In an emergency and extreme situation, a variety of tools that can be found in a survival kit, such as stearin candles and dry alcohol tablets, can be used to heat a temporary shelter or shelter, prepare food, melt snow and boil water. In addition, for the same purpose, fat from animals hunted may be used, or rather a fat candle made with it.
Still, for the same purposes, you can use peat turf, dry grass, fin (trunks and large branches of trees thrown ashore). Peat sod is pre-cut into small briquettes and dried, and dry grass must be bundled. But nevertheless, a fat candle is most convenient for heating and lighting a small shelter. Its construction is not complicated.
Fat candle, methods and features of manufacturing, the possible use of a fat candle in emergency and extreme conditions.
The first option for making a fat candle from a can.
A hole is made in the bottom of the can, through which the wick is lowered from a strip of bandage, a handkerchief, or other cloth previously moistened or rubbed with fat. Chunks of fat are laid on top of the bottom, and the fat, melting, will drain down, supporting the flame. Three to four holes pierced from the side provide air to the fat candle.
The second option for making a fat candle from a can.
A fatty candle of another type is made of a flat tin can, a box from a first-aid kit, or simply a sheet of metal bent at the edges. It is filled with fuel, into which 2-3 wicks are lowered. A pair of such fat candles can provide a safe temperature in the shelter even in the most severe frost.
Fat candle from a can with a key ring and Easy-Open lid.
Such a fat candle is made according to a variant similar to the second. But in this case, the key ring is used as a wick holder. The video below shows a method for making a fat candle from a can of cod liver oil using the remaining cod fat. Cod liver itself is an excellent high-calorie product and can be used for nutrition during difficult trips.
Using a fat candle as a distress alert.
In addition to its main functions, heating and lighting, the simplest fat candle can be used as a signaling means for giving distress signals. Although this may seem strange at first glance, the light of a fat candle will be best distinguished when it burns inside a fabric candle, especially if the fabric is in light colors, or in a blocky snow shelter.
Seeping through microscopic holes in the material or through snow, especially at the joints of snow blocks, the light of a greasy candle makes the shelter walls glow brightly in the dark. Such inside snow-covered shelters or tents are visible much further than just a greasy candle lit outside.