First aid for convulsions: what to do if your leg is cramped?

Cramps – a fairly common phenomenon that can be expressed in various forms. It can be unpleasant sensations in the limbs, and quite strong muscle contractions in the background of a painful seizure. First aid for convulsions is information that every person should possess. It is especially important to get a briefing if you plan to hike or rest away from civilization.

  • Causes of Seizures
  • 2 General algorithm for first aid for muscle cramp
    • 2.1First aid in water cramps
    • 2.2 Medication help for convulsions
    • 2.3 Popular methods
  • 3Prevention

Causes of Seizures

Cramps are an involuntary contraction of the muscles, often accompanied by pain. Simply put, a person’s muscles are tense, but for some reason they cannot relax. This condition may be caused by various factors:

  • Strong temperature drops. If, for example, the leg is sharply lowered into very cold water, then the vessels will narrow and there may be a risk of seizures. Many people know this feeling, which very often occurs when bathing in reservoirs;
  • Muscle fatigue. If the amount of physical exertion is too large and the body does not have time to cope with it, then the response may be muscle spasms in the form of convulsions;
  • Sharply increasing weight and, accordingly, the load on the legs also causes discomfort. Often this occurs during pregnancy;
  • Dehydration. If the body does not receive the required amount of water, there may be irregularities in the blood circulation, which often cause seizures;
  • Lack of calcium and magnesium in the body. This is due to the fact that their particles are directly involved in the process of muscle relaxation;
  • Some types of diseases. Diabetes mellitus or varicose veins provoke vascular insufficiency, which is often characterized by the appearance of painful sensations.

In children, the nature of cramps is slightly different. Since physical overloads or sharply increasing weight are not typical for them, the most common cause of them is high body temperature. This type has the name febrile seizures.

Pathogenesis of convulsive syndromeWhen convulsive twitching in children arising on the background of a very high temperature, you should immediately call the ambulance brigade. And before they arrive, lay the child on a flat surface, turn his head to the side and free him from tight clothing. If necessary, give him antipyretic drugs, and if the situation becomes critical, it is necessary to do artificial respiration mouth-to-mouth.

First aid for cramps in the water

During the swimming season, the possibility of seizures increases dramatically. This is due to the fact that in the water column the temperature can differ sharply from the temperature on the surface. The first medical aid in this case is also to stimulate the flow of blood to the leg. Best suited for this sharp object. Slightly enough to prick them reduced limb. If there was no such thing at hand, you can push the thumb over the most painful point or with a force pull the sock towards yourself.

If the trouble happened at the depth, then swim to the shore is better on the back. So it will be safer.
Thus, going to swim in the pond, you must have a regular pin. It will allow you to give yourself first aid for leg cramps if there are no people around. It can be attached to a bathing suit, swimming trunks or a bandage on his head, so as not to lose. A small warm-up and rubbing of the limbs before bathing will reduce the risk of seizures.

Medical aid for convulsions

If convulsions are not due to the presence of disease, they do not require serious medical treatment. Maximum, can be assigned to receive a vitamin complex, if the reason lies in the lack of calcium in the body.

Another thing, if the cause of the information of the muscles becomes serious disorders in the body:

  • epileptic seizure. In this case, the solution is injected with a solution of magnesium sulfate or furosemide;
  • high fever / fever. Patients are allowed to take antipyretic drugs;
  • long breath hold. Soothing medications may be offered to the patient.

In each of these cases, an additional anticonvulsant drug Diazepam may be used.

Folk methods

Folk remedies play a positive role in treating crampsWhen convulsive twitching in children arising on the background of a very high temperature, you should immediately call the ambulance brigade. And before they arrive, lay the child on a flat surface, turn his head to the side and free him from tight clothing. If necessary, give him antipyretic drugs, and if the situation becomes critical, it is necessary to do artificial respiration mouth-to-mouth.

First aid for cramps in the water

During the swimming season, the possibility of seizures increases dramatically. This is due to the fact that in the water column the temperature can differ sharply from the temperature on the surface. The first medical aid in this case is also to stimulate the flow of blood to the leg. Best suited for this sharp object. Slightly enough to prick them reduced limb. If there was no such thing at hand, you can push the thumb over the most painful point or with a force pull the sock towards yourself.

If the trouble happened at the depth, then swim to the shore is better on the back. So it will be safer.
Thus, going to swim in the pond, you must have a regular pin. It will allow you to give yourself first aid for leg cramps if there are no people around. It can be attached to a bathing suit, swimming trunks or a bandage on his head, so as not to lose. A small warm-up and rubbing of the limbs before bathing will reduce the risk of seizures.

Medical aid for convulsions

If convulsions are not due to the presence of disease, they do not require serious medical treatment. Maximum, can be assigned to receive a vitamin complex, if the reason lies in the lack of calcium in the body.

Another thing, if the cause of the information of the muscles becomes serious disorders in the body:

  • epileptic seizure. In this case, the solution is injected with a solution of magnesium sulfate or furosemide;
  • high fever / fever. Patients are allowed to take antipyretic drugs;
  • long breath hold. Soothing medications may be offered to the patient.

In each of these cases, an additional anticonvulsant drug Diazepam may be used.

Folk methods

Methods of traditional medicine are also often used in the treatment of seizures. Among them are:

  • Herbal decoction. You can prepare it from calendula, rhubarb, clover, adonis, chamomile, tatarnik, thyme. To do this, one tablespoon of dry, chopped herbs is poured with a glass of boiling water and infused in a warm dark place for two hours. In the resulting broth moisten a piece of gauze and put it in the form of lotion to the diseased part of the body;
  • Seeds of wormwood. Pounded seeds are poured with vegetable oil, preferably olive oil. After the agent is infused for at least 8 hours, it is ready for use. Take a mixture of 2 drops daily;
  • The roots of wormwood. A small amount of roots is boiled in a water bath with half a liter of water for 10 minutes. It is possible to accept means 3 times a day on 40 gr;
  • Alcohol tincture on tansy or thyme. Dry grass in an amount of 100 grams is poured with 1 liter of vodka. Insist a healing mixture for a week in a dark cool place. After the time, the finished tincture is rubbed into the muscles of the legs and feet;
  • Honey. It is believed that taking 1 tablespoon of honey daily can reduce the risk of seizures;
  • An unusual recipe suggests mixing milk, honey and crushed dried poppy leaves. This decoction can be taken within 7 days.

All of these natural remedies have anticonvulsant and sedative properties. And although popular methods do not have proven medical efficacy, they often play a positive role in solving the problem.

Prevention

To solve the problem of frequent spasms will only help a qualified doctor. He will be able to determine the exact cause and prescribe the necessary treatment.

General preventive actions that are not specific to a disease are as follows:

  • Adequate assessment of physical activity. It is not recommended to dramatically increase the number of lifted weights, distances for running and other things. All this should be done gradually. In addition, it is important to use comfortable athletic sneakers during exercise, as uncomfortable shoes will only increase the load on the muscles;
  • Maintain water balance in the body. The amount of fluid consumed daily should be at least 2 liters for an adult. And this quantity should include drinking water, and not sugary drinks, teas, juices. The consumption of carbonated beverages should be minimized;
  • Reception of vitamin complexes and eating healthy foods: fresh vegetables, fruits, sour milk, nuts. Particular attention should be paid to receiving calcium;
  • Compliance with blood sugar levels. When identifying signs of diabetes, you should immediately consult a doctor. In the presence of the disease, it is imperative to follow the prescribed diet;
  • Massages Periodic limb massages, as well as warm showers, will reduce the risk of seizures. At the same time it is necessary to massage not only the calf muscles, but also the feet;
  • Avoid sudden temperature changes. In the case of swimming in nature, it is necessary not to run into the water, but to enter it gradually, so that the body can adapt.

Such simple methods of prevention will forget about the discomfort in the limbs for a long time. But if the cramp has nevertheless cramped his leg, then now you know what to do.

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