Urban | The survival encyclopedia - Part 2


The effect of quot;Vanka-Vstankaquot;

Vladimir - quite an adult, long-established man. Underwater fishing carried away recently, but learned her tricks diligently and thoroughly. However, as no textbook can not absorb all the possible situations in life, and no guru can not teach everything at once, certain gaps in the underwater science at our hero, of course, they were. Unfortunately, in the field of their own safety - as well. In Vladimir and his son one wetsuit for two. Dry-suit, so it is easy to compensate for slight differences in height and weight of father and son. Our anglers on the day went to one of the nearby rivers, Read more [...]
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Rhode CARDUUS L. — Thistle.

Single, biennials, herbaceous perennials rarely to 120 cm tall. Propagation: All. Contain alkaloids, flavonoids, triterpenoids, phytosterols Mr. carbohydrates established structure. Highlighted the essential oil to 0.1% of the Subtitle. CS acanthoides L, fatty oil to 44% of the fruit of C. nutans L, rubber. Found coumarins. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - laxative - the fruits of S. acanthoides, anti - Hopes. CS acanthoides, C. crispus L., S. nutans, diuretic, sedative - Subtitle. hours, inflorescence S. acanthoides, normalizing metabolism - Hopes. hours, wound healing, haemostatic, vomiting Read more [...]
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How to pitch a tent in the campaign

By choosing a place for a tent should be taken seriously. In the best case, the error will cost you a headache from lack of sleep, or body aches. At worst, you can pay for life. There is no place where it would be impossible to deliver. Well, maybe the cliffs. But we are not going to march to perekantovatsya somehow Nochka or two, and then catch up on sleep at home. In nature, in the woods, in the mountains, tundra, you can always find a cozy place to spend the night in comfort and gain strength for the next day. Worry about the upcoming best lodging in advance, before the sun sets.Hiding Read more [...]
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Silene armerievidnaya

Annual, biennial plant less, naked, glaucous, 15-60 cm tall stem cylindrical, under the upper nodes gooey, simple or branched at the top. Leaves are 3-7 cm and a width of 0,7-3 cm, form of spatulate to lanceolate. Flowers in corymbose-paniculate inflorescence bracts lanceolate, acute, scarious. Calyx clavate, 14-16 mm long, with obtuse teeth, naked. Petals pink, one-piece, notched up to 1.5 times longer than the sepals. Three columns. Fruit - oval capsule, 6-7 mm, 5-6 mm long stalk, seeds small, blunt tubercles. It flowers in May and September, fruiting in June. European species, widely Read more [...]
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Pathfinder — Winter camp 2 — tent camp

Pathfinder Gleb Daniltseva - series transmission, which introduces the viewer to the skills and knowledge necessary for a successful, enjoyable and safe hiking in the woods. How to make and where to make a fire, what to do in the winter dusk and at night, any of the animals and insects to fear, and finally, how to help yourself if trouble has occurred - this will tell the author and host Gleb Daniltsev. Series 7. Winter camp 2 - tent camp. In this program you will learn how to put the tent camp in the winter, as it accommodates a large company and how to change the geometry of the camp based Read more [...]
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Squirrel family — sciuridae

Rodents are mainly medium to large size, length up to 60 cm weight up to 8 kg. S representatives inhabit shallow tropical and subtropical regions. In woody and poludrevesnyh rodents slim body, the neck is clearly expressed, the tail is long, about equal to the body, gustoopushen-tion, of course, especially the rear, elongated with pointed steeply curved claws on long, thin fingers. In burrowing animals stocky body with a less pronounced neck, tail is relatively short (usually no more than half the body length), less lush. The legs are short, and my fingers with maloizognutymi massive claws. Read more [...]
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Broomrape sand

Biennial or perennial herbaceous plant 15-45 cm, densely pubescent with short glandular hairs. The stem is simple (sometimes branching inflorescence), yellow-brown, often with a reddish tinge, bearing numerous lanceolate scales up to 20 mm. The inflorescence is a dense, many-flowered, cylindrical, usually a little shorter than the rest of the stem. Covering scales lanceolate, nearly equal to the calyx, on the edge and on the back densely glandular-pubescent. Cup light brown, glandular pubescent, with very prominent veins, to base into two segments. Venchikdlinoy 25-35 mm, advanced to the limb, Read more [...]
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Solo on the Aral Sea. Sort of epilogue

Then there was a lot of things, but it really completely different song and opera, though life seems the same. My life. With a woman I did my three years provalandalsya. It seems I was glad, in any case, the theater was such. Especially when there was a volume of my translations, and poured a pleasant review, well, more natural for a translation, which included a very decent, although bullshit plenty. However, such a crack in his personal life with clay zamazhesh unsuccessful, it clearly went on the code, and him right. More and more I lived in Kalinin, now Tver, and lived, as they say, regularly Read more [...]
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Ski trip: equipment

In group equipment tourists skiers necessarily include boots. Depending on the number of members of the group can be 1-3 pairs. Because boots are needed for campfire and kitchen work in camp, as well as extra shoes for breakage of ski boots, size should be designed for the largest foot in the group. You must have a set of ski wax (especially the ointment for the thaw), cork for grinding, greases impregnating shoes, spare mount. On routes that pass away from populated areas, and in the absence of tourists experience repairing skis in field conditions or severe frosts is recommended to take one Read more [...]
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SIDA L. Rhode — GRUDNIKA.

S. spinosa L. - Annual plant 10-60 cm tall. Distribution: Caucasus. Contains alkaloids and other nitrogen Comm., Flavonoids and polynuclear aromatic Comm. established structure. Found saponins. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - tonic - Subtitle., Oversight. hours Statement - diseases of the respiratory system: bronchial asthma, tumors: tumors at $ D0? s, diseases of the digestive system: diarrhea - leaves (Coe, Anderson, 1996), infections / infestations: infectious diseases - leaf (Coe, Anderson , 1996), diseases of the skin and subcutaneous fat: with skin rashes, ulcers - leaves (Coe, Anderson, Read more [...]
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Shelduck

The place is called as Bugrovoy duck horhalem. It is a large duck, waterfowl species, reaching weights of up to 1500, and sometimes a few more grams. Drake in breeding plumage is colored very smart. The head and neck are black with a metallic sheen, the base of the neck and crop white. Across the chest and sides of the broad band is dark-brown color, which is connected on the back. Scapulars black, and the inner shoulder - white. All other parts of the body are white. From the middle of the chest to the stomach is also a broad black band; undertail light brown. Primary feathers of the wing Read more [...]
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Security in different natural zones

Many citizens prefer not to rest in comfortable guest houses and a campfire under the stars - in the woods or in the mountains, in the desert or on the beach. Nature, untouched by civilization, the modern man beckons with its grandeur and beauty. But we should not forget that without the skills to survive in unfamiliar conditions can get in trouble. Statistics show that citizen, first came to the forest without proper equipment, dies on the fifth - seventh day. But our ancestors had lived there for centuries. "Nothing venture nothing have" - you might say, and rightly so. The purpose Read more [...]
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Scary alien

All day on the track empty. Lie on roaming intact fresh delicacies: a piece of boiled fish, a slice of apple and honey. If only one scout appeared - would report, you see, the rest. I do not what evil has befallen you in ant farm? Stared through the glass jars, as if everything is in order. Land is not dried out, darkish - the day before yesterday, I squirted a dozen ant farm pipettes water through a hole in the plastic lid. The inclined roadway, laid close to the glass, fast flowing stream of ants, several workers dragged from one chamber to the other white silk bags with dolls, other ants Read more [...]
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Safety measures for the organization of winter hiking

Security groups on complex winter routes depends on many factors such as the preparation and conduct of the direct campaign. Briefly they can be divided into groups: 1. Careful acquisition group and good physical and technical training participants of the tour. Verification organization with overnight hike in the field. 2. A clever design route, the complexity of which must meet the experience and strengths of the group. Careful study of the area and hike the route line. 3. A good and well thought out equipment group. Preliminary test it in the test campaign. 4. Enough food Read more [...]
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Rotan firebrand

Rotan firebrand (Perccottus gkhni), the most famous representative of the embers, now widespread in the reservoirs of the Leningrad region, occurs in the Volga basin, and even caught in a seemingly well isolated from the outside world ponds. Now it is impossible to find a person, careless actions which led to such widespread dissemination of the Far Eastern fish. So you have to just put up with the fact that the alien displaces many water bodies more familiar and more valuable for fishing minnows, carp, dace. There is indirect evidence and the other victims of his relocation. Scientists confidence Read more [...]
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Roach

Weight up to 2 kg, with a length of about 50 cm roach, perch and carp as is the bulk of the fish population in central Russia and lives in ponds of different types, each of which has its own characteristics of fishing. Body broad, large scale. Iris eyes orange, with a big stain on the top. The back is greenish, sides and belly are silvery. Ventral, anal and caudal fins are orange to red in color. Coloring depends on age, home ranges and other local conditions, environment. Fish reach sexual maturity at 3-5 years of age, with a length of 12 cm in the spring spawning begins with a water temperature Read more [...]
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Rhode MYOSOTIS L. — Forget-me-not.

Single, biennials or herbaceous perennials, 10-50 cm high. Propagation: All. Contain alkaloids, flavonoids and 1.7% in M. asiatica (Vestergren) Schischk. et Serg., cyclic Tola, and higher fatty acid ustaiovleiioy structure. Allocated fixed oil to 43% of the fruit M. sylvatica Ehrh. ex Hoffm. (Syn. M. sachalinensis M. Pop.). Found triterpenoid and steroid saponins, anthocyanins, and moio digalaktozilglitseridy. Medicinal. Indications - tumors: cancer of the mouth, genitals - M. arvensis, M. palustris (L.) L; eye disease: in diseases of the eye - Subtitle., Oversight. Charles M. arvensis, Read more [...]
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Perception of Space in Space

For studying the spatial orientation of the astronauts in zero gravity, playing in a two-jet, we carried out the following experiments. The subject was sitting in the back of the cabin, wear your seat belts to a chair. Pilot flying in the area of weightlessness created right or left heel to 60-65 °. In front of the "hill" and the onset of weightlessness cosmonaut team pilot closed his eyes and radios device described his impressions of the plane's position. With eyes closed, none of the astronauts could not determine the true nature of the aircraft. Komarov, such as talking Read more [...]
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Rhode SECURINEGA Comm. ex Juss. — Securinega.

S. suffruticosa (Pall.) Rehd. - Shrub to 200 cm high. Distribution: Eastern Snbnr (south), and the Far East. Contains alkaloids and 0.8% in the leaves, as well as flavonoids izokumarnny and to 5.2% in the leaves and inflorescences (Lee et al., 1996), higher aliphatic alcohols, higher fatty acid established structure. Marked tannins to 7.6% of the leaves, resin 12.4% of leaves. Found 10.4% of the organic acids in the leaves. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - analeptic, tonic - shoots (State registry. 2000). Indications - diseases of the nervous system: the paralysis, paresis, asthenia - shoots Read more [...]
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Rhode RASNYPLEURUM Ledeb. — TOLSTOREBERNIK.

P. alpinum Ledeb. — Herbaceous perennial, 10-30 cm high. Distribution: Arctic, the European part (north-east), Eastern Siberia, the Far East (Magadan, Kamchatka Peninsula).

Flavonoids and higher fatty acid ustaiovleiioy structure. Allocated 23.3% of the fixed oil of Subtitle. h detected kumarniy 0.2% in the underground. h

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