Sinister real – edible supplier of tinder
- Latin name and synonyms
- Description and identifying features
- Habitat and habitat
- Environmental features
Edible parts and recipes
- Preculinary processing
- Tinder Cake Soup with Barley
- Product Interchangeability Notes
Other benefits for autonomous survival
- Chemical additives
The use of tinder present for medicinal purposes
- Hemostatic agent
- Antibacterial and antiviral agent
- Regeneration of the liver and normalization of metabolism
- Cleaning the body of toxins and carcinogens
- Fresh wounds, burns and ulcers
Rule for knives and other cutting tools
Clothes from trutovikovy suede and fel
Other crafts from tinder
Similar species and their features
- Tinder larch
- Sinister bordered (pine)
- Falters oak oak, false aspen and others
- Sinkers of the genus Ganoderma
- Polypore flat Ganoderma applanatum
- Ganoderma southern Ganoderma australe
- Ganoderma resinous Ganoderma resinaceum
Sinister real – edible supplier of tinder
Latin name and synonyms
Sinister real = Fomes fomentarius
Outdated Russian synonym – Blood sponge (earlier this mushroom was used in styling).
Description and identifying features
Fruit bodies are compact, compact, strong and ligneous, trump-like in shape (body size), photos 1, 1a and 1c. Basidiomas reach impressive sizes: up to 55 cm in diameter and up to 25 cm thick, up to 1 meter in diameter (photo 1d, 1d and 1e).
1. Sinister present = Fomes fomentarius.This mushroom is in its fifth year.(Photo from czl22.ru)
1b. Another portrait of the classic tinder present,judging by bark – on the black elm (black poplar).Izhevsk, Udmurtia, RF, October 7, 2012(photo by Vladimir Kapitonov at mycoweb.narod.ru)
1c. This tinder is not very characteristic.Probably, he was sick …(photo by Tatiana Svetlova on mycoweb-stv.ru)
1e Also impressive dimensions – at least 50 cm in diameter.Krasnodar region(photo from the forum “Mushrooms say” forum.toadstool.ru)
1e. On the windbreak trunk of black poplar (sedge).It is not so much that it is impressive.how many are their number, multiplied by the size.Arbekov Forest of the Penza Region, Russian Federation(Photo by Tatiana Belyavskaya on the Penzed.rf site)
It has been a great deal of support for the upper part. This is an important defining feature (photo 2). It is clearly visible – where it can be seen at the tree (photo 2a and 2b):
2. The fruit body on the sedge (black poplar).It is therefore not possible to break the polyporium.
2a Sandy granular core – the place of attachment (and break off)tinder present. This is an important identifying feature.(photo from the forum “Mushrooms say” forum.toadstool.ru)
2b. This picture clearly shows how in a sandy grained core (right)white fungal hyphae (filaments) permeate the remains of wood.In the center of the frame is a reddish brown spongy layer.(photo from naturalist.fr)
In “adult” perennial fungi, “annual rings” are well pronounced – annual growth zones (photos 3, 3a, 3b, as well as 1 and others):
3. It is easy to calculate.how old this fruit body.Tinder present grows to thirty years and longer.Here are the basidiomas of ten and twelve years of age.(Photo from gribnikk.tk)
3a These mushroom “stalactites” have been growing for 15-20 years.(photo by Vladimir Kapitonov at mycoweb.narod.ru)
3b. Young basidioma tinder fungus presenton old birch – they are 2 and 3 years old.There are no edible parts -new growth zones have already hardened(photo from OSHO-portal oshoworld.ru)
The fungus is subject to both age-related variability (more on this below) and the variability associated with the restructuring of the growth form. You can often find the irregular shape or accreted (photos 4, 4a and 4b):
4. The elongated hoof-shaped shape of the fruit on the dry birch.Mushrooms the same, one basidioma grows on another, older.Forest park in moscow(photo by Tatiana Svetlova on mycoweb-stv.ru)
4a. And among the trutovik there are “Siamese twins”:two basidiomas with one common hymenophore(photo by Tatiana Svetlova on mycoweb-stv.ru)
4b. Also “Siamese twins,” but they grew together.Motif coloringThis is a room for interior designers.(photo by T. Svetlova on mycoweb-stv.ru)
The sporiferous hymenophore occurs at the bottom of the cap. It is so that you can get enough sleep (photos 5 and 5a). If the tree grows, it becomes a tindery, it can be seen at the bottom of the tree (photo 5b and 5c). Occasionally, it can be seen in the ground. In this case, fruit bodies grow upwards and take on completely inconceivable forms (photo 5d and 5d).
5. The Dead Birch,it’s not laid down. This was the case for him.Strange circular symmetric shape.In the corner, for comparison – the “standard” tinder realon the dead tree trunk. Moscow Forest Park(photo by Tatiana Svetlova on mycoweb-stv.ru)
5a. Growth for tinderdue to geotropism – the direction of hymenophoreto the earth’s surface.”Wasp Nest.” St. Petersburg(photo from the forum “Mushrooms say” forum.toadstool.ru)
5 B. A great example of tinder geotropism!The tree still stood upright in the Carpathians. Then the beech fell, began to grow.at the right angles to the old fruiting body.This is the basics of the classical form.already grown on a fallen trunk(photo from victour.io.ua)
5c. It is possible to determine when it’s possible to determinethis dead carpathian beech has turned from dead wood to deadwood,that is, fell to the ground. It happened 4 years ago = in the tenth yeartinder life. And, as seen from the narrowed rings,these years for tinder were not very “satisfying”(photo from victour.io.ua)
5g. Occasionally tinder present sprouts on the ground,or rather, on some rottenness hidden in the ground.Fruit bodies then grow upwards.and take completely unthinkable forms.The size of a good boletus -with some kind of cap mushroom.And that the “leg” through the “cap” has been sprouted – these are already trifles …(photo by Igor Lebedinsky from the forum “Mushrooms Speak” forum.toadstool.ru)
5e. From under the earth stretches up a white mitten.Well, who will believe this is Fomes fomentarius?(photo by Igor Lebedinsky from the forum “Mushrooms Speak” forum.toadstool.ru)
The color of the fruit varies with the body of the wild mushrooms (photos 6 and 6a). If there is a winding crust, it can be used to make it. This is an important identifying attribute of this type of film and has a very well-defined cuticle.
6. Frequent color coloring of tinder present -new growing fruit body is different from last year.This mushroom grows on a dead birch trunkin the oak forest of the Moscow forest park.By the way, birch trees, by the way, most often have different color variations.(photo by Tatiana Svetlova on mycoweb-stv.ru)
6a. Young copies often have very bright colors.(Photo from gribnikk.tk)
6b. A very rare snapshot of the dead and very cracked.It is dried on the oak.NOT deep cracks – compared to oak and aspentinder-felines and larch sponge in the following pictures.Although it’s not possible, it’s not possible.(photo from dic.academic.ru)
6c. False Oak tinderbox Phellinus robustus – obligate parasiteoak (forest oak steppe strikes only pedunculate oak).Inedible and does not give tinder. Very similar to tinder present,but the fruiting body, including the hymenophore, often cracks deeply,what a real tinder never does(photo by Tatiana Svetlova on mycoweb-stv.ru)
6g. False aspen tinder Phellinus tremulae – Xylophage,obligate parasite aspen. Inedible and does not give tinder.The fruit body cracks already at a young age.(photo from the forum “Mushrooms say” forum.toadstool.ru)
6e. Larch sponge Fomitopsis officinalis – doubleThis tinder, but parasitizes on conifers.Inedible, but extremely medicinal, which is evenin the Latin name (“officinalis” = medicinal, Latin).Its fruit bodies often crack by superficial cracks.(photo from famedisud.it)
Tinder is even or slightly convex (photo 7, 7a, 7b, and 7c). Hymenophore tubular It can be a creamy brown (but without rusty shades!). In the freshness of the darken and turn brown (photo 7d).
7. Bottom surface – tubular hymenophore – flat and alwaysfacing the earth (the phenomenon of geotropism). Its color is lighter than the top(photo by Tatiana Svetlova on mycoweb-stv.ru)
7a. Fruiting body in hibernation.Shade(photo by Tatiana Svetlova on mycoweb-stv.ru)
7b. Sometimes the bottom surface is convex.It has been faded(Photo from gribnikk.tk)
7c. With their “pot-bellied” shapeand gray-blue color differ from the standard.Foothills of Trans-Ili Alatau, Kazakhstan(Photo by A.Fokina on the site innature.kz)
7g. Several fruit bodies are on birch;visible browning of fresh hymenophore when mashing(Photo from innature.kz)
Velvety-suede, grayish or brown, often with a reddish-brown shade (photos 8, 8a and 8b). It has a very bitter taste. The consistency of the flesh is dense, spongy-elastic, resembles a cork (although it sometimes happens lignite). The tinderman got his name (in Latin “fomes” = tinder). Hymenofor, on drying, hardens and stiffens (this property is used when straightening knives). Thanks to the microtubules, it seems like overflow (photo 8c).
8. A small biennial fruit body tinder presentin tangential section.Clearly stands out for a dark color peel, which when the fungus should be cut. The red-brown interior at the top and sides -and there is that famous “blood sponge” (aka “mushroom suede”),of which make styptic bandages and tinder (and hats!).It is not suitable for tinder(photo by Paul Kirtley in the personal blog cdn.paulkirtley.co.uk)
8a. In the foreground on the left is a cut out piece of suede sponge.(photo by Paul Kirtley in the personal blog cdn.paulkirtley.co.uk)
8b. In this picture, for clarity, the photographer even burnedspongy surface – it is ready to burn as a semi-finished product.At the top of the left – a granular nucleus of the body. Like the tubular hymenophore, the granular core does not work(photo from naturalist.fr)
8c. The hymenophore hasannual growth zones of different thickness (differ in color andwith clear boundaries). This 5 year old fruit body had”Happy childhood” – the most “hearty” werefirst two years of life. And then, you see, there was a drought -photo taken in November 2010(photo from naturalist.fr)
Only edible fruiting bodies of non-human tinder can be eaten by a non-specialist who can hardly be identified (photos 9, 9a, 9b, as well as 14 and more). If you’re a person, you’ll probably be able to see a fruit body somewhere nearby (photo 9b on the left, blurry).
9. It is a tinder(photo by Tatiana Svetlova on fotki.yandex.ru)
9a. Two-year-old tinder with new fruit bodynon-standard form(photo on commons.wikimedia.org)
9b. Also doesn’t look like. Here, the identification will be helped by nearby adults. tinder – such, for example, can be seen in the upper left corner of the picture (photo by T. Svetlova on mycoweb-stv.ru)
This is a widespread area throughout the northern hemisphere, especially in the area of the alpine zones. It is also found in the mountain forests of North and South Africa.
This is a dry dead (photos 10, 10a, 10b, 10b and 10g), windbreak and wind fallen trees (photos 10d, 10e, 10zh, 10z and 10i, as well as 1a, 5 and others ) and much less on old stumps (photo 10k, 10l and 10m). It can be found on living trunks, and even then it’s for our reasons beyond our tinderbox.
10. Young tinder fungusdrying up in Moscow forest park(photo by Tatiana Svetlova on mycoweb-stv.ru)
10a. Tinder family on the drynewly died beech tree in the german alps(photo from german site mykopedia.org)
10b. On a dry beech trunk entwined with ivy.North Caucasus, Adler, February 16, 2015(photo from gribnikidonbassa.ru) the recently dead beech tree trunk in the German Alps(photo from german site mykopedia.org)
10c. Dead windbreak on the vine(photo from the German site Wikipedia)
10g. On a ancient, long-dead forest. Great Britain(Photo by Alan W. Featherstone on the personal blog alansblog.org.uk)
10d. Wind in the forest(photo from the forum “Mushrooms say” forum.toadstool.ru)
10th. On a lying dead bach trunk. Ukrainian Carpathians(photo from victour.io.ua)
10s bark of a black poplar treeArbekov Forest of the Penza Region, Russian Federation(Photo by Tatiana Belyavskaya on the Penzed.rf site)
10h. On the trunk of the earth long ago.People’s Natural Park Bukacka, Czech Republic(Photo by Tereza Tejklova on Wikimedia.org)
10i in Moscow forest park(photo by Tatiana Svetlova on mycoweb-stv.ru)
10k. The tinder real is rarely found.Tinder -elm motley, or polypus scaly Polyporus squamosus.Moscow region(photo from personal blog valuh.livejournal.com)
10l. Young basidiomas on the stump in the Arbekovskiy Forest of the Penza region, RF.It is clear that this is my tirmsit is only recently her dried(Photo by Tatiana Belyavskaya on the Penzed.rf site)
10m On a rotten stump. Beech forest in Lviv region, Ukraine(photo from the forum “Mushrooms say” forum.toadstool.ru)
Tinder present on various species of trees, including even park, settles. The fungus is mainly found on birch (photo 11 and others) and it is more than a food preferences (photo 11 and 5). It is a very large size.
11. Fomes fomentarius on a live birch in a birch forest. Ukraine, August 22, 2009.Unusual white color cap is probably due tothe living living tree -the fungus was stained with betulin, giving white color to the birch bark(photo by G. Chernilevsky on Wikipedia)
11a In the beech forest. Trunk fruit bodiesevolved long ago(photo from fvlmedia.dk)
11b. On the oak. Italy(Photo by Oreste Pomarico in the personal blog orestepomarico.blogspot.com)
11c. Skocicky hrad, Czech Republic(Photo by Tereza Tejklova on Wikimedia.org)
Findings of this fungus on aspen (photo 11d), maple (photo 11d), poplar (photo 11e, as well as 2 and 7c), willow (photo 11g), chestnut (photo 11z) and a number of other deciduous trees are also common.
11g. Fruit body tinder present on aspen(Photo from the site for the Saratov region)
11d. A big mushroom on a huge maple. Great Britain(photo on commons.wikimedia.org)
11th. On the live trunk of black poplar (sedge). Kiev, Bald Mountain(Photo by I. Parnicosa on the site myslenedrevo.com.ua)
11g. The Setun River, Russia(photo on commons.wikimedia.org)
11h. On chestnut. France(Photo by Francois Goglins on Wikimedia.org)
Especially the summer of more than 30 years or more. How many years has it been seen on the fruit body? Despite the fact that it is not growing, it will be dramatically down. There are photos of 12, 12a and 12b:
12. The dead fruit body of a tinder present on birch,already eaten by beetles. Crafts are not suitable(Photo from czl22.ru)
12a. This long-dead tinderman is already hymenophore.(photo from OSHO-portal oshoworld.ru)
12b. In this photo are obsolete tinderboxes,long ago(photo from OSHO-portal oshoworld.ru)
It has been shown that it has been possible to reduce the damage to the tree. In fact, it is a fungus settles and it has not been affected, it has not been shaken, it has not been affected by the It is a parasitic fungus xylophage that grows after it has died. Thus, Yu.Nasimovich spent in the forest on the river near Moscow (spent in total, they described 2100 trunks: 500 dead and 1600 live birches). It was found that there was no problem for the body of the dead trunks. of some trees were broken off. It was noted only on 9 living birches from 1600 (0.56%) and on 242 dead trunks (48.4%).
The tinder of the present and the competitors. Only in rare cases does he tolerate such a neighborhood (photos 13 and 13a):
13. On the sawed stumps, the tinder real rarely settles -its growth zone is taller.Obviously, the mycelium is weakened:here and admitted to his rival – the omnipresent and voraciousPolypusus scaly Polyporus squamosus.Deciduous forest in the Moscow region(photo from personal blog valuh.livejournal.com)
13a. Three-year-old tinder realgets along well with other edible tinder -young birch biptoporus Piptoporus betulinus.Obviously, there is enough space for two. However, fomes and piptoporusyall the same, competitors – sooner or later, fomes will drive out the biptoporus(photo from the forum “Mushrooms say” forum.toadstool.ru)
Fomes fomentarius since ancient times have been used as food and medicine. As a medicine, this mushroom is used in fungotherapy and now. It is almost never used for food, but it is not always used. Another question – the body of the fruit body quickly hardens.
A young mushroom is used in soup. If the fruit body only “proklyunulsya” (photo 14, 14a, also 9 and 9a) – then it is completely edible. It is rare to find a newborn baby mushroom mushroom that has been striking the eye.
14. Newborn tinder, still nice-soft when pressed.Edible whole but still need to soak(Photo from the Forest Polyanka mushroom pickers forum)
14a. Crunch has already appeared -should be trimmed a bit(Photo from the Forest Polyanka mushroom pickers forum)
Perennial edibles are also edible. It stands out for its lighter color (often – just white) and softness (photo 14b, 14v, 14g and 14d). Editing in this case is determined by touch – according to the degree of softness. But it doesn’t taste – even a new-born tinder boxers.
14b. This jog went the second year.Body is ediblewill fit in food(photo by Tatiana Svetlova on mycoweb-stv.ru)
14th century Also a second year. It seems that the newly formed meaty hymenophore is edible whole – nothing needs to be cut.(photo on commons.wikimedia.org)
14g. Looks like this mushroom was not cut off last year,when just born Therefore, the newly formed basidiomatook such a sprawled form. The mushroom is quite edible,only the flesh(Photo from gribnikk.tk)
14e. This copy is more mature. If it is edible at all.(photo by Tatiana Svetlova on mycoweb-stv.ru)
Pre-culinary treatment is a long soaking, boiling and subsequent grinding. Soak immediately after collecting the water. Soaking removes bitterness partially. Boiling removes the bitterness. It is necessary to boil large pieces (if the fruit body itself is large-cut), then drain the water. It is determined that it takes 10–20 minutes. If the fungus is a newborn, it is determined by the taste.
If you’re already horned) and grind. The nutrients will pass into the broth. In the broth to cook also a long time. In the case of the fungus, it’s hard to keep it.
We didn’t need to use our standard method. The taste of the mushroom broth from the tinder is present, of course, it is inferior to the champignon, white mushrooms or liver. However, the best seasoning is hunger. It is modestly keep quiet.
Ingredients for 2.5 – 3 liters of soup:
- Prepared tinder present = 250-300 g.;
- Pearl barley (presoaked – 4-6 hours, longer) = 70-80 g;
- Potatoes = 200-250 g (2-3 pieces);
- Carrots, onion for zazharki = 1 pc. (approximately 50 g);
- Chicken egg = 1 pc. (50 g);
- Vegetable oil = 2-3 spoons (10 g, can be much more);
- Salt, bay leaf, dill and spices (allspice, coriander, black pepper) = to taste.
It should be said that it is recommended to use the mushroom soups.
The procedure for cooking soup:
Cooked at low heat for 10-15 minutes in water and then cooked over low heat (3 liters of salted water and boiling off). Boil the broth until softened or even boil the cereal (40-50 minutes).
At the same time, the carrot-onion will be lightly.
If you’re looking for some sticky thickness, you can’t make it.
Continuous stirring (dissolve).
Remove from the heat, crumble the dill and the heat of the dill.
As a result, we get something like this (photo 14e):
14th. Mushroom soup from tinder present with barley
Pearl barley – has no wild natural. In the mushroom soups, you can substitute a buckwheat, millet, wheat groats or noodles or noodles. In the field, probably the barley in the soup can replace acorn croup. But the taste will be different in all cases.
Potato – hardly replaceable product, also has no satisfactory natural substitutes. By the rehs (reed, rogoz, burlap), it is replaced by the rhizomes of “reeds” (reed, rogoz, burlap). On wet and wet meadows, there are also rhizomatous and nodule starch plants. However, all of the more sweet, and more likely, are those of the sweet potato – sweet potato.
Carrot by carrots Seseli tortuosum, S.arenaria and carrots wild Daucus carota. They are indistinguishable from garden carrots. But they are hard and ligneous. They are not used simultaneously. Then thrown away. If it is good, you can eat it like boiled carrots.
Onion – Abbreviated Alium. It is peculiar and unusual – onion-garlic.
Chicken egg – on the replacement of silent.
Vegetable oil – hardly replaceable product. In the mushroom soup, you can substitute butter or chicken fat. It is a problematic and often requires oil to extract extracts.
Salt – Under normal field conditions, there is nothing to replace. There is a possibility to get rid of excess salt (including salt-loving halophyte plants).
Bay leaf has no wild domestic counterparts.
It is true that the buttermonger has been hit. In the past, there has been no fire in the field. Truth was a great solution to this problem. It is reflected in its Latin name (“Fomes fomentarius” – “tinder tinder”), and in Russian, having a similar meaning (“real tinder”).
It has been found that it has been found that it has been found in the Tyrolean Alps. the Similaun glacier. Back to the 33rd century BC. Ligaments of two types of tinder were found. The second is a blood sponge, or tinder (photo 15).
15. Two types of tinderboxes in the equipment of the Ötzi mummy (XXXIII century BC):Sinister real fomes fomentarius andlarch fomitopsis officinalis.They were probably used in the Eneolithic.
In the middle of the water, it is a tritin. Slow down Probably in prehistoric Europe it was used for the same purposes. The gunner was worn to the gunner.
It is not necessary to create any discomfort when worn. It is necessary to follow the rules of the fire. After inflating the fire ignition fuel. Spark quite easy to get in any conditions. For example, it is enough to make it. It is also a tinder or even white bottle glass.
Of chemical additives:
(described in detail on the ProGrib.ru website)
It is not necessary to complete the equipment. However, this is a very time-consuming business. It is the most suitable for making tinder. It is a spongy “suede” core (photo 15a, 15b, 15b, as well as especially 2b and 8a). Therefore, it is recommended that you should have a sandy-grained core and solid tubular skin (photo 15g). The inner spongy core (“suede”) comes in (it can be tidy up) and the color of it (y 15d).
15a. Cut fomes fomentarius.Hymenophore is visible (below),sandy granular core (top right, with white spots of hyphae)and actually “suede” spongy core -here it is darker brown(photo from naturalist.fr)
15b. A piece of carved spongy core =tinder blank(photo by Paul Kirtley in the personal blog cdn.paulkirtley.co.uk)
15th century This spongy tinder core is ready to smolder even raw(photo by Paul Kirtley in the personal blog cdn.paulkirtley.co.uk)
15g. The sharp skin and tubular hymenophore are removed with a sharp knife.(photo from bergenrabbit.net)
15d It turns out such a lump-billet, which should be cuton the plate. However, many people simply cut it apart 15g.(photo from guns.allzip.org)
The process of making a tinder consists of the following steps:
- Processing (cleaning) tinder;
- Cooking tinder;
- Directly cooking the fungal mushroom;
- Machining (beating-softening, pulling and stretching) of the welded tinder;
- Re-soak and re-soak
- Drying and final kneading tinder.
The cutout sponge is the best part. It is necessary to remove the unnecessary surface (photo 15g). It remains a granular kernel. Spongy – springy! the size of a palm (photo 15e).
15th. This plate is ready for immediate transformation.in tinder or mushroom suede(photo by Paul Kirtley in the personal blog cdn.paulkirtley.co.uk)
After this, a solution is prepared. The pan is filled with a crumbly ashes to one-third, filled with water. Cooked suede pieces placed on the fire (photo 15). It is necessary to boil for at least 1.5 hours, the longer – the better. In the process of boiling, the “suede” plates become rubber-soft and are impregnated with ashes (photo 15z):
15j. Slices in ash solution before cooking(photo by Jürgen Klinsmann on the website terra-teutonica.ru)
15h. Pipe plates after cooking.The spongy part of the mushroom fruit body.from the tubular hymenophore – cooked all together(photo by Jürgen Klinsmann on the website terra-teutonica.ru)
It is a wooden beater (as a chop). In this case, it is advisable to rub it in the tinder left after it has been settled. Replaced plates are bored for a while, occasionally stirring.
After daily infusion, removing the hard nodules. Then again they are kneeling and stretch. The result is “suede cloth”, even from minor sparks. In this case, it is desirable to get the spark. Interestingly, you can see (photo 15i).
15i Trumpet-plate petals in finished form.A spark or a concentrated sunbeam is enough and …(photo from the weapon portal i2.guns.ru)
It is noted that the fungus should not be washed. Therefore, it is better to use tinder, for example, metal cans from coffee.
The classic marching method of making tinder. Cooking tinder, a little different from ours. For example, the saltpeter or soda is digested in the urine.
It is also recommended that you watch the videos on the site. They’re not using the genre of the genus Phellinus (such as: “Tinder? It’s in Africa, the tinder!” ). It is possible that we have two big differences (photo 15k).
15k photo author claimsteddyas suede-spongy part. Hunter because of such a tinderno one would buy from him(photo by Jürgen Klinsmann on the website terra-teutonica.ru)
It has been shown that it has been recognized as a culture of water. True, from the “classic” tinder laborers the larch sponge is much more appreciated. Fomitopsis officinalis -fomitopsis officinalis. Often it is his miraculous healing properties that are attributed to the tinder present. There is no need for any families.
It can be used only for those who have been surviving.
It has been a bactericidal material for hemostatic dressings. Hence the fungus – blood sponge. Surgeons and dentists used in this capacity until the XIX century. Tinder was used as a hemostatic agent for painful menstruation and hemorrhoids. It has been shown that the pharmacists have been in online stores.
Antibacterial and antiviral agent
The pathogenic tracts can be destroyed as it was in the liver. As a therapeutic drug is used decoction. In particular, they can be treated for tuberculosis, pneumonia, chronic and viral hepatitis, dysbacteriosis and other diseases. And also – in the form lotions on broth powder – bruises In traditional Chinese medicine, even a cancer has been treated with tinder decoction.
Regeneration of the liver and normalization of metabolism
Contained in tinder polysaccharide lanofil promotes cirrhosis and degeneration of liver. In combination with substances, it stops viral activity. Decoction and infusion on vodka (vodka in dilution with water 1: 1) tinder present treat chronic and viral hepatitis.
Cleaning the body of toxins and carcinogens
It binds poisons and then removes them from the body. agaric acid – very rare in nature, but in tinder in significant quantities.
At acute poisoning apply decoctions and water infusions (drinking) or finely chopped or powdered pulp tinder (swallow like activated carbon).
Methodical and long-term cleaning the body from toxins comes down to sucking tinder: Every day after eating, chew a piece of mushroom chewing gum for 15-20 minutes. Mushroom does not swallow! The duration of treatment is not limited. Toxins are eliminated from saliva, gums and teeth are strengthened.
Considered a good remedy for constipation and dysbacteriosis. In India, a tinder decoction is now used as a diuretic, laxative for constipation, and a tonic for a nervous system.
Many fungist therapists prefer to do dried mushroom powders – It is a good idea to clean it up. Dry powders of the fungus, brewed water with boiling water, and it makes fungicidal products potent and easily digestible. You can not even brew with boiling water, just “dissolve” the powder in ordinary drinking water. The powder itself is an adsorbent.
Healing of fresh wounds, burns and ulcers:
Cover the wound powder out of the fungus, close with gauze and bandaged.
Purifying water (from a puddle, for example). Orenburg State University A.V. “Nutrition, food supplements and biostimulants” (No. 6 for 2014, pp. 46-47; rae.ru):
lt; … gt; It is a fungus for the skin of the present (Fomes fomentarius). It has been shown that it can reduce the amount of water it has taken. lt; … gt;
Rule for knives and other cutting tools
When drying tinder present becomes very hard. The wood carvers ruled knives and chisels. And not on the skin! It’s not always at hand (photo 16).
16. The lower surface of the dry hardened state.used now to edit bladesknives and tools for carving.Matchbox here for scale(photo from rusknife.com)
It is a polishing effect that it can be used to paint.
Clothes from trutovikovy suede and fel
In Europe, it has been made various trinkets, souvenirs and more serious things, including garments – mittens, muffs, hats and even jackets, as well as soft slippers. Trickling out forestry; as a result of these has been decreased.
It has been embossed trutovik suede headwear like cork helmets or felt hats (photo 17 and 17a). This is the case for autonomous survival. It is simple cork helmet (enough to scrape the core) and protects from the scorching sun and rain.
17. Hunting cap, made entirely of polyester felt. Romania(Brudersohn photo on German Wikipedia)
17a. Hunting felt hat(Photos from the Romanian advertising site cdn1.bigcommerce.com)
In addition, it can be cut out from trutovikovogo warming pad for clothes.
Other crafts from tinder
Polypores can also be made from large, and not corroded by insects. dishes – plates, bowls and bowls. It is a water-repellent body. The dish is disposable. For repeated use.
Souvenir products polypants of the interior (photo 18, 18a, 18b) – candlesticks, pots, vases, etc. it’s not relevant.
18. Flower stand(Photo by I. Ftomova in the weekly “Desnyansky Week” = www.gorod.cn.ua).
18a. Decorative vase for dry-colored compositions(Photo from botit.botany.wisc.edu)
18b. Flower pot for live succulents(photo from the site “Master of their own hands” all-he.ru)
In addition, dry tinder is sometimes used by beekeepers as fuel for smoke, for a long time. Perhaps it should be tested on expeditions, hikes and robinsonads and how anti-mosquito smoky agent (we didn’t try – there was enough wormwood and tansy)
Other species of the genus Fomes and their characteristics
Although it doesn’t have a relative in our area. According to the old taxonomy,
It is difficult to confuse with other tinder workers. In fact, there are many tree fungi that are at different stages of their development. Especially – if we are talking about edible newborn fruit bodies. If you’re looking for something to do it yourself, you’ll always be able to make it. .
Or larch sponge (Fomitopsis officinalis = fomitopsis officinalis). Western English reference language books. = Laricifomes officinalis.
In the taiga zone affects fir and larch. Inedible but extremely valuable medicinal mushroom. It has been exported in large quantities. It is a list of the most recent tinder artist.
In the XXI century, the official spade. Particularly fashionable as this is for losing weight, reducing appetite. On the medical websites, he often flashes under the name of Agarik. It is his miraculous healing properties that are attributed to the tinder present.
This is a mushroom – it is difficult to confuse with the non-standard forms (photo 19, 19a, 19b and for comparison – photo 3a, 4 and 5a). Since this is good, it has been poisonous to humans.
19. Fomitopsis officinalis sponge.(Photo by Vladimir Kunca on the site nahuby.sk)
19a. The larch sponge grows to enormous size,but the classic fomentoid tinder is a little like(photo from Cornell University blog.mycology.cornell.edu)
19b. This is the most common morphotype.larch sponge(Photo by Vladimir Kunca on the site nahuby.sk)
But it’s not a problem. This tinder – only on deciduous species, larch – only on conifers.
Other tinder genus Fomitopsis
Sinister bordered (pine)
Fomitopsis pinicola (photo 20 and 20a) – this is a sprit of the species. It is rarely found on trees, but it is rarely found on it. It is a strip along the edge. It can be whitish, yellowish, orange, cinnamon red, bright red or dark cherry. Often a very beautiful palette.
20. Polypore bordered, or pine Fomitopsis pinicolaon dry aspen in spring.Forest Park in the Moscow region(photo by Tatiana Svetlova on mycoweb-stv.ru)
20a. Cinder bordered on aspen in March. Izhevsk, Udmurtia, RF(photo by Vladimir Kapitonov on the website mycoweb-stv.ru)
It is a kind of unpleasantly “sour” (photo 20b). It can be a very painful problem.
20b. The guttious young tinder fringed in the middle of summer.It is a species of species of fomitopsis pinicola.This is a photo.as tinder larch with the Latin name Fomes fomentarius
The rub of this tinder also fails. But “adult” large mushrooms can be used on various crafts, like the tinder present.
Falters oak oak, aspen and other members of the genus Phellinus.
The tinder of the genre has been superficially visible (photo 21 and further). The main difference Felinuses from Fomez = fruit bodies. The second important difference = tinder have deep cracks. Tinderboxes – the lack of a cuticle. The body is usually a superficial, usually cracked, melanized layer of integumentary tissue. Third difference inder inder oak mainly mainly mainly mainly mainly mainly mainly mainly mainly mainly mainly mainly mainly mainly mainly mainly mainly
False tinder tinder.
False oak tinder Phellinus robustus (photo 21) – grows predominantly on oaks, although it is sometimes found on chestnut, hazel, maple and some other hardwoods;
21. False oak tinder Phellinus robustus = oak parasite.Moscow Forest Park(photo by Tatiana Svetlova on mycoweb-stv.ru)
Felinus adored (false willow tinder) Phellinus igniarius (photo 21a) with deeply cracked fruit body – grows on willows:
21a. Felinus adored (false willow tinder) Phellinus igniarius =obligate parasite of willow. Izhevsk, Udmurtia, RF(photo by Vladimir Kapitonov on the website mycoweb-stv.ru)
False aspen tinder Phellinus tremulae (photo 21b) with a cracked fruit body clinging to the trunk, there is only on aspen trees:
21b. False aspen tinder = obligate parasite of aspen.It affects adult aspen over 40 years old. Izhevsk, Udmurtia, RF(photo by Vladimir Kapitonov on the website mycoweb-stv.ru)
Tinder false blackish phellinus nigricans (photo 21b, 21g and 21d) – with a finely cracked fruit body, including garden flowers of rosaceae. Extremely polymorphic view:
21c. Tinder false blackish Phellinus nigricans =parasite of many tree species.This copy is photographed on a pear in Moscow(photo by Sergey Lukashin at mycoweb-stv.ru)
21g. Tinder false blackish on a black poplar. Moscow(photo by Tatiana Svetlova on mycoweb-stv.ru)
21e Tinder false blackish on a mountain ash. Moscow(photo by Tatiana Svetlova on mycoweb-stv.ru)
Sinkers of the genus Ganoderma
There is a widespread and diverse genus of morphotype morphology of Africa. We have several species that can be confused with tinder present. Most adult fruiting bodies are easily distinguished by macro signs from Fomes fomentarius. However, there are basidiomas, which are the exact copy. However, it has been a tome-ganoderma that has been the case.
Ganoderma will be described in detail in the following articles. Here below is a tinder present.
Polypore flat Ganoderma applanatum
It corresponds to the appearance of its classic form (photo 22). Very widespread species = cosmopolitan. It is sometimes found on living trees. Tinderboy is the most common habitat of this trees, where it grows. It is also common on oak (photo 22b). In this mushroom, it doesn’t crack.
22. Ganoderma flat Ganoderma applanatumTextbook form on aspen(photo by Igor Lebedinsky on the forum “Mushrooms Speak” forum.toadstool.ru)
22a. These specimens of ganoderma are flat, growing at the base of the aspen,more like a tinder present(photo by Igor Lebedinsky on the forum “Mushrooms Speak” forum.toadstool.ru)
22b. Ganoderma applanatum on live oak in winter. Moscow(photo by Tatiana Svetlova on mycoweb-stv.ru)
His hymenophore (if he’s fungus is alive, not withered) sprigs (photo 22c). Therefore, in the west, you’re called “artist mushrooms”:
22c. Young hymenophore ganoderma flatinstantly reacts to the slightest touchhen(photo by Igor Lebedinsky on the forum “Mushrooms Speak” forum.toadstool.ru)
The caps are almost always covered with a rust-brown scurf of basidiospores (photo 22g). It’s washed away by rain, it’s a gray-brown color:
22c. Ganoderma applanatum, covered with its own disputes.Wisconsin, United States. Summer(Photo by Andrew Khitsun at wisconsinmushrooms.com)
And the young ganoderms are almost indistinguishable from the newborn Fomes, but they often have a guttation, (: photo 22e):
22e. Gutting young ganoderma flat(photo by Tatiana Svetlova on mycoweb-stv.ru)
Ganoderma southern Ganoderma australe
Close to the previous view. But it is much more like a tinder present. It occupies the forest in the deciduous forest zone. It settles on deciduous trees, mainly on oak (photo 23 and 23a).
23. Ganoderma australe is very similar to Fomes fomentarius,but fruit bodies are often fractured(photo by Tatiana Svetlova on mycoweb-stv.ru)
23a. Ganoderma south on the oak. Sochi, RF(photo on the forum “Mushrooms say” forum.toadstool.ru)
It occurs mainly in the Caucasus, the Carpathians, the Altai and the Far East. It develops on living trees of deciduous trees (oak – most often, also beech, willow, alder), and sometimes on larch.
It is often shiny – that is, a pattern of a well-developed cuticle (photo 24). Newborns of ganoderma are hardly distinguishable from those of Phomes (photo 24a).
24. Ganoderma resinous Ganoderma resinaceum on oak. England(Photo from devontreeservices.co.uk)
24a. Young Ganoderma resinaceum on oak(Photo by Boris Kryvotsyuk on mycoweb2.narod.ru)
Ganoderma resinous in the available sources there. It is the skin of the ganoderm, and therefore it is indicated that it is not. There is a large amount of substance, which excludes its ability.
Food in the forest. 1.1.3. Tinder real