How to build a temporary shelter during a hike, everyone should know. After all, a ready-made tent or a sleeping bag is not always with you, and a roof over your head is the main thing, besides food and water extraction, what a person thinks about in the forest, especially if the journey takes place in conditions of winter nature. How to build a hut in the woods with your own hands, you can find out further.
- How to build a hut in the woods with your own hands
- 1.1 One-leaning hut
- 1.2Double huts
- 1.3Tent hut
- 1.4 Recess cover
- 2 How to build a hut in the winter in the forest
How to build a hut in the woods with your own hands
A shelter in the forest should protect from wind, rain or snow. In the forest, the easiest way to build a hut, because there are all the necessary materials for this. There are three types of temporary shelter: a detached hut, a side room, and also built in a recess. In addition, by design, they are hipped, single and dual gable. Before you start building a hut in the forest, you need to find a suitable place. This should not be a depression in a narrow gorge, the river bank or the bottom of a canyon, as well as the foot of the mountain.
If you need to make a hut in the mountain forest, you need to choose a shelter of auxiliary type, one or two sides of which will be made of wood or parts of the rock. The installation is done in such a way that the entrance is facing the opposite vertex. Along the perimeter of the homemade tent you need to dig holes for the drainage of rainwater.
If you need to build a hut in a flat forest, you need to choose a place based on weather conditions. In cold, dry weather, you need to choose a place in the recess, and in rainy weather – on a hill. In order to make a shelter, you need an ax, a rope, a knife. If there is no rope, spruce roots are a great substitute. Other tools are not so important, and with themselves usually nothing happens except the above.
A shed type shelter is a shelter that protects from the wind and reflects heat from the fire like a screen. A hut is built between two trees. Between them you need to fix the crossbar of the pole, to which the rafters are fixed at an angle of 45-60 degrees. On them parallel to the ground, you need to fasten a few more poles to create a kind of lattice, the skeleton of which needs to be covered with vegetation that protects from wind and precipitation. Coniferous spruce branches or branches with large leaves are well suited for this. The branches are attached to the crossbars, starting with the first lower level to the top. Thus, the water will flow down the wall without getting through the foliage. Several short logs are placed on the ground, on top of which thin poles are laid. On top of them you can lay spruce branches, the “bed” is ready.
Another variant of a lean-to shelter is built near a broken tree. It is necessary to find such a tree so that the rift is at a height of no more than two meters above the ground. The part of the trunk lying on the ground is covered with long branches as a roof covering, the ground under the trunk is also covered with branches.
One of the variants of the gable hut can be built if, to the above described single-fold shelter, add a second side of a pole, transverse crossbars, covered with spruce branches or branches.
The second variant of the gable type consists of a sequence of actions:
- It is necessary to find two strong rag-racks, thin rods and a long pole as a support.
- Racks are installed in the ground for about a third of their length.
- On the rack mounted horizontal pole.
- The floor is tilted to the pole attached thin branches that perform the function of rafters.
- Top rafters covered with branches with foliage, spruce branches, grass.
- Covering material is located from the bottom up to prevent water from penetrating inside.
- At the entrance to the hut you need to arrange your fire.
A hip-top hut is made up of young, thin, long poles, which are cut from extra branches and foliage, set by a cone. You can attach them to each other, and around the trunk of a tree. From above it is covered with grass, branches. If you make a big tent hut, you can place a fire inside it. To exit the smoke from above, leave the uncovered part. But at the same time, the fire should not be too big; when kindling, use only hardwood firewood so that there are no sparks.
The temporary shelter built in the recess is something middle between a dugout and a hut. To do this, you need to find a small depression in the ground or dig it up yourself. Thin branches with covering material (spruce branches, grass, reeds, leaves) are mounted on top of the shelter, inside the building the ground surface should be covered with the same, if there is no sleeping bag.
How to build a hut in the winter in the forest
In winter, you can also build a shelter that protects from snow and wind. The main thing is to have a warm sleeping bag with you in winter. To build a winter hut, you need to find a suitable place on a hill, clear it of snow, so that a small depression is obtained. Next, you need to prepare the necessary quantity of coniferous spruce branches and poles. Lapnik need to be cut down from the lower branches of trees. Poles can be used from old, dry trees, it does not have to be young trees. It is necessary to lay out the floor of the future structure in part of the chopped up coniferous lapnik in such a way that there are no sticking branches. Then from the top of the frame in dense rows of foliage without gaps and crevices. On the sides of the hut also need to be well covered with pine spruce branches, in parallel with this, covering the walls with snow bricks, if it is dense. The entrance to the shelter can be covered with hanging spruce branches. Such a structure will be warm and spacious enough to spend the night.
Thus, without having any available means, except for an ax, a knife and a rope, you can easily build a temporary shelter for the night in the forest, as well as shelter from snow, rain, wind. It is good if there is any covering material with you – a tarpaulin, polyethylene, thick fabric, then the task will be somewhat simpler. If not, spruce spruce branches, grass, wide and thick branches will serve quite well as a heat and moisture-proof material. In winter, dense snow will also serve as a good insulating material. More detailed step by step instructions can be viewed on the video how to build a hut in the forest.