With recent spikes and increases in oil and gas prices, consumers like you can find ways to build a wood-burning stove to save money and energy. Undoubtedly, this may be one of the best moves you are about to make because not only will you save lots of cash to build wood stoves, but you can also save fuel and gas, something that Mother Nature should owe of.
And with all this money that we spend on monthly public services, which include gas for cooking, it would be prudent for us to allow our creativity and ingenuity to enter and help us design homemade stoves, which we can use to cook food and perhaps to heat our homes .
So much so, not only that these homemade stoves are very easy to make, they are also energy efficient and some tips on how to do them will be shared in the last part of this guide.
Did you know that you could actually build wood stoves from scraps, such as gas bottles, water tank, electric water heater, steel barrel, steel plates and paint cans, to name a few? Well, we do not have to emphasize this, but materials that you think have no use could be your solution to save fuel and, eventually, reduce the monthly expense you could have spent on cooking gas.
Definitely, there are more benefits than one to make a wood stove, and apart from those mentioned, you can also work to heat your home, something that will help you save more energy, especially in the winter, as long as you select the right wood to use to burn, something that we will discuss later in this guide.
Construction of wood burners.
Definitely, one of the easiest gas bottles to make and also the most efficient one, which sits in your garage or yard for years, may have its purpose, a better purpose of serving, apart from rust buildup. And making your own homemade wood stoves is not a difficult task at all; Perhaps, it has been one of the most popular DIY projects around the world, demonstrated by numerous online guides that show you how to make one.
At a minimum, you will not need many of the tools you can imagine and some of these stoves do not even require the use of welding tools. However, the first concern is to equip you with the basic tools you would need for this project. Some people use diagrams that print from online sources and that contain a specific design to build the wood stove. However, it is not so much to worry about any kind of diagram because you can use your creativity to design your own homemade stove.
For the most part, you will need a saw, a drill, a grinder, a screwdriver, a hammer, a set of pliers and a file, some of the tools that are commonly used to repair things in and around your home. In terms of the welding equipment, you may need it depending on the base material you are going to use for your stove.
For raw materials, which will dictate the tools to use, choose the right ones when making a wood stove, and the most basic of all is a used steel barrel with a removable lid or cover that allows to re-attach and block. in for your safety. Consider what was stored, as a flammable material, in the barrel before using it for this project. And for security reasons, many people opt for used water tank heaters and not for gas bottles.
Whichever you choose, make sure you have a lid to open and close. So, in general, it is whether to use a diagram or not, but regardless of what you choose, make sure that this design has a good exhaust and an adequate air intake and that it also offers fire safety.
Building a wood stove from a sheet of metal.
Preparing your materials
Prepare a sheet of mild steel, preferably one of a minimum of 3 millimeters but not thicker than 6 millimeters, only unless you have an industrial machine to use for thicker materials. Ideally, this thickness would be good for heating well, as long as it does not deform.
However, do not go below the ideal thickness of 3 mm of sheet steel. You also need an angle grinder, a jigsaw, a file and a sandpaper. The most important thing is that you will have to have a lot of patience and perseverance, as you will learn ways to do it. how to build a wood stove It can be a challenge.
Designing your wood stove.
Use sketch software, such as Google SketchUp to design your stove. It’s free and easy to use even for beginners. Think about how great you want to make yours. For example, you can use a thickness of mild steel of 4 mm with dimensions of 1200 mm by 625 mm for this stove. You can start, in the most basic part, by doing the front, the sides and the back of your stove, creating a kind of bucket network and then folding them to make good corners, something that works better than welding the plates and then spending hours Grinding to finish without problems.
Hold the upper part with solder and then place a baffle inside to improve the burn before placing the bottom of the stove with the bolts (* for easy cleaning). Then, you can start working on the legs with more steel blades to make small legs at an angle. If you ever run out of steel, you can also use the legs of an old chair.
Grind or cut your wood stove
The next stop is to cut or grind. Start grinding a groove inside it and then start cutting the metal sheet strip. When you finish the box, you can have 500 x 200 x 250 millimeters (LWH). Use an angle grinder to bend the stove at the corners. First, use a thin 2-millimeter cutting disc to cut a groove, and then use a normal cutting disc about 4 mm thick to create a wide groove.
Obtain a good fold by cutting approximately three quarters of the thickness of the steel. Then, to open the stove door, you can mark its curved top and then use a thin grinder and a jigsaw to make a cut at the corners of the stove.
Welding / folding of your wood stove.
For the body of the main box, you can run a weld bead just below its inner corners once its box is formed, but this does not have to be too clean. Weld your front part inside and out and then the flat and soft part. This part should look good because it is visible.
For the deflector, cut a piece of metal for it, which could go from the back of the body of your box, leaving a small space in the front, ideally about 30 millimeters so that hot air can be forced around, keeping Secondary heat and constant burns. Then you will have to cut the top and begin to weld it in place, starting from the outside. Keep in mind that this has to be solid and, at the same time, beautiful.
You can take your time rounding the corners so you do not have to stay stuck in them. Then, make the upper part larger by about 50 millimeters so that you can make it more usable, creating a measurement of 600 x 300 millimeters (L x W). Now you can cut a hole in the top of the stove by punching some points around this circle before cutting them to form holes with your puzzle. You can keep this piece for the damper in the fireplace.
Inside and below, you can start welding small tabs so that the base is fixed. Drill and tape with adhesive tape so they can allow small countersunk bolts with Allen wrench, if any. This base should be sitting flush with the bottom of the stove.
Creation of the door, hinges and air vents.
For the door, you can start cutting a little more of your metal sheet, making it 10 millimeters larger around so you can make a good seal with the rope. To seal the door, use a rope and the correct glue to join it completely. And then, for the hinges, you can cut small tabs with a flat bar and then drill them so they can accept a six millimeter round bar.
You can use a six millimeter threaded rod on both hinges before aligning them for welding and then removing it before fully welding your round bar into the bottom bars. In this case, the door can lift the hinges and leave the plug of the stove in the box.
Mark the shape of your vent and drill the corners of your shape and then cut them with your saw Use a hammer to make a bit of a mockery and a file for tickling. Place a thin vent hole over it to rotate and then reveal the holes, but then you must have a wire handle so it does not get too hot. You can also start installing a vent on top, just above the stove door, allowing secondary combustion.
You should not worry because it is very simple to do and that you can only place the flat bar on its front and then drill both pieces to align the holes up. And then, begin to weld the small brackets so they can slide before making a ring on your forehead.
Making the shot and the legs.
Get a smooth steel tube about four inches thick (with its wall two millimeters thick). It does not have to be too thick because much of the heat is absorbed in the body of the stove. Cut 1000 millimeters and 500 millimeters to create a reed mechanism to join them with a pin. It only needs to be 1.5 meters above the top of the stove, which is about two meters above the ground, which means that the height of the head is sufficient.
Place the draft regulator on the shortest section of the stove through the piece you cut from the top of the stove and then weld two bolts, going through the holes located on the sides. You will have to weld the bolts, making sure they are inside the chimney. Then, you must weld a small lever to operate the damper from the outside of the stove. You can use a 24-inch steel rule to create a collar where the chimney can be placed, and then roll it up to create a good circle that you can weld around the hole you can find at the top.
For legs, you can use the legs of an old school chair and then weld a few nuts inside your stove before sending a bolt from your side so you can easily remove the stove for easy transportation.
Painting and finishing the stove.
Spray your wood stove with paint that is heat resistant and can last a few years. However, make sure you have filed out the rough edges, as well as the lumpy welds. You should also sand the surface of the stove with a sandpaper to obtain a smooth finish before spraying paint. Some cooking is needed after spraying, and this will cure the paint so that it lasts longer. Light a soft fire on the stove for a couple of hours.
Then, make a basic grid with a thick wire mesh, although you can change it later because it has a tendency to bend in the middle, which requires that you crush it every time you use the stove.
Learning efficient firewood tips.
- Remember that a clean wood stove is a hot wood stove, so keep it always clean. You must remove the soot from the stove to make the heat more efficient. Otherwise, the efficiency of the heat would be affected because the heat would not conduct well. Clean it more often if you use it every day.
- Keep in mind that several types of wood can also provide different levels of heat. As you already know, hardwoods can release more heat than softwoods, although the latter is much cheaper. Soft woods can only be good alternatives for firewood during the beginning and end of winter when the temperature is not so cold. They can also produce cleaner burns without turning your home into a sauna. However, it burns quickly, so you may want to combine hardwood when burning it.
- Are you thinking where to put your wood stove? Determine the location of your fireplace, unless you are looking to make a new one to accommodate this new wood-burning stove. Remember that it may be imprudent to have more than seven feet of stovepipe that will connect the stove to the chimney due to an excess of creosote to accumulate.
- Place the wood stove approximately 36 inches away from any combustible material, including furniture, walls and doors. You can also reduce the clearance of a 36-inch to 12-inch stove by using a heat shield on which a 28-gauge metal sheet can be used. This type of shielding should be mounted on the ground providing one inch of air circulation between the wall and the stove.
- If you want to heat your property with the wood stove, you can place it near the middle of your house or where you spend most of the waking hours, since the wood stoves are not central heaters to circulate heat even in rooms or remote corners.
- There are consumers who burn designer records, which have low amounts of energy production. They can work properly if you want the logs to burn simply for the environment, but not enough to heat them.
- See if there is correct air flow in the fireplace and if the air is going through and does not return through your wood stove. Now, if I could feel a current of air, then the air flow is coming through the hearth of the stove and is not coming out. To solve the problem, crease some old pages of newspapers and then place them as high as possible to enter the stove and go to the fireplace. You can start to light the newspaper, while the air begins to suck the ball going towards the fireplace, reversing the flow of air.
As you can see, the construction of a wood stove does not require rocket science and neither does it need any luxury material or tool to create one. By learning this skill, you will surely feel proud of yourself, as you can save money to buy a commercial. Then, if you have scrap metal or a used water tank, heater or gas bottle, get it and gather the rest of the materials to build a wood stove at this time. Finally, you should also learn some tips that we mentioned above to make the most of a wood-burning stove.
Feel free to share this article with friends who may also be thinking of building a wood stove for themselves.