I am very surprised by the current trends in gardening. It is much easier to find out what it means. This can not be ignored. It is destructive.
It is clear that there has been a slight climatic variation. That’s why many traditional plants are forgotten. AND swede – just such an undeservedly forgotten plant.
Swede It is a relative of ordinary cabbage. There are different opinions. Turnip and ordinary cabbage. Others believe that it’s homeland is Sweden. rutabagas. And it’s a little bit more.
Italian swede still quite popular. For many reasons at once: it is much more nutritious than turnips; it is resistant to frost and cold snap; it is easy to grow. So there vegetable stew with turnip popular extraordinary. As for the post-Soviet space, the swede is not very popular with us. Moreover, some mistakenly call this word varieties of fodder beet, which is fundamentally wrong. However, once rutabaga grown and with us.
As for nutritional value, then swede It contains an unusually many vitamins, especially vitamin C. There is a lot of fiber in the swede. Swede surpasses turnips in almost all parameters. And, frankly, to taste – too. It is a losing formula.
We are most interested in the first year of growth. However, some eat and leaves, adding to the salad. Still, a distant relative of cabbage, then the leaves are also relatively nutritious. But it is more than necessary for a change. For their crops, their pattern depends on the specific type. But in general, they are all rather large, tough, strong and yellowish.
Rutabaga is a cold-resistant plant germinate already at 3 degrees Celsius. The optimum temperature for growth is 17 degrees. If it is much higher, So swede planted quite early. Most often it is the beginning or middle of April. It is usually ripe. That is why swede can be sown in two terms. It will be a little bit more for a autumn cooling snap.
Easily pass water. So it’s not so easy Ideal options – sandy loam, loam, light chernozem. At the same time, it can be slightly acidic – from 5.5 to 7 on the pH scale. However, in the early stages, it was thoroughly moistened.
As for fertilizers and bait, phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. It can be added that it is a matter of course.
Swede can be planted in two ways. The first – directly by seeds in the ground. The depth is 2.5 cm, the distance between the rows is 45 cm. It gives large numbers of basal leaves. This distance should not be 15 centimeters. The second option is to plant seedlings. When the temperature is a little higher. Seedlings are grown for 40 days before planting, in February-March.
Care and cleaning
It is already specified that it is necessary to thin out. Also landing rutabagas periodically dig and water regularly. Watering is extremely important swede it is already able to tolerate short-term droughts without damage to root crops. It has already begun to form. This is visually visible.
Insects can create a big problem. Particularly cannabis cabbage flies and cruciferous flea. In short, any parasites of cabbage are equally parasitic on rutabaga. The use of tobacco and ash can help. Then this insects will not touch them.
Rutabaga can be collected 120 days after planting. The criterion of large and solid root crops. But there are two nuances: if swede He didn’t really damage the roots. If swede If you really want to make it, it’s not a bad thing. Assembly and storage rutabagas it is carefully. When it’s assembled
It should also be noted that in addition to table varieties, it is also possible. They eat.
Garden of survivors: Rutabagas. Like turnips, only cooler