Zyuznik European

A perennial herb with segmented thin threadlike rhizomes and underground shoots. Stems erect or ascending from the base, 30-90 cm tall, four-sided, grooved. The leaves are oblong-elliptical or lanceolate-elliptical (bottom - can be almost pinnatifid), are short, and irregularly sinuate-toothed or krupnopilchatye on the edge, both sides covered with short, single-celled or multicellular long hairs, mixed with pieces of iron, especially beneath the veins. The flowers are small, numerous, clustered in dense axillary whorls. Bracts small, linear-lanceolate, running into a barbed wire along the Read more [...]
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Yellow ground squirrel or gopher-sandstone — citellus fulvus lichtenstein. The practical significance

According to different authors (Orlov, 1929 Sludsky, 1938 Argiropulo Vinogradov, 1941) and our observations, yellow gopher in some regions of Kazakhstan serves as a pest of crops. It hurts wheat, rye, barley, of melons: watermelon, cantaloupe, grapes harm young shoots, kills nursery of fruit and ornamental trees, damaging alfalfa, sunflower sprouts. DN Kashka rovym and L. Lane Sokolova (1927) were cases destroying gopher grape nurseries where animal damage inflicted on the young shoots of 80-100%. BS Vinogradov (1936) believes that in the conditions of Uzbekistan yellow gopher in many cases, Read more [...]
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Working with a tent

The tent has long been a faithful companion travelers. However, to serve as a reliable tent, it has to be properly treated. First of all, we have to choose a place where there will be a tent. Requirements for it are slim. First, there should be no bumps, hills, protruding tree roots, rocks, etc. It is undesirable to set a tent on grass. Second, this place should not be eaten raw. Third, the location is not to be retreating to sleeping at night is not slid against each other. If a place can not be found and must be broken in a tent that has a small slope, it should be put down the slope to Read more [...]
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Winter toothy pike

Pike ordinary (Esox lucius) is common, as they say ichthyologists, circumpolar, that is, has "one of the most extensive ranges of freshwater fish." In other words, it is, first, is found in almost all the rivers belonging to the Arctic Ocean basin (except for their most northern areas), and secondly, far to the south does not penetrate, and in Southern Europe, and below the line of the "Caucasus - the Amur River basin, "it replaces other family schukovyh. Ordinary pike enjoys nationwide popularity: it is glorified in tales and legends. Is there anything "pike", Read more [...]
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White Soup

Camping food is usually not different variety of dishes. Cook mainly milk porridge or cereal with canned meat, soup or stew with canned fish. I want to give these long-familiar dishes worthy alternative. Soup turns out very tasty and satisfying. In their campaigns this dish often use people like it! Recipe for simple, but just note one thing: a difficult hike or mattress. If the trip is complicated and carry on their shoulders the burden to long and tedious, the potatoes tourists usually do not take. Since potatoes weighs a lot, but still most of it is spent on cleaning. Because in a difficult Read more [...]
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In the footsteps of Bear Grylls: 11. Iceland

Coordinates: 64 ° 49'' 50 "s. Lat. 17 ° 59'' 12" h. on Iceland - an island in the North Atlantic Ocean, near the Arctic Circle, between Greenland and Norway. Almost the whole area of the island is a volcanic plateau with peaks of up to 2 km, quite steeply to the ocean. Iceland's total area of 103 km2, of which 11.8 thousand km2. covered by glaciers. Lakes and glaciers occupy 14.3% of the territory, vegetation covered only 23%. The average annual temperature in the south-west coast of +5 ° C, the average temperature in January is -1 ° C, in July +11 ° C. Read more [...]
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Weather prediction for temperature

Signs of bad weather If the day and night are equally warm (ie, the difference of day and night temperatures a little lower than 10 ° C) and the humidity is high and the day of the order of 70-80%, - all this speaks of the approach of bad weather. If you do not see a night of cooling air, especially if the evening and the night air is noticeably warmer ("night float") - is approaching bad weather. If in the lowlands and the uplands, in the woods and in the open air temperature is the same - it points to the approaching storm. If the day there is a powerful and high Read more [...]
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Ways of carrying victims

Emergency aid (stop bleeding, imposing tires on fractures, bandaging, etc.) must be possible at the scene. All issues related to transportation and ways should be considered in terms of: certain features of the environment (the time of year, temperature conditions, terrain, etc.), severity of the injury; small amount or no medical equipment and special vehicles, which involves only available tools based on local opportunities; absence in the vicinity of the trauma clinic, making the inevitable transportation to scrap vehicles; the time required to return to the populated areas, Read more [...]
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Voronet krasnoplodny

Vorontsov are among the most toxic of the family Ranunculaceae. They are found in mixed and coniferous forests, usually on the edges. This is a perennial plant with thick-headed rhizomes, which runs on one or several stems up to 70 cm tall. Leaves are compound, twice - trizhdytroychatye. The flowers are small, white, clustered in an oval brush that the formation extends into the cylindrical fruits. Vorontsov flowering occurs in May - June, fruits ripen in August - September. In Varanets pointed black berries have krasnoplodnogo - red. In the old days of the ripe fruit brewed black dye for Read more [...]
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Veronica Dubravnaya

A perennial herbaceous plant from 10 to 45 cm, with a creeping rhizome branching. Stems ascending or prostrate and rooting, double row segmented soft downy hairs. Leaves 1.5-3 cm long and 1-2 cm wide, ovate, slightly cordate, wrinkled, the edges of the cut-crenate or toothed, hairy, sessile (except the bottom). Flowers in few-flowered hand coming out of the sinuses of two to four upper leaves. Bracts lanceolate or oblong. Calyx chetyrehrazdelnym, with lanceolate lobes, pubescent at the sides, ciliate, half the length of the corolla. Corolla usually bright blue, with a diameter up to 13 mm, Read more [...]
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Unusual use of ordinary things

"My happy mood at once fell, I realized that even though I was saved, but not without further horrors and misfortunes. For me no more dry skin, to change what was not, I had nothing to eat, I was not even water to back up its forces, and in the future, or I was going to die of starvation or be torn of beasts of prey. But the most awful - I did not have anything other than a knife, but the tube boxes of tobacco. This was all my property. And changed my mind, I was in such despair that ran like crazy for a long time on the beach. " Approximately the same as the well-known Robinson Crusoe Read more [...]
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Road cut

Knife for a long road to be comfortable at home, strong, gryazeustoychivym and, of course, beautiful. When people ask me what knife among the sea on the market is to buy a long journey, I advise you to think about a serious knife not to "cut the sausage." And for what? And the letter "f" for "fsego 'else! There does not even need to dream: a look at the first available site lovers knives and understand that you may need a knife at any moment as in life generally, and particularly in the life on the road. And by the way, sometimes to save this life ... In my eyes, Read more [...]
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Dendrantema Zavadsky

Perennial herb 15-50 cm tall, covered with short bifid and simple hairs, resistant rootstock. Stem erect or ascending at the base, simple or with a few branches at the top, abundant foliage. The leaves are alternate, ovate or rounded, twice pinnate into linear segments, with petioles. Baskets are large, located at the tips of stems and branches. Marginal flowers ligulate, white, pink or pinkish-purple; median - tubular, yellow. Fruit-achenes 1.8-2.5 mm in length and a width of about 0.5 mm. Blooms from July to September, the fruits ripen in August-October. Europe and North view. In Russia, Read more [...]
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Austrian wormwood

Perennial herb 20-60 cm tall, with a long creeping rhizome, whitish from dense silky pubescence. Stem erect or ascending, spreading branching. The leaves are alternate, twice pinnate. Baskets ovate, long-stalked, broadly general paniculate inflorescence. Corolla densely hairy at the top. Fruits - flat oblong achene. Flowers in July and August, achenes ripen in August and September. Predominantly European-Caucasian-drevnesredizemnomorsky species occurring in Russia in the European part of the North Caucasus and in the south of Western Siberia, is listed on the south of the Far East. Common Read more [...]
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How to select a sleeping bag

Thermal balance in choosing a sleeping bag The main task of sleeping bag - to keep warm, and the main source of heat is the man. How do I generate heat? It depends primarily on the metabolism or metabolism. Here's what to consider when choosing a sleeping bag: 1) Complexion: obese people have a lower metabolism. More precisely, they consume more than they produce. In people of normal physique metabolism is balanced, they absorb as much produce. In field conditions often happens is that a person gets fewer calories than usual. This is most evident in near-polar, polar and alpine expeditions. Read more [...]
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The salmon

Salmon - a nice family, representatives of which domestic angler rarely sees on the hook even in dreams. Most amateur angling salmon is prohibited. In recent years with the development of fishing tourism began to appear more and more places where the angler can enjoy salmon, albeit on a "catch - let go." The fish belonging to the salmon family, is a distinctive feature. They have one on the back of an ordinary fin with 10-16 rays and the so-called fat, with no rays. According to this, then the little fins, located behind the back, you can immediately identify fish belonging to Read more [...]
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In appearance elk difficult to confuse with other members of the deer, as is characteristic of his appearance. His body is short, with well-developed chest, his head is large, and unusually elongated hook-nosed, the neck is short, but powerful. The front part of the body is much more massive than the rear. The animals of both sexes under the throat is soft leathery outgrowth - earring, reaching a three-four animals the largest size. At a certain stage of its development, it disappears, and it is a small outgrowth. U.S. researchers find earrings that have moose in North America reaches the Read more [...]
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What to do if frostbite

Shiver through the body If a person is left with a cold one on one - for a while the body is able to fight back. The struggle always follows the same pattern: first we covered with goose bumps. This reflex is a holdover from our furry ancestors: to increase the thermal insulation layer liruyuschy must raise hair on end. Of course, now is better than another method does not want to freeze the body, to do everything possible to keep the operating temperature for the internal vital organs. Vessels in the skin constrict to heat accumulation in the blood does not escape, the delivery of blood to Read more [...]
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Cornice of snow

(German Karnies, from Greek. Koronis - end, finish), the accumulation of snow in the form of a dense canopy on the lee side of the sharp ridges that occurs during blizzards because of "suction" effect of the wind and turbulence (Fig.). Cornice with a line separation (Dashed)  Width can be up to several. m with a groove (pocket) at the bottom. Slipping, K.. drags the weight of snow and can cause descent avalanche. Especially dangerous K. s. Hanging on either side of the ridge. For the safety of traffic on K s. should retreat from its summit at such a distance, to be Read more [...]
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Rhode CONSOLIDA (DC.) SF Gray consolidation.

Annuals, 25-100 cm tall. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western Siberia. Contain alkaloids and 1.2% in the seeds of C. regalis Gray (among them nordnterpenovye alkaloids (Desai, Pelletier, 1998), flavonoids (including anthocyanins) glntsity, as well as phenolic acids and fatty acids established structure. Allocated fixed oil to 40.3% Seed C. orientalis (J. Gay) Schrodinger, tannins to 1.9% from the leaves of C. regalis. discovered vitamin C. Medicinal. Those r a n e a r ch e s to th action - a diuretic - flowers of C. orientalis, Hopes. Part C. regalis, astringent, cholagogue, tonic-leaves, Read more [...]
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