In central Russia are two types or meadowsweet Filipendula. These plants belong to the family Rosaceae, one of the most extensive and omnipresent. Suffice it to say that only the rose family plants in the former Soviet Union occupied in the "Flora of the USSR" half volume. The Latin name means Filipendula - hanging by a thread and points of interest to us is meadowsweet shestile-pestni whose tubers really hang on very thin spine-thread. Over the tubers of plants is called peanuts. And maybe Russian - meadowsweet - hence the same kind? I once in an old book read that name meadowsweet Read more [...]
Bear Grylls served in the SAS special forces is an expert on survival in extreme environments. In these films, he shows how to survive the dangers of nature itself. Bear shows survival skills are the most extreme way. Throw it out of a helicopter from a height of 2000 meters and in addition it has a parachute carrying only a knife and flint. He has to find food, water, direction, shelter. On the way Beara will rise: scorpions karakurt, cobras, rhinos, piranhas, sharks, elephants, bears, lions, and the unbearable cold and hellish heat.
Series chronicles the adventures of Beara in one of the Read more [...]
The brown bear is very cautious animal and mostly avoids meeting with the man. But the good-natured he only in fairy tales. Every year in our country is a lot of people have been maimed or zaedennyh bears, and in some specific years are attacked more than a thousand or even a few thousand. From aggression bear no one is safe. During the "bear attack" disorganized hunting, gathering berries, mushrooms, medicinal plants, gum, mail delivery and other aspects of life in many rural areas. Perishes in a fair amount of cattle, the villagers there is fear, breaks work parties, sometimes Read more [...]
Garden sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) - bothersome weed thrives on potato fields, fallow areas, gardens, orchards, in weedy places. One of his salvation, he annual, so after pulling the weeding does not grow. But still, a lot of trouble with him, Horticultural weed seeds remain viable for a long time and shoot at any time. It seems to be just dealt with the owners of the previous generation, and new plants are already deploying its soft shiny leaves. First appear large outlet - up to 18 cm long and 5-7 cm wide, pinnately or lyre-shaped leaves with a large triangular top lobe, they are tapered Read more [...]
Annuals, 15-100 cm tall. Propagation: All.
Contain iridoids, sesqui-and triterpenoids, flavonoids and 1% in G. bifida Boenn, as well as nitrogen-Comm, higher fatty acids, phenolic glnkozidy, aldehydes and acids ustaiovleiioy structure. Marked fatty oil and 50% NZ fruit G. tetrahit L, essential oil to 0.1% and tannin to 3.4% of the G. bifida. Alkaloids found up to 0.1% of oversight. Part G. ladanum L, steroids, coumarins, saponins, vitamin C.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - wound healing - oversight. Part G. bifida, G. ladanum, G. speciosa Mill., G. tetrahit, anti-inflammatory, expectorant, Read more [...]
Status. Very rare, small, poorly studied species, population dynamics is in the north of the Volga N. unknown.
Distribution. The area covers the north of Africa, south-east of Europe, Southwest Asia, Central Asia, the Caucasus and the Caucasus. In the Saratov region is relatively young for fauna species. Thus, in the 1970s. it has spread from the Caspian plains of Dagestan in the Volga-Ural sands (Bidashko et al, 2004). Note, however, that the possibility of living in the region had been a jackal before. So, AS Stroganov (1954) survey data results that the fall of 1948 and 1949. "Zabeglyh" Read more [...]
This is a log of the traditional Russian hunting. Much attention is paid to problems of national hunting, magazine introduces the features of international and domestic hunting tourism, guidelines and rules of trophy hunting, foreign experience. One of the most important areas of publications - use hunting dogs. Magazine article primarily devoted to contemporary problems of hunting dog, field trials. Each publishes expert advice on a wide range voprosov.O theory and practice precision shooting gear secrets rounds, the latest developments in these areas, tell-known Russian and foreign specialists. Read more [...]
Survival in the mountains meant by a simple ability to construct shelter, make a fire, even in strong winds, wisely used personal equipment and clothing, things remain calm and deal with despair. And if you are in an extreme situation, for example, behind the group or you have gone astray, and the time is long past noon, and evening approaching, we first need to take care of a parking lot and spend the night. Remember in the mountains to move strongly recommended only during the day, at night to do a health hazard!
Shelters designed for mountainous areas should provide adequate protection from Read more [...]
Desert plateau of Iran, located in Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan, almost surrounded by the mountains. From the north - is Alborz mountain range in the north-east - Kopetdag, in the east - the Suleiman mountains in the south - Bakhtiari mountains. In the deserts of the Iranian plateau Dasht-Kavir, Dasht-Lut and the Dasht-i-Margo no oases - they are uninhabited.
Deserts of Central Asia and Kazakhstan are located on the Turan plain to the east of the Caspian Sea, bounded by mountains to the south of the Kopet Dagh and Paropamiz in the east reach the foothills of the Kazakh small-kosopochnika, Read more [...]
Perennial plant 30-60 cm tall with horizontal white branched rhizomes and erect, slightly curved stems. At the ends of rhizomes annually produce new shoots, stems from last year remain flat scars, like stamp kupeny hence the popular name - Solomon's Seal. The leaves are large, stem-enveloping. The flowers are white, bell-shaped, hanging from the axils of the leaves, the fragrant kupeny one flower at kupeny Multiflora - two to five. Fruits - celled berries have kupeny scented, single, blue-black, the kupeny flowered in racemes, greenish-black. The plants bloom in late May - early June, Read more [...]
The concept of "security" in mountaineering has two parts, complements and builds upon each other.
The first part - "The rules of safe behavior in the mountains" - they must necessarily be aware of all the people coming back to the mountains. Newcomers participating in the first day or two on arrival at the mountain heads AM (instructor) must explain all the distinctive features of finding a person in the mountains. They need to explain where you can walk on their own, and where you can not (and most importantly, why not!), Report to the nearest territory AM Mountain Hazards Read more [...]
Summing up the campaign is as important stage Tourism as the preparation for it. This, unfortunately, is often misunderstood not only the young tourists, but many leaders. They think the campaign is over at a time when the group boarded a train. Of course, since the campaign is done, it can not be ripped off because not summed up, just as it can happen in the absence of training. But by summing up the campaign depends largely on whether these trips more organized both in terms of training and in terms of the more meaningful and interesting.
Summarizing the analysis includes a hike, a financial Read more [...]
Shrubs up to 2.5 m high. Distribution: Caucasus, the Far East.
Triterpeioidy contain alkaloids, flavonoids (including anthocyanins) and higher fatty acid ustaiovleiioy structure. Kardeiolidy found.
Medicinal. Those pa n e t a ch e s to th action - tonic, car-diotonicheskoe, antiseptic - the leaves of I. rugosa F. Schmidt. Indications - tumors: tumors, pain: for toothache - the fruits of I. rugosa.
In the experiment, leaves I. rugosa possess hypotensive, triterpene glycosides I. crenata Thunb. - Anti-allergic (Kakuno, Yoshi-kawa, Arihara, 1991).
Environmental significance. Decorative: Read more [...]
V. hispanica (Mill.) Rauschert - herbaceous perennial to 70 cm high. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western Siberia, and the Far East.
Contains trnterpenondy (including triterpene saponins), xanthones and flavonoids, and cyclic peptides (Could et al., 1996) ustaiovleiioy structure.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - analgesic, lactogenic - seeds, diaphoretic, laxative. Indications - diseases of the skin and subcutaneous fat: eczema, skin diseases - Hopes. hours, seeds, tumors: tumors - Hopes. h
In the experiment, the amount of saponins in low concentrations has a cardio-tonic properties, Read more [...]
Nln shrubs trees up to 4 m high. Distribution: all regions except the Arctic.
Contain flavonoids (including proanthocyanidins) iridondy and phenolic glycol zndy and phenolic acids established structure. Marked tannins to 12.8% from the leaves and fixed oil up 45.3% NZ pericarp S. australis (SA Mey.) Pojark. ex Grossh. Found anthocyanins, vitamin C.
Drug (S. alba (L) Opiz in Bercht.). Indications - mental illness: neurasthenia, infections / infestations: the gepatitah1, diseases of the reproductive system: the impotence dysmenorrhoea - fruit.
In clinical trials, the fruit has a tonic, anti-diabetic Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials, 8.5 cm high. Propagation: All. Contain flavonoids (including biflavonoidy) established structure.
Medicinal. The therapeutic effect - analgesic, antiseptic (complete), hemostatic, analgesic, antitussive, tonic - S. tamariscina (Beauv.) Spring, diuretic - S. helvetica (L) Spring. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: hemorrhoids, diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract: urolithiasis, kidney, bladder, diseases of the reproductive system: with amenorrhea, diseases of the cardiovascular system: hypertension, infections / infestations: meningitis - S. tamariscina; Read more [...]
H. rhamnoides L - tree up to 10 m high. or shrub 0.5-3.5 m high. The spread in the European part (Kaliningrad region. Probably wildly), the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia, is cultivated in many regions.
Flavonoids to 4% in the leaves (including catechins, anthocyanins, leykoantotsianidi-ies), karotnnoidy, trnterpenondy steroids to 1% in the seeds, alkaloids and other nitrogen Conn., tsiklitoly, carbohydrates and 3.3% in the fruit, fosfolnpndy to 0.9% in the pulp of the fruit, the fatty acids to 4.2% in the seeds, as well as phenolic acids and aliphatic alcohols established structure. Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials and 80 cm high. Propagation: All.
Contain flavonoids and phenolic and higher fatty acid established structure. Marked tannins to 1.4% of the P. aurantiaca (L.) FW Schultz et Sch. Bip. (Syn. Hie-racium aurantiacum L.), essential oil and rubber. Found coumarins, steroids, carotenoids.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - Hopes. Part P. officinarum, P. echioides, antiseptic - Subtitle. hours, leaves, tonic - inflorescence, juice-gonnoe, wound healing, haemostatic, anti-inflammatory, metabolism, veterinary anthelmintic - P. officinarum E W. Schultz et Sch. Bip. (Syn. Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials, 15-150 cm tall. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western Siberia, and the Far East.
Contain coumarin and 0.7% in the underground. Part A. sieboldii (Miq.) Nakai (syn. Angelica miqueliana Maxim.) (among them furokumariny), flavonoids, seskviterpeioidy, phytosterols, and phthalides, phenolic acids and fatty acids ustaiovleiioy structure. Highlighted the essential oil to 2.1% of the fruits of O. tenuifolium (Pall, ex Spreng.) Pimenov (syn. Angelica tenuifolia (Pall, ex Spreng.) Pimenov), fatty oil to 25.1% of the fruits of O. sieboldii. Found poliatsetileiovye Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials, 10-25 cm high. Distribution: European part (south) and the Caucasus.
Contain flavonoids (including isoflavones) established structure. Highlighted the essential oil to 2.4% of the flowers M. leucostomum Woronow ex Czerniak. Detected alkaloids, polysaccharides, to 4.3% in the underground. Charles M. leucostomum.
Medicinal. Those therapeutically effect - a diuretic, emetic - Subtitle. Charles M. leucostomum, M. muscarinii Medikus (syn. Muscarimia muscari (L.) Losinsk.).
In the experiment, leaves M. muscarinii exhibit antiprotozoal activity, aqueous extract of M. szovitsianum Read more [...]