Being in the forest, it is necessary to distinguish between edible plants and inedible plants. The use of poisonous mushrooms and berries can lead to unpleasant consequences, the easiest of which will manifest as a disorder of the gastrointestinal tract, and the most difficult – severe poisoning with loss of consciousness or cardiac arrest. Therefore, it is necessary to know what an edible berry looks like in order not to eat an unfamiliar forest berry on occasion and to protect its children from its use. How edible berries look in the forest, what distinctive features they have, you can look at the photo below.
- Edible Forest Berries: Unlike Edibles
- 2 Edible forest berries: photo
- 2.1 Earthman
- 2.2 Wild Currant
- 2.3 Forest raspberry
- 2.6 Cowberries
- 2.7 Chernik
- 2.8 Rosehip
- 2.9 sea buckthorn
- 2.10 Blackberry
- 2.11 Barberry
- 2.12 Black and white mulberry
- 2.13 Black elderberry
Edible Forest Berries: Unlike Edibles
Often in appearance it is difficult to determine whether an edible berry or poisonous. But birds and animals can distinguish them. Therefore, if the pecked berries are next to a shrub or tree, the plant, in most cases, is edible. If you had to try at least one berry to taste, do not rush to eat another one, because its taste can be determined by taste: poisonous fruits are bitter, astringent in the mouth, tart, and edible – sour, sweet, juicy. If 3 berries are consumed, poisoning can occur, therefore, to taste of one piece, you can already be alert about the fruitfulness of the fruit. Especially poisonous are the berries of a small spherical shape with a shiny, smooth surface of black or red color. Usually they look more attractive than regular berry plants. In order to distinguish one fruit from others with one hundred percent confidence, it is necessary to remember what edible wild berries look like in a photo.
Edible forest berries: photo
Wild berry contains many useful macro-and micronutrients, vitamins, other biologically active substances. Therefore, wild fruits are very valuable when used for medicinal purposes and in dietetics. It is possible to collect wild berries from early summer until late afternoon, right up to the appearance of the first snow cover.
A plant 15 cm high with red fruits of the extended form. It grows in glades, light forest, forest edges. Begins to bloom in early summer with white fragrant inflorescences. The leaves and fruits of strawberries are widely used for medicinal, cosmetic, nutritional purposes. The berries are dried, they are used to make broths and teas, it helps with diseases of the urogenital system, cholelithiasis, diabetes, diseases of the digestive system.
Forest currant grows in almost every forest with the exception of particularly cold regions. Sometimes black, yellow and red. Yellow is the sweetest of the three species, and redcurrant contains the most pectin. As well as homemade, forest currant is used for making compotes, jellies, jams, and the leaves are widely used in various broths. The curative properties of wild-growing currants manifest themselves in the treatment of diseases of the infectious and catarrhal nature, the circulatory system, and the gastrointestinal tract.
Forest raspberries can be found immediately, because it is practically no different from the garden. It is rich in healing properties, for medicinal purposes every part of this plant is used – stems, leaves, berries, roots. Most often used for the treatment of colds and inflammation of the skin.
A small herb 30 cm high with small white flowers that turn into bright red fruits by the middle of summer, gathered in a bundle of 1-6 pieces. The berries are acidic in taste, contain a large bone inside. It is used in cooking and traditional medicine as a rich source of vitamin C, flavonoids, pectin and volatile production, which help in the fight against many diseases.
Shrub about 1 meter high with bluish fruits. It is more common in the northern regions, resistant to frost. Collecting blueberries is very difficult, because the fruit is very unstable to transport. The juice is stored for a very short time and quickly begins to ferment. The leaves and fruits of blueberry are used to treat enterocolitis, gastritis, and also as a febrifuge, vessel strengthening, anti-inflammatory agent.
It grows mainly in the pine forests of northern latitudes. The plant has a short stem, leathery leaves of dark green color. Fruits are bright red with a sour taste. The most valuable in the medical plan are the leaves of lingonberry, and then the fruit. It is a natural antiseptic, also used as a diuretic, vascular strengthening agent.
Blueberries are often confused with blueberries because of the bluish-black color of its fruits. It grows in moist marshy soils. It is a small shrub up to 40 cm high, with elongated leathery leaves, the fruit pulp is sweet, red in color. The fruits are consumed fresh, they help to improve eyesight, strengthen capillaries, serve as prevention of diabetes.
It grows throughout Russia, in the forests there are about 40 species of wild rose. The height of this shrub can reach five meters in height, blooms with pink or white flowers. It is easily recognizable by the stems covered with thorns and fruits in the form of a false polygill with overgrown receptacle. Fruits are bright red or orange-red. Rosehip is valued as a storehouse of vitamins and beneficial trace elements that help to fill their deficiency in the body, as well as to cure various diseases.
A small shrub up to 3 meters tall with long green leaves. Young shoots have a silvery shade, later they turn into a rough bark. Fruits of sea-buckthorn oval rounded shape of bright orange color, grow in dense clusters on the branches. Extremely useful sea buckthorn contains many vitamins, flavonoids, trace elements, as well as antioxidants. In addition, sea buckthorn is used in cosmetology and cooking. It is contraindicated for excessive use during urolithiasis and increased acidity of the stomach.
Blackberries are bushy or long-fruited. Reaches a height of 1.5 meters, blooms with large white flowers. Blackberry fruits are similar in shape to raspberries, only in black with a bluish bloom. The taste of blackberry is sour-tart. Blackberry consumption normalizes metabolism, boosts immunity, and infusions and decoctions of the roots and leaves have wound healing, anti-inflammatory and astringent action.
The shrub grows mainly in the south of Russia, it has yellow flowers with oblong fruits of bright red color with 2-3 seeds inside. Berries are sour, but pleasant to taste. Harvesting ripe and overripe fruits is difficult because they are very soft. The greatest vitamin value are not berries, but bark and leaves of a bush. Barberry can replace lemon juice with its taste.
Black and white mulberry
The representative of the mulberry family with hard toothed leaves, the black mulberry fruit is very fragrant and juicy, almost black or dark purple. White mulberry has greenish, yellowish or white berries with a sweet taste.
Black elderberry grows in the south, the tree can reach 6 meters in length. Branched stems with a porous structure, leaves of dark green color on short petioles. Baskets of white flowers with a yellowish tinge, colors, put together and reach 25 cm in diameter. Elderberry can be recognized by its characteristic aroma. The berries are black with purple tint of small size. Each part of the tree is used for medicinal purposes for the treatment of urinogenital diseases, dermatological, kidney problems, as well as catarrhal diseases.
Northern herb with 30-centimeter stems. As the berries ripen, cloudberries turn from bright red to orange. It grows among swampy thickets with abundant moss. The unique beneficial properties of cloudberries allow it to be used as a therapeutic agent for many diseases, as well as a dietary product and a means for the beauty of skin, hair and nails. The use of cloudberries has a very beneficial effect on almost the entire body.
Of course, not all edible berries that can be found in the forest are listed. But even those listed above can help strengthen the immune system if a cold caught in the woods during a hike, or relieve inflammation, irritation, and provide an antiseptic effect, not to mention saturation of the body with vitamins and other beneficial substances.