail and looking for a den. At the same time close to the den should not be treated so as not to disturb the bear, who in the early winter sleeps soundly and at the slightest anxiety can leave its den. Sometimes around the proposed site dens do a vicious circle (salary) and, without going to the very lair, by the absence of the output should be encouraged in the presence Read more [...]
The most important task in distress - to warm up. In most cases, frostbite legs. And their chronic hypothermia leads to colds (up to the inflammation of the lungs). How to avoid Kholodova defeats? The first way - to have sufficient spare socks. If not, use the sleeves cut off from sweaters, woolen Gloves are great, the legs from spare pants. A nice change of socks - foot bindings of unnecessary clothing or any other material. The same cut-off sleeves and pant legs can make improvised leggings that protect shoes from getting into the snow. To socks when walking through the snow not ride, Read more [...]
Birch sap is a clear liquid coming out of cut or broken, the trunks and branches of birch under the influence of root pressure. Sap flow begins with the first spring thaws and continues to bud. Exact separation of birch sap is difficult to establish, because it depends on the weather. For example, if during the March thaw juice has begun to run, and then suddenly hit the cold, it may temporarily stop in.
But usually the juice begins to run around the middle of March, when the snow melts and the buds swell. To determine the start of sap flow enough to go into the woods and make a thin awl prick Read more [...]
Complexity hikes should not exceed the capacity of the participants.
Sports travel route, the group, the head of its verified and approved by the commission route. Treat sports groups in the committee voluntarily. But often, novices are guided solely by the desires and feelings, not taking the trouble to understand the experience to them.
In each group there is a camp leader. It can not specifically choose, but it is the actual head and
during the preparation of the campaign and on the route.
By being bold initiative, the idea of creating a sports trip, complex, Read more [...]
Behavior. As one of the important features of the behavior described by the gopher should note the presence of his two maxima of daily activities: in the morning before the heat (up to 10-11 h) and in the afternoon, after 15-16 h Normal for gophers biphasic daily activity, according to VS Bazhanov and PV Erofeev (1932) and our observations, most clearly expressed in adult animals in hot weather. But the younger animals are active most of the day, even in extreme heat, the most active and agility they display in the period of settlement. Just before hibernation, when profit gophers accumulates Read more [...]
The biggest danger when released into the extreme situation in any geographical part of the world does not come from larger animals that are trying to avoid the man, but from the small species of wild animals, insects, spiders and snakes disturbed you. Many of them are dangerous not only poison, as by the fact that they are carriers of dangerous diseases and infections transmitted by the bite.
Small rodents can bite when you try to capture, as well as at night, if you're sleeping on grass litter and accidentally disturbed climbed in the rodent.
Mosquitoes are not particularly dangerous Read more [...]
Especially dangerous is suddenly in the icy water. This may occur as a result of the accident aircraft or flying vehicle, the person can fall through the ice while ice fishing or, for example, riding a snowmobile on the frozen river, pond, etc. Our body loses heat when the water temperature is below 33 "C . time stay safe in cold water depends entirely on whether the how quickly cools the body.
That a person experiences in ice water? His breath, squeezing his head like an iron band. His heart pounding, blood pressure rises sharply to a dangerous level. Involuntary breath particularly threatening, Read more [...]
In this group of 15 most important topographical signs, which have been well known.
Sami settlements - villages, villages, farms, villages and cities - complex structures consisting of various buildings and structures. Therefore, there is no simple topographical signs of the village. It consists of a variety of local topographical signs of objects that make up what is called a settlement.
First, it is separate residential and non-residential buildings. They portrayed nemasshtabnym black rectangles (Fig. 68, a). If a building (house) is very large in size, and a large-scale map, the Read more [...]
The fastest way to travel - flight. In the forest, more than anywhere else, winged creatures. It is home to a huge number of birds and bats. However, in the forest razverneshsya. Swift-winged Swifts have no business in a thick tangle of branches. Their long wings will be a hindrance. Good fliers live mainly on the "roof" and fly through the trees. So come and crumbs martins nesting in the trees and giant eagles, harpy-like South American obezyanoedov. But these large hawks, like owls, unlike most birds of prey relatively short wings and a long tail. So flight enough maneuverability Read more [...]
Magazine "Rybachte with us" - the undisputed leader among the fishing publications with the largest circulation in its niche - 117,500 copies - and constant tendency to increase circulation. The focus of the magazine - information about fishing all kinds and forms, directions and features, tips for beginners and professional secrets. Apart from the fact that our readers will learn about fishing and recreation in the world, they also learn about a huge experience of Russian fishermen. The magazine "Rybachte us" Readers will find up to date information on new products manufacturers Read more [...]
Apparently, increased livestock Glavzverovod profitable fur-bearing animals, skins which have demand in Soviet consumers (fox silver-black) or in the external market (mink, sable, arctic fox blue). Reducing the number of raccoon dogs was due to the high cost of cultivation, compared with the prices of their skins in the domestic and foreign markets and increasing the number of these animals in the USSR in the wild. Stable stage nutria because they are semi-breeding is mainly engaged in procurement organizations (Ministry of blanks and Central Council).
In the first five years after the war Read more [...]
In the biological chain complex forest complex is adjacent to the insect important part, without which they could not have handled some predatory or parasitic insects alone. Mass reproduction of pests always attracts birds in it (except for some areas of the taiga, where there is no undergrowth - principal place of nesting). Birds - Genuine friends of the forest, and they have strongly protected.
Worldwide, there are 8,600 species of birds in the country is home to over 700 species. In the woods, parks and gardens in the European part of the country in all seasons, either permanently or temporarily Read more [...]
Trees or shrubs up to 10 m high. Distribution: all regions except the Arctic.
Contain up to 20% flavonoids in fruits P. avium Mill, (among them to 16.5% anthocyanins, catechins), cyanogenic Conn., triterpenoids, phytosterols, carbohydrates and 8% in the fruits of P. maackii (Rupr.) Cote, and phenolic acids, aldehydes, fatty acids, and higher aliphatic hydrocarbons established structure. Highlighted the essential oil to 0.3% of the kidneys and tannins to 8% of P. avium, a fatty oil. Found leykoangotsianndiiy, pectin, organic acids, and 0.6% in the fruit P. maackii, vitamins C, E, F.
Medicinal. Read more [...]