Coastal venomous creatures: habitats and precautions

Poison – the best weapon in the arsenal of wildlife. His presence compensates for its small size, adequate masking. In addition, it can be used both for attacking and defensive purposes. That is a banal casual contact person poisonous reptile may end for the first pitiable. And well, if the coastal area? Drown – how you can make nefig. Therefore, it is imperative to know which poisonous creatures inhabit coastal waters. And how to avoid contact with them.

But we can remember the difference between poisons and toxins. Poison is what it is forcibly introduced into the body through an aggressor through the teeth. Toxin – the substance of the body. That is, the aggressor will not be well. This is not a case of the deceased counterpart. But today we are going to talk to you personally. Well, or because of a great carelessness. So.

Portuguese boat or Physalia.

Habitat – all the tropics and subtropics of the world’s oceans. Depending on the jellyfish.

The poison has both cytotoxic and nerve effects. Intense burns remain in the skin, accompanied by intense burning pain. This is accompanied by a generalized increase in temperature, dizziness, nausea, confusion.

Prevention. Bright blue “sails” that you can get out of the water. It is not possible to reach the distance of 50 meters. Moreover, therefore it is a source of increased danger. Even completely dry tentacles can cause burns and allergies.

Cubomedusa

A whole class of jellyfish, each of which is dangerous to humans.

Habitat – All tropics and subtropics. There are two species of climate (for example, in the Black and Mediterranean). Fortunately, they are much less dangerous than their thermophilic counterparts. Of particular danger is Chironex fleckeri (sea wasp), found throughout the coast of Australia.

The poison is neurotoxic. Extremely powerful. Cases of cardiac arrest have been reported 4 minutes after contact. In addition, the contact is pain and burning. It was recorded as a result of contact with cubes.

Prevention. Personal prevention is not. Jellyfish are small. completely transparent, fuck them. Therefore, they are usually poisonous creatures do not miss. Not all, unfortunately, Irukandzhi jellyfish is able to go through the territory. It doesn’t just like the other types of jellyfish. So if you see a warning sign – do not go to the water.

Hairy cyane

Habitat – North Atlantic and Pacific. Jellyfish feel even beyond the Arctic Circle, they can be found (Arctic Cyanea).

The poison is quite weak, causing a local allergic reaction. Victims compared it to nettle burns. However, it’s not a problem to get a hug. True no deaths reported.

Prevention. Cyanians are rather large, you can see them in advance. It is not enough to touch them. And, of course, it is not necessary to enter the water, in which the cyanea is not alone. Dry cyanians are not dangerous.

Hot coral

Habitat – warm seas with coral reefs. Red and Caribbean.

The poison is cytotoxic. Direct contact with the skin causes blistering first, and then non-healing ulcers. It is accompanied by intense burning pain. Not deadly, but very unpleasant.

Prevention – if you are going to swim in the coral reef, then wear a wetsuit. He is not only from unpleasant contact with poisonous creatures coral. And yes, it is not necessary to remember that you like. And in some countries, a large scar for spoiling coral reefs is provided.

Diadem Sea Urchins

Habitat – tropics and subtropics. Especially areas with coral reefs.

The poison is weak cytotoxic. It doesn’t come from a number of fragile needles. And getting them yourself is no longer possible. Inflammation, body anxiety

Prevention. Look under your feet. Do not touch these poisonous creatures on their own.

Snail-cones

Family of predatory gastropods, each member of which is poisonous.

Habitat – tropical seas. Occasionally – subtropics. Cones prefer to settle on coral reefs, because there is much more prey. It is a geographic consensus.

The poison is neuroparalytic. Extremely interesting poison, I must say. Firstly, very powerful. Death may occur 4 minutes after the injection. It is even within the same species. A clam may have an emphasis on pain relief, another on paralysis. But in general, every third injection ends with the victim. There is no antidote, treatment is symptomatic.

Prevention. NOT CLIMB TOUCH YOURSELF AND CUT TO A beautiful shell. Well, do not move.

Sea snakes

The whole subfamily of snakes that you have adapted to life in salt water.

Habitat – tropical seashore and Indian Oceans. Western shores of Central America. Malay Archipelago. Prefer coral coastal reefs.

The poison is neuroparalytic. Supports the paralysis of the respiratory center. Depending on the type, it ranges from the most efficient among all snakes. Fortunately, it is a chance for survival.

Prevention. Stupidly do not touch them. This is a damn snake. What is the difference? Well, if you’ve been able to get a lot of wetsuit and metallized gloves. Well, stocks of antidotes, since it already exists. It is true that it has been carefully picked up. But do you have to take another risk?

Blue-ringed octopus

A genus of small octopuses, dimensions do not exceed 15-20 cm.

Habitat – Pacific Ocean. Southern Coast of Japan, Sri Lanka, Indonesia.

The poison is neuroparalytic. It contains the skeletal muscles. Moreover, it’s not possible to say that it has been felt. Until the clinical manifestations begin. However, deaths poisonous creature.

Prevention. Do not touch these blue rings. They are not afraid of anything. There is no antidote, the treatment is symptomatic.

Wart or stonefish

Habitat – along the southern tropic. Pacific and Indian oceans. Red Sea, Great Barrier Reef, Indonesia, Fiji.

Poison is a harsh combination of neurotoxins, cytotoxins, cardioactive and hemolytic proteins. Honestly – terribly dumb cocktail, which not only causes hemolysis. acute pain, paralysis of skeletal muscles, but also can cause cardiac arrest. This is a case of survival. Deaths are regularly recorded.

Prevention. It can be perfectly fit through the shoe. So it’s a lot of noise. You can’t see what you need to do. And yes, it is not desirable to move without strong shoes.

Lionfish or zebra fish

Habitat – The Coast of Japan, Australia, Indonesia. Especially like coral reefs.

Poison is a combination of cytotoxins, neurotoxins and cardioactive substances. It resembles the fish in its manifestations. But if you’re not afraid of it. However, it becomes the cause of death.

Prevention. Jasper fish It is difficult.

Stingray

In general, dohrena tailings are about 80 species of seas. But we are still interested in the stingray ordinary or “sea cat”.

Habitat Eastern Atlantic. From West Africa to the western part of the Baltic Sea. Occurs in the Mediterranean and Black Seas. According to some data, up to 3,000 injections, there are almost no deaths. Well, except when the spike pierces the main vessel or heart.

The poison is neurotropic. It causes extremely severe pain. The intensity of the paralysis can be reached.

Prevention. Well, fuck you make out the stingray, which is buried in the sand. Therefore, you can’t get out of your way. But if you’re accidentally stepped on it, you’ll get a spike for it. Even a powerful blow. Moreover, it’s possible to get away with it.

Summarizing. Most of poisonous creatures where there is a lot of popular resorts. So if you still bite on this exotic – be extremely careful when entering the sea. There are many things that can kill you. And you are not immune from this.

Own security

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