There are three main causes of infectious diseases: bacteria, viruses, rickettsia. In addition, there are problems associated with large parasites - such as parasitic worms, scabies (mites) and tropical bovine gadfly larvae, and jigger (sand fleas). For diseases caused by bacteria include dysentery, cholera, tuberculosis and diphtheria. Viruses are the cause of what we call the common cold (acute viral respiratory illness - SARS), Influenza, measles, and polio. Rickettsia - microorganisms that are neither bacteria nor viruses - cause disease typhoid fever tsutsugamushi or akamushi (Jungle Fever), Read more [...]
Behavior. In early spring, in the first days after leaving normal after hibernation, ground squirrels most of life in the warmest time of the day. During this period, the most active are the males in connection with the rut. In late spring, during the birth and feeding young, young out to the surface and intense zhironakopleniya adult males, gophers Vital activity from morning to evening. At this time, males, lactating females and young are very active, a pregnant female, on the contrary, very careful. In early summer, during the settlement of young and hibernation adults profit Vital activity Read more [...]
Tourism rowing technique is not much different from the conventional methods of movement in the respective boats - pleasure, punts, boats, etc. It is important that in the process of rowing tourists worked more body, made a long lead to some acceleration and lowered their oars in the water no deeper than on on n-blade.
In the journey by kayak paddler in housing should be, on the contrary, is fixed: tilt toward rowing blades (a common mistake novice) cause only its rapid fatigue.The main thing in rowing - the broad and free movement with maximum muscle relaxation when skidding paddle strokes and Read more [...]
Winter is not the best season. As one well-known character, "in this weather, their homes sit, watch TV." However, for a man possessed of snow and frost is not a hindrance. Just goes to nature, without clearly defined goals have to be worthwhile. First of all, in order to fulfill the basic field skills in more difficult conditions.
For example, winter is the best time to workout at the campfire. Indeed, in the years of drought it will dissolve any child who knows how to strike sharply matches. But properly select and prepare the site, make kindling, light it and bring fire to Read more [...]
Camping food is usually not different variety of dishes. Cook mainly milk porridge or cereal with canned meat, soup or stew with canned fish. I want to give these long-familiar dishes worthy alternative. Soup turns out very tasty and satisfying. In their campaigns this dish often use people like it!
Recipe for simple, but just note one thing: a difficult hike or mattress.
If the trip is complicated and carry on their shoulders the burden to long and tedious, the potatoes tourists usually do not take. Since potatoes weighs a lot, but still most of it is spent on cleaning. Because in a difficult Read more [...]
"Bulletin of the hunter and fisherman" - illustrated advertising information independent magazine about hunting, fishing, hunting, weapons, ammunition, equipment and dogs. This is the best magazine for hunting and fishing, which gives detailed answers to questions and reveals the secrets in a clear and friendly manner. In addition, the magazine is an entertainment and information of interest a wider audience.
Download the magazine: letitbit.net Read more [...]
Signs of bad weather
If the atmospheric pressure is kept is not very high - 750 - 740 mm, there is a decrease in its uneven: it faster, slower, and sometimes may even be a slight increase in short-term, followed by a fall, - this indicates the passage of the cyclone. A common misconception says that Cyclone always brings bad weather. In fact, the weather in the cyclone is very heterogeneous - sometimes the sky is cloudless and the cyclone is gone, and without shedding a drop of rain. More fundamentally not the fact of low pressure, and its gradual decline. Low air pressure in itself is Read more [...]
Perennial herb with short rhizomes and lobe white roots. The above-ground part consists of a rosette of leaves and out of their sinuses leafless flowering shooter height of 10-30 cm, ending with a thick cylindrical spike inflorescence. Leaves broadly ovate, up to 20 cm and a width of 10 cm, with long petioles and well marked on the leaf blade arcuate veins, usually naked or slightly toothed, with more prominent teeth at the bottom of the sheet. Bracts membranous, keeled, ovate or elliptical, the average calyx. Calyx chetyrehrazdelnym, sepals 1.5-2.5 mm long, the same species as the bracts. Read more [...]
Annual height of 10-45 cm, with a single strong stem, simple or branched, appressed-pubescent. The leaves are alternate, oblong, grayish from hairy-bristly hairs. Radical and lower cauline leaves narrowed into petiole, often spatulate, obtuse, the rest - sessile, 1.5-5 cm long and 3 mm wide, acute, flat or slightly revolute margins, top hairy-bristly, less hairy below. Individuals germinating in autumn, are rosette, germinating in the spring (vernal) sockets did not. The flowers are small, with very short stalks, with long bracts exceeding pedicels, clustered in few-flowered sparse curls, located Read more [...]
50 years All-Union Scientific Research Institute of Hunting and farming Centrosoyuz. For achievements VNIIOZ awarded the Diploma of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR.
During the half-century work of the institute focused on the implementation of Lenin's plan for the economic use of natural resources for economic development. From the first days of work of the Institute is closely linked to the practice of socialist construction. It has contributed to strengthening and expanding the resource base for hunting, a significant increase in harvesting and export of furs, fur farming Read more [...]
Grows in the coniferous and deciduous forests from July to October. Has a hat that between 5-8 cm, lemon yellow, pale yellow-green, smooth, almost always covered with the remains. The plates are white, adnate. The foot is white, with the same color smooth ring in tuberiform under-inflated. Vagina tightly glued to swell legs as narrow hems, slightly lagging behind the top of the legs. The fungus has the smell of raw, spent a long time in the cellar of potatoes. Particularly strong smell old or some time after lying torn mushrooms. The fungus did not eat because of the unpleasant taste. This Read more [...]
Mudflow may befall any country, but certainly a strong possibility of such a disaster in mountainous areas. The most dangerous mudslide in those regions, which are located in the valley, they are more prone to flooding. If the city is built in a hollow of the mountains, it will inevitably be subjected to at least one natural disaster, especially the probability of debris flow-prone.
Mudflow descends from the mountains during the heavy rains, which fall on the area. Usually preceded by this disaster hurricane or tsunami. Powerful streams of rain and heavy wind literally wash away the top layer Read more [...]
At a one-day hunting problems with transportation, storage and use of small game, as a rule, does not arise. Only in exceptional cases, the trophies are so abundant that it is necessary to resort to special methods of storage. It should, perhaps, only to remember that in the late summer and fall on the carcass quickly flies lay eggs. If grouse for 30-40 minutes to hang on the tree, taking up the fire, drinking tea, etc., then they are likely to prove of flies infected eggs (when the hunter is fowl, eggs it did not lay a fly). Back at camp, you can not throw the game anywhere, before processing Read more [...]
Semishrubs height 8-15 cm with thickish stem, ending buds, and short creeping sterile shoots, flowering shoots under inflorescence covered with short appressed hairs, down direction. The leaves are thick, hard, with very prominent veins on the lower side, linear, 8-15 mm long and 0.7-2.5 mm wide, sessile, dotted with glands and cilia on the edge of the base to the middle of the plate. In the axils of stem leaves are usually well-developed axillary tufts of leaves. Flowers in capitate compact inflorescences. Calyx purplish, uzkokolokolchataya, 3.5-4 mm long, bilabiate, with three small teeth Read more [...]
TAIGA HORROR NIGHTSOne summer, in the middle of July 1994, I decided to explore the upper reaches of the Deep key is hidden in the forest of Southern Primorye. Key originates near Bald hills north of Partisan pass. I was interested in areas where you can make a salt licks, make planting ginseng and build a little hut secret.
About seven in the morning, after a brief trip by car, I was on a bridge over the key of the deep. Difficulties traveling with me shared eighteen months setter Dick. With a driver, I arranged for a day, in the evening, he immediately and we will meet. Soon we were all Read more [...]
The average salinity of ocean water is taken as 35 ppm or 35 g / L, but in different oceans and in different parts of each ocean salinity varies. Most salt water in the hot zone.
So, at the equator the salinity of ocean water is 36 g / l, and in temperate latitudes only 33 g / l. In polar latitudes salinity is much less - up to 31 g / l, which is associated with the arrival of the Arctic Ocean fresh river water and snow melt. At the same time, the salinity of the water in the seas quite dramatically different from the ocean. Thus, in the seas of temperate oceanic salinity is much lower, Read more [...]
In the best way to go at dawn. Easier to walk in the morning, the body is less tired. In hot weather, most of the way will be passed to the morning chill. In winter or in the offseason should also go early, when the snow has not started to melt, less avalanche danger.
If there is a team leader determines the rate of movement, focusing on the weakest. It is desirable that the weakest was second and closing - one of the physically strong people. Its main task - to make sure that no one was lost, to help those lagging behind, to warn of the danger.One chain to move into the thick forest, the Read more [...]
On the preference of a particular system will be discussed below, but now focus on the benefits of the ideal system, if only to know what will catch tomorrow or today if financial resources allow.
Before the advent of high-modulus graphite rods, fishermen long time quite successfully treated SPINNING of medium modular graphite. But, despite all the tricks to enhance the structure of the rod in the active work of bending it involves fourth at best 1/3 of the total length. Based on this, you can draw a simple conclusion: the shorter the cheap fishing rod - the clearer his characterization system. Read more [...]
It has been almost two years since I said goodbye to its forests, with their bears, and in all that time I have not been able to visit the village or in the forest or in a hunting lodge on the shore of Lake taiga ... How is he without me, my forest? How are my bears? Only occasionally came to me a short letter from hunters and fishermen, with whom I had become acquainted during the two years of life in the forest. But there were hunters and fishermen are now rare in the forest and almost nothing to tell me. The owner lives there yet? Whether wandering on the throne at the Upper Lake Read more [...]
The most frequently bears are born in the second or third week of January, but even within the same region may be significant deviations from these terms. In the area of the reserve, we know Tsentralnolesnogo births cubs in mid-December, and one of caught in the middle of February tiger was pregnant.
In the North-West of the USSR cubs are born in January and February, and in some areas, such as Murmansk, there are cases of young born in March (Danilov, 1979). In terms of the Moscow zoo mating different pairs in different years may vary, but usually occur in May-June, pregnancy lasts 230-240 days, Read more [...]