One of the best ways to protect yourself and your family is to make sure your home is well insured, regardless of whether you are there or not. Most, if not all, of today’s homes come with some kind of locking mechanism whose main objective is to keep intruders out and keep their valuables.
Padlocks are often placed on doors, windows and any other implement that serves as an entry or exit to the structure, where the owner has at least one or two keys and a couple more that are strategically located around the perimeter in case Lose or forget your main keys.
Most people who do not want to take risks use two or more door locks to better protect themselves and their assets. Some even use multiple locking systems for even greater protection. With the progress of society as it stands, door lock technology has remained almost the same over the past decade, with electronic lock systems that have recently been introduced. Traditional locks are still the preferred system, as they are more reliable, flexible and do not depend on electricity for their blocking potential.
Electronic door locking systems offer great value if you are in an area where electricity flows constantly and you do not hear blackouts, but one disadvantage to using them is their complexity, additional power and very specific structural and electrical requirements that do not they always fit the budget. I like.
Traditional locking systems are purely mechanical and rely on a combination of simple machines to operate without the need for electricity and circuit boards. Traditional locks have few disadvantages, which include being easy to choose and owners who constantly lose their keys.
Several owners implement multiple locking systems to complement their traditional doors and also order additional key sets in case they lose their keys when they leave. However, some entrepreneurial owners have taken on the task of learning to choose a locked door in case something goes wrong and they lose all their keys.
Benefits of knowing how to choose.
Knowing how to open a door lock not only gives you a special set of keys to use in your own home, but the skill can also be useful in some situations, especially if it is a life or death situation and the only thing between you. And security is a lock on the door.
Some people have even taken the selection of the lock as a hobby, always having a variety of collection tools with them. Picking competitions have even become a sport with a growing number of enthusiasts and audiences.
Types of door locks
So that you can begin to learn how to choose a locked door, you must first know and understand the mechanics behind it and then learn to differentiate between the different types of locking mechanisms that are currently on the market.
Various types of blocking mechanisms.
The blocking mechanisms are the internal mechanisms of a blockade. There are several types of locking systems, but the three listed here are the most common.
Pin lock – Probably the first locking systems known in the world, pin-type drum locks were first used in primitive Egyptian civilization using components and wooden keys. This was an important milestone in Egyptian architecture during this period. Technology eventually evolved into what we know today.
Peg drum locks are commonly used in cylindrical systems where a cylindrical hole is drilled in the outer casing of the lock. The main entry point for the keys is called the plug and has a flat slot on the top or bottom, while the opposite side has the lever that activates the locking bolt.
The key slot would have flanges that would prevent the dowel pins from falling to the straight edge. The key pins are inserted into holes that are drilled vertically along the hole in the key that also contains the pins of the driver. These pins are loaded by spring, which means that they are responsible for making sure that the pins of the key respond accordingly to the key itself.
Once everything has been assembled, the key is inserted and the keys of the key align with the curves of the key and the pins of the driver will help the keys of the key stay aligned so that they can easily go along from the edge of the key hole.
Wafer tumbler lock – The wafer vessel works using the same principles as the plug lock with a difference. The key pins used in the pin lock act as a unit, while the key pins or wafer of the wafer blade system act as a single unit per key pin, which makes it a little harder to choose than the brush. Some manufacturers have designed crushable wafers that allow for easier replacement during maintenance.
Cup blocking lever – The jar lock lever uses levers that prevent the retraction pin from moving in the lock while it is engaged. The mechanics are quite simple, since the key is inserted in the hole of the lock, the levers are raised slightly to allow the springs to be hooked on the bolts and the unhooking of the key will allow the levers to rest on a different notch that can not be moved unless the key is inserted again.
Different locking mechanisms mean that there are several ways to combine them to form a single type of locks.
Privacy lock – These locks are placed on the interior doors and serve as protection against accidental entry into areas such as the bedroom and bathroom. Most of the privacy locks available in the market use the pin lock.
Entry lock – These are the locks placed on the external doors and are made of high strength material so that they can withstand the elements and other forces. The entry lock sets can use the pin dryer or the wafer dryer system.
Security lock – The safety locks are called as such because they do not move at all once the retractable bolt has snagged in its hole in the frame. They often use the lever system of the lever and are mainly used for exterior doors.
Mortise lock This locking assembly consists of a long, rectangular box that is placed inside the door frame and generally has two or more locking systems that act as a single unit. Most mortise locks have a bolt and an entry lock that can be locked on both sides. These are often used in places where additional security is needed and mainly for exterior doors.
Night latch Night closures are installed inside the door and often lock automatically and can only be opened with the key. This lock is always used with another type of door lock and can also be found in a mortice lock system.
Electronic entry system – The latest addition to the family of door locks, the electronic entry systems provide keyless access to any area as long as you have the access card with the appropriate access code. Electronic systems are popular in offices, as they can also serve as the time monitoring system for employees.
How to choose a padlock
There are other types of door locks and locking systems, but most of them are hybrids and most use drum systems, since it is easier to make and maintain. There are several ways to choose a lock using a variety of tools and those listed below are some of the most common ways to do it. If you want to practice, buy a new lock better or get a spare to avoid compromising those already installed in your home.
Disclaimer: The purpose of this article is to educate you on how to choose padlocks in case of emergencies and for fun and any criminal activity that results from any skill learned in this article is not the intention of the author.
Lock selection set
This is a specialized set of tools that professional locksmiths and thieves use to open doors. There are different sets of tools per selection set and it is up to the user which tool would you prefer to include in your arsenal.
Contents of a blocking selection set
The typical sets of locks selection include the following elements:
- Torque wrench – This is used to apply force or torque to the key connector to hold any key pin in place.
- Selection of half diamond – the tips are used to manipulate the individual key pins while the torque wrench keeps them in place.
- Chosen ball – This selection is used for the wafer cups.
- Key strokes – These are your master keys of the modern era. They are keys that have the same size and fit the lock, but the irregular edges are cut at the same height.
To use a locking selection kit, place the shortest part of the torque wrench inside the key cap and determine which force should be applied to rotate the locking cylinder. Apply light pressure on the key in the correct direction and hold it down when you feel an obstacle. While holding it in position, insert a pick in the top of the key hole and look for the individual pins.
If you feel that the pins are easy to manipulate, hold the key harder and then feel the pins again. Once you feel a stubborn pin, try pressing it until you hear a click. Once you hear a click, it usually means that the driver’s pins have been placed in their respective vertical holes. Repeat the process until all the controller pins are in place.
Once all the driver’s pins have come out of the key cylinder, turn the lock with the torque wrench to unlock it.
Common items found inside your home can also be used in place of the lock selection kit. This would include scissors, paper clips, safety pins and screwdrivers. As long as the items you use are small enough to fit in the keyhole and strong enough to not break when pressure is applied, then you should be able to open any drum lock.
When using paper clips, smooth them carefully so that one can act as the torque wrench, while the other acts as a pick.
For scissors, you can use them if the space between the door and the frame is wide enough to accommodate its thickness. Insert a blade of the scissors into the space near the bolt and slide slowly downwards, once you reach the bolt, try pushing it towards the door and open it once it has been separated from the frame. You can use the same process for knives and screwdrivers.
If you have a set of screwdrivers small enough, you can use them instead of the torque wrench and pick up. Be sure to use flathead screwdrivers for this task, since the Phillips screwdrivers will have a larger circumference.
You may have to make a trial and error with these elements, but once you learn everything, everything should be easy.
Key strokes – If you have a spare key that has lost almost all of its jagged edges, then you can use it as a key stroke. You can pair it with an ice punch or a very small screwdriver that would act as a pick, while the tap of the key serves as a torque wrench.
Credit cards – Credit cards should never be used to open a locked door through keyholes, as it would destroy the card itself. However, credit cards can be used to choose a door that has a sufficiently large space between the door and the frame. The gap must be wider than the thickness of the credit card for this to work.
Also, if you value your credit card, you may want to use another low value card such as rewards cards, debit cards, a thick business card or even a library card, as long as it is strong enough to support the pressure to which it would submit. .
Using your card, place it through the space at the top of the door lock and slide it down. Once you feel the retractable pin move, gently move the card to cover the entire bolt and turn the handles as you normally would. If this method does not work, it means that the screw is oriented so that it can not be moved.
Note that this method opens the door but does not unlock the lock, so you may want to unlock it while it is open.
Elastic band – Rubber bands can also be used in the same way as credit cards. As long as the separation is wide enough, then you should be able to use rubber bands to open a closed door. Make sure that the rubber band is long and stiff enough for this task; The resistant rubber will do the trick.
Once you have the rubber band ready, use a paper clip to insert one end of the rubber into the door frame and manipulate it gently so that it comes out of its side of the door again with the retractable bolt between both ends. When you have this ready, pull both ends of the elastic band until you hear the click. Make sure you open the door as soon as you hear it open, otherwise the lock will simply return to your repository.
Providing additional security
In these modern times, those who come with malice take all the forms and so that you can improve the security of your home, now it is a protocol to install at least two locking systems of plug and another variant that helps to reinforce your protection. Let you sleep at night knowing that even those trained to choose a padlock could not enter.