A firearm can be the difference between life and death in a survival situation. For personal defense, the firearm can offer a level of protection that is unparalleled with any other means of self-defense. In addition, it offers you the possibility of quickly and efficiently disseminating a dangerous situation, without having to participate in a hand-to-hand combat.
Many times, only the presence of a firearm can cause a perpetrator to reconsider an attack on you or your family. When there are lives at stake, you must make sure that your firearm is functioning optimally. Furthermore, owning a firearm can also help provide quality nutrition for you and your family in a survival situation. The ability to hunt quality protein sources can really give you an advantage when it comes to fighting for basic survival.
Part of being a responsible gun owner is keeping your gun clean and operating at optimal levels. A dirty firearm is unreliable, unpredictable and unsafe for you and those around you, so today we are going to talk about how to clean a gun. Because there is a wide variety of firearms, we will cover the basics:
- hunting rifles,
- Semiautomatic rifles.
For specific instructions on how to clean your particular firearm, we suggest you obtain information directly from the manufacturer.
Cleaning a gun
It is extremely important to spend some time thoroughly reviewing the owner’s manual of your firearm, before beginning to clean it. If you were not provided with a manual at the time of sale, ask the manufacturer or online. All firearms require disassembly before cleaning.
Before starting, make sure you are familiar with the structure of your firearm, the tools used for disassembly and the recommended points for lubrication. Otherwise, the firearm could be damaged or injured.
You will need a basic set of cleaning tools that includes:
- gun oil
- dirt of dust
- patch and patches
- a drill brush
- cleaning rod
- nylon cleaning brush
- a small diameter flashlight
Because you will use extremely toxic chemicals and compounds, you should work in a well-ventilated area. Cover your work surface with a tarp or layers of plastic bags. On top of that, place a few layers of newspaper, or paper towels. This makes an absorbent surface easily removable when finished cleaning. Safety glasses and gloves are recommended to minimize your exposure to toxic chemicals.
Make sure the gun is unloaded and pointed in a safe direction before doing anything else. Very often people do not make sure that the firearm is discharged before cleaning it and end up with a serious or even fatal injury. Keep in mind that you must keep all the ammunition away from the solvents and the gun oil, as they can cause a misfire.
It is rarely necessary to disassemble a gun completely, except for repairs. For a semi-automatic, the firearm is divided into the main components, the slide, the barrel, the frame, the guide bar and the loader. This is where it becomes necessary to be familiar with the basic structure of your firearm.
In general, a single-action revolver requires only that the cylinder be removed from the frame, while for a double-action revolver you only have to turn the cylinder to the open position. You may also need to remove the grip or the grip panels as well.
Step by step cleaning
You will probably spend most of your time cleaning the barrel of your gun because leaving a layer of debris in your barrel can corrode the rifle and reduce the accuracy of the weapon. Apply a generous amount of solvent to your orifice brush and push it back and forth through the hole. Be sure to use a lot of solvent to get good results.
Once you are sure that the hole is thoroughly scrubbed, remove the brush from the hole of the cleaning rod and add a patch. Pass the patch through the barrel, just as you did with the brush. The first patches will come out quite dirty, so they should be cleaned with new patches until they come out clean. Look through the hole with a light; If the interior still shows signs of debris, repeat the process until the hole is clean.
Apply a small amount of gun oil on a clean patch and grease the hole (for a revolver, you must do this process for each chamber). Now, apply some solvent to a nylon brush and rub the outer parts of the firearm. Use rags to clean excess solvent and debris.
Lubrication points are different for each firearm, so it is important to know your owner’s manual well. Revolvers do not require much lubrication, while simple actions require oil in the cylinder pin and ratchet. Double actions also need lubricant on the ejector rod.
Also, make sure you do not lubricate your gun too much! Too much lubrication makes it easier to build up scale and dirt on the gun. Reassemble your firearm and cycle the action several times to make sure everything is working properly. This will also extend the lubricant throughout the weapon.
Basic rifle cleaning.
Because there are hundreds of different rifles out there, we will cover the cleaning of a basic bolt action rifle. For instructions on cleaning your specific firearm, check the owner’s manual, either physically or online. This can not be emphasized enough.
These are some of the basic concepts you will need to clean your rifle:
- a way to keep the rifle in place
- Screwdrivers, etc. for disassembly.
- the owner’s manual
- small container for parts
- basic rifle cleaning kit
- gun oil
- safety glasses
- a protected and well-ventilated area to work, as described above
The first thing you should do is make sure the gun is discharged. This simple ten-second step can save your life or the life of someone close to you. Visually check that the gun is not loaded!
For quick cleaning, you can remove only the bolt and the sight, but for a deeper cleaning, a complete disassembly is necessary. This is where the owner’s manual comes in; Be sure to put all the small pieces in a container so you do not lose them.
Put on your glasses and gloves to protect your eyes and skin from toxic chemicals in the solvent.
Step by step cleaning
Check the inside of the gun and make sure everything looks good, if you are unsure, check the owner’s manual. Wipe quickly with a soft cloth or paper towel. Wipe off any visible dirt or grease. It is a very good idea to cover the wooden stock to protect the finish of the solvent or gun oil.
Soak your cleaning pads with solvent and run the wand through the snout to the gun head. Do not pull the patch back through the barrel, remove the dirty patch and pull the rod back. Repeat this process until you get most of the dirt and solids removed. Check your barrel by looking down with a light to make sure everything is removed. You can also use a copper brush.
Run the dry and clean patches through the barrel until they come out relatively clean. While cleaning the barrel, you can soak or spray the other metal parts with solvent. Clean them well after soaking them. Before soaking the painted parts, you’ll want to test them to make sure the solvent does not break the finish.
Now is the time when you would put a wood cleaner or treatment on the paper, if you wish. Remember, that a firearm is an investment, and keeping it in the best possible conditions will preserve its value to a great extent.
Spray all main parts with rust protection. Some people choose to skip this part, but I would not. Once again, you want to do everything possible to protect your investment. Lubricate anywhere the firearm slips or rusts. The owner’s manual can help you make sure you do not miss a place.
Finally, reassemble your firearm and rub quickly to give it a great shine.
Cleaning a semi-automatic rifle.
Because the AR-15 is one of the most popular semiautomatic rifles that exist, this is what we will use for our instructions. Thousands of RAs have been purchased in recent years, most of them by people who have no idea how to disassemble and clean them safely.
As always, it is a good idea to obtain an owner’s manual. You can get a hard copy from the manufacturer or get one online. Each model is different, and improper mounting of your rifle can cause injury or even death to yourself or others.
As with any firearm, prepare your work surface as described above. Be sure to have glasses and gloves on hand, as well as a container for the pieces.
Here are some basic elements you will need to clean your AR:
- safety glasses
- basic cleaning kit
- copper solvent
- gun oil
- Dismantling tools (see owner’s manual).
- clean and soft rags
Step by step cleaning
Remove the bolt support and separate the bolt, including the hammer and cotter pin that holds it. It is not necessary to remove the trigger mechanism and handguards unless your rifle is exceptionally dirty. It is recommended to clean the activation mechanism, as well as the handguards before storage.
Then, spray solvent into the chamber and lock the holes in your rifle and let it sit for a few minutes to dissolve the debris and dirt. Clean well with a camera brush, and rinse the chamber with more solvent. When everything is well and shiny, dry the area with a clean, soft cloth or compressed air. Cleaning the camera is the most tedious part of cleaning your rifle, but a quality solvent and the right tools can help make the job much easier.
If you have only slowly fired some ammunition, you may not need to clean the barrel, unless you have used corrosive ammunition. If you have made some quick shots, you should pay close attention to the cannon. This will require a solvent of good quality and a lot of cleaning. Begin by packing some patches soaked with solvent in the barrel and let the solvent sit for a few minutes. Follow with some clean and dry patches. Apply more solvent and run a brush through the hole a few times. Follow it with the patch soaked in solvent, to remove dirt.
After that, ram a few patches soaked with copper solvent through the hole and let them sit for a while. Next, run a few patches soaked with solvent in the hole and check that they are clean. The solvent in the gun is necessary to neutralize the copper solvent. Follow these with some dry patches. If you plan to keep your rifle for a while, follow those with a patch soaked in gun oil to protect your cannon.
You can clean the firing pin holder, the cam and the bolt with a rag to clean them. After intense use, you will really have to scrape and rub the bolt. Get the worst of the mess with a scraper, drop the rest on a tray with solvent and let it soak for a while. Scrape and scrub a little more, and repeat the whole process until everything is clean and well.
Clean the charger, the upper and lower receivers and the gas port down with a soft cloth. Clean the buffer assemblies and recoil rings, too. Polish the outside of the barrel with a clean cloth. Apply a very light layer of oil on the rifle for protection.
If you have used too much oil, or have just used your rifle a lot, you should also rub the trigger. Clean and spray with compressed air. If you need additional cleaning, remove it and rub it. Again, this is not something you want to try without the owner’s manual.
Disassemble and clean the charger body, spring and follower often. A few times a year are appropriate, unless your rifle has been used intensively. To keep an AR functioning optimally, you need to keep it wet. Apply lubricant generously to the bolt body, the wear points on the bolt carrier, the load handle and the cam pin. Squirt a few drops at the firing mechanism while you’re at it.
Finally, cycle the action several times to circulate the lubricant and make sure everything is reassembled correctly.
Cleaning your firearms takes only a few minutes and will protect your investment. In a survival situation, you want your firearms to be in optimal condition and ready for action. These basic instructions are an excellent starting point to help keep your firearms clean. Remember to consult your owner’s manual before disassembling your firearm, and if you are not sure how to properly disassemble your firearm, ask an experienced professional to show you the ropes.
Finally, never forget to make sure that your firearm is not loaded, sounds simple, but it can be the difference between life and death. Better safe than sorry.
WEAPONS AND ARMS