The Republic of Panama - a country in Central America, the Isthmus of Panama between the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean, bordered by Costa Rica to the west and Colombia to the east. About 50% of the territory is covered by mountains, the highest point - Baru Volcano (3475 m.) Active volcanoes and frequent earthquakes. To the east of the Panama Canal begins edge lush jungles and swamps. Area of the country - 77 thousand square meters. km. (With the archipelago Contador).
Climate - The climate is subequatorial, wet, with very small variations in temperature. Monthly average temperature Read more [...]
To the Editor publisher of children's books during the Second World War, a letter came from the front. Lieutenant Gruzdev asked to send his men to the book of life in the forest, about sledopytstve, the use of wild plants. "These books - he wrote - to help the soldier to know the nature of the homeland, the inhabitants of its forests, rivers and meadows. Without basic knowledge of nature is difficult to explore for observation.
Ranger skills and observer knowledge forests help to blend perfectly with the scout. areas. It protects itself nature. He sees everything, he remained invisible. Read more [...]
Annual plant with threadlike yellow or pinkish-yellow stems. The flowers are five-dimensional, white or greenish, on pedicels 2-2.5 mm long, collected at 3-8 in loose inflorescence with lanceolate acuminate bracts, pedicels about equal authenticity. Calyx hemispherical, fleshy, with almost blunt rounded lobes. Corolla campanulate, with open oval-tapered or triangular lobes at the apex slightly curved inward scales are equal in length corolla tube or slightly longer than her, oval, long-fringed. Pestle flattened-spherical ovary and two long unequal columns, exhibiting of the corolla and end Read more [...]
In the past, people whose livelihoods had been hunting, along with meat brought into the family and dead animal skins, as trophy, symbolizing his intelligence, strength, courage. At all times, the hunter was different story about the ability to hunt, but he needed and confirmation to the story - trophy.
In our time, the hunter-fishers and especially a lover sees trophies characterization of their abilities, an assessment of its ability to track down the beast. Hunting has become a means of competition between hunters, private companies and even countries. Became the rule to arrange the exhibition Read more [...]
The Soviet people want to know your beautiful home: they bravely paddle kayaks light Siberian rivers, they are rising to the top of the diamond of their homeland. Noble and thrilling sport - climbing - only in the Soviet Union became available workers. Stakhanovite worker, student-student, Soviet intellectuals use their vacation for a fascinating journey through the mountains and valleys blooming Soviet soil.
Tsarist Russia, the former for many centuries a prison of nations, could grow even mountaineers from among the brave mountaineers. And the old chronicles and archival documents show Read more [...]
Similar to European euonymus. Tree up to 8 m in height and 20 cm in diameter, sometimes grows as a bush.
Widespread in Eastern Siberia, Khabarovsk and Primorye territories, as well as in Korea and China. Growing among the bushes along the river valleys, on the flats, on the banks of lakes and sea coasts. It prefers light soils formed sand deposits. Not tolerate stagnant waterlogged. In the mountain rises no higher than 100 meters frost-and drought-resistant, but poorly tolerate shading, especially at a young age.
Found in the culture throughout the middle belt of the European Read more [...]
One evening came to the source of St. Panteleimon. While a small trickle of water filled the jar, I'm happy I naturally see the flowers. Suddenly, one of the plants began to tremble, so much, as if he suddenly felt cold at this time of evening. Because there was no wind to speak of, I realized that this is the plant itself is showing signs of life. Then a miracle happened! "Chills" lasted about five minutes. Then, right before my eyes, the long, narrow buds began to open, revealing the bright yellow petals that imposingly blossomed into amazing flowers. They were like a small Read more [...]
Annual plant with fibrous roots and ground shoots up to 6 meters Stems thin, highly branched, angular-grooved, short-haired in knots, climbing through a three-chetyrehrazdelnym antennae. Leaves in outline round or ovoid, length and width of 5-10 (15) cm, with five lobes (to separate), with triangular lobes, of which the top stratum, wider and longer than the others, glubokovyemchatye at the base, thin, pale-green, rough, with long petioles. The flowers are dioecious, but the plants monoecious. Pistillate flowers are large stamen. Staminate flowers in racemes, pistillate - 1-2 in the axils of Read more [...]
Perhaps the most widely used and one of the most numerous shorebirds in the North-East of Russia. With different density inhabits all types of continental and island grassy tundra East Siberian, Chukchi and Bering seas, except the Commander Islands (). The region inhabited by Yakut - C. alpina centralis (Buturlin) and Far East - C. alpina sakhalina (Vi-eillot) Dunlin subspecies, which differ not only morphologically, but also by the distribution on the breeding areas. Yakut subspecies spread east to the delta of the Kolyma River, inhabited upland and coastal tundra of the Arctic type. In the Read more [...]
Ice mass by gravity flow on an inclined surface of the bottom of mountain valleys. Rate of flow of glaciers can range from a few meters per year to 300 meters per day.
Glaciers never stop its movement.
Tourists often freeze in admiration before the magical paintings, which are ice-falls, hanging glaciers, seracs bizarre accumulation of gaping blackness cracks. But the blue-green ice poses a great danger. Since the movement of the glacier is at any time, at any time of the year, often you can see how to ice falls and hanging glaciers of the blue, for no apparent reason from the main mass Read more [...]
Wild boar meat is better to use for main dishes. Bulls meat tough. It can improve long soaking in whey during the day or in the 2 - 3%, vinegar. Lactic and acetic acids soften the connective tissue so treated meat becomes soft and tasty.
Fried foods are recommended for upper portions of the lumbar spinal cord, for cooking - lower parts of spinal lumbar, thoracic part and parcel carcasses above ahilova tendons, cooking and stuffing of cooked meat - neck, forelimb area below the elbow joint, and the abdominal wall plot, ahilovu adjacent to the tendon, for fire, cooking and minced raw meat - the Read more [...]
Annual plant height from 7 to 50 cm Stem erect, glabrous or slightly hairy, green, sometimes with a longitudinal black dashes, branching at the top. The leaves are opposite, much shorter internodes, lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, 2-4 cm long and 0.5-1 cm wide, with obtuse teeth pressed. Most of the leaves green in color, but the bracts - blackish-green at the base, ovate-triangular, pointed at tip and tapering to the tip of a short, sharp-toothed, with decreasing towards the top teeth. Flowers are in terminal inflorescences brush. Calyx glabrous, rough on the edges pushennaya with four prongs. Read more [...]
Soil moisture around the large stones, separate buildings, stump serves as a reference point - in the summer soil is more moisturized from the north of these subjects than in the south.
The southern side of the mountains and hills of the northern land usually less matted and are more prone to erosion processes.
Side of the horizon can be found at the prevailing winds in the area, if you know their direction.
In the sandy desert wind creates unique forms of relief - dunes and dunes. Undulating dunes are accumulations of sand in the shape of a crescent. The convex part is always facing Read more [...]
Physalia (Physalia aretusa) - this is a colony of polyps, performing various "duties." Afloat support its oval bladder - pneumatophores to 20-30 cm long and 8-10 cm wide, filled with a gas mixture consisting of 12-15% oxygen, 1.18% argon and nitrogen.
Interestingly, the shape of the bubble at Physalia living in the northern and southern hemispheres are different, and they will never meet in a "foreign territory". This feature helps siphonophores resist the force of Earth's rotation, the Coriolis force, and provides a "northern" siphonophores move left, and Read more [...]
The place is called COSATU drake. Medium-sized duck, duck weight less than 750 grams, the female is somewhat smaller. Drake in breeding plumage extremely beautiful and its external view is very different from the rest of these ducks. The top of his head is dark brown, the sides of the head and neck from behind dark brown with a metallic sheen. Scapula and shoulder feathers are gray with dark struychatym pattern. The back is dark smoky, heavily spotted struychatymi strips. Most of the black upper tail, chin and throat are white, edged with black neck ring with a green metallic sheen. Goiter, Read more [...]
In the city we have had guests, put the salad in porcelain plates, served silver forks and spoons. But for the campaign, tourist parking need perfect cookware - pots, bowls, spoons, thermoses. And yet - some tools needed to disinfect and protect us from the many features of bacterial or amoebic infection ...
What happens dishes
If a hundred years ago, not fussy traveler contented pot, bowl and spoon, now household needs have increased. The modern tourist is not content with the minimum he needs thermos, heat-saving and a lot more.
If we divide the set of firms in the product group, it turns Read more [...]
Pike has always attracted high-speed, extended wiring Lures with sharp rises above the bottom. When fishing "sostavnikom" the need for such wiring is no longer - even in uniform wiring pike fascinated motion strange "fish" and is sure to attack it. This "sostavnik" works in any fishing conditions and throughout the open-water season.
Bait also works well in slow wiring with long pauses after the fall. During this "sluggish" posting game tail "fish" is a maximum, the tail is nearly vertical.
Similar amplitude in the tail game not a single Read more [...]
1. Collect to plants that you know well. It should be clean, precision, accuracy.
2. Buds collected in early spring period swelling when they start to grow, but not yet blossomed. Remember that collection kidney responds to harmful plants, slows their growth and development. Therefore recommended that you only buds with mature trees, shrubs or plants for planned logging.
3. The leaves are harvested during the growing season.
4. Herbs they prepare during flowering. This leafy tops of the stems, up to 30 cm
5. The most subtle, gentle (so delicious) leaves, grass, branches Read more [...]
With a closed head injury of the head bones and the skin is not damaged. By this form are concussion (mild damage), and a brain contusion. In the other (more severe cases) is bleeding in the skull which may have different origins.
Concussion - an injury that arose from the impact on the brain, but no changes in brain tissues and membranes. The consequences of such an injury - a temporary loss of memory and motor function.
Contusion of the brain - the crushing of tissues and patchy hemorrhage occurred from crushing. The symptoms and course of the effects depend largely on what area of Read more [...]
In wet meadows, marshes, ditches can meet another member of the family Labiatae. This chistetsa marsh, perennial herb with long erect stems. His opposite simple leaves and stem scabrous hairs. Two-lipped pink flowers gathered upstairs to escape into false whorls. They are close together, and together form a striking spike-like inflorescences. Because of the appearance of the inflorescence and was given the scientific name of the type - from the Greek "stahis', which means "ear."
Chistetsa marsh can grow not only in damp places, and along country roads, railway embankments Read more [...]