Geothermal energy is a type of energy that is actually extracted from the ground. Deep in the base of the Earth there are layers of hot water, hot rock and magma. Each of these different layers is capable of heating more than just themselves and that’s where the geothermal energy comes from. In reality, it is a type of energy that comes from Earth’s sublayers and provides heat and cooling to a variety of different areas.
In reality, the heat comes from a relatively shallow area and only drops to about 10 feet or even less at the surface of the Earth. In this range, the temperature of the Earth is 50 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit at all times. That means you do not have to worry about the temperature outside and the way it will affect your home. These regions of the Earth do not actually fluctuate in temperature, so it is always heating or cooling the space at exactly the same temperature instead of a variety of temperatures.
Geothermal actually means the internal heat of the Earth, so when you think about it, it is quite obvious what you are getting. But that does not mean it should be used only for heating. Actually, it is excellent for use in the cooling process and helps with the creation and use of energy within an area.
The rest of this article will help explain the process by which geothermal energy can be used for all these different aspects, but for now simply know that it actually has a variety of different uses and is completely organic, which occurs naturally below the Earth’s surface. .
The uses of geothermal energy.
There are many different ways in which you can use geothermal energy. One that is becoming more common (and much more respectful with the environment and the wallet) is to use it to heat a house. Pipes are placed under the house (or business) and drilled into the Earth’s layers so that the heat can be used to heat and cool the building. The process used to do this will be described in more detail below.
However, heating and cooling are not the only reason we use geothermal energy. In fact, the most common use for this type of energy is for electricity. In some states of the western United States, there are wells driven to create a rotating turbine that generates large amounts of electricity. This electricity can be sent to any place it should be. Because it is more respectful of the environment than other forms of electricity generation and is completely natural, it is much cheaper than obtaining electricity in other ways.
So, the truth of the matter is that you can use geothermal energy in different ways. Currently it is not being used in many different areas (for the reasons we will talk about later), but at the same time, it is definitely considered a great idea. The problem is that, in general, it’s a good idea in theory and we’ll explain why it is too. For the most part, there are some great benefits for geothermal energy, but there are also many drawbacks and problems that arise when we begin to consider this method of natural and highly renewable energy from Earth.
How does geothermal energy work?
The geothermal energy for heating works by creating a system of pipes that extend towards the surface of the Earth. These pipes consist of a heat pump, some ducts and something called a heat exchanger. The heat exchanger can be heated from the inside (during the summer) or the pipes (during the winter). This allows energy to enter the home or business without the need for traditional forms of heat. This helps improve the cost efficiency of the building because the Earth’s heat is very economical (once you set up the system anyway).
Because the center of the Earth is hotter as you get closer to it, many believe that this process would only work to save money for part of the year. Some may not realize how you are going to save money at all. But the fact is that you can save a lot. This is because the core temperature at which it starts is between 50 and 60 degrees Fahrenheit.
When you try to warm up in the winter, your heater starts with temperatures that could be below zero and tries to reach the correct temperature in your home or business. This means that you have to pay money to get that temperature from 0 to 60 or 70. If you start with a temperature of 50-60, this process will be much less expensive.
Now, when you consider this the other way, you can see that starting at 50-60 degrees is still much lower than the outside temperature, which could be higher than 80 degrees. You end up making your home or business reach the temperature you want much faster than you would in a traditional way and you also save money because it takes much less energy to cool the air in more moderate temperatures rather than high temperatures.
If you are going to use geothermal energy as a form of electricity, you will have to drill the base of the Earth. You need a tank that generates enough steam to power the turbine or that generates enough hot water to boil in a steam that powers the turbine. Any of these methods will create the electricity that is needed and can be used for other purposes. These methods are still improving, but they have not even begun to take advantage of the full heat potential of the center of the Earth.
What are the advantages of geothermal energy?
Actually, there are quite a few advantages of geothermal energy. One of the biggest is. the lowest cost involved. Because geothermal energy is based on something that occurs naturally on Earth (the hot core) and that regenerates automatically (the core will remain hot even when air is extracted), there is no danger of damaging the Earth and the cost can reflect the Renewal of the energy source. The cost can be kept low because it is possible to harvest this heat more naturally and for a lower cost than traditional forms of heating and cooling for homes.
Another benefit of this type of energy is that you need Much less energy for the heating and cooling process.. This is because the increase or decrease in temperature that is needed, depending on the current weather situation, is much lower than with traditional methods that require the outside air to warm or cool to the desired temperature for the inside.
Instead, these temperatures will generally only need to be heated or cooled within a 10 degree radius, which allows much less waiting time in this process and much less expense in the process.
Geothermal energy as a source of electricity is also less expensive because it is renewable and able to provide large amounts of electricity in a geographical area. This helps reduce the amount of fossil fuels that are normally burned to produce electricity and that not only damage the atmosphere, but are also considered non-renewable, which means that they will not regenerate in a reasonable period of time.
This means that once they are gone, they will not regenerate within our lives and probably not over the course of several lifetimes after we are gone.
This type of energy also releases. without pollution Because it’s really based on water and steam. Then, when these components of the heating system are released, they do not affect the atmosphere and that means that there are less greenhouse gases that contribute to the increase in temperature.
It means that we also contaminate the soil or water we need for the rest of the environment and all the plants and animals that live here with us. It is important that we keep the world as clean as possible and when switching to geothermal energy it is much more likely and simpler at the same time.
Another benefit for this type of energy is that You are creating many jobs. Because it has not been used before, we have to find new ways to implement it. This means new jobs for people who can come up with plans to use them, how to get them and what it means for the world in which we live. All these additional jobs will help improve the lives of many people and even improve them completely. communities because they are capable of generating those jobs with higher payment rates, improving the economy.
What are the disadvantages of geothermal energy?
Of course, there have to be some disadvantages for geothermal energy or it would have been implemented absolutely everywhere. After all, these are some great advantages and you would think that they would overcome many of the disadvantages. The truth is that they overcome many disadvantages, but the problem is that they can not overcome all of them. That is why this process is still slow and not everyone is entering it as we want or expect. After all, we have to weigh many different factors.
The first disadvantage is that It needs to be implemented in a variety of different places. To be able to implement the equipment, the infrastructure and, of course, the employees must be in the area. This is not possible in all areas and, often, it is difficult to obtain the necessary elements for the area in which they are needed. In addition, training should be carried out to ensure that, once the trained personnel retire, the entire system is ready. it will continue to function properly and efficiently, therefore, it will improve the economy instead of wearing down the environment.
Next, the High cost of putting into the system. it deters many places and individuals from wanting to put it. Surely in the long run you will save a lot of money, but first you have to get there. Installing the system will cost a lot of money because the drilling must be done in the sublayers of the Earth. This is not a simple process and definitely requires hard work and a heavy (and expensive) work team. Running the pipe system and connecting it is not a simple process either.
Harmful gases they exist below the surface of the Earth as well. These can include a series of toxic products that can be extremely harmful to the environment and to the people who work on the sites and even around them. Anyone who works with active sites (such as electricity) should have the ability to contain anything that may come to the surface during drilling or during the process of collecting the steam and water needed to run the turbines. Otherwise, these chemicals could cause extreme problems for anyone who is too close to the site.
Another thing that may not even be considered by the majority is that The correct concentration of steam or hot stones is necessary.. In some regions, this can not be achieved because the necessary rocks are too far from the surface and are impossible to reach by normal means.
Some of these regions are also unable to continue producing steam, however much a volcano only erupts under the right conditions, these regions below the surface may not ‘erupt’ with enough steam to feed the plants and this could be found after the Plant has already been created and established.
To ensure that the region is suitable for a geothermal power plant, the company involved has to go through A lot of work to determine what is happening below the surface.. They have to understand if the region will support a geothermal plant and for how long.
If you put all this research in a particular area to discover that it will not work, you are accumulating extreme costs without getting any kind of reward. Worse still, if they put a factory in the area and then discover that it does not work, they have lost large amounts of money.
Finally, This type of energy is not transported. That means we would have to have a geothermal power plant for every few cities or towns. Unlike fossil fuels that are used for energy and electricity, these types of energy, steam and hot water, will not be able to be transported and, therefore, can only be used in a relatively small geographical area.
This translates into fewer benefits for the factory that produces the energy, since they will never be able to expand the business to drive larger areas unless they build additional facilities and factories. One can never feed more than a few small areas.
Use or not use?
In general, there are many reasons why geothermal energy is actually a big improvement over what we currently have in terms of heating, cooling and electricity. It provides many benefits, such as reduced usage costs, faster / higher temperature changes within buildings, no pollution in the environment due to fossil fuels, less dependence on fossil fuels for nothing, improvements in the area of greenhouse gases, additional work and a completely renewable energy source that is very necessary all over the world.
At the same time, the drawbacks are the extremely high costs involved in configuring such a system and the research and extensive planning involved in the entire process. Not to mention the fact that this type of energy is not capable of generating large amounts of money for companies that invest in them because they can not be transported and can not even be installed in all regions of the country.
As a result, the disadvantages currently discourage most companies from investing in this type of energy. This means that adoption is quite slow and will probably be a gradual process.
However, this type of energy is definitely taking off in regards to the personal use of geothermal energy as a method to heat and cool homes and businesses. The initial cost of implementing the pipes and system in an individual installation is somewhat high, but the overall cost savings is attracting many people to take that leap. The fact that heating and cooling costs, as well as the reliability of them. Heating and cooling are better, it is definitely leading more and more people to this way of thinking and adopting this process.