When deciding to overcome a water obstacle by swimming, you must first of all make sure of your strengths and general health at the moment. If in doubt, any floating items and equipment should be used for insurance. Crossing is organized in the narrowest sections of the water barrier with the smallest flow. If there is no such site, then it is better to cross in places where there are islands or visible shallows where you can relax and warm up..
Crossing rivers and other water obstacles, homemade safety floats and floating supports.
In order to keep clothes and property dry during the crossing, you need to tie a small raft from available materials on the shore or use a log, or a dry board, or a bundle of dry reed, and the like. Tie clothes and property in one knot and secure on a raft. The raft must securely hold above the water a mass of cargo fixed on it. Swim with one hand holding the raft or knot and push it in front of you. It is safer to fasten with a rope loop or tie a raft to one hand with a short rope so that the raft with property does not slip out of hands on the way and does not float downstream.
To alleviate physical exertion and ensure personal safety when sailing, it is better to make safety floats or floating supports. Tightly fill outer clothing (jacket, trousers) with dry cane, reeds, straw. To connect in the form of a triangle three small, dry logs (boards), or to fasten two logs with transverse poles at a distance of the width of the chest and use as a life buoy for swimming.
Crossing rivers and other water obstacles.
It is necessary to cross an unfamiliar water barrier carefully and be sure to have a pole in your hands to measure depth and support it in motion. Resting against the bottom of the sixth river is more reliable from the pressure side of the water flow. You can’t look at the water, you can lose balance. You need to look in the direction of the opposite bank, at the place of exit from the river.
When moving a group, the most prepared and strongest person should go first. The rest should follow him, holding each other, in readiness to keep in place the fallen in the water. Or one person, with rope insurance on his chest, crosses the channel and pulls the same rope from coast to coast at chest level. Holding on to her goes over and the rest of the group.
Mountain rivers with a rapid current need to cross the stones without taking off their shoes, so as not to injure their feet on the sharp edges of the stones. In this case, it is necessary to take into account the strong and spasmodic effect of water pressure on the legs and the presence of slippery and unstable stones on the way.
Rough, mountain streams and rivers are suitable for fording if they are deep to the waist. If the depth is greater, it is dangerous to overcome such rivers without special preliminary training and equipment. It is safest to cross mountain rivers in the early morning, at which time they have the least depth.
Based on the book “Survival beyond the threshold of civilization”.