Rhode CARTHAMUS L. — Safflower.

Single, biennials and 100 cm high. Distribution: European part (south) and the Caucasus. Information available for C. lanatus L. Seskviterpeioidy contains, as well as flavonoids and hinohalkony (Kazuma et al., 1995) established structure. Highlighted the essential oil, fatty oil. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - cholagogue, diaphoretic, diuretic - leaves, laxative - fruit. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: the jaundice - leaves, ear, nose and throat: with angina - leaves, psychiatric illness: in hysteria - the leaves. In the experiment, the extract exhibits cytotoxic and antibacterial Read more [...]
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Avalanches also inseparable from the mountains, as storms from the seas and oceans. Mountain residents call them "white death" is not accidental. Calm, silent snow slope can suddenly turn into a seething, roaring cauldron. Giant shaft snow, dust, debris, rocks and trees swept away everything in its path, and hide from it is often not possible. Sometimes the amount of avalanches in the hundreds of thousands and even millions of cubic meters. Picking up speed and mass, an avalanche every moment becoming more powerful, bringing death and destruction. One of the most terrible tragedies Read more [...]
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Storing food in the journey

The meat in the warmer remains no more than 2-3 days in a cool place - up to a week. Fish spoil faster. To increase the shelf life of these products is recommended to rub salt (pre-fish gut), keep in the pits, covered with branches, and even better in cold running water. In this case, the product must be in a waterproof container. Meat store, cut it in long thin pieces and hung in the trees, where it is exposed to wind and sun. It should be hung at a height of not less than 4.5 m, where fewer flies. In some areas, has to hide food supplies from small animals. To this end, food is hung at Read more [...]
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Rhode AEGILOPS L. — Aegilops.

Annuals 7-50 cm high. Distribution: European part (south) and the Caucasus. Contain lignans, coumarins, carbohydrates, as well as phenolic acids and their esters established structure. Discovered flavonoids, vitamins: tocopherols. Patient (A. neglecta Req. Ex Bertol.). Those therapeutically effect - anthelmintic, laxative - fruit. Indications - eye disease: in diseases of the eye - Hopes. h, infections / infestations: the smallpox - fruits; tumors: tumors - results. Stern. For livestock: A. neglecta. Read more [...]
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Relief map

There are mountains in the world and there is plain. The surface of our planet is very rarely even. On any so-called plain always have at least a small rise and lowering hills, mounds, valleys, ravines, ditches and slopes along the river banks. All of this together is the topography of the area. Relief - a set of uneven ground. Please note that all the bumps easily divided into two types - convexity and concavity. Convexity is considered to be a positive form, and concave - negative forms of relief. Relief area can be divided into simple (plain) and complex (mountains). To a greater Read more [...]
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The secret of bee nests

Remember the chapter "Mystery melittobii" - this is where I imagined that naezdnichki react to a magnetic field, while they crept to any hot objects, including a magnet, warmed by the sun or by hand? Thing of the past, but frankly, I was very annoyed that I was not able to make discoveries in the field of biophysics ... Yet, many years later, my friends insects - this time wild bees - a secret revealed to me, in comparison with a "magnetic love" melittobii, it exists in fact, would have been a mere trifle. It was interesting that the mystery was not a sealed book, lay, as Read more [...]
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stream, the section of the river is characterized by great depth and fast current. Due to narrowing of the river bed, having on its bottom ledges or large rocks, steep slopes, and high velocity in a transverse B. flows upstream and downstream, which leads to the formation of the center. of direct and indirect channel standing waves, whirlpools and emission of water masses from the bottom to the surface. Especially dangerous for swimming by BA are whirlpools and deep water emissions. They occur unexpectedly, short-term (2 - 30) and end abruptly, and their appearance in a particular location Read more [...]
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Quince oblong, or common

Ordinary quince - the ancestor of all shapes and quince cultivars - was introduced to the culture of many hundreds of years ago. Known to this day sort of quince "Portuguese" was placed in ancient Rome. Large aromatic fruit quince cultural forms are used in the food industry. Under natural conditions, common quince growing in the Caucasus (Dagestan, Azerbaijan), in Central Asia. Inhabits forest edges, open slopes up to 500 m above sea level, cutting the dry soils in the bush granatnika. Small tree or shrub 1.5-5 m tall with a thin scaly, dark-gray or reddish-brown, constantly exfoliating Read more [...]
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Cleaning fish

To fish retained its flavor and quality, it is necessary to follow a few rules associated with its killing and storage. To begin with: the fish must be killed as soon as it is caught, it is not only that it has suffered as little as possible, but in order to stop its production of lactic acid. Enormous stress that gets the fish because it was caught, causing a violent release of lactic acid, which significantly reduces the quality of the fish. There are some quick and effective ways to kill fish. The only special tool required - a good knife and need to clean the fish. In order to kill the Read more [...]
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Magazine Fishing SOUTH» № 4, 2009

This magazine - research illustrated edition of the best fishing areas of the South of Russia, taking into account the specifics of seasonality, the species composition of fish and climatic characteristics of the region, which emphasizes both the modern and the "Aboriginal" gear and gear in demand in waters south of Russia. Subject content: fishing, fishing tourism, fishing tackle, gear, equipment, transportation, security, law, etc. The concept of content: we are writing about fishing in the waters just south of Russia, gear and techniques demanded in our waters, and we do not learn Read more [...]
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Poplar, black, or Black poplar

A tree 18-25 m tall, with a broad crown and thick branched cracked gray bark. In the south-cultivated varieties bred Lombardy poplar, featuring narrow crown and greater height - up to 30 m long-stalked leaves, deltoid or somewhat rhombic, with wide straight or rounded base, tapering at the top in the tip, dark green, the underside of the lighter on the edges of iron-toothed, young leaves, as well as kidney, aromatic. Floral scales deeply incised, glabrous, rarely with short cilia. Stamens with short filaments, anthers purple. The ovary lies in bokalchaty perianth, stigma yellow, curved downward. Read more [...]
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Pod FTLAGO L. — ZHABNIK. 5-1-1

Annuals 5-30 cm high. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western Siberia. Information available for F. arvensis L Flavonoids established structure. Marked tannins. Detected alkaloids, vitamin C. Medicinal. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: stomach ulcers, diarrhea - Hopes. h, intestinal colic - fruits, infections / infestations: dysentery, scabies - Hopes. hours, foot and mouth disease (in veterinary medicine) - Hopes. hours, diseases of the cardiovascular system: angina, tachycardia, hypertension - Hopes. h, ear, nose and throat: with angina - Hopes. hours, diseases Read more [...]
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Veronica longifolia

A perennial herbaceous plant from 40 to 150 cm, with long creeping rhizome. Stems are erect, strong, usually pubescent with short hairs. Leaves opposite or whorled, 3-15 cm in length and width (0.5) 1-4 cm, oblong or lanceolate, bidentate or uneven edges sharply serrated, pointed at the apex, truncate or cordate at the base of the plate, naked or sometimes on veins slightly pubescent, with petioles. Flowers in dense apical brush up to 25 cm, which ends with a stem. Bracts linear-subulate (sometimes filamentous), long peduncles. Calyx lobed four lanceolate acute pubescent share, of which two Read more [...]
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AE Berman Young Tourist. Hiking with a map of the river. Part 5

Properly packed backpack fits well on the back, but the installation should be careful that requires accuracy and quite some time. First of all you need to tightly fill the bottom corners of the backpack, joined by webbing. They put bags of cereals and other dense, but soft goods. If the corners are driven bags of sugar or other hard goods, it should stand to the side and did not get back up. If not tightly fill the corners, pull their straps, backpack and shorter in height, increasing in thickness, moving away from the back. Along the back of the backpack are usually put a sleeping bag, but Read more [...]
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Storm insects

Tourists, especially in the summer, a lot of trouble delivering Diptera, sucking the blood of man and warm-blooded animals. These include mosquitoes, gnats, biting midges, horseflies, gadflies, etc. A myriad of bloodsuckers in their places with large concentrations of literally stuck to a person get into the nose, ears, hair, under your clothes, causing numerous bites than sometimes the victim is brought to a frenzy. Bites cause itching and burning, and sometimes inflammation and swelling where the face, neck, hands, and other exposed areas of the body, were attacked, red and swollen. The more Read more [...]
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Mr. lowering the crest of the ridge is usually between adjacent river valleys, the most affordable and safe place to go over a mountain range or a dividing ridge. Two or more AP, between which there is relatively complex to go along, as well as lifting the dividing ridge (or k.-l. of AP), the path along the ridge to the next GP and descent from him called. passvtion ligament a ligament is considered as one P. P. often pass through pack trails, sometimes cars., rarely yellow. road. Software is available for passing on tap. season distinguish P-round and seasonal activities.                   Read more [...]
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Light-loving, living in the mixed forests of trees or rarely shrubs. Sophisticated nenarnoperistye leaves form delicate light green crown. For most species of ash characteristic location simultaneously from opposite sides of the leaves. Inconspicuous flowers are bisexual or dioecious (some species typical of dioecious), gathered into bundles, brush or broom. Oblong lionfish long remain hanging on the tree after the leaves are already circled. Rigid and flexible timber has a beautiful figure, well polished, highly valued and is used in shipbuilding and railway, agricultural machinery, furniture Read more [...]
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Orienting the horizon. Azimuth. Compass

Information to guide consists of three elements: the direction, distance and orientation (objects), located on the ground. Reference points can be any perceptible local objects, which are allocated among other local items are clearly visible even from a distance and striking at close range. Where a person shall be found on Earth, at any given moment he is always around the space: real or imaginary visible, but still there is indeed a circle - the horizon. People have noticed on this circle, ie on the horizon, a few special points. They noticed that all the stars in the sky slowly Read more [...]
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Pathfinder — Ski and care

Pathfinder Gleb Daniltseva - series transmission, which introduces the viewer to the skills and knowledge necessary for a successful, enjoyable and safe hiking in the woods. How to make and where to make a fire, what to do in the winter dusk and at night, any of the animals and insects to fear, and finally, how to help yourself if trouble has occurred - this will tell the author and host Gleb Daniltsev. Series 11. Skiing and care for them. In this series, you'll learn how to cook hunting skis to hike, what advantages and disadvantages of wooden and plastic skis. What should I do to have Read more [...]
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Oil, extracted gasoline

Oil squeezed from the earliest times of oilseeds - flax, hemp, poppy. Not more than a hundred years ago were the best vegetable oil obtained from sunflower. Sunflower - Mexico is "flower of the sun." In ancient Mexico, the image of a flower sunflower made of gold and worshiped him. In Europe, sunflower cultivated as an ornamental plant set and only a hundred years ago were out of it to extract oil. Until that time the British were eating the young buds with vinegar and sunflower oil. Russian Academician Severgin back in 1794 in his book "The Kingdom of growth", said: "This Read more [...]
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Site "Survival in the wild nature", glad to see you. If you come to us, it means you want to get complete information about survival in a variety of extreme conditions, in emergency situations. Man, throughout the development, sought to preserve and protect themselves from the various negative factors surrounding it - cold, heat, hunger, dangerous animals and insects.

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