The term “field knife», Despite the fact that it is used quite often, does not have any clear boundaries. In one case, it can be understood to mean any sturdy knife that you can take with you to nature, or, as it has now become possible to say – outdoor, in other cases, it may be almost identical to the terms. hunting knife and tactical knife (with certain exceptions, which will be discussed below).
Outdoor (from the English. Outdoor) – literally “outside, in the open air,” that is, everything that is outdoor space, outside the room. In the context of tourism and survival, it can signify a natural park, a forest, wildlife, and so on, that is, everything that is outside of settlements.
The term “hunting knife for active actions” is the closest to a field knife, which was used during Soviet times in order to distinguish powerful hunting knives from hunting ones, but purely cutting ones. This term implies the ability of the knife to perform a number of functions, such as:
- cutting game and fish;
- use as a melee weapon (including for finishing wounds);
- cutting food during the hunt and just hike in nature;
- minor work on the camp in terms of outdor.
The last item should be understood as cutting and chopping small branches, cutting ropes, shaped carving for the manufacture of fasteners, settings for traps and the like. The function of the same cutting in the term “field knife” is not laid, it is more suitable for the “camp knife”, characterized by massiveness and quite capable of replacing the light ax (although both of these terms are sometimes mixed into one).
Blade cross section
The cross section of the blade depends on the goals and objectives of your field knife. If the vast majority during trips to nature, you use it to cut taken with them products, the perfect blade with concave descents. In all other cases (no matter how hard the advertising or even the manufacturers of the knives themselves) should not choose concave, but only direct descents. They provide the greatest strength, and with it – and versatility. This knife will allow you to perform most tasks in the outdoor – cut, plane, chop and prick without fear of damage;
Descents and carts
If a field knife has, as advised above, direct descents, then it is highly desirable that they go straight from the butt or 1/5 from it. The exception to this rule is only Scandinavian knives with low descents, which are excellent field knives (for example, you can take any leuku-type knives).
It’s simply pointless to give any recommendations here – everything is selected individually (you can only advise to give preference to more “anatomical” handles, which, with frequent exits to nature, can be more convenient than “classics”). The only rule that is worth remembering is that the handle should be large enough to work in gloves or even warm gloves, which is mandatory for a winter outdoor or hiking in the mountains.
Despite the fact that now on the shelves you can find a lot of knives with various saws, hooks and similar structural elements, you should not choose such knives – all these “options” simply will not be useful for real campaigns on nature. In the extreme case, it should be limited to a small functional saw, as in Glock 81.