Herbaceous perennials and 60 cm high. Distribution: Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East.
Contain alkaloids up to 1% in the stems Ph. orientalis (M. Bieb.) G. Don, phytosterols, triterpenoids, coumarins, flavonoids, chalcones, carbohydrates, as well as phenolic acids established structure. Marked tannins to 6% of oversight. h Ph. orientalis. Found steroidal saponins, higher fatty acid.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - healing wounds - Subtitle. h Ph. orientalis, Ph. physaloides (L.) G. Don, analgesic, antipyretic, anthelmintic - Ph. physaloides. Indications - diseases Read more [...]
O. aristata (Thunb.) Rydb. (Syn. Urospermum aristatum (Thunb.) Kuntze) - herbaceous perennial, 30-90 cm high. Distribution: Caucasus, Western Siberia (Altai), Far East (Amur, Primorye, Sakhalin. Kuril Islands).
Contains moioterpeioidy and phenols, esters, fatty acids, and aromatic hydrocarbons and established structure. Highlighted the essential oil, fatty oil 7.3% of fetuses. Coumarins found up to 0.2% in the underground. including steroids, poliatsetileiovye Comm.
Medicinal. In the experiment, Subtitle. h exhibits antitumor activity.
Toxicity. Exhibit insecticidal activity: Subtitle., Read more [...]
By August, the young geese raised on the wing, and the old ends and the molting they get out of supports. At this time the geese begin to fly broods to feed in the fields. On these flights, and could hunting.
On the ways of flights in areas where geese fly low, waiting in ambush hunters suit from which the shot at a passing flocks. In late summer, geese start herds, ready to fly away to the south. In the first days of September, showing a first span geese.
Hunting on migrating geese is based on the fact that they are willing to sit down to a stuffed goose, profiles, and especially to decoy Read more [...]
A perennial herbaceous plant from 40 to 200 cm, with underground runners, which are developing tubers. Stem erect, branched, rough short hairs. The lower leaves are opposite, cordate-ovate, serrate-toothed edges, with petioles, upper - alternate, more elongated, oblong-ovate or lanceolate. Baskets are relatively small, with a diameter of 2-5 cm marginal flowers in each basket 10-15, they are golden yellow, lozhnoyazychkovye, barren, median - yellow, tubular, bisexual. Blooms in August-October, achenes ripen in September and October, but not every year.
Comes from North America. In Central Read more [...]
In 1746, on the island of Copper for fur animals hunted Vsevidov Andrew, in 1754, were brought to Kamchatka fur hunter Yugov 790 beaver skins, 755 beaver tails, 7044 blue fox pelts and 2222 - seals.
Later, in 1773 navigator PK Zaikov hunted for fur animals for two years on the islands of Attu and Copper, in 1775 - on the Fox Islands, returning in 1779 with a cargo of furs Okhotsk in the amount of 300 thousand . rub. In 1781, with a party of hunters Zaikov of 70 people went to the island Bering, and then, after wintering at island Unalyaska, where he was fishing until 1783, 1784-1788. he again Read more [...]
H. halodendron (Pall.) Voss — shrub 0.5-3 m high. Distribution: European part (south), the Caucasus, Western Snbnr.
Found alkaloids lektnny, flavonoids, saponins.
Medicinal. Indications — infections / infestations: with erysipelas — fruit.
In the experiment, a decoction of Hopes. h exhibits antibacterial activity. Melliferous.
Stern. For cattle.
Materials. Dye for wool (yellow): Subtitle. h
Environmental significance. Ornamental.
F. alnus Mill. - Shrub nln tree up to 7 m high. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia.
Anthraquinones contains up to 5.7% in the cortex, 0.2% alkaloids in the leaves, tsiklitoly, carbohydrates, as well as phenolic acids and fatty acids established structure. Marked tannins 10.4% NZ fruit, 29.2% fatty oil from the seeds, essential oil. Found coumarin, naftohnioiy, flavonoids (including anthocyanins, catechins, leucoanthocyans), saponins, pectin, vitamin C, p-carotene.
Medicinal. Those r a n e a r ch e s to e of action - purgative, irritant - bark (State registry., Read more [...]
Dress code - storm suit, gloves, hat, high boots. Personal equipment - ice-ax.
Equipment group - a tent, stretch marks, 2-3 avalanche shovels, tent bag, repshnur (6 x 5 m), 5 ice screws, 2 - 3 hammer, rope (1 x 40 m), a snow saw.
Methods of organizing a camp on the difficult snow and ice terrain. Practiced on a snowy ridge, where there is snow pocket, pillow, crack, "deaf" bergschrund.
This crown can work out a single block techniques, and also spread to various hikes, spending organizing a camp on a narrow snow ridge in snow pocket or poluzasypannoy crack bergschrund. Read more [...]
For the healthy ear is not dangerous. The situation is different when the water hit the sore ear. You may suddenly be dizziness, severe pain attack.
It happens while swimming in the sea, a river, a lake - and the situation can be tragic. In addition, contaminated water provokes exacerbation of chronic ear infections and sometimes permanently deprives a person of disability. Those with damaged eardrum or a chronic inflammatory process, must protect your ears from water.What if the water in the ears does come? Sometimes it is enough to tilt his head to one side and so stand for a few minutes Read more [...]
Annuals 7-60 cm tall Distribution: Caucasus.
Contain diterpeioidy, phytosterols and flavonoids established structure. Marked fatty oil and 30% of the seeds Ch. hierosolymitana Spreng., rubber to 0.2% and to 1.6% resin of Subtitle. h Ch. tinctoria (L) Ant. Juss., Waxes, dyes. Detected alkaloids, saponins.
Toxicity. Toxic: Ch. hierosolymitana, Ch. tinctoria. Materials. Dye for wool and silk (red, yellow, blue for mordant): Ch. hierosolymitana, C. tinctoria. Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials, biennials least 5-80 cm high. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East.
Contain flavonoids, triterpenoids, tsnklitoly, glitsigy, carbohydrates, nitrogen Comm., And phenolic glycosides and aromatic aldehydes established structure. Marked fatty oil to 18.3% of the fruits S. hispanica L., rubber. Detected alkaloids, fatty acids, vitamins B2, C
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - expectorant, laxative - Subtitle. h S. humilis L., wound healing, diaphoretic - S. humilis, antipyretic - Subtitle. hours, lactogenic (Veterinary) - S. Read more [...]
Landin Cody (Cody Lundin) - world-famous professional survival instructor with more than 20 years of practical teaching experience. He taught private and public institutions, and thousands of students and dozens of national and international media companies the art of survival in the wild and urban environments. Cody honed his skills in the deserts and mountains with minimal equipment and support, including two years spent in a regular forest hut of branches, where he slept on pine needles and cooked food on an open fire.In 1991, founded Landin survival school (Aboriginal Living Skills School) Read more [...]
Annual grayish-woolly-felt, plant height 10-20 cm stem is erect, slender, simple or forked. The leaves are alternate, lanceolate, entire, appressed to the stem, to 10 mm long and 1 mm wide. Numerous small (up to 3 mm in length and about 2 mm wide) ovoid baskets crammed by 2-5 in the head (sometimes single basket), forming a total apical spicate inflorescence. Wrap a two-or three-row, outer leaves it among 6-13, keeled, lanceolate or ovate, obtuse, 2.5-3 mm long and 0.5 mm wide, in the middle of the grass at the edges scarious, straw yellow, at the base of the back with a thick felt-pressed hairs, Read more [...]
Woody vines 4-25 m long. Distribution: The Far East (Primorye, Sakhalin, the Kuril Islands).
Contain iridoids, triterpenoids, carotenoids, steroids, alkaloids, flavonoids (including leykoantotsianidiny in H), carbohydrates, and tsiklitoly (Chang et al., 1996), phenolic and higher fatty acid established structure. Allocated fixed oil to 34% from seed A. arguta (Siebold et Zucc.) Planch, ex Miq. Found coumarins, cardenolides, polysaccharides, organic acids up to 5% in the fruit A. arguta, vitamins B2, B6, C, E, PP, nikotnnamid, R-carotene.
Drug (the fruit). Therapeutic action - antihelium-mintnoe Read more [...]
In Russia, in addition to 2 million head of domestic reindeer, now there are about 600 thousand wild. Most of them in the Taimyr National District and in Yakutia. They live in the Murmansk region, the Karelian ASSR, in Central and Eastern Siberia and Kamchatka.
There are three ecotypes of wild reindeer - tundra, taiga and mountain. A systematic relation between our countries identified five subspecies. From the wood in the most relevant European reindeer, although within the population of this subspecies is common to the taiga and tundra ecotype, and Siberian forest deer. Tundra reindeer Read more [...]
Annual height 5-15 cm Leaves collected in the socket, the middle part of her face leafless stalks (arrows) ending inflorescences of small flowers - an umbrella. At the base of the inflorescence are sitting pretty small leaves, which form a so-called wrapper. The inflorescence is nearly equal to the length of the arrow. Rosette leaves with oval or rhombic plate and pronounced petiole. The flowers are white, with a diameter of up to 3.5 mm. Calyx 2-2.5 mm long, campanulate, almost semicircular, until the middle is divided into triangular-lanceolate, sharp teeth. Corolla slightly exposed from Read more [...]
Bear Grylls served in the SAS special forces is an expert on survival in extreme environments. In these films, he shows how to survive the dangers of nature itself. Bear shows survival skills are the most extreme way. Throw it out of a helicopter from a height of 2000 meters and in addition it has a parachute carrying only a knife and flint. He has to find food, water, direction, shelter. On the way Beara will rise: scorpions karakurt, cobras, rhinos, piranhas, sharks, elephants, bears, lions, and the unbearable cold and hellish heat.
People and wildlife - adventure Beara. (Food for the Beara). Read more [...]
Zimnezeleny perennial with long thin branching rhizome, giving adventitious roots and stalks. Basal leaves with long petioles and leathery, shiny, round, clear crenate plates up to 6 cm, and nearly as wide. Flowering shoots up to 30 cm, ribbed stem with sharp dlinnotreugolnymi scales. Brush up to 16 cm, 8-15-flowered. Flowers declined, sometimes drooping, fragrant. Calyx lobes lanceolate, acuminate. Corolla is wide open, white, up to 2 cm in diameter, petals thick, rounded-ovate, obtuse, concave. The bar is long, bent at the base to the bottom of the corolla, equal in length to the petals. Read more [...]
Sometimes relief wall allows raising or lowering the head group at a simple or safe way, and then, using the shelves, balconies, spalling, traversing the wall and reach the victim. Then you can lower it as described above. If you plan to traverse the wall opposite to the victim, it is already on the way to the victim group should prepare a trolley tracks along the wall, and try to hang pendulums of pull-ups.
Dream serves as a temporary loss of human feelings of his own existence in the world. In sleep man not aware of entering into his inner world content. Asleep, he seems to be moving away from the world and brush aside his irritation. During sleep, a person has a dream. Waking up, he relates what he saw in a dream a reality.
Prolonged isolation in the isolation chamber in some cases leads to the fact that dreams merge with reality and can not be carved out of it. During one of the tests the doctor on duty mistakenly turned on the light in the isolation chamber 20 minutes after the last post. Read more [...]