First aid for a fall from a height depends on what injuries were sustained and how high it was. The methods of care vary depending on the injuries of different organs and parts of the body.
- How to assist in the fall from a small height?
- 2Help from a great height
How to assist in the fall from a small height?
When a fall occurs from a low height, often the victim is conscious. It is necessary to react quickly and try to assess injuries immediately if you or another person fell:
- First of all, the victim is carefully examined for abrasions, bruises, and wounds.
- You need to ask the victim to move his fingers and toes, fully limbs. This will help determine if the spine and bones were injured when it hit.
- If there is a risk that the victim could hit his head, one must ask the person (if he is conscious) about his headache, nausea, dizziness, as these may be signs of a concussion.
Head injury is the most dangerous, even if closed. It is important to immediately consult a doctor for help. With a blow to the head, a hematoma could form, which would subsequently cause serious harm.
If the incident cost minor abrasions, scratches and hematomas, then you need to help the victim get home, treat his wounds, give a sedative, apply cold to the bruises.
The most common injury, if a person had a chance to fall from a small height, is bruising, especially of the knee joint. They are characterized by swelling, swelling and hematoma. First aid for knee injury in the fall: you need to ensure the rest of the hurt area and give it an exalted position in relation to the rest of the body, this will help reduce the hemorrhage in the soft tissue. Apply a heavy pressure bandage and cold (compresses, ice) on the injury itself (joint).
Help fallen from a great height
First aid in case of a fall from a height when serious life-threatening injuries are detected – an emergency emergency call. Before their arrival, the victim must be immobilized and ensured a state of rest. When falling from a high altitude, a person always loses consciousness from a head and spinal cord injury, from painful shock, concussion.
First aid for fallen from a great height is as follows:
- Immediately call the emergency room and report on the status and location of the victim.
- Without moving the victim and without changing the position of the victim, find and measure his pulse. To do this, you need to attach the index and middle finger to a large artery in the neck.
- In the event of a head injury, first aid is aimed at preventing the vomit from entering the respiratory tract. The victim needs to ensure horizontal position and coldness on the head area. After the examination in the emergency room, the patient takes prescribed medications and complies with bed rest.
- If the victim has a heartbeat and breathing, then there is nothing more to do.
The exception is abundant blood loss. Very often, when falling from a high altitude, soft tissues and vessels rupture, which provokes extensive blood loss. Such damage is often the cause of death of the victim. Therefore, you should try to provide all possible measures to stop the hemorrhage. In this situation, a tight bandage or a tourniquet applied in the area of an open wound will help, and the patient and the bleeding limb cannot be moved.
If heartbeat and breathing are absent, then it is important to apply cardiopulmonary resuscitation. To do this, turn the victim onto his back and give the victim a closed heart massage (with 30 clicks at a depth of about 5 cm) and artificial respiration mouth to mouth or mouth to nose (2 breaths in a row, not 1).
It is very important to prevent the infection of an open wound. A timely treated wound heals much faster.
In this case, the hands must be disinfected. The wound is cleaned of foreign bodies, the edges are smeared with 5% alcoholic iodine solution and a sterile dressing is applied from gauze, bandage or an individual package.