Driving a car safely:

Basics of safe driving

You need to keep up with your skills. In addition to skills safe driving these situations are also a matter of course. Various incidents and rehearse. The steering wheel. No driver complies with him, especially if there is a conversation with the passenger. Therefore, for safety, stick to the rules of the road: “Give the fool a road.” (It is also useful for pedestrians.) Receptions safe driving If you are a passenger, you need to be aware of what you need. plan trips correctly. It is a mentoring of individual details. road traffic (as a whole). If you find yourself a car for a long time in comfortable conditions.

Table of contents:

  • Car selection
  • Preparing for departure

Actions in normal situations

  • Motion
  • Taxiing
  • Overtaking
  • Braking
  • Road monitoring
  • Consideration of physiological factors

Riding in special conditions

  • Driving at night
  • Riding in the winter
  • Riding in the mountains
  • Avoiding a sudden obstacle
  • Driving on slippery road
  • Overcoming protrusions and pits
  • Overcoming water obstacles
  • Overcoming the water barrier over ice
  • Movement on the move

Car selection

There are quite a few performance points. safe driving. It is very important that it is adopted in the country. A red or orange car is seen during the day, a white one at night. For a noticeable car, it’s less likelihood. Original appearance of the car undesirable because it distracts other drivers from driving. Better driven car with front wheel drive. Long hood – protection in the event of a collision. Hard top – turning protection. It’s not a problem. It can be reduced to less than 10 times. You can sleep in the cabin lying.

Preparing for departure

Before leaving, check the condition and completeness of the car. Place your luggage in the cabin, taking into account possible collision and turning over. Forwarding can be those of the front. For example, first aid kit, It is not clear that the driver’s head. If you are caring down, you’ll have to go down. In the case of the car gets a pair of rubber boots in the cabin. It’s not a problem. It’s a little companion: it’s a little talkative, prudent and physically strong. All these actions will help you increase your efficiency. safe driving the car generally.

Actions in normal situations

Motion

Move your car. For at least 2 seconds to brake without collision. It is a clear idea.

Taxiing

There is no need to reach the bottom. Thumbs up should not be wrapped around the steering wheel. Do you need to leave your hands on it? With a sharp turn, use fast taxiing with cross hands. There is less possibility of skidding. It is clear that it’s possible to increase the radius of the radius. However, if you’ve reached safe driving.

Overtaking

It is a car on the road. It is a car that has been found. distance It is a car that’s been taken for a second time. If you’re too much propped up: It can be dragged down driving a car.

Braking

Braking – the main reaction to any traffic accident (except perhaps shelling from roadside bushes). In the case of heavy braking, you should be able to reduce the distance. Momentarily, then press it again. Way fast braking at safe driving: strongly press the wheel. Way smooth braking: since it has been lightly pressed. At sharp braking Do not press on the clutch of the engine. Under heavy braking, you will be pressed against the steering wheel. Do not counteract this brake. Better button up safety belt tighter Do not brake on the turn: possible skid. Slow down when approaching a turn in advance. Observing the road

Here are some recommendations for really effective. safe driving:

  • Do you really need more than that? It will take you about 17 meters at a speed of 60 km / h.
  • Think about nothing. Do not solve driving problems. Do not carry interesting interlocutors. Do not listen to the soundtrack and listen to it. Your consciousness should not be focused on the perception of the situation.
  • But it is also not the space for it. Dangerous developments can start off the road.
  • There is a quick glance in the rear-view mirror.
  • Look as far forward as possible – at least 12 seconds. You will need 3..6 seconds for braking,

Consideration of physiological factors

Do not get a car in that condition. The first two hours of driving – the period of “operating” – the most dangerous. Every hour, stop for a 5-minute rest: walk, warm up. It takes place within three days. What about really safe driving a car after drinking alcohol

Riding in special conditions

Driving at night

Main problems safe driving at night ride – asleep at the wheel. After watching TV for a long time, it remains low for 1..2 hours. To improve visual acuity, eat sweet, drink coffee. Every time before switching to dazzle, try to consider the limits of the road. Do not look at the oncoming car. Let it be on the periphery of your vision. In the case of the road. You can get a car from behind the rear view mirror. It is not a motorcycle headlamp. If you’re not driving, you’ll not be able to travel.

Riding in the winter

When driving in winter, periodically check the brakes. There is a lot of gentle taps on the brake pads. Do not use the parking brake, as brake pads may freeze. Better turn on the first gear. If there is a gas tank, it can be broken down. Have a substantial emergency supply for winter travel. A snowstorm even in densely populated areas. If you sleep, you can lead to poisoning. If you keep this in mind safe driving in winter will not be any.

Riding in the mountains

Due to air dilution adjust ignition, spark spark generation. Ignore the brake light. Brake with clutch pedal. In the rain and with the thawing of snow, landslides and mudflows are possible. Do not follow up. The weather in the mountains. Fogs are especially dangerous (they appear when the temperature drops sharply). Even on short trips, pack up with emergency supplies. These simple principles will provide you safe driving even in very mountainous areas.

Avoiding a sudden obstacle

It can be broken. If you want to see your car? But it is less than the stopping distance. In addition, a drift is possible. The distance required to avoid a small obstacle when safe driving two times shorter stopping distance, try to go around the obstacle, while slowing down moderately. If the car is installed “airbags“Sudden braking is a pillow” because it can be more painful. There are cases of death due to such “pillows”.

Driving on slippery road

The road becomes slippery not only in icy conditions. Wet fallen leaves. It makes it possible to reduce the amount of dirt and dust that it causes. It is the temperature of the winds of the winds. The main hazards on slippery roads – stopping distance extension and skid (side slide). The means against both are low speed, new protectors, as well as a pinch chained protectors. When skidding during safe driving, If you want to turn the wheel on it. Do not press on the brake or on the clutch. Fuel supply should be moderate.

Overcoming protrusions and pits

This may break the springs. Slow down in advance, give gas. Front springs straighten

Overcoming water obstacles

It can hide a hole or a sharp object. The water level should not be higher. Do not enter the water with the acceleration. It doesn’t stop the muffler.

Overcoming the water barrier over ice

Ice thickness of 15 cm is weighing 2 tons. Each additional ton of weight requires an additional 5 cm of ice. Drive across the ice off. Do not jump to the bottom of the car. These simple driving safety rules help you maintain control of your car in such adverse conditions.

Movement on the move

When the first gear is engaged. It is not working.

As you see principles of safe driving pretty simple and accessible to almost anyone. But it is not necessary to remember them. And this is achieved only by long and hard training. But for the sake of own security you can even go for it, right?
In the second part, we’re

Alexander Buryak, editors – LastDay.Club
from the book “The Art of Survival”

The art of survival. Chapter 3.7.1: Driving in Special Conditions

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