For tents choose the place is dry and smooth, without bumps and humps (which, incidentally, can be cut with a shovel), protected from the wind. Think about when, this, just a convenient platform for the other tents remained. Then removed twigs, stones, lumps. On hard-packed clay soil or on the perimeter of the tent (under most of its walls) dug a shallow (4-7 cm), the groove for water drainage, which would otherwise be numb under the bottom of the "House" and its wet out. Home, try to position the rear wall to the wind and - a must! - Away from the entrance to the close ravines, Read more [...]
(The experiment, participants put "hungry" campaign (from the conversation master of sports tourism G. Ryzhavskogo with Nekrasov and V. Insurance. - "Soviet Russia", February 14, 1986)
Imagine this: you're in deep woods, and in a backpack - not a crumb. First of all try to find a food - mushrooms, berries ... And nothing, says the master of sports tourism G.Ryzhavsky. He is the organizer of two unusual campaigns, is convinced that a person can do without food for quite some time without any harm. The first campaign took place in 1981. It was attended by nine men and Read more [...]
Dress code - storm suit, gloves, hat, high boots, safety helmet.
Personal equipment - ASC, 3 carbine repshnur (5 m), the loop for the descent, universal harness loop, ice ax, backpack.
Equipment group - rope core (3 x 40 m), the rope supporting (1 x 40 m), repshnur (6 x 5 m), sleeping tags, carrying bag, first aid kit and the required amount of equipment for system set-up pull, lift, railings etc . etc.
Introductory talk "Methods of transportation of the victim by means of improvised by a small group in the process of ascension." Participants must know first aid for victims Read more [...]
Morning, just got up, went to see the river. Dirty yellow water, rushes and boils. Compared to yesterday's level it has risen by about 70 centimeters, to the edge of the coast there are still 50 centimeters. Well, the rain has stopped at night, and then we went to.
After tea breed huge fire and begin to dry up their belongings. Stretch tent directly over the fire, and she, like a balloon blown up and torn.
Show the sun. Enthusiastically welcomed him. By 12 o'clock all dried up and we are moving down the flow. The trail is so good at the pass, was again good for nothing. Read more [...]
Tree, reaching a height of 25-30 m, with a rounded crown and a cylindrical columnar trunk with a greenish-gray bark. The leaves are rounded, dense, unequally, constantly wiggling and shaking and rustling through long flattened petioles, hesitant at the slightest movement of air. Floral scales dark brown, incised-dentate, covered with long hairs. Purple-red anthers. Ovary light green, conical, with two purple stigmas. Flowering in March-May, before leafing, fruiting in May.
Is widespread in Western Europe, the Caucasus and the Near, Middle and Central Asia. Growing in Russia in the European Read more [...]
The first feature of this method is different relation to the azimuth. He ceases to be regarded as an ideal line of motion, which shall be kept as close as possible. Here, the azimuth is considered only as one of the areas that a tourist mentally accounts while on the ground.
The other two are on the side of the horizon directions (north, south, west, east), forming a right angle, inside which is the azimuth. Moving to the area, the tourist all the time mentally, imagine two main areas, which are limited to a quarter within which the traffic moves. Since moving to the north-east, he always Read more [...]
Travelers spend on halts marching about two-thirds time, that is a big part of the route falls on parking.
Tourist camp - a place halt, where travelers relax, eat, sleep, prepare for further way; is the base camp for radial route organization, and this shelter from the weather, it is a fire, the hearth, the center of communication, comprehension and planning traversed the road ahead. Camp - a house in which we live during a hike.
For the duration of halts small share (for the rest, changing clothes, repairs), halts dining, accommodation, dnevki.V arrange day trips and a small lunch break. In Read more [...]
Neither I nor Sergei nor daughter Olga (now they have also biologists and artists, too) do not forget the two summers - 1983 and 1984. Quite small kolochek near Novosibirsk, in it - prostetsky shelter from the rain, at the edge - plants for insects of our construction (about them - just below), all enclosed by a neat fence, on the posts which clearly natrafarecheno: "Do not enter: bees!" K pchelopitomnika south - so we called it - a big field pestreyuschee thick brushes colors: white, yellow, blue, purple: it is - alfalfa. To the east - an array of flowering sainfoin: bright pink waves Read more [...]
While I myself nakipyachival water in small portions, I sat quietly and heard the sound saw chipmunks 3 meters away from me ... Dale rode by himself, but I began to reproach himself for his mistake. What makes a bow in my way? Sitting quietly and just saw a chipmunk / squirrel / bird, I could shoot and not straining to provide themselves blooded meat. And I went to work ...
Chose the semi-dry aspen
(In this regard, I was very lucky, drying is not necessary.)
Now the original recipe of the onion Rimbaud.
Pay attention to the ends of the bow!
Always sharpen both ends of the bow!
The idea is Read more [...]
Annuals and 25 cm high. Distribution: The Far East. Information available for E. chi-norossicum Kosh.
Medicinal. Those pan e Tues ich e with some effects - anti-inflammatory, diuretic. Indications - ear, nose and throat: laryngitis, tonsillitis, kidney and urinary tract: with cystitis, eye disease: conjunctivitis, pain: for headache - stems, leaves, flowers, diseases of the oral cavity: with gingivitis.
In the experiment, stems, leaves, flowers, exhibit antibacterial activity.
Environmental significance. Needs protection E. chinorossicum, E. komaro-vii Tzvelev. Read more [...]
I finally mastered the harmonica longitudinal cut from a sheet of A-4, I decided to try a knife * BOOM * N.Ezheleva, the knife did not disappoint, easily hacked to be extremely hard ... in other knives do not get ... I know what I what is missing probably speed ... But * Arrow * twice happened, and nothing even about a knife comes out, even * Opinelem * № 10, although it is thinner in the butt, butt ... from the hills Read more [...]
Inhabitant of sandy, hilly deserts of Central Asia and South-Western Kazakhstan, clearly differs from the Black-kin not only lighter belly, smaller body size and plumage coloration, but the voice and form flocks. The male white-bellied sandgrouse upper body olive-brown color with golden spots on the throat black spot (in the summer it is white). Goiter and breast ocher color, separated by two transverse black stripes. Abdomen pale, toes not feathered. Females differ transverse striation of the upper body. Weight of males - 230 - 290 g, females - 225 In the autumn tailed Sandgrouse image of Read more [...]
This blade has a very limited set of features and long, but the rich - and so happy. The handle of this knife is the blade has a length of 11 cm blade made of high-quality Spanish steel, has a saw, an additional grinding along the top edge for improved piercing, engraved logo and serial number. The handle of impact resistant plastic rough green is New York - finger rest. Inside, it is a hollow. Cover it is a miniature compass, being wrung out (so that the blade does not create interference), that shows the compass. Sam knife without cover can be used as a tip for homemade spears inserted into Read more [...]
Supplementary feeding of these animals include hay, twig food, grain, root crops and silage, and it should be up to 60-70% coarse ballast feed to be distributed and not easily accessible (eg, hay is better to give a compacted form). Ratio Spread to dry and succulent deer feed should be 1:3.
And roe deer prefer forest hay with lots of deciduous plants. This is due to their habit to feed forest vegetation and forest more nutritious hay. Is eaten clover and alfalfa hay. Hay grasses and roe deer eat worse, worse use of marsh hay sedge.
Even starvation, these animals do not eat nearly stale Read more [...]
This magazine - research illustrated edition of the best fishing areas of the South of Russia, taking into account the specifics of seasonality, the species composition of fish and climatic characteristics of the region, which emphasizes both the modern and the "Aboriginal" gear and gear in demand in waters south of Russia.
Subject content: fishing, fishing tourism, fishing tackle, gear, equipment, transportation, security, law, etc. The concept of content: we are writing about fishing in the waters just south of Russia, gear and techniques demanded in our waters, and we do not learn Read more [...]
Marmot-lazybones is found in the steppe regions of Northern Kazakhstan, Ural, Volga, some areas in the Don and the Ukraine. Marmot fur color-Baibakov sandy yellow, with a reddish tinge on the casings.
Until the end of the XVIII century. these rodents were carried out in large numbers on the virgin lands of the southern regions of the country, with the plowing of the steppes steppe marmots gradually disappeared. In 1936, the 100-Baibakov marmots were caught in Streletskoe steppe (in the Central Chernozem Reserve, 20 km south of Kursk) and released in Luhansk oblastts Derkul steppes, and later Read more [...]
The sequence of training students in flight schools consists of the development of the theory, practice on ground flight simulators, flight with an instructor at a training aircraft with dual controls, and, finally, self-training flights. At present, there are not created the spacecraft, allowing in the process of preparing "export" of students into outer space to finalize the skills to manage a ship in the real world.
Thus, if the main type of training pilots are training flights in aircraft and training on simulators are of secondary importance, for the training of astronauts Read more [...]
These small wingless insects can be extremely dangerous in some areas, because they can move from rodent plague. If you are using a rodent as a food in such places, hang the animal immediately after it was killed, and do not touch it until it has cooled.
Fleas are found only on the warm bodies. For protection from fleas, use them against the corresponding powder and put tight-fitting leggings feet or shoes. Read more [...]
Perennial herb 15-40 cm tall, with slender creeping rhizome. Stems erect, often in the ribs beneath. Leaves oblong or oblong-lanceolate, 12-18 mm long and 6-12 mm wide at base lanceolate, with 2-3 teeth, the rest of the entire, obtuse at the apex, usually naked top, bottom, short hairs on the edges and veins, Bottom liloveyuschie often (and stalk), with long petioles 2-5 (10) mm. Two flowers in the axils of the leaves gradually diminishing form at the top of the stem-sided brush. Calyx densely glandular-furry, purple, juicy little semicircular fold. Corolla blue-purple, glandular-pubescent Read more [...]
Author: Zamyatin NG
Size: 10.7 MB
A book for those who want to learn edible plants in the surrounding nature and use them for food or for domestic preparations. This book is also for the variety of gourmet and eager to seek new approaches cooks. This book is also for those who want to achieve a correct and balanced diet, giving vitamins and other biologically active substances at almost any time of year. With this book, nature lovers quite different eyes look at the world around them in a new way will see quite ordinary grass, which are used to going. Read more [...]