Korotkokornevischny perennial with long, ascending or prostrate stems up to 150 cm, pubescent with short hairs. The leaves are ovate, 2-9 cm long and 1-3 cm wide, with short petioles. The flowers sit in the leaf axils in sparse leafy inflorescences, bisexual, drooping. Calyx gamophyllous, korotkokolokolchataya, 8-15 mm long and 4-6 mm wide, with five large teeth, yellowish-green, with fruits inflated. Petals five, they are greenish-white, narrow, two-lobed. Stamens ten. Fruit - a shiny, black, dry berry. Blooms from June to August, fruiting in July-September.
European-South Asian species, Read more [...]
Shrub or tree 4-10 m tall, with broadly crown. Young shoots are thin, bare, green, later reddish-brown perennial branches are covered with dark brown bark. Numerous short shoots end spines. Leaves elliptic or ovate, 5-10 cm long and 2-6 cm wide, dark green, glabrous, pale beneath and pubescent on veins, lemon-yellow in autumn. In March - May, along with foliage or earlier appear white solitary (rarely 2) flowers like snow covering the entire plant. Fruits are up to 3 cm long, yellow, pink, cherry red or almost black, with a light wax coating, ripen from June to November.
It grows in the Caucasus, Read more [...]
Annual height 8-40 cm stem highly branched, sometimes reddish, fluffy from adjacent hairs, often mixed with glandular hairs. The leaves are ovate-lanceolate, long 1-4 (7) cm and a width of 3-20 mm, serrated at the edges (on each side of 3.7 teeth), slightly pubescent on both sides, with short petioles. Flowers are placed on 6-10 in whorls. Calyx tubular-campanulate, densely myagkoopushennaya, sometimes glandular, with few veins and five unequal shipovidno-sharp teeth. Corolla 15-20 mm long, purple, outside prizhatovolosisty, with a tube longer than the calyx, the upper lip is slightly elongated Read more [...]
At home, in the eastern part of North America, grows in lowland forests on the slopes of the Allegheny Mountains, reaching a height of 3 m. The culture has moved far to the north beyond its natural range. In Russia, many from the XIX century. Southern Crimea and the Black Sea coast. Growing in Odessa, Dnepropetrovsk, Kiev, Lvov, Ashgabat, Tashkent, Fergana.
Ornamental tree with a rounded crown and highly purified stem from branches covered with dark gray bark with longitudinal and transverse cracks. Leaves thin-coriaceous, elliptic, rounded base, in the late summer splash in a bright golden-purple Read more [...]
Tags: whitening of the skin, loss of sensation or pain.
At the scene to stick your fingers under the arms, legs to dress in dry socks and shoes, to cover the nose, ears, cheeks, warm hands, drink hot sweet drink. You can not rub snow whitened skin massage, drink alcohol, smoke.
In the shelter (in the camp hut), hands and feet immersed in cold water, which is then heated to 40 ° for half an hour. Drink hot sweet tea, you can with the addition of alcohol. It is impossible to lower the hands and feet in hot water to make hot compresses on the nose, ears, cheeks, massaging whitened skin Read more [...]
Little to build winter shelters. Just make a reservation - all options for the forest (taiga, mountain taiga zone). The tundra is getting tougher. If the fire can not grow (because of the mask) and temperatures up to -15 - 20, fit for a group of one-sided shed or snow trench for an individual.
Snow shovel to the ground, on the edge is sealed to the bottom-fir twigs, mat, sleeping bag. Top - cape, sprinkle edges with snow on top of snow and you can insulate. Inside - a candle. On the one hand - on the wall of blowing snow, head to the entrance. Construction time - 20 minutes. In order to Read more [...]
By mechanical methods include the use of protective clothing. Many signs protivokleschevoy suit, colloquially referred to as "entsefalitkoy." The protective effect of these clothes is that they fell on him mites can not penetrate the body. Sleeve shirt and pants leg ends elasticated cuffs that gently but firmly wrap around the wrist and lower leg, the shirt is equipped with a hood, which is bordered on the edge of an elastic band. It is very important to use it: you need to fill a shirt waistband and the bottom pants - in boots or long socks like golf. The hood is worn over the head Read more [...]
Types of wounds
Incised wounds - Is wound inflicted by a sharp object. Surrounding tissue with such a wound damaged slightly, expressed moderate pain. Typically, these injuries are accompanied by significant bleeding. Incised wounds are dangerous damage to blood vessels, nerves, hollow organs. However, with proper treatment, these wounds heal better than the rest - usually without complications.
Puncture wounds applied narrow and sharp objects (a narrow knife, awl, needle). These wounds are different great depth, with little damage to the area. Pain syndrome in these wounds is negligible, Read more [...]
Very often the tourist group that goes to the route, uses in his preparations for the trip reports of groups that have passed through this route before, and inflicted on the map-chart changes over time. And, of course, each group traveling in a complex and inaccessible area, should carry out work on that dosemke cartographic basis, which it has, drawing especially carefully selected track sections, challenging orienteering.
In practice, this work need to be addressed to one or two members of the group who is familiar with orienteering skills, able to use a compass and map to determine the Read more [...]
Perennial herb 10-50 cm tall with branching stems grooved, rough pubescent with glandular hairs. The leaves are alternate, oblong-lanceolate, 3-6 cm long and 1 cm wide, entire, short seropushistye on the edge can be short bristles, lower leaves petiolate, dry up by the time of flowering, the upper - sessile, half. Flowers in the curls that form the apical corymbose-paniculate inflorescence with lanceolate bracts. Calyx almost sessile, shortly glandular-pubescent, in fruit sack sprawling, with triangular sharp teeth about 1 mm long, 3-4 times shorter nerassechennoy part. Venchiktemno-purple Read more [...]
In this video series family McPherson introduces basic skills of survival in the lap of Nature.
This video contains all the highlights of survival. Very useful video to consolidate the material.
Series 7: Primitive Wilderness Skills Applied - Quintessence of experience (implementing many skills into practice during the summer camp)
Download:letitbit.net Read more [...]
Perennial herb 15-80 cm tall, with a creeping rhizome and underground shoots, bristly-pubescent, rarely glabrous. Stems erect or ascending, while rooting in the supine side, ribbed, simple or branched at the top. The leaves are alternate, lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, 3-8 cm long and 2 cm wide, green, sparsely pubescent with small appressed bristles or naked, lower - gradually narrowed into petiole, blunt, upper - sessile, smaller, sharp. Flowers are in terminal inflorescences curls, first short, then lengthen. Pedicels up to 10 mm, in fruit horizontally or arcuate rejected. Calyx campanulate, Read more [...]
Moving up the snow and firn slopes should be avoided to pass under the rocks: in such areas snow is usually a thin layer on naplyvnom, layered ice, which, as noted above, it is difficult to cut steps.
From the constant winds and turbulence of air flow on the crests are often formed snow cornices (canopies), sometimes reaching enormous size and easy to crash. When driving along the ridges need to check whether there are cornices. Along the eaves should move down the slope, about 4.2 m from the edge, below the intended line beginning eaves or through the speakers of stones (Fig. 29). In the Read more [...]
First aid in the campaign is completed, taking into account the number of groups of the campaign, the route distance from populated areas, seasons, etc.
In mountain and winter hikes in A. also include spare sunglasses. In the presence of a group of health care providers, he can man up AA according to their knowledge and skills. A fit into a rigid container, avoid damage thermometer, ampoules, vials, as well as protect it from water, snow.
Approximate composition kit for trekking on a group of 6 - 8 people.
7 cm x 5 m
14 cm x 5 m
Elastic Read more [...]
Annual plant height from 5 to 15 cm at the top of pubescent with glandular hairs, with straight branching stems, with obliquely upward directed branches. Leaves 4-9 mm long and 0.5 mm wide, linear-subulate, acute, the base expanded, with three veins, oblique off-axis. Tsvetnozhki filiform, 4-10 mm long, oblique-axis from the inflorescence glandular hairs. Sepals 2.5-3 mm long, narrow, lanceolate, acute, with three parallel veins, the edges with a narrow membranous border, on the back with glandular hairs. Calyx lobes shorter or slightly longer than it white. Stamens ten. Three columns. The Read more [...]
Harbingers of good, clear weather
If the terrain established cold air mass - it is the most sure guarantee a good, clear weather. The first signs of a cold air mass is the appearance of separate round or flat clouds - "sheep." Good cloudless weather usually preceded by low air pressure, heat, storm with heavy rainfall in the summer and heavy snow, blizzard - winter. And summer and winter clearing passes with cold snap, lasting for a day or two. In the spring and fall on clear nights can be freezing.
Stability tests of clear weather
Barometer for several days continuously rising. Read more [...]
Will use in determining the weather can have a tangible relief to those who lost in the woods. The ability to predict the weather is always appreciated and these skills have few people. However, some signs are available to all, they observe or determine quite simple. These signs do not give one hundred percent prediction, but few take the comparison can be made plausible forecast.
Some of the trees are sensitive to changes in weather, especially conifers. Are allocating spruce and juniper. This feature is shown in the fact that with increasing moisture content (and hence the approach of bad Read more [...]
No one now, of course, does not believe that picking up a branch of hazel, can be found in the land of gold, or an underground spring, and a hundred - two hundred years ago, walnut twig trying to determine a place to dig wells.
And yet, in the nature of the plants do exist, which can determine what is in the ground, in the soil. Gia know many tricolor field violets, pansies, or Ivan da Marya. There is a kind of golden violet (Viola calamaria), creeping along the ground. It grows only on these soils that contain zinc.
Geologists have found rich deposits of zinc ore in places where there were Read more [...]
The most common and the most popular are our common mallard, are familiar to every hunter-athlete. Mallard, sometimes called kryakusha, kryzhen (Ukraine), the mother duck and roll (Belarus), nesting and migration occurs in almost the entire territory of the CIS. It is the ancestor of our domesticated ducks. Mallard is one of major duck: it sometimes reaches the autumn of 1700 grams of weight. In breeding plumage kryakovy drake is very beautiful. The head and neck was covered with shiny dark green with a metallic sheen feathers in the middle of the neck are incomplete fringed white collar. Read more [...]