Natural disasters occur relatively frequently in certain areas such as the east coast and inland regions in the United States, Japan, oceanic islands such as Thailand, Malaysia, etc. The chances of some hurricanes, tornadoes, tsunamis, earthquakes, flash floods, etc. The fact depends on the area in which you live. Some areas, although they may not be so prone to natural disasters and people suffer much more if something unexpected happens, they just are not prepared.
Therefore, we still advise you to prepare, even if there is little chance that such a natural phenomenon will hit your area. You should not leave your life to the possibilities and hopes that nothing will happen (as most people believe).
And, after all, a disaster preparedness kit does not cost much, and you can put it together yourself. You must update some products once a year and have them on hand. In addition, your family and children, and your life should be your top priority.
A diy disaster survival kit
Most of the items that we will include in this kit are of basic importance and you should already have them at home (or you can buy them at the local store or pharmacy).
In this category you should prepare warm clothes, jackets and pants. Do not forget the shoes too. Ideally, they should be waterproof resistant boots. Along with them, a few pairs of warm and thick pairs of socks would be great. Also, to protect yourself from rain and moisture, you must prepare a raincoat or poncho for each member of your family. Do not forget also the hats and gloves. We also recommend that you prepare thermal underwear, as it is made to be lightweight and keep the body warm.
In addition to clothing and boots, you must prepare warm blankets (ideally one per family member). If you wish, you can replace them with warm sleeping bags. After all the sleeping bags are manufactured to keep body heat much better, and you can also sleep in them, of course.
Supplies and tools
To start, always prepare additional batteries for all the tools you use: flashlight, emergency radio and cell phones. These three are very important when it comes to your connection to the world and your chances of being found and rescued. In this regard, we also recommend that you become familiar with the use of a map and a compass together. Also, for the map, have a map of the area where you live. Study the map and the area.
Ideally, practice some survival skills by exploring the area using the map and compass and do some 1-2 days of camping in the area. This will get him used more and he will feel much better prepared (both physically and psychologically). On another occasion, do it together with your family.
To be rescued, the flashlight can be a great tool, but you must also prepare a whistle. Sometimes, an audible sound can attract as much attention as the lighting signal. You better have both.
Also prepare a tent (depending on the size of your family) and find a tent that has extra space. Feeling overwhelmed in a critical situation is much more stressful.
Do not forget some kitchen utensils, such as plates, utensils and cups. It would be better if they were plastic or paper items, since they weigh very little. Also, if you prepare some canned food (which we advise and we will also get to that), you should prepare a can opener. Choose one that is very easy to use. The best is to get one that is not electric, or you would also need batteries. As for a knife, get one to eat and a pocket knife. Both have different uses.
Prepare pliers, tape, scissors, aluminum foil, paper and pen (or pencil). Aluminum foil can be used to cook on fire. There are thousands of recipes on the Internet made entirely with aluminum foil that wraps the food. The pen and paper can be used to write something, a note or a sketch. The first three of this list can be used in various situations, such as repairing something broken with tape and pliers.
In your kit you should also have some plastic containers or bags. They should take up little space in the kit.
First aid kit
This may seem like a completely different kit, but in reality, you should not leave any survival kit without a first aid kit.
Some items for the first aid kit should be bandages, bandaids, fine yarn and needles, painkillers, and other appropriate medications (also, prescription drugs for any member of your family). The first aid kit should also contain gauze and abdominal pads, plastic strips, sanitary napkins and antiseptic ointment. These are some of the most important elements. For more details, look for specific products such as the first-aid kit for the 85-piece AAA traveler.
This is a very important category. If you do not have the important elements here, you may be at risk of diseases such as dysentery and other similar diseases caused by lack of hygiene.
Therefore, you need all kinds of toiletries, toilet paper and wipes. These will keep you clean and your hygiene and health will not be compromised. Prepare at least a 3-day supply, depending on how large your family is. Prepare a little soap or liquid soap / detergent. It is best to keep the hard soap in a soap box to keep it clean and away from impurities and dirt.
Do not forget to prepare feminine supplies, including plastic bags to store used supplies. Keep these plastic bags only for garbage. Also, use some loops or laces to tie the bags. The smell and accumulation of bacteria and multiplication in the bag can be dangerous for anyone who has contact with the content.
You may have to prepare some plastic buckets with airtight lids. These will be useful if you are stuck in your home / home during a multi-day hurricane and you have to stay in your home for days. These cubes can also be used for garbage containers.
Keep some disinfectant in your preparation kit. Maintaining your home or place, where you are during the disaster, is so important to your health. Another option for a disinfectant is to have a little bleach with chlorine. It can also be used to purify the water if the cleanliness of the water supply is compromised.
Get some toothpaste, toothbrushes and even mouth water for good oral hygiene.
Any other item or sanitary supply should be added to your list.
This category can be most of the half of your survival kit. You must prepare water for each member of the family and at least 1-2 liters per day per person. Do not forget that if your water supply is cut off (during the disaster) and you do not have access to any water, you should plan your preparation kit accordingly. Each person in your family should have access to 1 to 2 liters for sanitation and to maintain their hygienic habits.
Also plan 1-2 liters of water per day for cooking (if you want to eat hot meals). If you do not plan to cook, you may still need to prepare a few extra liters of water for meals that require liquids (for example, dry foods).
Also, if you have access to water (river, lake, etc.), you must be prepared to purify it. There are some very quick methods to purify water and most are in the form of tablets (based on iodine and chlorine).
You may also want to prepare some filtering system. The idea is that they filter any particles and dirt present in the water. Purifying tablets can not eliminate them, since they only kill bacteria and viruses, so plan accordingly.
This is another voluminous category although perhaps not as much as the water category.
Get as much canned food as you would for 3 days. Store different types of food so as not to get tired of a single flavor. Store beans, tomatoes, potatoes, vegetables, canned fruits, etc. Have different tastes in all your food supply: salty, sweet, spicy and acidic (as the most common).
Prepare some dry food too. The more dry foods you store, the more water you will need to prepare the food. There are many dry food products on the market, and also many recipes on how to make your own dehydrated foods at home. Otherwise, commercial products will also cover your needs for several days during a disaster.
Do not forget about high energy bars, protein mixes, granola bars and similar products. They give a lot of energy for a small amount of food, and they are also very lightweight and can store a lot of these without affecting the total weight or room of your kit in any way. These protein bars can be eaten quickly and energized in minutes. They provide proteins, carbohydrates and fats, which are the three main ingredients vital for proper body functions.
It is also strongly recommended that you store some vitamins and food supplements, as you will lack fresh food for days and this means less vitamins from the fresh supply. You can also stack fruit juices to get vitamins. The dried fruits also keep some of the vitamins intact.
And finally, do not forget about homemade foods: any of your favorite foods of guilty pleasure, such as fries, chocolate bars, cookies, cappuccino, etc., is allowed. A disaster event is difficult for mental health and stability, as well as for your physical body as well. In this food group you can also add coffee and tea bags, if you can not live without any of these drinks.
There are some more elements that you should consider preparing.
Gather all important documents, such as identity documents and social security cards, passports, bank account agreements and other paper banking data, including stocks and bonds. Do the same with all the other members of the family and order them accordingly.
The documents of each member of the family should be placed in their own plastic bag, so they do not mix. Plastic bags must have a zipper and be water resistant. Gather all kinds of credit and debit cards, and all other payment cards. Among the documents you must prepare medical records and statements, including birth / marriage certificates.
Make an inventory list of all valuable household items. Also, keep a small notebook with important phone numbers.
Among the additional items, keep a couple or two extra glasses, especially if some of your relatives (or you) wear glasses and your vision is affected. If you can not see without glasses, you should always have an extra pair on your computer for disasters.
Another valuable item is a portable stove. In case your electricity or power supply is gone, you may not have another way to cook or boil water. This can be a big problem since you will not have hot water (either for eating or for sanitation).
If you have a baby, you will end up extremely frustrated. A portable stove will help you with that. Most portable stoves use the power source, but there are some (used by hikers and campers) that run on gas. Of course, you should be careful when using these stoves, as they can cause a fire if not handled properly. If you use one, keep children away and stay close to them (to see if everything is okay).
Strange or not, we recommend that you prepare some games, books or other entertainment items. If you are stuck in your house for several consecutive days, it can be quite boring if you have nothing to do. This is especially true for children. All parents know how difficult it is to keep a child occupied with something. Get toys and extra games, that your children like. Do not buy anything that you have never played with, since you do not know if you will like it at all. Give them something familiar.
If you have a baby, you have to prepare some special items for him. Some extra towels, pampering, blankets, milk powder and baby formulas, purées, additional sanitary ware and lots of clean and warm clothes. This is valid for any other member of the family who may be disabled or who has special needs. To avoid confusion, prepare items for them in special kits so that they are separated and know that this person (or baby) will have many of the necessary items and / or food. In these kits, prepare all special medications, medications and the like.
And along with everything said above, a preparation plan It can be your key to survive. Sometimes people panic to such an extent that they put themselves and others at risk. If all the members of your family are well prepared, physically and mentally, none of you would let the panic confuse them. After all, the problem with panic is that it affects the person to think rationally and clearly.
All members of your family must participate in the preparation of a disaster plan. If your children also participate, they will also be better prepared. They will know the details of the plan and it will be easier for them to put it into practice (when disaster strikes). Do simulations at home and see how each one behaves. You must discuss what everyone’s duties are and give instructions to everyone. Giving children some responsibilities will even make them more mature when they themselves have to make a decision.
It is not a good idea to simply tell everyone what to do without explaining why. You need to go into every detail and discuss it. Entering the core of the plan and actions provides a better perspective of the situation and all steps, from preparation to drilling and the actual disaster event.
The preparedness plan should also include discussing how to communicate during the disaster. You or others may be blocked and your physical contact may be affected. That is why it is important to prepare a cell phone for each member of the family. You can also give everyone small emergency radios, in case someone gets lost. They should be able to know what the external situation is and stay in touch with the outside world. There are two-way radios, which have walkie-talkies and can be used to receive and send information.
Preparing for a disaster can be an unpleasant activity (after all, there’s nothing fun or pleasant about a disaster), but it can also make the preparation process interesting. By involving everyone in the process, you not only make sure everyone is aware of the situation, but you also spend more time together as a family. You learn more about understanding the situation of others and observe their specific behavior. Therefore, you are more and more tuned in and would be a much better team when it comes to a disaster event.