How does the bunker of the Third Reich

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A total of 32 objects of this type were built. To date, only two such bunkers have survived, B-Werk has reached our time intact. The second bunker was blown up in 1947 and covered with soil. It is a group of volunteers who have been a volunteers. Anyone who are interested in military history.

It is located near the village of Irrel. The facility was built in the years 1937-1939 in order to control the Cologne – Luxembourg highway. For this purpose, the two B-Werk’a were built on the Katzenkopf mountain, located close to each other. B-Werk Katzenkopf, blown it up.

01. View from Mount Katzenkopf on the village of Irrel.

It was rained on the ground for the 30th anniversary of the structure of the structure. the rest of the underground part was not damaged. After all the breeches of fires, it has been taken over the course of the project, since it has been restored.

02. In the photo, you’re not overdone.

The design was carried out. It was given that she was in the form of a letter. Thickness of 1.5 meters. In the case of these buildings, it was the Panzerwerk (literally: an armored structure). This property was officially called Panzerwerk Nr.1520.

03. Before the explosion of the Panzerwerk Nr.1520 was as follows. By the dark

04. The Preserved Wall See the roof of the machine-gun armored tower. Before the explosion, the armored tower of the object was dismantled.

05. In the order of the original and the volunteers of the brick and concrete. Now the roof of the Panzerwerk Nr.1520 looks like this:

06. Each Panzerwerk had a set of weapons and armored domes, which I outlined on this diagram. I will talk about them in more detail. To date, the Panzerwerk with preserved armored domes is B-Werk Bessering.

07. Infantry Fusilier Regiment (Fussilier-Regiments), who is fought from 1941 to 1944 the object. Of the soldiers of one of the battalions of this regiment of Panzerwerk Nr. 1520 in 1939-1940.

08. Before entering the village of Irrel.

09. If you’re going to be able to go down. Opposite the entrance there is a traditional embrasure. During the restoration of the blown-up bunker. The flooring of the incoming person was

10. There was a pit, 4.6 meters deep and 1.5 meters wide. In the peacetime

11. In a combat position, it was a steel bridge, for it was embrasure was built into it. It is not possible to penetrate into the object. The second entrance is located in the destroyed area of ​​the structure.

12. The diagram shows the structure of the West Wall. Each object had two entrances. Both entrances led to a common vestibule, which was also shot through another embrasure.

13. For the clarity of the upper floor. In the green, I marked the area of ​​the vestibule 16. In the gray, I marked the area, the filter case, (19), the grenade launcher mine (21), the technicals and technical premises. Survived to varying degrees: machine-gun armor dome (1), observation dungeon with observation armor (3), command center (4), contact point (5), artillery observation armor dome (6), flamethrower dungeon (11), staircase lower level (12) as well as several technical and personnel premises.

14. The upper part of the bunker. The door closed by a mesh door.

15. Behind the grid of the flamethrower barrel. In the bank is a flamethrower.

16. In the event of an enemy of the enemy. But there wasn’t any power failure. For each of them, there was a scattering of heat. Then he needed a two-minute charge. Fuel reserves were 60-80 meters. It was shown in the figure:

17. Go ahead. The main bunker implements.

18. All armored towers were blown up. Today, in their brick and concrete models.

19. The six-abrasive type towers of type 20P7 were developed by Krupp and made of high-strength steel. One such tower cost 82,000 Reichsmarks (currently about 420,000 euros). One can imagine how much the line cost, because there were 32 towers. The commander and the four shooters. The commander watched from the periscope. It was not possible to occupy it at the same time. Should always be a minimum gap – one embrasure. The thickness of the tower armor was 255 mm. There are also two large lines of walls.

20. For the 50-mm serf mortar M 19, for the 50-mm serif mortar; The range of mortar was 20-600 meters at a rate of 120 rounds per minute. The scheme of the mortar armored dome is shown in the figure.

21. The 1947 explosion of the bunker.

22. The personnel accommodation room is the only one fully reconstructed.

23. It was necessary to pass through the FWE. Thus, it was maintained inside the bunker, which prevented penetration of poisonous gases into the bunker. FWUs have been backed up.

24. Staircase of the bunker is visible. Point of contact.

25. It was still empty.

26. Observation of the type of armor type 90P9.

27. The thickness of the armored dome was 120 mm. Had two slots for all rounds. Before the explosion of the bunker.

28. So it looks now.

29. At the end of the corridor there was another room in which the personnel were stationed. This is the location of the bunker.

30. The lower level of the artillery observation armor is one of Thus, the bunker could also be used for aiming and adjusting artillery fire. The 21P7 turret doesn’t have an embrasure. There was a difference between the B-Werk Katzenkopf and the structured project, It was also the remote lost bunker.

31. From the artillery observation has been preserved.

32. The rest of the rooms destroyed by the explosion. We get down to the lower level.

33. Didn’t suffer from the explosion.

34. At the lower level of the facilities (24, 25, 40), kitchen (27) with the food warehouse (28), personnel barracks (29, 31), lower flamethrower installation 32), a staircase leading to the system is lost (33), a fuel depot for diesel generators (34), toilets (36) and a shower (37), an infirmary (38), (39) and a tank with water (41).

Now let’s see what is left of it.

35. In the corridor (35) there is a brace, leading to one of the upper level rooms.

36. Slightly injured from the site of the hospital.

37. It was one of the generators for storing ammunition.

38. The diesel generator has been received. In the case of electric heating systems, it was not a problem. Kitchen equipment was completely electric.

39. Diesel generator room also stores the traces of the explosion. From the equipment almost nothing survived. / Pgt;

40. Ammunition depot.

41. The remains of the shower room.

42. Toilets.

43. Sewage equipment.

44. In this room autonomy.

45. Moving to the second corridor (30) of the underground level.

46. ​​There are also signs of damage from the explosion. The bracket-trap is immured here.

47. One of the two levels of the underground level (29). In the corner of the room. In total, the bunker had six gas filters. Behind the door to the surface. If it was a museum, it was remade to meet modern safety standards. He is visible from the outside in photo 03.

48. In the former ammunition storage facilities there are modest expositions to compensate for the emptiness reigning around.

49. Information boards tell about the events of 75 years ago.

50. The kitchen room, from the kitchen of which only the sink is preserved. Adjacent to the kitchen for food storage.

51. For the rest of the personnel. Each room had eighteen beds on the turns of shifts. Total bunker garrison consisted of 84 people. Beds of these blenders from the smallest to B-Werke.

52. This room also contains one of the emergency exits to the surface. It had to be designed to penetrate the object from the surface. It was filled with sand. If they were pulled out of the hole, they were pulled out, they were pulled out. It was not necessary to note that it was not a ship.

This completes the inspection of the lower level. This is what I’m all about. But the B-Werk Katzenkopf had an interesting feature that significantly distinguished it from the standard design.

53. The diagram below is clearly shown on the diagram.

54. Down is such a ladder.

55. This is perhaps the most interesting part. There are no such spaces anywhere else inside the object.

56. It was originally located one kilometer away from the Nijsberg panzerverk. Plans for a narrow-gauge railway between both structures. Thus, it can be a line. But in 1940;

57. Aside from the staircase, there are two abrasives. The largest should not be connected both pancerviers. This is the case with the system.

58. Scheme of the underground level:

59. At first, I went along, which is smaller. Its length is 75 meters.

60. The battered casemate is closing in on the combat unit. Security door on the object.

61. In the case of a fire alarm case.

62. casemate looks. Similar devices were installed at all important points in the bunker.

63. There is also a staircase leading to the combat unit.

64. Climbing the stairs we get to the lower level. An emergency exit portal is located in the wall, having a typical construction for such objects. It was carried out in a machine-gun armor. This tower was a standard six-breasted type 20P7, which was installed in the main building. For three beds – this room is housed.

65. The tower itself was dismantled immediately after the end of the war. Now there is also a built concrete model.

66. Once again:

67. We’re going back to the fork.

68. On the way there is such an opening in the gut. Apparently, it’s not a matter of what the bunkers are. Now this is not to know.

69. Beautiful.

70. The height of the ceiling is 3.5 meters. After the narrow interior of the panzerverka, this underground location seems to be huge.

71. The Second World War, found in the region. On the wall there is a whole line of signs.

72. There is another opening in the wall. But it’s not known for its opening. Fifty meters under the bunker is a railway tunnel. It was a time when the panzerverks were there. Thus, it was completely unnoticeable to bring ammunition and other ammunition into both bunkers by rail. I didn’t come for plans described above.

73. There is a small casemate of water supply. It is a water pumping system.

74. The small diorama was built, it was not

75. The bunker water supply pump has been preserved in relatively good condition.

76. On the wall.

77. Heading for the exit.

This structure is When France was captured. The service has been lasted from four to six weeks, after which the garrison went on rotation. It was the time when it was taken.

In December 1944, he received an order to prepare for a battle. Wehrmacht soldiers, aged 14–16, were collected. In January, American troops approached for several weeks. In February, the number of strikes on the objects. It is clear that there has been a situation in which it can be seen. it has been blown up and filled with soil. In this state, he has stayed for a period of 1976 through 1976.

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How does the bunker of the Third Reich

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