How to build a dugout in the woods with their own hands with a stove

The dugout is not a temporary shelter, but a structure allowing to spend several months in the forest. Dugouts are usually erected by hunters, rangers, foresters. This complex device requires the cost of materials, time and effort, but it is able to shelter from rain, snow, cold for a long period. How to build a dugout with your own hands to create a safe shelter will be described in the information below.

  • Dugout in the forest: features of construction
  • 2How to build a dugout correctly
  • 3How to build a dugout in the woods with your own hands
    • 3.1Preparation
    • 3.2 Building walls and ceilings
  • 4How to build a dugout with a stove
  • 5How to build a dugout in the forest: video

Dugout in the forest: features of construction

how to build a dugout with their own handsThe dugout is a structure deepened in the ground, covered with logs, poles, and sprinkled on top with soil, grass, foliage. This is an ideal dwelling for survival in the forest, but it is not built as quickly as a hut or other temporary shelter. The special location below ground level allows sheltering from the wind inside this structure.

The dugout has its advantages over other temporary structures:

  • High level of thermal insulation, in a dugout it is warm in winter and cool in summer.
  • Well covers from gusts of wind, and in the winter from snow.
  • The inconspicuous arrangement of the structure allows not to stand out from the background of wild nature. For a hunter, this is an advantage for trophy extraction, for a forester it is an opportunity to observe forest inhabitants without scaring them with his presence. In addition, an inconspicuous dwelling in the forest is difficult to find for other people who can plunder the house in your residence.
  • If you follow the correct construction technology, the dugout can last for a long time.
  • For heating facilities do not need to spend a lot of energy.

The main advantage of the dugout is that it is a kind of simplified version of this house, where you can safely spend the winter.

How to build a dugout

In order for the dwelling to be comfortable in terms of thermal insulation, protection from wind, precipitation, and dampness, it is necessary to properly build it, observing some important points:

how to build a dugout in the woods with your own handsThe dugout is a structure deepened in the ground, covered with logs, poles, and sprinkled on top with soil, grass, foliage. This is an ideal dwelling for survival in the forest, but it is not built as quickly as a hut or other temporary shelter. The special location below ground level allows sheltering from the wind inside this structure.

The dugout has its advantages over other temporary structures:

  • High level of thermal insulation, in a dugout it is warm in winter and cool in summer.
  • Well covers from gusts of wind, and in the winter from snow.
  • The inconspicuous arrangement of the structure allows not to stand out from the background of wild nature. For a hunter, this is an advantage for trophy extraction, for a forester it is an opportunity to observe forest inhabitants without scaring them with his presence. In addition, an inconspicuous dwelling in the forest is difficult to find for other people who can plunder the house in your residence.
  • If you follow the correct construction technology, the dugout can last for a long time.
  • For heating facilities do not need to spend a lot of energy.

The main advantage of the dugout is that it is a kind of simplified version of this house, where you can safely spend the winter.

How to build a dugout

In order for the dwelling to be comfortable in terms of thermal insulation, protection from wind, precipitation, and dampness, it is necessary to properly build it, observing some important points:

  • When choosing a site for construction, it is necessary to proceed from some parameters: it is better if it is some kind of elevation. Then the dwelling will be dry and warm, because all the water flows into the lowland (both rain and melting snow). Building on a hill will save building materials and time to build a shelter. In addition, the place should be with soft earth, without stony soil, the roots that interfere with the construction of the dugout.
  • The entrance to the dugout should be on the leeward side of the hill to keep warm inside it.
  • During construction, it is necessary to take into account the proximity of vital resources to housing – water, food.
  • If a dugout is a temporary shelter on the way of finding an exit to people, it should be erected in those places where it is possible to give a distress signal at any opportunity.
  • Do not select marshland for the construction site.
  • The roof of the dwelling should be single-pitch, repeating the angle of the hill to avoid cases of flooding, retaining heat inside the shelter.
  • Observing these simple conditions, you can proceed to action, as you can build a dugout.

    How to build a dugout in the woods with your own hands

    It is clear that in the conditions of survival in the forest there is no possibility to have everything necessary for the construction of a long-term earthly shelter, tools and materials. Under such circumstances, it is necessary to somehow get out of the situation, replacing the materials listed below with any analogues that are in stock. So, for the construction of the dugout will need:

    how to build a dugout in the forest

  • Roofing material to cover the roof and floor. Instead, you can use branches, leaves, grass, bark, spruce branches. If it is used, it will need about 5 m3.
  • Poles (about 70 pieces of 6 meters and 120 pieces of 5.5 meters).
  • Wire (8-10 kg). In the absence of this material, you can use the bast, thin willow branches.
  • Iron to shelter the roof. For an ordinary dugout it will be enough two sheets.
  • Timber, boards, chipboard, insulation, and other building materials that may be useful for the construction of a warm home. Instead of ready-made insulation, you can use dry moss.
  • Windows and doors can be made of lumber, or installed in a ready-made form, if there is such a possibility.
  • The furnace, if you plan to build heated housing.
  • Nails, screws of various diameters, lengths.
  • From the tools you will need: an ax, a hammer, a knife, a saw, a building tape measure, a level, a shovel.

    Training

    To build a dugout in the forest, it is necessary to draw up a detailed drawing of it. If conditions do not allow, and the time for construction is very limited, you can do without it.

    It is necessary to consider the external and internal diameter of the room, as well as its height, then proceed to the preparation of the site for construction. The place is cleared of twigs, grass, then a dimple of about 6 by 7 meters deep 50 cm is dug out.

    how to build a dugout

  • Roofing material to cover the roof and floor. Instead, you can use branches, leaves, grass, bark, spruce branches. If it is used, it will need about 5 m3.
  • Poles (about 70 pieces of 6 meters and 120 pieces of 5.5 meters).
  • Wire (8-10 kg). In the absence of this material, you can use the bast, thin willow branches.
  • Iron to shelter the roof. For an ordinary dugout it will be enough two sheets.
  • Timber, boards, chipboard, insulation, and other building materials that may be useful for the construction of a warm home. Instead of ready-made insulation, you can use dry moss.
  • Windows and doors can be made of lumber, or installed in a ready-made form, if there is such a possibility.
  • The furnace, if you plan to build heated housing.
  • Nails, screws of various diameters, lengths.
  • From the tools you will need: an ax, a hammer, a knife, a saw, a building tape measure, a level, a shovel.

    Training

    To build a dugout in the forest, it is necessary to draw up a detailed drawing of it. If conditions do not allow, and the time for construction is very limited, you can do without it.

    It is necessary to consider the external and internal diameter of the room, as well as its height, then proceed to the preparation of the site for construction. The place is cleared of twigs, grass, then a dimple of about 6 by 7 meters deep 50 cm is dug out.

    After that, a recess of another 50 cm is excavated along one of the walls; this will be the floor of the future dwelling. Meter deepening leads to the exit of the building, which is equipped with steps. The elevated strip above the ground 50 cm forms a place for a stove bench inside the building.

    Walling and ceiling

    The next stage is the construction of rafters of wooden beams. The first way to install them is to support the pillars directly on the ground, and the second is to run into a cant or metal pipe laid in the perimeter of the dwelling. If there are anticorrosive, antiseptic substances, they should treat the places of contact of the bar with the ground. After installation of the supporting pillars, roofing is formed. On the rafter system are placed poles with maximum density to each other. Poles are attached to vertical rafters with nails or wire.

    how to build a dugout with their own handsIf you can’t get even poles, you can use branches, reeds, reeds, bundled. The walls are covered with roofing material from above, and the gaps between the poles can be plugged with soil, clay, moss, or any available insulation. Roofing material will not allow the soil between the poles to crumble or rain. The end of the roof is covered with the same materials, and a window and a door are arranged on the sides. The installation of the doorway and the window are best done during the installation of the truss system, this will remove some of the load from it. If it is not possible to install a good door, you can cover the entrance with any porch, as long as it tightly closes the opening and does not allow rainwater to penetrate inside.

    After laying the poles on the roof, it is necessary to make its insulation, at the same time to form a protective layer. The frame is lined with several layers of soft clay, each of which must dry out before laying the next layer. The end part is also necessary to impose clay. Instead of clay, you can use turf covered with roofing felt. In order to prevent leakage inside the building during the rain, around the perimeter you need to make drainage channels of clay.

    The walls and ceiling inside the shelter can be insulated with foam plates.
    The earth on the floor is covered with roofing felt, on top of which are laid wooden boards, sheets of chipboard or plywood. You can lay wooden logs, and then do the flooring.

    How to build a dugout with a stove

    A dugout with a stove is practically a full-fledged house for wintering, sometimes even warmer than a usual wooden house, since it keeps the heat well and for a long time after the furnace is damped. To install the stove at the stage of installation of the truss system, it is necessary to provide a place for it and a pipe outlet. The distance from the rafters to the stove should not be less than 50 cm. If this distance is not observed, the walls around the stove and chimney, as well as the rafters should be covered with fire-fighting compound, foil or some fire-resistant material.

    how to build a dugoutIf you can’t get even poles, you can use branches, reeds, reeds, bundled. The walls are covered with roofing material from above, and the gaps between the poles can be plugged with soil, clay, moss, or any available insulation. Roofing material will not allow the soil between the poles to crumble or rain. The end of the roof is covered with the same materials, and a window and a door are arranged on the sides. The installation of the doorway and the window are best done during the installation of the truss system, this will remove some of the load from it. If it is not possible to install a good door, you can cover the entrance with any porch, as long as it tightly closes the opening and does not allow rainwater to penetrate inside.

    After laying the poles on the roof, it is necessary to make its insulation, at the same time to form a protective layer. The frame is lined with several layers of soft clay, each of which must dry out before laying the next layer. The end part is also necessary to impose clay. Instead of clay, you can use turf covered with roofing felt. In order to prevent leakage inside the building during the rain, around the perimeter you need to make drainage channels of clay.

    The walls and ceiling inside the shelter can be insulated with foam plates.
    The earth on the floor is covered with roofing felt, on top of which are laid wooden boards, sheets of chipboard or plywood. You can lay wooden logs, and then do the flooring.

    How to build a dugout with a stove

    A dugout with a stove is practically a full-fledged house for wintering, sometimes even warmer than a usual wooden house, since it keeps the heat well and for a long time after the furnace is damped. To install the stove at the stage of installation of the truss system, it is necessary to provide a place for it and a pipe outlet. The distance from the rafters to the stove should not be less than 50 cm. If this distance is not observed, the walls around the stove and chimney, as well as the rafters should be covered with fire-fighting compound, foil or some fire-resistant material.

    Pipes for ventilation and a stove are installed in front of the roof cover, and two pipes are installed for ventilation – one at the highest point of the roof, the second at the lowest, near the ground. The chimney pipe is installed above the place where the stove will be located; it must be made of non-combustible material, usually iron. The stove is usually folded from a brick or a stove is installed. The simplest version of the stove – made from barrels. Its installation is made at a level below the floor so that moisture on the ground does not accumulate, and the floor is warmed up. To reduce heat loss, it is necessary to install adjustable ventilation, and carefully seal all the gaps between the wall and ceiling cladding logs.

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