Surviving lies in preparation and sustainability, and a clear sign of being sustainable and self-sufficient is having your own “secret” SHTF garden. For this, you will have to learn to make mulch to feed your plants. What exactly is mulch and why is it good for your garden? Well, the best way to ensure that your crops have everything they need to grow fully and feed you and your family is to “feed” your crops as well. Now, the thing you will feed it with is called mulch.
First, you have probably noticed that organic is the best possible option, whether we are talking about fertilizers for food or for gardens, that is perfectly normal since all you need is organic mulch to make your garden healthy and fertile. To improve things, making your own mulch will probably cost you nothing or very little.
Mulch is a type of organic mix that is used to “feed” your plants by spreading over the flower bed and soil. It has the purpose of adding humidity to the soil and helping the soil retain and obtain the humidity necessary for the production of crops. It will also work very well for your garden by keeping the plants warm during the winter and also keeping them pleasantly cool during hot summer days. It works as a completely organic, healthy and pesticide-free fertilizer, so there are all the good reasons possible to choose to use mulch.
That is why we will discuss the issue of mulching, so you can use your own compost when necessary instead of buying expensive pesticides and / or fertilizers. Let’s start with a little gardening first by learning how to make a good old, healthy mulch to keep your crops healthy and your garden rich!
Step # 1: Find the right place
The first step would be to find the right place in your garden. The right place would be the place you normally do not use at all: a clear patch of your backyard where nothing is planted or planned to be planted. The place you choose should be completely free of leaves, plants and grass, just land, nothing else. You will mark that place and make it completely flat. This is the place where you will make your mulch. If there is grass under the thick layer of mulch you will make, the grass will die below and around.
Step # 2: Collect
The mulch is made of organic material, so all the necessary material can be collected from everywhere. You can start picking leaves in the fall. Whatever the other type of organic material you plan to use, the leaves will surely be an excellent base for your mulch.
While cleaning your garden every day as the leaves fall, pick up the leaves and place them in a barrel or cart until you fill it all. Collect as many leaves as you can, since you can make more mantles at the same time. This is what the other pile of mulch can do to:
Mulch as compost
To motivate your plants to grow better and faster, you must feed them with minerals and everything they need for proper growth. That is why you can also use mulch as a compost. The process of making mulch will be the same.
The only difference is that you will have the mulch that has made you rest longer with all the “ingredients” that rest longer than the real mulch. In that way, all the organic material you used to make mulch will have more time to decompose, change the chemical content and act differently when in contact with the soil and plants, making the soil more fertile. You can mix compost with mulch, combining two layers, one of each, to apply on the ground in your garden.
Step # 3: Shattering
The leaves harvested for your mulch should be crushed well before placing them in the place you have chosen as the place to keep your mulch. There are several techniques you can use to crush the leaves: you can crush them using a shovel or you can have the leaves ready to be covered with a lawnmower.
If you are using a lawn mower, simply place the blades in the place you have previously chosen for this purpose and simply pass the blades with a lawnmower. However, the easiest way to take care of the crushing is to use the actual crusher. You can place the shredder right next to the point of coverage so that all the shredded leaves go directly to where they are supposed to.
If you do not have a shredder and plan to mulch more than once, you should probably consider buying one for your personal use just to make all the work around shredding a lot easier than it would be if you chose to work. With a shovel or a lawn mower.
Step # 4: Wooden sticks and chips.
In addition to collecting leaves, you should also collect other organic materials that you can find around your yard, including sticks, twigs, and wood chips. You can also use remains of cut grass, which you would not have to crush, as it will decompose more easily than organic wood matter.
To crush organic wood material, we recommend that you use an electric wood chipper to have all the material crushed correctly and ready to add to the crushed leaves.
Then, the wood material should be added to the leaves by spreading the wood chips through and over the leaves to rest.
Step # 5: Let it rest
The mulch he has made should rest all winter, so that means he should have it in decomposition for more than 3 months. During the fall, you can collect any organic material that passes through your mind, crushing or grinding for this purpose. If you want to compost with mulch, you can add the harvested fruits that can not be eaten, but can have a great purpose. comes to help your crops grow better If you are preparing compost, you should let the mulch rest a little longer and use it in summer or at the end of spring.
Step # 6: Apply
When your mulch is ready to be used, you should be careful with the way you apply it, considering the amount you are using for your garden or flower beds.
Use the mulch in early spring by applying it with a rake, spreading it evenly over the surface where your crops are planted. The mulch layer should be about 5 cm thick. Each time the layer is thinned, you must add more mulch and renew the layer so that it is 5 cm thick again.
During the fall, you must still add the fertilizer to protect your plants from freezing as the fertilizer will do a great job to protect the seeds from the cold weather. During the summer, you can use mulch to prevent the plants from overheating during heavy heating.
Benefits of using organic mulch
The best thing about having organic mulch done is that you can do it all yourself so you know what kind of material you are using for your plants. That way, you will know that there is nothing that could harm you or the well-being of your plants added to the mulch solution. You know that your mulch is completely pesticidal and does not contain toxins.
Second, you can make the amount of mulch you want and when you want. You can make several piles of mulch and use it as compost. In this way, your plants will grow better as the compost acts as a fertilizer, expanding all the possibilities of successful growth and thriving gardening.
If you are having trouble controlling the growth of weeds in your garden and still do not want to use pesticides to get rid of the grass, the mulch is the right choice. You will have a pesticide free form to get rid of all the weeds. The mulch prevents weeds from growing and, in case you have problems with the rebellious weeds, it will prevent you from collecting all the useful minerals that would do well for your plants.
When talking about all the benefits of home-made mulch free of organic pesticides, we have to highlight the importance of protecting your plants from high temperatures and the vicious cold on cold winter days.
When using mulch, you will keep your plants warm during the winter. This is supposed to be nature’s work: the snow falls and covers the ground, heating the plants, but if there is no snow when the days are the coldest, only the “resistant” plants such as weeds will survive the winter. If you do not want to try your luck and have chances to wait for your plants to survive, you can immediately apply mulch to protect your plants.
During the summer, the soil becomes drier and the amount of water used for irrigation grows proportionally with the heat, as their water bills increase accordingly. To try to keep moisture in the soil that will benefit your plants, you can make the mulch spread through your garden, using a layer of 5 cm. It will also prevent plants from overheating and dying due to the extreme heat that could occur in case the temperatures are above normal.
Apply properly mulch
Before applying that layer of mulch of 5 cm and spreading it on the ground, you must first make sure that the area is completely free of weeds.
You must remove all the weeds from the ground before applying the mulch, otherwise, the weeds could grow through the mulch. If you remove it from the ground before applying the mulch, the mulch solution will prevent it from growing back, keeping all the minerals useful only for the plants you are growing instead of having wild weeds using all the benefits of the minerals that you need so much .
Not all parts of your garden are affected by direct sunlight, some places are probably under shade. Shade spots in your garden should have less mulch applied. For example, the shaded parts should have 2.5 to 5 cm of mulch applied and, according to this rule, garden stains under direct sunlight should have that number doubled.
What you need to know is that you should never apply too much coverage, which means that the maximum thickness of the covering layer should not exceed 10 cm. This is the case because you need to allow the plants to breathe.
Finally, if you want to prevent the mulch from completely decomposing into compost, you should place a plastic sheet underneath, this will prevent the organic materials you used to make the mulch from completely decomposing, keeping the mulch fresh.
Having your own garden and being able to take care of everything for yourself in a spirit of sustainability is very important for any SHTF scenario that may occur. By learning to make mulch, you are taught a new way to be sustainable so you can make the most of your crops and keep the soil healthy for years.
On the way, you can save money, since the ingredients for the coverage will not cost you anything or very little. The only thing you should consider investing in is buying an electric sheet crusher so that crushing is much easier. You can rent an electric wood chipper so you can use it to shred wood chips and twigs, but if you plan to make long-term mulch, we also recommend that you invest in buying one for your personal use.
Having a garden of your own is a true blessing and a real benefit when it comes to survival, and now that you know how to make and use mulch, gardening can only be easier.
DO IT YOURSELF