When we finally escape from the cold winter, we tend to greet the summer by spending too much time outside. Activities such as hiking, camping and all outdoor activities are the most popular way to spend time. Unfortunately, too much time outside can leave your mark and cause you to search desperately for home remedies for sunburn.
Sunburn treatments come in many forms, but they are not always available when you need them most. If you are enjoying a time in a rural or remote landscape, it is important to remember several treatment options.
Forests and mountainous areas are not usually equipped with well-stocked stores, which means you will have to rely on the contents of your package and on nature to find a solution.
What happens during sun exposure?
When looking for information on how to get rid of sunburn, you will find a good amount of treatment options, as well as information about sunburns. Learning how to treat sunburn means you must identify the symptoms and use this knowledge to select the right remedy for you.
It is no secret that preventing a sunburn is much easier than treating it. It should be mentioned that the application and reapplication of a sunscreen lotion or spray will only take a moment of its time. While the pain will take days to disappear, then you may have to deal with some exfoliation and itching.
When your skin is exposed to the sun, it comes in contact with UV (or ultraviolet) rays. If you are only slightly exposed, you will experience a first-degree burn that only affects the top layer of the skin and is not as painful as a more severe burn. A second-degree burn occurs when the deeper layers of tissue have been affected, as well as the nerves under the skin. You will probably notice that blisters appear in the second degree sunburn and are extremely painful. Understandably, the more severe the burn, the longer it will take to heal.
Sunscreens have special protective factors that prevent harmful sun rays from penetrating your skin. The higher the sun protection factor (SPF), the more protected it will be.
Additional problems that accompany sunburn.
Discovering how to relieve sunburn goes beyond the skin and the initial burn. There are a number of other symptoms and complications that must be observed and treated as well. When you discover the best way to get rid of sunburn, consider the following potential complications:
- Heatstroke or other symptoms related to excessive exposure to heat. Symptoms of heat stroke include confusion, loss of consciousness for more than a few seconds, anxiety, seizures, shortness of breath, rapid heartbeat, excess or lack of sweating, red-hot and dry skin.
- Allergies For sun exposure or sun protection products. It is always a good idea to try any new product on part of your body before spreading it everywhere. Buy your sunscreen before the summer season begins and be sure to try a small part of the skin on the inside of your arm or thigh, where the skin is more sensitive. This is particularly important when applying sunscreen to an infant or child.
- Problems that affect your vision. as the partial or even complete loss of vision. Headaches are also common and not necessarily as a result of the sun itself. The brain is based on a specific water balance. When this balance is interrupted due to dehydration, you develop a headache.
Main risk factors
There are several factors that increase the risk of sunburn. Familiarizing yourself with the points listed below is important when planning any outdoor adventure.
- Those with clear skin are particularly vulnerable and should know how to care for skin burned by the sun.
- Knowing how to relieve the bite of sunburn is essential for those who live or visit sunny places.
- Spending an excessive amount of time working outdoors (especially daily) will increase the chances of sunburn and skin damage.
- Enjoying outdoor activities while drinking alcohol may affect your judgment and you may not realize how much the sun has affected your skin.
- Some might say that artificial light sources such as tanning beds provide safe conditions to obtain that magnificent glow. However, you are still exposing your skin to UV light, and this is still harmful.
- Some types of medications make patients photosensitive, and this increases the chances of burning even with minimal exposure.
- The time of day will also determine your level of risk. From about 10 am to 4 pm, the risk is at its highest level.
- Cloudy days may seem harmless, but you run an even greater risk of getting burned because you will not feel it.
- Altitude is also a significant factor. The higher the trip, the thinner the atmosphere will be and the less it will block the UV rays of the sun.
- The UV index of the day will also determine the risk.
Complications and long-term problems.
The way you handle sunburn and related symptoms will determine in part how long the recovery process should last. If you do not know how to get rid of sunburns as soon as it affects you, you will most likely experience more severe symptoms, and there are several complications and long-term problems that can occur.
Some of the main concerns with neglecting treatment, extreme sun damage and repeated damage include:
- The risk of infection should break the blisters and leave them unattended.
- Premature aging in the form of deep wrinkles, rough and dry skin, weakened connective tissue, appearance of fine red veins on the face, increased number of freckles and dark or discolored skin
- Precancerous skin lesions and an increased risk of developing skin cancer is a worrisome problem that is directly related to excessive exposure to UV rays
- UV rays from the sun can also damage your eyes. This is the reason why so many eyewear manufacturers promote glasses with built-in UV protection.
- There is also a greater number of cold sores.
- Other health conditions such as lupus are also accelerated by spending too much time in the sun.
There are several highly effective remedies for those looking for a way to prevent sunburns from burning and itching. The way you choose to remedy sunburn will depend on the resources available. In many cases, over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen and aspirin are very effective in terms of pain relief. Of course, if you are not near a pharmacy or a home, there are other natural options.
You may have noticed a wide range of after-sun products that contain Aloe Vera. The benefits of this plant are well known all over the world and provide immediate relief. That said, fresh aloe is a more effective option than lotions that contain aloe.
A higher level of concentration means that fresh aloe also acts faster. Choose several pieces of the succulent plant and crush the juice before applying it to the skin. Alternatively, if possible, remove the top layer of the plant to reveal the juicy flesh inside. Rub the flesh of the plant directly over the affected area.
Cold shower or compress
The skin burned by the sun is not only red and sensitive, but also releases a large amount of heat. The skin can be effectively cooled by taking a cold shower or applying cold packs. Avoid ice showers as this could be a big surprise. The warm water is the best, and you can always adjust the water temperature slowly as your body adjusts. It is important to keep in mind that your body is hot and, as a result, even warm water will feel colder than normal.
The compresses can be applied with a clean cloth or with a few layers of gauze. Moisten the compress and apply to the affected area. Let it rest a few minutes before removing it, shake it and reapply it. Shaking the cloth will cool it without having to soak it again in water. This is also very effective in reducing fever.
Add the vinegar to the bath.
If you have a bath or any other bathtub large enough to soak, prepare a cold bath and add a cup of cider vinegar. It is not necessary to add too much vinegar to the water since its main function is to regulate the pH level of the water.
Vinegar helps relieve the itching sensation, while cold water helps reduce fever and cools the skin at the same time. After soaking for a few minutes, dry your skin and do not forget to stay hydrated.
Cold milk can also be applied to skin burned by the sun. Pour milk into a clean cloth and rub gently over the affected area. Remember to use cold milk instead of cold milk directly from the refrigerator. Like the application of water, it should be cool instead of cold. Milk creates a protein film that helps soothe that bite.
Prepare a fresh pot of black tea and allow it to cool to room temperature and apply to the affected area with a clean cloth.
Black tea contains tannic acid that helps restore pH balance and at the same time calms the itching sensation.
Refrigerated cucumbers can be mixed in a paste and applied directly to the skin. Cucumbers are known for their analgesic and antioxidant properties. By cooling the cucumbers before applying them to the affected area, it will also help to lower the temperature of the skin.
This is probably one of the best proven and proven home remedies to treat sunburn and also one of the most effective. Cook a little oatmeal and let it cool. Apply the cooled paste to the affected area.
It is believed that the anti-inflammatory properties of oatmeal alleviate the skin while offering pain relief. When the oatmeal is cooled, this paste also helps to extract the heat.
Potatoes are a known treatment for soothing burns, stings, scratches and skin irritations. It is also believed to help relieve inflammation. Some people respond better to juice, while others prefer to use slices. It might be a good idea to try both approaches to see which one works best for you.
Before starting, you should rub the potatoes well. Then you can choose between grating or cutting the potatoes and mixing them. You do not need to peel the potatoes. When using the blender, be sure not to cut the smaller potatoes that would end up using a grater. If you find that the potatoes are not as juicy as you would like, you can mix them with a little water.
Once the mixture is ready, soak some cotton balls or gauze in the mixture for a few seconds. Use gauze or cotton balls to apply the mixture to the affected area. Cotton balls are effective for smaller surface areas, but if the affected area is large, gauze would be the best option. Alternatively, if you do not have the means to mix or grate the potatoes, you can slice them and apply the slices to the affected area.
Baking soda or cornstarch
Cornstarch has a soft, smooth texture and is often used to relieve burns. Alternatively, if you do not have cornstarch at home, you can try the baking soda. It is known that both products reduce the pain and redness of the skin.
The amount of baking soda or cornstarch you will need will depend on the size of the affected area. No matter which of these two you choose, you should mix it with enough water to create a paste. The water you add must be cold but not too cold. Once the paste is ready, you should distribute it over the affected area. Leave this paste until the heat or pain is reduced before rinsing completely.
There are many different types of yogurt, so you should take care of yourself and read the label carefully when making your selection. Look for plain yogurt that is specified as being grown live. This yogurt will have many enzymes and probiotics that help repair the skin. You should also be careful not to confuse vanilla with natural yogurt, as they can sometimes look similar.
The amount of yogurt you need will depend on how large the affected area is. Just wash your hands well and apply the yogurt as you would with any body lotion. The only difference is that it will not rub it but pack it to form a cooling barrier. You should sit for at least 5 minutes before rinsing. Remember to rinse with cold water instead of cold or hot water.
This home remedy may sound strange, but it can offer incredible instant relief. Shaving cream contains several ingredients (including menthol) that help to cool and soothe the skin. Shaving creams containing menthol are particularly useful since menthol removes heat and burns when it evaporates. Simply apply a layer of shaving cream to the affected area and let it take effect before rinsing well with cold water.
Blisters are a painful reminder of excessive exposure to UV rays. The different blisters require different types of treatment, and are not always cause for alarm. A small blister (intact) usually heals itself. Even if it’s a blood blister, the smaller ones are pretty harmless. You can protect the blister by applying a loose bandage and avoiding the sun, of course.
The larger and more painful blisters usually drain better. This should be done following strict guidelines and with great care to avoid infections and other complications. The first thing you should do is sterilize the needle. This can be done using rubbing alcohol or even high-grade alcohol if you are in a real bind and have few supplies. You should puncture the blister very gently. Click on the side instead of the top. This will make it easier to drain.
Gently press the vial to help this process advance and eliminate the fluid. Anyone with conditions such as diabetes, cancer, heart disease or HIV should avoid draining the blister because of the increased risk of infection.
Once the ampoule has been drained or accidentally broken, you should wash it gently with soap and water. Avoid iodine, alcohol or any other cleaning product. Do not remove the flap of skin over the ampoule, as this provides additional protection during the healing process. Only remove the skin if it is torn, dirty or if you notice pus under it.
Smooth the skin flap and apply an antibiotic ointment. Cover with a bandage and monitor. If an adverse reaction occurs, you may need to stop using the ointment. The bandage should be changed once a day or whenever it becomes soiled. At night, you can remove it and let the area air dry.
Things to avoid
When dealing with sunburns, it is important to avoid certain things that can aggravate your burn or irritate the skin. First of all, it goes without saying that it is necessary to stay away from the sun. In fact, you should also stay indoors because UV rays have a way of reflecting and reaching your skin even when you are in the shade. Other factors such as wind also burn the skin.
If you suffer from sunburn, avoid wearing tight clothing. You should also avoid using synthetic clothing (such as silk or similar materials) that does not allow the skin to breathe. This will trap the heat released from your skin and make things worse. While it is important to clean an explosion vial with soap and water, you should avoid using soap in the entire affected area. The soap will cause the skin to dry even more and this will cause more discomfort.
When to see a doctor
The tips mentioned above on how to take care of sunburns are ideal for those who suffer the effects of minor sunburn. They are useful to keep in mind when you are in a remote place without medical assistance or nearby pharmacies. With all this information on how to relieve sunburn, it is also essential to seek medical attention if you observe any of the following:
- If a large part of your body is blistering
- If you suffer from extreme pain, high fever, chills, headache, nausea or confusion.
- If your home remedy does not seem to have any effect after two days.
- It is also important to seek medical attention immediately if you notice any signs of infection. Common signs of infection include increased pain and tenderness, swelling, drainage of pus from an open blister, or red streaks coming out of the blister.
If you notice other symptoms associated with sunburn (such as dehydration), it may be best to seek professional medical attention.
In some cases, even when sunburn is not as severe, heat stroke can occur. These symptoms are alarming and dangerous. Age is another important concern since young children, babies and the elderly are much more sensitive.
The amount of time required for your body to heal from sunburns will depend on the severity of the burn and the course of action taken. It is not just about how to relieve it, but it also depends on how quickly you act and treat any additional symptoms. Mild sunburns should take between three and five days to heal and should not affect your daily activities.
Moderates may take a few more days for the bite to subside, and may take a couple of days off at work, school or other regular activities. Severe sunburn may require hospitalization and recovery may take a few weeks.
REMEDIES AND TREATMENTS