If you are thinking regularly and regularly about your SHTF and off-grid plans, you can not stop planning what to do if you need an alternative source of electrical power. If you want all or most of your appliances to work even if the main power source that you have been using under normal circumstances is no longer functional or you simply want to save some money on your bills, you can first start choosing a Perfect way to get energy. electric
Some of the most popular facilities for obtaining electricity are solar panels and wind turbines. We have discovered more than one reason why wind turbines would be a perfect choice. The best is yet to come, as we are helping you to make your own DIY wind turbines in the comfort of your home. Follow our instructions to start making your own homemade wind turbines.
In order to determine what type and size of wind turbine you need, you must first determine the average wind speed in the place where you live. To do so, you will only have to do research on wind speed and other factors in the city where you live. Each country has several different areas where the climate is completely different or slightly different from one area to another.
To make sure you’re on the right track, it’s best to check the wind speed specifically for the place where you live, instead of checking the average speed for the whole country. To ensure that you can accumulate electricity with your wind turbines, you must have at least an average wind speed of 12 to 16 kilometers per hour.
That means that your wind turbines will be profitable and will collect energy more efficiently. The ideal wind speed would be between 20 and 32 kilometers per hour, where you could really take advantage of the wind turbines and make the most of your purpose.
You can easily measure the wind speed using an anemometer, a practical device that is often used to measure wind speed. You can easily buy it online or ask someone you know to lend you one. You can also find several websites where there is a live tracking of the wind speed around the world. However, our advice is to measure the wind speed by yourself and find out the average speed from the first hand.
Rules and laws
Before you start buying the parts and tools you need to make your own DIY wind turbine, it would be best to first have a general description of all the construction rules and laws in your state / city / neighborhood. It’s pretty easy if you live in a field where your property and your home are miles away from your first neighbor, but if you live in a dense neighborhood when noise can become a big problem, you should first check with your neighbors and also Check with the local authorities if you have permission or not to install a wind turbine in your backyard.
You should also determine if there is enough space for the turbine to work properly. If there are many houses and trees around, although the turbines do not require much free space on the ground, you will not be able to collect the amount of energy you need if there are other objects and trees that block the impact of the wind.
You will need to build it above the height line of other objects and trees, but again you should check if you are allowed to set objects of that height in your backyard. There is always a problem if your neighbors and regulations in your city / town / state do not agree with this.
Wind turbine blades
If you have reviewed everything as mentioned in the previous steps, you can now start planning the design of your wind turbine. We are starting with wind turbine blades. In general, there are three blades attached to the wind turbine and all three must be manufactured and placed correctly so that the turbine can extract energy from the wind. The reason why all wind turbines tend to have only three and not an even number of blades is because having three blades reduces the noise made by the turbine. With two or four blades placed in the turbine, the turbine is more likely to make a louder noise.
When it comes to shovels that you definitely need to make a wind turbine, you must determine if you want to make your own shovels or buy them. Either way, it is important that your blades are properly constructed and that they are fully functional. If you want this project to be completely DIY and to make your own blades, you can use our following instructions and remove the blades from the PVC pipes.
Step 1: Determine how big you want your turbine to be and then choose the length to design the blades proportionally to the height of the turbine you are building. Choose the appropriate pipe size by following: if you plan to have blades 50 cm long, you should choose a pipe with a diameter of 10 cm. Adjust the proportions for smaller or larger blades.
Step 2: The first thing to do once you have chosen the size you need is to cut your pipe in four, making quarters. It is quite difficult to cut the pipeline equally without measuring and measuring round objects, it is not the easiest thing in the world. Instead of a rule, you can use paper.
If you want to make the measurement correctly, you should take a sheet of paper and roll it around the pipe, then wrap small pieces of paper down, revealing the surface of the pipe and drawing the line. It is easier to measure smaller parts of the round surface, so you will be revealing the pipeline until you trace the line and divide it in half.
Step 3: Simply cut the tube in half with a saw.
Stage 4: Now that you have the pipe cut in half, draw a life on both sides of the pipe, dividing it in half again. Now it should be easier and you will only need a pencil and a ruler.
Step 5: There is only one thing to do: shape the rooms you have. You will do it by following these instructions:
You need a part that is supposed to be the accessory so you can really connect those blades to the base of your wind turbine. You should cut out a rectangle from the base of a room and its dimensions should be about 5 centimeters. Next cut from the bottom point to the tip of the room, cutting diagonally.
There you go! You have four blades, but we recommend using three.
For your wind turbine to work, you must use and buy a generator. In general, generators usually use direct current and this is the type of current (CC) that can not make their appliances work. In order to transfer CC to the alternating current, that is, to AC, you must use the inverter. If you do not want to buy an inverter either, you can use an AC motor instead of a generator.
However, if you decide to use a DC generator independently, you must make sure you are buying the correct one. To begin with, you need at least 12 volts of constant current. You should also be careful and buy a generator that has a lower rotation, so instead of buying one with thousands of rpm, it is better to have one with a couple of hundred revolutions per minute. A higher current and voltage in a generator is a better option than having a high speed of rotation.
In addition to a generator with low rotation, high voltage and current and a current inverter, you will also need a charge controller and a deep cycle battery bank. You need this between the inverter and the generator. The charge controller and the deep cycle battery will protect the generator and the inverter from electricity spikes and help save and collect energy when the wind speed decreases.
Connecting parts: wind turbine head.
You have checked if you are allowed to build a wind turbine on your property, if you have manufactured or purchased the blades of the wind turbine and you have solved the problem with the generator you need. Now you can start with the assembly of the parts of the wind turbine. First let’s help you assemble the head of the wind turbine.
Step 1: First you will need to make a hub or have it premade. You need a concentrator to connect the blades with the generator you have chosen. If you want to make your own center instead of buying it, you can go ahead and screw the metal parts. One side of the bushing must be adequate to slide the shaft of the generator that it has and the other side of the bushing must be suitable for the blades. Do it correctly so that you can place the blades.
Step 2: Then you have to do some drilling. You must drill a hole in the axis of the head of the wind turbine. You will have to drill a hole somewhere between the room and measure from the end of the shaft. The hole must be wide enough so that the wires can pass through it when configuring the generator.
Step 3: Once you have finished with the drilling, you can now connect the generator to the spindle shaft. To ensure that damage can not be caused by external factors such as weather, you can secure the generator with PVC material and wrap it around it to protect it and prevent it from breaking. It is also recommended to add a piece of wood under the generator.
Stage 4: Now is the time to place the vane. If you have not already done so, you can use a piece of metal and do it easily in a matter of minutes. Use the metal sheet to make the pallet and measure it to be one third of the length it has for the spindle axis. That would make these two pieces proportional in opposition to each other. You can place the pallet by cutting a slot through the middle of the piece of wood.
Step 5: To hold the head and secure the weight it can support, it will add an iron floor flange. The flange should be about 2.5 cm.
Step 6: It is natural for the wind to change direction and that can happen several times a day. To prevent the wind turbine from turning, loosen, you can add a pipe nipple that will provide the additional support needed by the wind turbine.
Step 7: Then, and the last one for the spindle axis, the cube with the blades already attached must be attached to the generator shaft. What you will have to take care of is to have the balance reviewed. The part of the fin should be at the height of the generator shaft part and, if this is not the case, you should add some weight to the fin. If everything is done correctly, you can continue assembling other parts of the wind turbine.
Wind turbine base
Obviously, you need to build the base and the way you build it will undoubtedly reflect the functionality of your DIY wind turbine. The main obstacle with the base of the wind turbine is that this part exists to guarantee that the wind turbine is well secured and that it does not fly or break if the wind speed is higher and, consequently, the wind is stronger.
You can make the base be made for the purpose of moving the turbine, making it portable so you can easily move it from one place to another or you can have the base made to permanently install the wind turbine in one place. Whatever the case, you must ensure that the base is strong enough to support the body of the wind turbine.
To have the turbine installed permanently, it must have a solid and solid construction that can support the weight of the turbine and keep it in one place. You can use concrete for that purpose and make a concrete base for it by pouring the concrete solution into a hole in the ground. If the height of your wind turbine is more than 1 meter, say 1.5, it must have a base of about 50 centimeters, with a weight of 45 kilograms.
If you are using concrete, measure carefully and place the pipe in the center of the base to secure it while the concrete is drying slowly. You do not want your turbine to be twisted, so be careful and adjust it.
In case you prefer to have a portable base, you can make your base using plywood. You will also need a tube to hold the base of the tower. You can choose the length of the pipeline yourself and make the turbine as high as you want. Whether you are making a portable or permanent base, you need a PVC pipe at the base of the construction of your wind turbine. You will assemble everything you have done previously with this pipe and you will have the rest of the pieces together.
Add stakes to the plywood base to support the wind turbine.
Start-up of the wind turbine.
It’s time to set up your wind turbine and have it ready to use. You must assemble all the pieces you have left waiting to be configured. You have to make some assemblies and wiring to make your DIY turbine fully functional, so follow the next steps to finish your construction.
Step 1: You must first connect the charge controller to the battery you have to prevent the power from turning off. This must be done before placing the battery in the wind turbine.
Step 2: Next, you will need an insulated cable to connect it to the charge controller. Therefore, it is assumed that this cable must conduct the energy through the generator, through the charge controller and into the battery. The cables must have two lengths and you can use the ones you can find on any power cable, of course, once you remove the plugs, as you do not need them. Even if you have two cable lengths, the two cables must be insulated from each other.
Step 3: Now you must go ahead and place the cable through the shaft and the base. Pass the cable through the tube and place it on top and on the shaft of the tower. You can use the fish tape to help you thread it efficiently.
Stage 4: Now connect the shaft to the base and add additional support if necessary by using cables. You can do it using retention cables.
Step 5: Next, the head of the wind turbine is attached to the axis of the tower. Place the cables in the whole assembly and keep them connected to the generator. It is recommended to remove the blades from the hub if you are installing the wind turbine on the permanent base tower. You can assemble all the pieces and then replace the blades.
Step 6: You should have another end of the cable to the left, so you need to connect it to the generator and finish its construction. Now you can configure the power to be directed to the battery using the charge controller configuration.
If you have been following all the instructions and you have done everything and checked if it is correctly configured and installed, you should now have a fully functional handmade wind turbine. Remember that you can always buy or have prefabricated all the parts you need, such as the bucket and the blades, but it feels good to be self-sufficient and have everything done by yourself.
Nor would it be wrong to give your wind turbine a professional look and have it sprayed or painted so that the whole looks elegant and manufactured instead of DIY patches. Remember to use a DC generator with inverter instead of an AC generator and think about setting up 3 blades instead of four: your wind turbine will vibrate less and make less noise.
Make sure that your wind turbine is in the open position and that there are no trees and other objects blocking the way for the wind to reach the wind turbine. If this is not the case, you will not be able to harvest the energy you need to power all the appliances you need to use in your home. This is especially important if you plan to permanently mount your wind turbine.
If you plan to do more DIY turbines, you can follow the same instructions as by much. Of course, that will provide you with more energy that you can save and use efficiently, making your electricity consumption extremely profitable. You just need to make sure you have a larger space to configure all the turbines; make sure that all wind turbines have enough space between them.
Once you have everything solved, you can use your alternative energy source and have your backup plan resolved in the event of a shutdown and end up living in a SHTF scenario where there is no general electrical distribution enabled. You’ll be glad you tried to make your own handmade wind turbine, even if you’re just trying to save some money on your bills.
DO IT YOURSELF