Hunters need metal keel boats in large bodies of water and a flat-bottomed wooden boat or dug-out shuttle in shallow water to catch waterfowl in the aquifer..
Flat-bottomed wooden boat, device, dimensions, manufacturing, features of equipment and use during sailing.
For the manufacture of a flat-bottomed wooden boat with a carrying capacity of about 1 ton, seven 4-meter boards with a width of 25 cm, a thickness of 2.5-3 cm and 220 pieces (1 kg) of 80 mm nails with a thickness of 3 mm are needed. Boards should be smoothly planed and well aligned along the entire length, width and thickness. Choose three boards, if possible without knots. And giving them a cigar-shaped shape, they knock together the bottom of them, jamming between the cutouts made in two logs.
Then the stem is squeezed out of the log (the vertical beam of the fore tip of the keel), and three frames are prepared from birch twigs. One 75 cm wide with a camber up to 1 meter and two narrower. Corresponding to the length of the future flat-bottomed wooden boat, at a distance of 1 meter from the bow and from the stern. From a board 3-4 cm thick make stern.
The manufacturing procedure of a flat-bottomed wooden boat and a dug-out shuttle.
On the stem, stern and frames, nicks are cut that are equal in depth to the thickness of the boards, and 5 cm less in length than the width of the boards. Such a reserve of the width of the boards is sufficient so that the lower side boards with ribs go 2 cm below the bottom, and the upper side boards are found at the bottom 3-5 cm. After this preparation, the stem, frames and stern of the future flat-bottomed wooden boat are nailed to the bottom. Then they turn over and under the workpiece, retreating 1.5 meters from the stem, substitute narrow goats. And the nose is fixed from above by a pole tied between two trees (scheme a).
Then, by clicking on the stern, the bottom — front bow — is attached with the desired deflection (10-15 centimeters from the bottom plane) and the lower side boards, and then the upper ones, are beaten from the sides. These boards are fastened by hammering nails every 10 cm and bending the ends that have gone right through (scheme b). After that, while the boards are dry, all the cracks in the boat will be caulked with caulk and brewed with bitumen or var – boiled black tar. The bottom and sides are impregnated outside with a heated tar or var.
The finished flat-bottomed wooden boat in the middle is equipped with two oars on steel fork-shaped oars, pivotally bolted to the oars. The oarlock is inserted with a pin into the hinge from a steel tube boarded up in a wooden pillow nailed to the board. Such a flat-bottomed wooden boat can sail with an outboard motor..
Chopped shuttle, device, dimensions, manufacturing, features of equipment and use during swimming.
A chopped shuttle is made from aspen or itopol. A log 4 meters long is cut from a tree with a diameter of 40-50 cm, it is cleaned of bark and trimmed at both ends, giving the future canoe a fusiform shape. Then, along the entire log, every 10 cm, longitudinal and transverse lines are marked, and at the intersection they are drilled with a 5 mm auger or burned with a nail holes. On the sides to a depth of 2.5-3 cm, and from below – 3-4 cm.
A peg of pine bark or wooden, painted with bright paint, is driven into each hole of the corresponding length. After that, two recesses with a width of 20 cm each and a groove between them with a width of 10 cm are cut in the upper part of the log. A core and oval Tesla and a chisel core are cut through them (diagram d). It is necessary to hammer until until crumbs of a crust of a pine bark or painted pegs appear in shavings. Thanks to this, the sides and bottom of the shuttle get the right thickness.
When the entire middle of the log is selected, the future hollowed shuttle is turned upside down, set it on a goat or on chocks and a smoldering fire is made under it in full length, trying to steam the wood well. An hour later, when it becomes malleable, it is slightly bred 10-15 cm apart and bursting with chopsticks. The chopped shuttle is poured with boiling water and after half an hour or an hour it is still bred 10-15 cm and bursting with longer sticks.
So, pouring boiling water and heating a smoldering fire from below, the steamed shuttle is bred to a width of 80-100 cm and then fixed with frames, cross struts made of curved birch twigs in accordance with the dimensions of the bred shuttle (scheme c).
Ready chopped shuttle dried in the sun. At the same time, they smear it outside, don’t make oarlocks on it, but swim with the help of a two-blade oar or pole (diagram g). If the chopped shuttle turned out to be of insufficient displacement, then it is sheathed with boards from the outside, as is done with a flat-bottomed wooden boat.
Based on materials from the book Hunting Samolov and Unauthorized Fishing. Directory.
Gerasimov Yu. A.