Evacuation routes and rescue methods in a forest fire, the use of fire against fire.

If you find yourself in a place where a forest fire is raging and it’s too late to extinguish it yourself, do not run immediately. Unless of course, there is no other way. It may seem that the clothes constrain movement, in case of a forest fire, do not let go of it, as it will to some extent protect against heat radiation. 

Evacuation routes and rescue methods in a forest fire, the use of fire against fire.

Smoke will indicate the direction of the wind. In this direction, fire will spread faster. If the wind blows from you towards the fire, move against the wind. Head towards any natural obstruction to the fire. Such as a clearing, a gap between the trees where the fire should stop. The best obstacle to a flame is a river. Even if the flame can jump over the water stream, you will be relatively safe in the water. Look for roads and firebreaks in forest plantations.

, stay inside and keep windows tightly closed. Turn on the ventilation system. The car will to some extent protect against heat radiation. If you can, leave the scene of the fire; if not, stay where you are. There are cases when people survived, staying in the car until the glass began to melt, but the fire had already passed by that time. If they panicked and ran out into the fire, they would inevitably die. There is a danger of a fuel tank exploding, but your chances of surviving inside are much higher than outside if a strong fire rages around the car.

Salvation from a forest fire in the earth.

If there is no open space or ravine where you could hide, and the fire is too strong to break through it, you may have to seek refuge in the ground. There were times when people managed to survive in severe forest fires, burrowing into the ground and falling asleep on top of the ground, so that the fire burned above them. The risk is high and not only because of the heat, but also because of the danger of suffocation: the fire burns oxygen.

Make the hole as deep as you can, throwing the earth on your clothes or cloth, if you have them, throw them on yourself along with the earth poured on them. Close your mouth and nose with your hands folded in a handful and breathe through your fingers. This will not increase the oxygen content, but will cool and filter out the hot air and sparks that can damage the respiratory system. When the fire passes over you, try to hold your breath.

The use of fire against fire in a forest fire.

Perhaps it will be possible to use the fire itself to fight the fire, if it is not possible to leave the direction of flame propagation or run through it, but at the same time the fire is still at some distance from you. The point is to burn out the space in front of you before it reaches this place in front of you. If there is nothing to set fire to a fire flame, it will not be able to spread in this direction, and this will not allow fire to come to you..

To do this, the main fire must be at a sufficient distance so that the oncoming fire you burn has time to burn combustible materials in such a space that the fire cannot pass. Set fire to the oncoming fall as long as possible along the front. At least 10 meters, but 100 meters would be much better. It will burn, spreading in the same direction as the main fire, and will form a space free from combustible materials, into which you can move.

Check that you have correctly determined the direction of the wind. The wind can change, and the fire itself causes changes in the movements of the air masses, so you may still have to run through the fire you lit. The main fire should be far enough for your fire to burn out. Do not underestimate the speed of flame propagation. Fire may be approaching faster than you are running. Do not light the oncoming fall before a critical moment and if you are not sure about the result.

Based on the book Complete Survival Guide for Extreme Situations, in the Wild, on Land and at Sea.
John Wiseman.

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