Perennial with zimnezelenymi leathery leaves, thin branched underground rhizome bearing adventitious roots at the nodes and developmental stalks. Leaves collected in the rosette; plates rounded or rounded-oval, leathery, glossy, ploskogorodchatye, at the upper end of the town there is a small papillary clove, which is the end of rib;, petiole longer than the plate. Petioles and peduncles almost always with a reddish tint. Flowering arrows 10-35 cm tall, with 6-10 flowers, in the middle of the left or slightly below, there is one sharp scaly leaves. Calyx lobes triangular, reddish. Corolla Read more [...]
Those who are caught in early childhood, "the then" 20-inch minnows, has always been clear that this is a worthy trophy fishing, because the meat of this fish has a great taste in hot and very nutritious. Today, these trophy minnows - a rarity. Somewhere marred their unfiltered foolish masters, drove somewhere rotan, because this "Far plague" are happy to devour the eggs minnow, but also actively pursuing his youth.
Gudgeon named this little fish, because she loves the sand and kept it all year: even in winter looking for a hole with a light washed down and a noticeable Read more [...]
Each alarm has its own peculiarities and differences. But there is a general pattern of behavior, which is more or less likely to be used in any climate and geographical area.
One of the main rules for a man caught in an emergency situation, says, always consider yourself closer to danger. This means that, in any place, in any situation, even when nothing seems to be will not be a danger, not just to comply with the security measures and precautions. Watch closely for changes in weather conditions, the possibility of an attack of wild animals, do not leave unattended left after the accident Read more [...]
Signs of bad weather
Bright rainbow is cast in green - to the bad weather, and, the rainbow is greener, the longer it will rain.
Low and flat bow, rests with its ends in a river, lake or valley bottoms - to prolonged bad weather.
If at the same time, there are two or three of the rainbow - will be long warm rain.
If the rainbow after the rain lasts a long time - it portends bad weather.
If there is a rainbow in the morning - it's a rainy weather. If the rainbow is directed from north to south - the rain. If the rainbow in the west - rain. Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials and 60 cm high. Distribution: The Far East. Information available for A. margaritacea (L.) Benth. et Hook. f.
It contains flavonoids, chalcones, and acyclic and heterocyclic poliatsetileiovye Comm. established structure. Isolated rubber.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - expectorant, astringent, healing wounds. Indications - tumors: tumors.
Toxicity. Exhibits insecticidal activity against American cockroaches: water extract of Hopes. h
Environmental significance. Ornamental. Read more [...]
One-, two-, rarely perennial herb with thin root and leafy glaucous (sometimes purple) stem height of 15-60 cm, rounded or somewhat faceted. Lower leaves oblong-spatulate, up to 15 cm, gradually narrowed into petiole, with ushkovatym amplexicaul base, upper - ovate, broadly covering the stem, all blunt or notched, gray-green, sometimes bluish, often with white, naked, hard, with prominent tubercles. Inflorescence - the thick leafy tendrils; bracts oblong-ovate, cordate at the base. Calyx almost to base into five narrowly elliptic obtuse lobes, ciliate on the edge of the thin bristles. Corolla Read more [...]
A perennial herbaceous plant from 30 to 120 cm, with a creeping rhizome. Stems are erect, branching at the top, rounded or slightly quadrangular, pubescent with short curved hairs or glabrous. The leaves are opposite or whorled, oblong or lanceolate, slightly grayish (especially the bottom) due to the short hairs at the edges jagged, sharp-biserrate or on top of the entire, at the base of the wedge to slightly heart-shaped, with short petioles. Flowers in apical and lateral brushes, which combine to form the total paniculate-racemose inflorescence. Bracts linear-lanceolate, usually shorter Read more [...]
Need to make a reservation that fish larger 1.5 kg in the small rivers catch can rarely. The exception is the chub, which able to reach impressive sizes in a small (width 5.7 m), but the deep river. Most often, the angler is happy catching instance from 400 g to 800 g and in some cases, in the absence of Jora, he just has to catch only the fish, which is interested in his bait.
Typically, this very average 100-300 g perch, or the same by weight of lava and podyaziki faces, but most beginners spinningists and catch a fish rarely. And if something can catch, then only in the spring and early Read more [...]
by Twine, twine, method of travel tour boat in the river upstream with a rope, the rope properly used with this method of movement.
B. One end is fixed on the vessel, and the other end attached to it with a loop pull tourists walking along the shore. This method was used at a flow rate of the river 2 - 4 km / h (up to 6 km / h at the Dep. SmoothAttaching twine to kayak1 - twine, 2 - lead, 3 - Guy 4 - backstay b - mast, 6 - kayak.
sites). B. used to ship with little resistance movement - kayaks, catamarans, inflatable boats less.
Naib. Part Read more [...]
The most favorable structure for transport over icy and snow-6-8 members. Used for the preservation of alpenstocks, ski poles, on the dense icy - ice axes. When lifting the two men go to the lower outposts throughout the rope, fastened, driving in the snow or ski pole alpenstock. The rest are on the sides of the sled. At the command of "pull" the upper pull, and the bottom to avoid jerk pripodymayut sled, pushing them forward. When there are 2 or 3 m for convergence accompanying the rise, taking escort, then the top repeated again the same techniques. When all this is doing downhill Read more [...]
in spring and summer, the taiga, the Far Eastern encephalitis, infectious disease with benefits. lesion center. the nervous system. Pathogen - a virus core. tank and carrier-cerned are mites. Source of outbreak - many others. wild animals, including rodents, birds. Infection usually occurs through the bite of infected ticks in the forest, rarely steppe zones Zap. and East. Siberia, the Urals, the Far East (and possibly in other regions - in the Volga region, Kazakhstan, Belarus, Ukraine, and others), rare cases - through the milk of infected goats and cows. Characteristic of the spring-summer Read more [...]
"Dedicated to the great taezhniku and this man"Bustle of everyday life, a bachelor's boring life and view of the Maritime hills weary soul. Before my eyes there are pictures mountain springs, magnolia bushes, evening fire in the forest. With trepidation remember soaring grouse, wild boar trails spotted kosulenka, a meeting with the bear, finding ginseng. My heart stops and inside there is a shiver. Open card and now there is no power to stop access to the taiga. Fear of danger go by the wayside. Pulls a mysterious force, and the feet go where it smells of cedar Read more [...]
Noose with polushtykami used to lift and move logs and other cylindrical objects. The method of tying a slipknot without polushtykov shown in Fig. 1 and 2, with polushtykami - in Fig. 3. This node loggers used, so it is also called a log-house unit.
Polushtykami noose with a rugged and reliable unit, which greatly delayed, and after using easily undone. First, make two polushtyka shown on the left in Fig. 3, and then tied a noose, you want to tie slightly away from the center of the log. Before moving the slack between polushtykami and noose to be selected. It is also important polushtykov Read more [...]
In the Soviet Union began networking rescue station was started in the 30s, it completely modern structure took shape in 1959, Mountain Rescue Service is working with the Office of Soviet Union Mountaineering Council of Voluntary sports clubs and organizations, it comprises 16 control and rescue items located in the Caucasus, Pamir and Tien Shan. Voluntary spasotryady in the Crimea, in the Urals, Kamchatka. Rescue work in the mountains, we are engaged in two trade union organizations - Tourism and alpine rescue services.
All the activities of our rescue services focus on the following key Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials, rarely single, biennials. Propagation: All.
Contain flavonoids, karotnnoidy, coumarins and other heterocyclic oxygenated Comm., Phytosterols, and other nitrogen-containing cyanogenic Conn., and y-lactones and higher fatty acid established structure. Marked tannins to 4.2% of R. sce-leratus L, fatty oil to 25.9% of the seeds R. sceleratus, essential oil to 0.1% of oversight. Part R. japonicus Thunb. (Syn. R. grandis Honda). Detected alkaloids, cardenolides, saponins, organic acids to 5.7% in oversight. Part R. sceleratus, vitamin C.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action Read more [...]
Biennial or perennial herbaceous plant from 50 to 250 cm Stems erect, simple or branched, dark purple at the top, usually prickly-cruise to the top. Leaves linear-lanceolate, pinnately or peristorassechennnye, soft, top with a few hairs at the edges seated shipikovidnymi prickly bristles; radical - with short petioles, stem - sessile, strongly decurrent. Baskets diameter of 10-15 mm, gathered a few at the top of the stems and branches, forming a total corymbose-paniculate inflorescence. Leaflets wraps around the edge cobwebby hairs, dark purple top, outdoor - ovate, up to 2.5 mm long, with short Read more [...]
In the minds of people for centuries to bring up the good against the world around him, the word "predator" is certain associations related to killing a living being, with rigor. Predation often connects people with bloodlust, the one that carries with it an unjustified evil - the "unreasonable" destruction of a predator of other animals.
Brown bear - Predator large, extremely strong, and, of course, dangerous to other animals, and, most importantly, for the people. In the past it was often attacked livestock, thereby bringing irreparable harm, especially if killing one horse Read more [...]
Inspection. Try to determine the type of plants (to identify it). Make sure that it is fresh: not slimy, not eaten of worms. Do not take flabby, old plants.
Smell. Rub the part of the plant with your fingers. If it smells like bitter almonds or peach, it is impossible to eat.
Skin irritation. Squeeze a little juice or rub a little herb plot delicate skin (such as the inside of the forearm). If you feel a burning sensation in this notice swelling or rash action blurred area, the plant is not suitable for food.
Lips, mouth and tongue. In the next stage, with a positive result Read more [...]
In the struggle with the monotony of life in extreme conditions, people have long used music. "During the winter, - said K. Borhgreviik, describing the winter in Antarctica in 1898-1899., - We arrange a wide variety of entertainment, and they have very refreshing. We had musical evenings, during which each member of the expedition successfully competed with music box ... " 350 R. Amundsen in his book "Expedition" Mod "wrote:" 8 hours 10 minutes (vechera. - VL) ... served grog and cigars, and we enjoy the sounds of our favorite - the phonograph "351. Beneficial Read more [...]
If you go to any store or open any blade directory, you can see a lot of so-called "survival knives", dotted with numerous devices and instruments.
Most of them are, at best, was designed for pilots who are chosen from the jungle, occupied by the enemy, after an emergency landing or ejection from the downed aircraft. And the fact that it is acceptable and desirable in enemy territory is not always possible to svoey.Ostalnye seems designed on the principle of "Who is more tools to push a knife" and not fit for purpose. The knife, or any tool, when fit for survival, it should Read more [...]