N. nucifera Gaertn. - Water herbaceous perennial. Distribution: European part (delta. Volga), the Caucasus (delta. Kuban), Far East.
Contains alkaloids to 1.2% in fetuses, other nitrogen Comm., Mono-and seskviterpeioidy, fntosternny, flavonoids (including leykoantopnanndiny) and nitrogen Comm., Higher zhnriye acids, aliphatic alcohols and aromatic hydrocarbons established structure. Highlighted the essential oil.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - spasmolytic (Selected med. Plants, 1999), a cardiotonic, tonic - Subtitle. hours, benefits, antiseptic - Subtitle. hours, diuretic - Subtitle. hours, Read more [...]
Zimnezeleny perennial 10-30 cm tall with long, slender branching rhizomes that develop adventitious roots and stalks. Stems ribbed, sometimes slightly twisted, reddish. Leaves collected in the rosette, their plates rounded or broadly, 1-2.5 cm long and nearly as wide, leathery, dark green, notched, serrated at the edges is not clear; petiole usually 1.5-2 times as long plate. Above 3.1 on the stem are small scaly brown leaf. Flower brush rare of 9.2 flowers on stalks up to 10 mm, in fruit arcuately bent downward. Calyx lobes broadly ovate, shortly acuminate. Corolla green, wide, 10-15 mm Read more [...]
Annuals and 60 cm high. Distribution: Caucasus.
Contain flavonoids, phthalide, and higher fatty acids and higher aliphatic hydrocarbons established structure. Highlighted the essential oil to 0.1% of oversight. hours and fixed oil to 49.5% of the fruits B. radians M. Bieb. Found poliatsetilenovye Comm.
Drug (leaves). Indications – infections / infestations: hepatitis, abscesses, diseases of the skin and subcutaneous adipose tissue: in diseases of the skin – B. radians.
Nutritional supplements. Spice: V. radians.
S. laevigata (L) Maxim, (syn. S. altaiensis (Laxm.) Schneid.) - shrub to 1.5 m high. Distribution: Western Siberia.
Contains triterpenoids and tsianogeiiye Comm. established structure. Marked tannins. Detected alkaloids, flavonoids, quinones.
Medicinal. Indications - diseases of the cardiovascular system: a stroke, infections / infestations: in hepatitis, symptoms and syndromes: in fevers.
Food. Substitute for tea: leaves. Environmental significance. Ornamental. Read more [...]
Proper staffing group - one of the main conditions of successful and trouble-free trip.
In the preparation of complex campaigns need to be very careful selection of participants, preferably from the same production team. It is very important knowledge tourists characters, skills, aptitudes and physical endurance of each other. From the practice of the tourist sections known that some tourist groups in the same part of the route goes first, second, and then a third category of difficulty. Such groups are easily overcome, complicated.
However, this is not always possible. Most often, there is Read more [...]
Magazine "Rybachte with us" - the undisputed leader among the fishing publications with the largest circulation in its niche - 117,500 copies - and constant tendency to increase circulation. The focus of the magazine - information about fishing all kinds and forms, directions and features, tips for beginners and professional secrets. Apart from the fact that our readers will learn about fishing and recreation in the world, they also learn about a huge experience of Russian fishermen. The magazine "Rybachte us" Readers will find up to date information on new products manufacturers Read more [...]
Wild cats. Cat Forest covered with soft thick wool. Hair color gray-brown with a dark stripe along the ridge, from which usually runs down a series of dark bands. Length of the body with the head of 55-57 cm, tail 28-35 cm, height at withers 26-30 cm
Forest Cats live in the Caucasus, in the Turkmen SSR, in the west of Kazakhstan, to a lesser extent - in Moldova and western regions of the Ukrainian and Byelorussian SSR abroad - in parts of Southern and Western Europe, and Asia Minor.
These animals tend to settle in the woods, where arrange accommodation in the hollows of trees, between Read more [...]
N. officinale W. T. Aiton - herbaceous perennial to 60 cm high. Distribution: European part, Caucasus.
Thioglycosides contains sulfur and other Comm., And nitrogen Comm. higher fatty acids and established structure. Isolated mustard oil to 0.1% of oversight. hours, fixed oil to 24% NZ seeds. Detected alkaloids, saponins, vitamins C and E.
Drug (nadz. hours). Therapeutic action - a laxative, diuretic, stimulating appetite. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: the gallstones, liver, gall bladder, indigestion, kidney and urinary tract: in diseases of the urinary bladder, pyelonephritis, Read more [...]
Shrubs up to 2 m high. Distribution: European part (south-east), the Caucasus. L. depressum Stocks, contains higher fatty acids, and polysaccharides (He, Liang, Zhang, 1996) established structure. Allocated fatty oil.
Medicinal. Those pa ne vtich e with some action - choleretic - the fruits of L. depressum, L. ruthenicum Murray, laxative - the fruits of L. ruthenicum. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: the jaundice - the fruits of L. depressum, L ruthenicum, stomach cramps, respiratory system: respiratory failure - the fruits of L. ruthenicum.
Food. Edible: fruit L depressum, Read more [...]
The complexity of movement in the forest creates blockages from fallen trees, thick brush, no trails, crossing numerous rivers and streams, kurumniki. Uniformity and similarity of the situation is completely misleading and could lead to a circle, what you do not know about. Orientation in the forest is difficult, but not hopeless. Navigate in the temperate zone of the taiga zone is possible by many local features, described in the relevant chapter.
Attempting to go ahead through the obstacles in the form of debris does not lead to positive results. It is fraught with and injury and loss Read more [...]
Hunting for grouse conducted in the second half of August, and even better in September. This hunting is a buzzer. Hunter reed imitates the cry of the grouse shooting and flying up to his birds.
Voices of female and male grouse different. Male whistling louder with warble, whistling females more staccato, less loud, without trills.
'' Voice beckon young male or female. Go hunting before sunrise. Found broods raised from the ground and sit on trees. Hunter, after a moment, close to the tree to move to the brood and, well hidden in the bushes, whistling in reed 2-3 times at short Read more [...]
Bear Grylls served in the SAS special forces is an expert on survival in extreme environments. In these films, he shows how to survive the dangers of nature itself. Bear shows survival skills are the most extreme way. Throw it out of a helicopter from a height of 2000 meters and in addition it has a parachute carrying only a knife and flint. He has to find food, water, direction, shelter. On the way Beara will rise: scorpions karakurt, cobras, rhinos, piranhas, sharks, elephants, bears, lions, and the unbearable cold and hellish heat.
In expeditions Survival Bear Grylls always accompanies Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials, 20-100 cm tall. Distribution: all regions except the Arctic. Flavonondy contain (in H including antotsnany) glitsnty, carbohydrates and nitrogen Comm. and phenolic glikoeidy established structure. Found alkaloids kumarnny.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - wound healing, antiseptic - flowers E. helleborine (L.) Crantz. Indications - metabolic diseases: gout - Hopes. hours, diseases of the musculoskeletal system: arthritis - Hopes. Part E. helleborine.
In the experiment, E. palustris (L.) Crantz has antioxidant properties (Nikitchenko et al, 1997). Read more [...]
The place is called duplenkoy because of its nesting in hollows. This is a medium sized bird. Drake weight ranges from 800 to 1400 grams, depending on the season and the degree of fatness. Weight duck smaller. Do drake in breeding plumage of the head is black with a metallic luster, his cheeks round white spots. The back, sides, neck, abdomen, upper tail and undertail is pure white, except for a narrow black jumper near the sacrum. Wing wearing white, black, brown and gray feathers. Mirror white. Steering tail black-brown, black beak, legs orange, reddish-yellow eyes. In summer plumage Read more [...]
Before entering into a dark room is to close your eyes for a few seconds, a small adaptptsiya guaranteed to darkness. If this is not possible, then at least screw up leading eye.
It is known that the human eye has a high development of the neural elements, perfect optical system and a variety of muscle device allowing the eye rotation and adjustment of their optical system. This gives a person the ability to capture a huge range of visible light stimuli, the intensity of which can vary 10 mlrd.raz.
With this in mind, psychologists and physiologists different countries actively investigated patterns Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials, bi-, rarely annuals and 100 cm high. Distribution: European part (east), the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East.
Contain sesqui-and diterpenoids, flavonoids, and triterpenoid saponins (Bader et al., 1994) established structure. Isolated rubber. Detected alkaloids, coumarins, steroids.
Medicinal. Those r a n e w and h e with e to action - expectorant - Hopes. Part N. altaicus (Willd.) Novopokr., N. canescens (Nees) Novopokr., antipyretic, anti - Hopes. Part N. altaicus, wound healing - oversight. h (complete) N. altaicus, bracing - flowers N. biennis Read more [...]
B. perfoliata (L) Hunds. - Annual plant up to 50 cm high. Distribution: Caucasus. Contains alkaloids and nridoidy established structure.
Drug (nadz. hours). Indications - infections / infestations: in rabies, dysentery, diseases of the digestive system: the hypo stomach symptoms and syndromes: in fevers.
Rhode CENTAURIUM Hill - centaury. 8-4-4
Annuals to 40 cm tall. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western Snbnr.
Contain alkaloids and 0.9% in S. erythraea Rafn, xanthones, carbohydrates and nridoidy and higher fatty acids (Plants for us, 1996) established structure. Found saponins, Read more [...]
surges on steep (usually rock) at the turn of the river bank under the influence of centrifugal forces. As a result, the transverse displacement of water directly on the shore there is a local increase its level with typical P. strong surface flows to the coast, to-rye can be discarded (keep pressing to the shore) a slight shallow craft, covered in P. If the rock (spring) has otritsat shore. angle or underwater "pockets", the whole surface water goes deep. These R the most dangerous - they are difficult to detect. and tightening their effect is very large. A related obstacle is the Read more [...]
Skiing, dog sledding polar travelers to reach areas not accessible to anyone ever, ever closer to the poles of the earth. It was a struggle for the distance: support groups, the movement of goods, the organization stores, rations for men, diets for dogs, graphic slaughter of dogs in other dogs and food for human consumption ...
For months people went into the icy wilderness. Error, delay, the slightest miscalculation - and they all drowned in thousands of kilometers. The main question of tactics was - as far as possible away.
Was slow ascent to the poles, but the path led Read more [...]
Strictly speaking, the written reports be relied only on trips, fit into a single all-Union Standards skills - from the first level of difficulty or higher. However, where the tourist section works regularly, it makes sense to start with is a description of a simple route to gradually learn this.
Most of the young tourists go hiking on fairly well-known places, so in some cases, in agreement with the Commission, the route can restrict drawing passport hike.
Passport - the shorter reporting document on a hike. There on one or two pages of the arrangement of the campaign, the main route data (listing Read more [...]