V. Dyakov (1975a) provides an overview of methods used in the Soviet Union to address livestock river otters. All existing methods he brings to four main: statistical, environmental, statistical, and for detecting Morphological and ecological capacity of settlements. According to the author, the statistical method is the most simple and gives a rough idea of the number of animals (Dyakov, 1975a, p. 339).
The essence of this method: in the first phase - to specify number settlements, on the second - using conversion factor to determine the number of animals in the study area (provided that Read more [...]
Status. Presumably living in the region view, whose authentic status needs to be clarified.
Distribution. Range of the species covers almost the whole of Europe - as far north as Sweden, south to Spain, Italy and Greece, and to the west of the UK, as far east as the Urals, Siberia and Altai. Inhabits almost the entire forest and forest-steppe zones of Russia. In the north of the Volga NN distribution is not known. In the middle of the XX century. European mole is very rare in the north of the right bank of Saratov in Petrovsky and Bazaar-Karabulak areas (Gora-lev, Larina, 1969). View is Read more [...]
Synonym: Spermophilus erythrogenys.
In Pushnikov: common ground squirrel.
Notes on taxonomy. SI Ognev (1947) noted that as a kind of red- gopher is well differentiated. He is closest to C. major, from which it differs in structure and characteristics of the skull painting. Especially close to C. major subspecies of C. is ungae. Quite close to the red-cheeked gopher smaller blednohvosty C. brevicauda.
Thus, another SI Ognev (1947), examining the systematic position of gophers, was a chain of similar origin of species: the largest western - S. major, smaller - S. erythrogenys and even Read more [...]
In hunting elk farm is considered one of the most important target species and amateur hunting. Game wardens spent great efforts to protect and restore it and now try to keep the number of the beast at the proper level. Forestry - elk one of the most serious pests, preventing forest regeneration, which reduces the sometimes time-consuming and costly no silvicultural activities in many areas of the country.
In 1969, according to the AG Bannikov (1970), in our country, there were almost 500 thousand elk, including in Russia, 440 thousand, Latvia-14-20 Belarus, Estonia, 8, 6, Ukraine, 10, 15, Read more [...]
Among the green things are trees, shrubs and herbs used for food and medicinal purposes. Only in the forests of the European part of Russia, there are more than 50 food and 30 species of medicinal plants.
In the forest, grow in abundance strawberries, raspberries, cranberries, blueberries and other berries.
Cranberries and blueberries grow in pine, red bilberry, blueberry, pine forests, and even in damp pine-dolgomoshnikah. In the northern taiga-berry cranberry forests cover about 11 million km2. Cowberry forests - rich feeding grounds for the inhabitants of the forest. Capercaillie, black grouse Read more [...]
We are pleased to electronic journal "great fishing" - Journal for the fishermen and the fishermen. Magazine "Big Fishing" will be interesting to professional fishermen and amateurs. On the pages of our magazine readers will find stories about the fish place, describing methods, techniques and subtleties of fishing, interesting photos, and information about the habits of the fish. In the "great fishing" you can read about how, where, and what better gear to fish. Professional fishermen in the magazine will share with you fishing tricks, secrets and tips. Interesting Read more [...]
I expected to go a long way from Topley's Landing on Lake Babin to the hut A-Tas-Ka-Ney Takla Lake Days twelve - fourteen. Usually hundred and ten miles walking canoe on the lake for three days, including holidays. However, the this every time it took a lot more, because the load was heavy, and for the Cubs and blackbirds needed eyes and the eyes. The route was challenging for portages took a lot of energy, and still very hindered headwinds. After going five to twenty miles north along the western shore of Lake Babin, I decided to cross the lake, where a long way to form the gorge, issued Read more [...]
These are small, but, nevertheless, unpleasant and annoying injuries are very common among tourists beginners.
There is hardly a tourist, who was not familiar with them the hard way. Going camping, the manager must be prepared to meet them. Most often, they are on their feet. A common cause of such injuries - Failure tips that are described above, in the chapter "Equipment", when it was about shoes, socks, insoles, and in this chapter - the organization of movement, and lack of hygiene. Would like to speak generally, as soon as the foot felt uncomfortable - somewhere tight, Read more [...]
On such slopes tourists should adopt a stand (usually - in uniform motion, the front under acceleration, the rear - slow motion) and be sure to print out of the snow ski socks. Both skis must be evenly loaded. Otherwise, one of them will start to dig into the snow, and a tourist lost his balance.
For a beginner the easiest to get down in front of oblique descent, almost across the slope with the departure to kontruklon that will allow him to easily slow down for further turn on the spot.
More experienced skiers in deep snow can be used successfully turns "Telemark" (Fig. 23). In this Read more [...]
Shrub 20-150 cm high. Propagation: All.
Contain coumarin to 6.1% in the kidney D. mezereum L. (Including trikumariny), lignans, diterpeioidy, triterpenoids, flavonoids (including catechins), phytosterols, carbohydrates and phenolic glycosides established structure. Allocated to the fixed oil from the seeds of 65.4% D. mezereum, essential oil. Alkaloids detected to 0.3% in the leaves of D. glomerata Lam., saponins.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - irritating - bark D. kamtschatica Maxim., D. glomerata, D. mezereum, laxative - branches, fruits D. kamtschatica, leaves, fruits D. mezereum, Read more [...]
The next day, early in the morning, we're back on board the boat. Yuri Nikolaev - he of Bologov team Fedotov - starts the engine, and we rush to the south to one of the distant islands. There, as we have said, psychologists, ecologists and other ... Epidemiology, survived the so-called "experimental" pair Robinsons from Stavropol - Sergei and Igor Potashin Storck, students there the Agricultural, both of them in my twenties. Yuri Nikolaev all the way for some reason to worry, and kept looking back - to the north. - What, Jura - I ask. - Why can not sit for? - Soon livanet - Read more [...]
Herbaceous miogoletinkn 10-60 cm high. Propagation: All.
Contain flavoiondy (including anthocyanins) and nitrogen Comm., Phenols, phenolic glnkozidy, phenolic acids H n derivatives, other aromatic Comm. established structure. Highlighted the essential oil. Detected alkaloids, mono-, and polysaccharides olngo, vntamin C.
Medicinal. Those p an e in t and h e s to th action - tonic - Subtitle. Part D. aristata (Fisch. ex Lindl.) Soo, D. fuchsii (Druce) Soo, D. incarnata (L) Soo, D. maculata (L.) Soo, D. salina (Turcz. ex Lindl.) Soo, enhancing potency - Subtitle. Part D. fuchsii, D. Read more [...]
It is extremely important the right choice of clothes. If the start is correct, and the chances for the overall success of the case. Man - tropical animal (heat-loving) and can survive without clothes only in the tropics. As soon as we leave this area, you need to provide your body his usual tropical conditions - so we need clothes. The clothes do not have heat, it only delays the heat that the body produces.
Wind and rain are the most dangerous elements in a temperate climate, and the cold - in such extreme weather conditions, as polar regions. If the heat is retained in the layers of clothes Read more [...]
Perennial pronounced basal rosette of leaves. The stem is 30-70 cm tall. Rosette leaves are green, the plate is gradually transforming into a petiole, lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, top with simple hairs or without the edge without glandular hairs, stem leaves (other than basal) 4-7, their green plates, top with scattered simple hairs 0.8-1.2 mm long, or without them. Bracts uzkotreugolnye to linear, 0.9-1.1 mm long, with numerous glandular and simple hairs. Stigmas dark or yellow. Flowers in July, fruiting in August.
Mainly Western European look. In Central Russia common in many areas, Read more [...]
Before you quench your thirst with water from stagnant or weakly running water, it should be disinfected (decontaminated) and then purified by filtration of insoluble particles and impurities (sand, clay), the decay products of microorganisms, ions used for disinfection.
However, if the disinfection of water will be produced by boiling, then the sequence of the process is changing - first filtering and then decontaminated. The "right" water is colorless, has no taste or smell. Muddy water is a suspension of solid particles of different composition.
Harmful to human health content in Read more [...]
Place for camping must meet several requirements. The first of them - security. Of course, in full, this requirement applies to distant and challenging campaigns. In the central part of Russia security issues are not so pressing, and they often do forget. But still did not consider they should not be. Not recommended, for example, camping downstream near major villages, stockyards, slaughterhouses, settlements with industry. Water taken from the river at a place like this, it may be tainted. It should not be without extreme need to camp near water bodies with stagnant water bloom. However, Read more [...]
When the first Europeans set out to conquer the northern limits, they were genuinely surprised that they seemed quite wild and unimaginable for the country inhabited by people. Moreover, the people who live among the ice for thousands of years, in general, not troubled by learning how to exist in harmony with the environment, which the Europeans seemed unnatural. Where European expedition endured incredible hardships, the natives of the North felt like a fish in water - were able to get food, make a fire, build a shelter. And they were wonderful helpers - dogs. Northern dog - is a hunter, and Read more [...]
Everyone lies dreams. - Chewing sisiski: déjà vu. - Stand by, anchor removed. - Mental cramps Moreman. - Walk around the headland. - Beach bends the wrong way. - More cape. - John Brown's Body
Utrechkom I shyly greeted the great builder of catamarans and a little tumble, poshevelivaya wooden muscles and going over in my head all rubbish. There was a long, ridiculous dream or series of dreams on the same topic that I came from somewhere, but the apartments do not. Emka (like she just give birth to sick thick, not quite it) with bandaged head with something white sticks in two Read more [...]
Today, April 4. The eleventh day of his hunger strike. Preparing for the hunt is over, but the body is exhausted. Weaker by the hour. Today I have to get the fish. Hardly saw a pack of fish, how to stop feeling cold. Knitted woolen pants and a sweater slightly delayed warmed body water, but I'm shaking badly. Jumping the gun in his hand, like a machine gun. Small fish scurry around. That's similar to our red-white-sided krasnoperok fish - barbel. They then hide in the reeds, then swim in the clear water. Brushes spinning at the mask itself, twirl menacingly Read more [...]
"What is this?" - Cried the 39-year-old Elena uhtinka, coming to the Editor Ukhta weekly NEP. And it said the woman, who spent almost three days in the woods alone. Without matches, a compass, a food reserve - one sandwich.
Elena went to pick mushrooms for an hour, wandering for three days, from August 31 to September 2, August 31. Day of rain, the temperature +10-12 0C. +8-10 0C night, rain, fog. September 1. Day recorded rain, temperature +5-7 0C, 3.5 0C at night, no rain. September 2. Afternoon rain, marked Cloudy. Temperature + 5.7 0C. (According to the city Авиационнометеорологической Read more [...]