AT World war one, In the past, animals were also drawn in. Besides horses, thousands of mobilized in cavalry and pigeons that convey messages, forced war veterans dogs, the share of which first fell health service. And unlike opponents? Germany and Austria-Hungary, widely practiced dog-attendants, It was a concept of innovation.
Exactly a hundred years ago, in 1915 in the capital of Galicia, liberated from the Austro-Hungarian troops? Lviv was created “School of military guard and sanitary dogs”, The State Councilor of the South-Western Front, He was a captain of Prince Shcherbatov.
It was a read in the autumn of the 19th century that it was published.
It can be seen that the dog has been on the line. from the battlefield
And from September 1915, specially trained instructors, distributed to the regiments of the Russian army, began to serve. As a rule, these were shepherd dogs, airedale terriers, Dobermans and hounds.
The first responses appeared on the service of new recruits. The Petrogradsky monarchist newspaper “Zemshchina in the small article entitled“ Dogs and Order in the War ”informed its readers:
If you’re trying to rush forward. Somehow a quiet, strangled scream, they ask for freedom.
? They never bark ,? explains medical instructor, accompanying dogs. ? Even when they are separated from themselves, then that secretly.
After the fight, the dogs were released. Hen reversible bags, waiting for a sign to rush forward. After jumping, it will go into the darkness of the night. Twenty minutes later, appearing from out of the dark, Buff returned, persistently pulling the order and demanding that he follow him.
? I’m following him? tells the nurse. Over bumps and gully just keep up with him. It leads to the forest itself. He shouted at the voice:
? Who is here?
I hear: someone moans, sighs. He flashed a flashlight, I looked. Three of the wounded are almost nearby. It was thought: I wrote it. Turned around, turned around.
? Run tell her home.
A few minutes later, Buff came running again to the dressing station. Come running and waiting. They read the gos.
In another dog, who returned from the battlefield, reversible bag Suede gloves were found. Rushed in her wake. The dog led to a dark plowed field wounded officer. He tried to get himself to dressing station, but lost strength and fell. When he started running, he shoved blood-filled gloves into her bag.
Sought after night nine wounded. Three other health dogs worked directly with the orderlies. Between the battlefield and dressing station, thanks to them, continuous communication was maintained.
“Send iodine”, “Send dressing material”, “Send gigs for so many wounded people”, “Don’t forget to send water for drinking”. One of the rescued soldiers wrapped around the neck. The dog flounders in unexpected hugs. He says: “My death would have come. Would lie in the woods ,? sometime ours would have found me … “
In another Petrograd edition? the magazine “War” ? the story was placed wounded soldier, who first happened to run into a dog-nurse: I hear a rustle Then she approached, lay down on the ground and froze. I couldn’t want anything. Began to quietly, then louder and louder, and finally, howled. When the orderly approached, it was silent. I made a dressing for me. “
This is where the experiment was. So, the commander of the 3rd Life Guards Rifle Regiment, Major General A.V. Usov, noted in early 1916: “I’m not allowed to pay attention.” Over the past period, the dogs have been used repeatedly. But now it’s been in the battles. “And since these reviews were not unique, the command of the divisions and armies Southwestern front stated: “dogs sent from a special school of guides, bring undoubted benefits.”
It was decreed to create a dog regiment and 6? on cavalry It was not until 1917 that the Russian army.