First aid for a snakebite: how to avoid death?

During your stay in nature you should always remember about your safety, which concerns not only rescue from natural disasters, attacks of predatory animals, insects, but also reptiles. On the territory of Russia there are several types of poisonous snakes, meetings with which it is better to avoid: this is gyurza, viper, yellow-bellied snake, cooper, moth. In addition, there is the possibility of meeting with exotic reptiles on the territory of the Russian Federation imported from southern countries, for example, with an epha, a Central Asian cobra. When meeting a snake, it is necessary to be able to recognize its appearance, whether it is poisonous or not, in order to take all measures that prevent an attack and avoid unpleasant consequences. If, however, the reptile’s attack has taken place, it is necessary to know how the first aid is provided when a poisonous snake bites. If assistance is not provided on time, there is a risk of death.

  • How to distinguish a poisonous snake
  • 2 Poison Snake Bite
  • 3What to do with a snakebite
  • 4 First aid for snakebite
    • 4.1 Traditional medicine

How to distinguish a poisonous snake

man bites poisonous snakesThe most common types of venomous snakes on the territory of Russia are the viper and the shield-mord. If luck is not on your side, you can also find some exotic species of venomous snakes. As a rule, poisonous snakes do not attack the first person, but do so in order to protect themselves. They become especially aggressive during the mating season and molting.

Not everyone will be able to determine at a meeting, poisonous reptile or not. There are several signs that distinguish venomous snakes from non-venomous:

  • The head is triangular in shape.
  • Bright color or pattern of intricate shapes on a contrasting background.
  • Vertical slit eyelids. In non-venomous snakes, the eyes are usually round.
  • The presence of a heat-sensitive fossa between the nostrils and the eyes, thanks to which the adder finds warm-blooded prey.
  • A rattlesnake has a rattle at the end of the body.
  • Most venomous snakes have one row of scales at the end of the tail, while non-venomous ones have two.
  • If you see that a snake is floating on water, you can definitely say that it is poisonous.
  • Only venomous reptiles have fangs. If it is bitten, the danger of a snake can be identified by a bite trace – the wound after a non-poisonous reptile has jagged edges, and after a poisonous one, there are one or two punctures from the canines.

A venomous snake bite can be fatal if you do not take timely measures to provide first aid.
. If you encounter a snake on the way, you do not need to provoke it into an attack, try to grab it or kill it. If it began to sizzle, rattle its tail, spit, it serves as a warning before an attack.

Snakebite

snakebiteThe most common types of venomous snakes on the territory of Russia are the viper and the shield-mord. If luck is not on your side, you can also find some exotic species of venomous snakes. As a rule, poisonous snakes do not attack the first person, but do so in order to protect themselves. They become especially aggressive during the mating season and molting.

Not everyone will be able to determine at a meeting, poisonous reptile or not. There are several signs that distinguish venomous snakes from non-venomous:

  • The head is triangular in shape.
  • Bright color or pattern of intricate shapes on a contrasting background.
  • Vertical slit eyelids. In non-venomous snakes, the eyes are usually round.
  • The presence of a heat-sensitive fossa between the nostrils and the eyes, thanks to which the adder finds warm-blooded prey.
  • A rattlesnake has a rattle at the end of the body.
  • Most venomous snakes have one row of scales at the end of the tail, while non-venomous ones have two.
  • If you see that a snake is floating on water, you can definitely say that it is poisonous.
  • Only venomous reptiles have fangs. If it is bitten, the danger of a snake can be identified by a bite trace – the wound after a non-poisonous reptile has jagged edges, and after a poisonous one, there are one or two punctures from the canines.

A venomous snake bite can be fatal if you do not take timely measures to provide first aid.
. If you encounter a snake on the way, you do not need to provoke it into an attack, try to grab it or kill it. If it began to sizzle, rattle its tail, spit, it serves as a warning before an attack.

Snakebite

If there was no clear threat from the snake, but a snakebite was seen, or there was an attack, but you are not sure that the snake is not poisonous, you must follow the symptoms that may occur:

  • When bites of poisonous snakes on the skin can be seen 1 or 2 puncture left fangs viper.
  • At the site of the bite there is pain, burning.
  • After 10–30 minutes, edema appears at the site of the bite.
  • The skin around the wound becomes bluish tint.
  • Nausea, dizziness are observed, the body temperature decreases, drowsiness appears.
  • Paleness of the skin
  • Confusion
  • Severe weakness
  • Shortness of breath, loss of consciousness, may develop renal failure.

Typically, these symptoms occur when the bites of most venomous snakes, including vipers. If there is no help for bites, there is a risk of tissue death and the development of gangrene of the limb. The bites of the Central Asian cobra have slightly different symptoms: there is a strong, burning pain in the damaged area, but no change in the color of the tissues is observed. The place of the wound swells a little, the ichor stands out from it. The functions of the injured limb are impaired, this is manifested in the occurrence of paralysis of the ascending type.

The cobra neurotoxin has a destructive effect on the facial muscles: the eyelids and lower jaw spontaneously lower, the movement of the eyeballs is disturbed. In addition, there is a general intoxication of the body: severe weakness, anxiety, difficulty breathing and swallowing reflexes, increased salivation, nausea, vomiting, incoherent, slurred speech. Cobra bites are very poisonous, and when the first symptoms appear, urgent emergency care is necessary for the victim, otherwise death is possible after 2 or 7 hours due to the cessation of breathing.

snakebiteNot always and not all people develop symptoms in the same way. First, it depends on the person’s age: more pronounced symptoms of poisoning with snake venom will be in children and the elderly, as well as in the presence of various diseases and reduced immunity. Secondly, the severity of symptoms depends on the type of snake and its size: cobra bites are considered more poisonous than vipers, and when bitten by a small and young snake, it causes less harm than a large and adult individual. Thirdly, the place of the bite is important: often a person’s limbs are attacked, and then the symptoms do not spread as quickly and are not so pronounced as when they are bitten in the neck, face, or part of the body where large blood vessels are located. Fourth, the condition of snake teeth can cause more or less harm depending on their infection, leading to the ingress of pathogenic microorganisms into the wound.

What to do with a snakebite

what to do with a snakebiteNot always and not all people develop symptoms in the same way. First, it depends on the person’s age: more pronounced symptoms of poisoning with snake venom will be in children and the elderly, as well as in the presence of various diseases and reduced immunity. Secondly, the severity of symptoms depends on the type of snake and its size: cobra bites are considered more poisonous than vipers, and when bitten by a small and young snake, it causes less harm than a large and adult individual. Thirdly, the place of the bite is important: often a person’s limbs are attacked, and then the symptoms do not spread as quickly and are not so pronounced as when they are bitten in the neck, face, or part of the body where large blood vessels are located. Fourth, the condition of snake teeth can cause more or less harm depending on their infection, leading to the ingress of pathogenic microorganisms into the wound.

What to do with a snakebite

To avoid irreparable consequences, if an attack occurs, you need to know what to do when you bite:

  1. You can not actively and quickly move to not allow the poison to quickly spread throughout the body. The degree of development of symptoms depends on the rate of spread of poison in the blood.
  2. It is necessary to try to keep the place of the bite holistic, it is impossible to injure it even more, for example, to cut or cauterize.
  3. It is necessary to ensure the free movement of the lymph flow, therefore, it is impossible to impose a tourniquet on the injured limb to avoid impaired blood flow, tissue destruction and death.
  4. You can not take alcohol – it complicates the removal of toxic substances from the body.
  5. You should immediately protect yourself from re-attack reptiles.
  6. If the attack had to hand, you must immediately remove all the rings and other ornaments, so that they do not squeeze the limb during edema.

First of all, the victim should be ensured complete rest and abundant drinking for the speedy removal of poison from the body. Further measures are aimed at preventing its spread throughout the body, worsening of well-being, as well as reducing the intensity of the development of symptoms before qualified medical assistance is provided to the victim.

First aid for snakebite

first aid for snakebiteFirst aid, as mentioned earlier, should be provided immediately. This is reflected in the following activities:

  • In order for the poison not to actively spread throughout the body, it is necessary to immobilize the injured limb, as is done during a fracture. To do this, you need to fix the two nearest joint, imposing a tire.
  • During the first-aid treatment of a bite, you should carefully inspect the clothing and skin around the wound for the presence of traces of poison. Having touched these places, it is possible by negligence to bring an additional portion of poison into the wound.
  • An effective technique is the suction of poison from the wound. But, it is necessary to do this only if there are no micro banks in the mouth. Suction must begin immediately, as soon as the attack occurs. For 15 minutes, it is necessary to spit out the poison, carefully rinsing the mouth after it. There is also a more safe for the rescuer method of sucking poison using a glass jar. To do this, take the usual vial, burn out oxygen from it, and attach to the bite site for 1 minute. The effect of vacuum will allow to draw out a toxic substance. The effectiveness of this method depends on the depth of the bite, the degree of swelling of the wound, as well as the speed of action of the rescuer.
  • It is necessary to disinfect the wound with any means at hand – iodine, brilliant green, etc. Put a clean, non-pressing bandage on the bite site, weakening it as the swelling increases.
  • Give the victim plenty of drink, except coffee and alcohol. This will allow to remove the part of the poison, which remained after exhaustion, which did not have time to dissolve in the blood.

As these activities are carried out, the victim should be immediately transported to the hospital, where he will receive an anti-inflammatory serum. Self-administration of this drug is contraindicated because it is necessary to know the exact dose of serum injected, otherwise there is a high risk of anaphylactic shock. In a medical institution, in order to reduce the likelihood of shock, a prednisolone or hydrocortisone solution is previously injected to the victim along with the intravenous administration of sodium chloride solution, 5% glucose solution and albumin.

Traditional medicine

first aid for poisonous snake bitesFirst aid, as mentioned earlier, should be provided immediately. This is reflected in the following activities:

  • In order for the poison not to actively spread throughout the body, it is necessary to immobilize the injured limb, as is done during a fracture. To do this, you need to fix the two nearest joint, imposing a tire.
  • During the first-aid treatment of a bite, you should carefully inspect the clothing and skin around the wound for the presence of traces of poison. Having touched these places, it is possible by negligence to bring an additional portion of poison into the wound.
  • An effective technique is the suction of poison from the wound. But, it is necessary to do this only if there are no micro banks in the mouth. Suction must begin immediately, as soon as the attack occurs. For 15 minutes, it is necessary to spit out the poison, carefully rinsing the mouth after it. There is also a more safe for the rescuer method of sucking poison using a glass jar. To do this, take the usual vial, burn out oxygen from it, and attach to the bite site for 1 minute. The effect of vacuum will allow to draw out a toxic substance. The effectiveness of this method depends on the depth of the bite, the degree of swelling of the wound, as well as the speed of action of the rescuer.
  • It is necessary to disinfect the wound with any means at hand – iodine, brilliant green, etc. Put a clean, non-pressing bandage on the bite site, weakening it as the swelling increases.
  • Give the victim plenty of drink, except coffee and alcohol. This will allow to remove the part of the poison, which remained after exhaustion, which did not have time to dissolve in the blood.

As these activities are carried out, the victim should be immediately transported to the hospital, where he will receive an anti-inflammatory serum. Self-administration of this drug is contraindicated because it is necessary to know the exact dose of serum injected, otherwise there is a high risk of anaphylactic shock. In a medical institution, in order to reduce the likelihood of shock, a prednisolone or hydrocortisone solution is previously injected to the victim along with the intravenous administration of sodium chloride solution, 5% glucose solution and albumin.

Traditional medicine

If the accident with the attack of poisonous snakes occurred far from civilization, first aid may be in the use of traditional medicine:

  • Moisten a cotton swab with ammonia solution, apply to the wound, changing three times a day.
  • Steam fresh or dried grass Veronica (the so-called snake grass), apply to the wound.
  • Use crushed garlic with salt.
  • For pain relief, you can use gruel from a series of tripartite, putting it to the wound.
  • As a lotion, you can also use mashed nettle leaves mixed with honey.

In addition, it is recommended to drink hypericum tea.

What to do with a snake bite: video

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