Cough is a reflex generated by the body and triggered by the immune system to defend the body against airway obstructions. This indicates mild to severe conditions and is identifiable by accompanying symptoms. When a dry cough becomes annoying, it is when it is time to look for reliable cough remedies. Let’s face it, a persistent cough, whether chronic or acute, can make a person feel quite uncomfortable. In fact, people seek medical assistance for this problem more frequently than any other condition.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in 2012 there were almost one billion medical visits, with more than 55% of consultations to a general practitioner, and the main illness reported in the visits was due to the presence of a persistent cough.
Causes of cough
The choices of home remedies that a person has will have to be chosen only after considering the main cause of the cough and the symptoms that accompany it are experiencing. Many coughs are caused by the presence of particles that are irritating to the individual or due to the presence of excessive mucus. They can be productive or dry. When it is productive, the individual may have the presence of excessive phlegm and sputum.
Conditions can also be defined as chronic or acute. When it is chronic, the cough may last more than a month. When it is acute, the individual may have to deal with the symptoms for up to three weeks. See the summary of the basic types of cough below:
|Type of cough||Symptoms and / or duration.|
|Dry||There is no presence of phlegm or sputum. It may be accompanied by chest pains, shortness of breath and sore throat.|
|Productive||The presence of sputum and phlegm. It can be accompanied by nasal congestion, postnasal drip and other symptoms of cold / sinusitis.|
|Acute||Lasting up to three weeks.|
|Chronic||Lasting more than four weeks.|
There are a number of conditions that can be identified as a potential cause. Sinus infections, influenza, common cold, bronchitis, pneumonia and other lung infections can be the cause of cough. Asthmatic conditions and, sometimes, gastroesophageal problems can also be the underlying condition. In addition, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), sinusitis, allergies, and environmental irritants, such as smoke or pollutants, can cause coughing.
Possible activation conditions.
When looking for natural home remedies for coughs, it is important to remember that when the cough lasts more than two weeks with conservative treatment, it is time to seek medical assistance.
Some coughs can be treated at home conservatively with relative safety, but it is always good to talk to a doctor about home remedies before implementing them. It is also important to keep in mind that if the triggering condition is particularly dangerous, such as asthma, pneumonia or if the person has symptoms suggesting congestive heart failure as a consequence of COPD, it is recommended to take prompt measures to seek medical attention.
Common conditions behind the cause of cough include chronic sinusitis, postnasal drip, and runny nose due to a cold. Flu symptoms can also cause coughing. If the cough is caused by asthmatic conditions, the individual may suffer from a feeling of tightness in the chest and wheezing.
When the cough is caused by a condition such as GERD, the individual may suffer from acid reflux and heartburn, which in turn, causes coughing. Pulmonary infections, which include tuberculosis, pneumonia and bronchitis, cause coughing and require immediate medical attention.
If the individual experiences fluid retention / swelling in the legs, also called edema, difficulty breathing or difficulty breathing, and pain in the chest that accompanies the cough, again it is necessary to consult a doctor since the latter symptoms may be indicative of congestive heart failure. At any time, if the person spits sputum containing blood, immediate medical attention is required.
Remedies for cough and nasal congestion.
Natural home remedies for cough, when there is nasal congestion and postnasal drip, accompany the cough. There are no cures for the common cold because the condition is caused by a variety of viruses. The average adult will deal with up to four cold conditions a year, and children can suffer from colds up to ten times a year.
If the cough is due to a cold, some of the accompanying symptoms may include headache, postnasal drip, sore throat, hoarseness, fatigue and sneezing. If the individual has a fever and all the last mentioned symptoms, it is likely that the individual has the flu, not a cold.
According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, one should consume a lot of water when experiencing a cold / flu and cough. Doing so helps to release mucus and keep the cough productive instead of dry. The consumption of light and hot liquids, especially soup, broth and tea, offers immediate relief of some cold symptoms. If the nasal congestion and cough cause pain in the throat, the use of a humidifier can help relieve the discomfort of the individual. Another totally natural remedy involves the use of saline solution to irrigate the nasal passages.
Chicken soup, the use of probiotics and the consumption of vitamin C supplements are recommended when you have a cold cough. Good herbs, used as directed, include elderberry, eucalyptus, goldenseal, licorice, marshmallow, mint and slippery elm. Some herbs are not recommended for children, and the correct dosage and / or methods of consumption vary for adults / children.
Remedies for herbal cough and doses
Before using any of the herbal remedies mentioned here, an individual should verify the correct dosage and if the herb has any interaction with the individual’s existing medications. Here are some herbs to treat cold symptoms that trigger cough:
Goldenseal It is an ideal herbal treatment to treat cough because it has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antitussive properties. The recommended dose is 125 mg up to four times a day for adults, but the herb should not be consumed for more than 7 days.
Elder: When using Elderberry to treat the underlying condition of a cough, adults can consume the herb in the form of tea by preparing three to five dried flowers in hot water for up to 15 minutes. The individual can drink the brew up to three times a day. The herb helps loosen congestion and makes the cough more productive. Hot tea is also soothing. This herb is not recommended for pregnant women, nursing mothers or children. It is also not recommended for people with hypertension or diabetes.
Marshmallow It is an herbal remedy that treats hoarseness in the throat that can cause a cough. A person can consume Marshmallow in the form of tincture in a dose of two to four full drippers, two or three times a day to treat cough and hoarseness. The herb is available as a powder and infusion as well.
Eucalyptus Ointments can reduce congestion and phlegm responsible for coughing.
Licorice Root It is still a classic home remedy for the relief of sore throat, which can help decrease the cough caused by irritation of the throat. Women who are pregnant or breast-feeding, and people with liver disease, kidney disease or hypertension should not use the herb. The main effect of this herb is on the immune system, as well as on the endocrine and digestive systems.
The herb should not be taken in doses higher than 4 grams a day. Licorice has anti-inflammatory and antiviral properties while working as an expectorant and natural remedy for cough. The individual can consume the herb like a tea once or twice a day.
Slippery elm It is another herbal that serves to remedy cough by treating the underlying condition of a sore throat. The herb, when consumed as tea, has antitussive and demulcent properties. The individual can consume the herb two or three times a day as a decoction of a cup. Slippery Elm has positive effects on the digestive and respiratory systems.
Mint It is an aromatic herb, good for treating colds and digestive conditions. The active ingredient in mint is menthol, which functions as a natural decongestant. Menthol decreases the amount of mucus that the individual has and, at the same time, works as an expectorant. This herb can help with dry cough and sore throat. The grass is ideal for children. Pepper oil should never be taken orally. Mint also helps eliminate toxins from the body through increased perspiration. The individual can consume a tea as a mint or use the oil aromatically.
Herbaria for asthma
Dealing with the cough caused by asthmatics is all about preventing attacks. For that purpose, there are several herbs that an individual can use to reduce the chances of having an attack.
Boswellia, Also called Salai Guggal, it is an Ayurvedic treatment to prevent asthma attacks. In addition, it has been discovered that the herb improves the functioning of a patient’s lungs. If the individual is taking anti-inflammatory medications, you should discuss the use of Bosewellia with a doctor. The herb can be consumed by an adult up to three times a day in a dose of 3 grams.
Coleus Forskohlli It is another Ayurvedic treatment with asthmatic condition. The herb is not ideal for pregnant women, nursing mothers, children, diabetics or people suffering from thyroid conditions. The coleus offers a relaxing effect on the bronchioles in the lungs and can be consumed as an extract in an adult dose of 50 mg three times a day. The extract must contain 18% of Forskolin.
Tylophora is a supplement The dose for an adult is not more than 250 mg one to three times a day. Tylophora decreases the triggering symptoms of asthmatic cough. The herbal is not ideal for people with congestive heart failure, hypertension, diabetes or pregnant and lactating women.
Pycnogenol It is a supplement derived from pine bark. The dose for adults is based on body weight at a rate of 1 mg per pound. The researchers found that Pycnogenol has the ability to improve lung functions. The treatment is not ideal for diabetics or hypertensive patients.
Cough and GERD
GERD, also known as Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease, causes the contents inside the small intestine and stomach to return to the individual’s esophagus. When this happens, acid reflux can cause heartburn and cough.
Herbal treatments for GERD that will help remedy or prevent cough naturally include the use of DGL-Licorice, Peppermint, Cranberry, and Mastic. The last mentioned herbaria should be consumed in the following doses with the following considerations:
- Mint, While working as one of the many home remedies for cough associated with a cold, it also works for people who have GERD. An enteric-coated mint tablet two or three times a day can relieve stomach problems that can cause acid reflux that can cause coughing.
- Putty, also called Pistacia Lentiscus inhibits H. pylori and relieves the conditions of ulcers. A dose of an extract for adults is between 1,000 and 2,000 mg per day, but only in divided doses.
- Blueberry, or Vaccinium macrocarphon, has the ability to inhibit H. pylori bacteria, which causes stomach irritation. A dose of 400 mg twice a day can provide stomach relief and decrease cough.
- DGL licorice, otherwise called Glycyrrhiza glabra, Liquiritia officinalis, Lacrisse and Reglisse, is used, not only for GERD, but also to treat chronic and chronic bronchial diseases. Adults can consume the extract three times a day in a dose between 250 and 500 mg.
Cough and lung infections.
Although it was mentioned above, an individual suffering from a lung infection or any condition in which there is danger, it is essential to seek medical help. Complementary medicine should not replace the act of seeking traditional medical help. That said, there are some complementary methods that can serve as good home remedies.
N-acetylecysteine It is a supplement that serves as a natural antioxidant and can decrease the problems and cough related to COPD and bronchitis. The supplement is an amino acid that decreases oxidative stress in the user’s lungs. The supplement can be consumed in a dose of 400 to 1,200 mg per day.
Echinacea: This herb has been used for a long time as a remedy for cold symptoms. The dose for adults is 300 mg three times a day. It is believed that the use of the herb before the onset of cold helps to prevent the disease and can even reduce the duration of a cold in 1.5 days. The herb is an immune stimulant available in the form of tea, capsule, tincture and tablet. If you consume a decoction, the dose for adults is one cup three to four times a day. The grass is only ideal for short-term use.
Allium sativum, Also called garlic, it is another remedy for cough, particularly those related to respiratory infections. Those who take anticoagulants or anticoagulants should not use garlic as a supplement. The dose is 3 to 6 perles per day.
Additional preservative remedies for cough
According to Healthline information, a study conducted in 2007 indicates the use of honey it can be an ideal treatment for natural cough relief, and in some respects, it is just as effective or more effective than over-the-counter medications, such as cough suppressants such as dextromethorphan. Adults can consume honey with a spoonful or add it to an herbal tea for the treatment of cough. Even better, honey can also relieve sore throat, thus minimizing cough in relation to throat irritation. Honey should not be used to treat children.
Lemon Added to a little herbal tea can help reduce congestion, which can, in turn, reduce coughing. An individual can add a touch of lemon to thyme tea, which is ideal for treating respiratory conditions. Thyme extract has been used successfully to treat bronchial conditions, and just one or two teaspoons in a cup of hot water soaked for 10 minutes makes the home a natural and quick cough remedy.
Bromelain It is an ingredient naturally found in pineapple. Bromelain is a natural enzyme that acts as a cough suppressant. At the same time, bromelain can relieve congestion in the throat and thorax. In addition, the enzyme has positive effects on inflammation and swelling. Although not recommended for children, Bromelain is available in the form of supplements for adults.
When the cough is an emergency.
There are some conditions in which home remedies for cough are not practical, and perhaps even unsafe. When certain signs and symptoms accompany the cough, it will be a good idea to give up a conservative treatment at home and seek the help of a medical professional. Some examples in which coughing is an emergency that requires immediate attention include:
- Swelling of the abdomen, which may be indicative of conditions such as congestive heart failure, lung carcinoma, endodermal sinus tumors, cystic fibrosis, and constrictive pericarditis of tuberculosis.
- Sudden swelling of the legs and cough may be indicative of congestive heart failure
- Shortness of breath requires immediate attention in each case.
- When the chronic cough lasts more than two weeks, it is a good idea to consult a doctor to assess your health status and identify the underlying condition.
- Cough in children under three months of age requires immediate medical treatment because young children have weak or underdeveloped immune systems.
- Blood is spit into the sputum that may be indicative of more serious health conditions
- The onset of fever, which may indicate the onset of influenza
- The presence of stridor, which is a high, high-pitched sound that occurs when the individual inhales
- Bad smell, thick green phlegm, which is indicative of a lung infection
- Sudden or unexplained weight loss
- Sudden onset of violent cough, which may indicate acute or chronic bronchitis, pneumonia, tuberculosis and other serious medical conditions.
It is possible to treat cough conservatively with home remedies for cough, but the individual should never replace traditional medical treatment for the use of natural cough remedies. In contrast, medical treatment and complementary medicine can be combined to provide the individual with the best treatment and the potential to improve health.
When complementary remedies are consumed, common sense is always important. One should carefully investigate complementary medicine to determine the correct dose and if there are potential interactions. Once the research is done, the next step is to speak with a health professional to get advice on the correct use of natural cough remedies.
REMEDIES AND TREATMENTS