As a responsible person, living on planet Earth is extremely important in learning how to prepare for a natural disaster, regardless of your current location. Mother nature is a patient entity but, from time to time, even she has her moments. Those moments cost us human lives and destruction, losses of billions of dollars and traumas.
Some natural disasters are predictable and give you time to prepare before the moment of impact, but others awaken you in the middle of the night without the slightest warning. That’s why getting ready thoroughly and in advance can give you the superior advantage.
Types of natural disasters and their characteristics.
When we say natural disasters, we refer to earthquakes, floods, tsunamis, tornadoes, hurricanes, landslides, volcanoes, forest fires, extreme heat, extreme cold, etc. As you can see, there are many natural events that can kill us and those we love in a matter of seconds. This idea should not cause you to panic, but should generate alarm signals in your head. If you have not thought about preparing for natural disasters, now is the time to start!
The main advantage we have (besides preparation) is that some of these disasters favor certain areas. But, by highlighting the word “some”, many disasters do not need a special place to be born.
Natural disasters that occur in a certain area:
- Volcanic eruption – This occurs only where there is a volcano and scientists can predict this type of event. In general, volcanoes let you know that they wake up with seismic activity and smoke.
- Hurricanes– They usually occur along the coastal areas of the Pacific Ocean (even so, the rules are meant to be broken).
- Landslides – These are a natural phenomenon produced by human activity. Massive deforestation and a certain type of soil lead to landslides.
Disasters that do not care about geography:
- Tremors – difficult to predict and almost always unexpected (unless you live in an area with frequent earthquakes)
- Tornadoes – they only need ideal conditions for them to occur (dry air meets humid and heavy air). They seem to be in favor of certain areas, but do not be fooled by their behavior. Tornadoes do not happen only in Tornado Alley!
- Forest fires – It is the natural event when you burn vegetation, forests and everything around you. If the fire is accompanied by extreme heat, it is extremely difficult to suffocate it. We can find fire and vegetation anywhere on Earth, which means that a wild fire can also occur anywhere.
- Extreme heat – It does not happen only in the desert or in Africa. Due to global warming and the greenhouse effect, the global temperature is increasing. More and more regions have the problem of extreme heat that can be accompanied by the problem of wild fire. In addition, the extreme head during the summer can mean extreme cold during the winter.
The main conclusion after listing the major natural disasters on our planet is that you should be prepared for almost anything. Start today by learning about the main risks in your area and learn how to prepare for a natural disaster on that list.
Choose the one that is most likely to happen and make a survival plan. Do not forget to include your family in the creation of the plan, in this way they will better understand the risks and how to avoid being caught without being prepared. Do not ignore disasters that occur infrequently, since everyone knows that one of them can happen before the one that is most likely to occur. Mother Nature is full of surprises and loves to play with the 4 elements.
The complete guide on how to survive.
The three main things you must do to be prepared to survive natural disasters are the following:
- Create a survival plan with your family, according to the disasters that may occur in your area;
- Prepare an emergency kit for each member of your family and keep it in an accessible place;
- Consider other disasters you can go through and get ready for them too.
Remember: even an anticipated natural disaster can deviate from the guard, so prepare everything in advance, practice your survival plan at least twice a year and always check your emergency equipment for supplies.
How to create a survival plan:
- Locate all possible escape routes. The house (and do not consider only the obvious ones like the front and back doors). Be sure to consider the windows from which you can jump without hurting yourself, the garage door, the basement windows through which you can exit, etc. It is very important to know how to get out of the house from almost every room. When caught, it is very likely that you will not be able to use conventional escape routes.
Involve your family in the search and creation of escape routes. In this way, in case of high stress and panic, they will be able to remember what they thought.
- Locate all possible places of refuge near your home. After leaving the house, you need to know where to go. Discuss with your family the plan to find a shelter and agree on common places to meet in case you are not together when disaster strikes. Also talk about routes and means to reach the refuge.
- Designate a contact person you trust and live in another area or state. This person should be the one any of you can call to get news about other family members. During a natural disaster, families often separate, so you need a contact person. Talk to your family members and agree on the best contact person.
- Practice, practice, and then practice a little more! The theory is, in many situations, very different from the practice. Errors occur when you do not do a routine practice exercise and, in the case of a natural disaster, an error could cost you your life. The importance of practicing your plan, at least twice a year, will show its value in the actual disaster. Practice different situations with your whole family.
For example, if you are preparing for an earthquake, ask the participants to imagine different parts of their house destroyed by the seismic movement. Ask them to find a safe place to hide during the earthquake and teach them how to get out of the house after it’s all over.
- Try a different approach During your practice how to survive natural disasters. Try to escape with your eyes closed or with a blindfold. In this way, you will be more aware of the surrounding environment if the disaster occurs at night and there is no electricity. Also, if there is a fire and you can not see it due to smoke.
- Draw an outline of the evacuation plan and place it on the refrigerator door or in a place that is very visible from the entire house.
- Do not scare the youngest members of your family. Children may not understand that this is just a drill and the idea of a natural disaster will definitely scare them. Stay calm and explain as best you can that this is for security measures and you need to learn what to do, just in case. If you are really young, try to make them understand using stories or toys. Ask a professional for help if you can not make your children understand.
Now that you know how to put together a survival plan, let’s see how to actually implement the plan during a natural disaster. To make sure that you and your family go through hell and get out safely, you must make some difficult decisions.
The first, and probably the most important, is for what kind of disaster you want to train. If you live in a less blessed area, you may have more than you need on your plate. For example, in 2004, Hurricane Ivan was the cause of 127 tornadoes in 9 different states. Even two days after the hurricane lost its power, Alabama was hit by tornadoes created by its destructive power.
- Check with local authorities and determine the main hazards you may face.
- Try to create separate plans for each type of disaster, but also highlight the common points.
- Always stay updated and try to have at least three alarm systems in the house. Outdoor alarms may not be enough, so be sure to receive a text warning by phone or mail. Local authorities use these systems to warn the population. Also include a battery-operated AM / FM radio in your warning system kit.
- Watch the news when there is bad weather or earthquake alerts.
- Place your emergency equipment in a waterproof bag so that, in case you need to walk in heavy rain, your supplies are protected.
- Be very careful when deciding what to put in the emergency kit. You will need objects of the following categories:
- Food – non-perishable foods such as energy bars and canned foods
- Sweet water
- Clothing: it is better to use more layers to be able to adjust the body temperature according to the environment.
- Footwear: always take a pair of backing and make sure it is waterproof
- Medications: if one of the members of your family needs special medications, prepare them to put them in the emergency kit. The same if you have pets under medication.
- First aid kit
- Accommodation, such as sleeping bags and tents, if you need to sleep under clear skies.
- Security items such as flashlights, batteries, pocket knives, multiple tools, etc.
- Do not forget the needs of other members, such as pets and babies.
- Consider including a firearm and ammunition in your emergency kit (if it is legal in your area). In general, natural disasters attract all kinds of bad people who try to benefit from their disorientation and pain.
- Always make sure you have enough cash. In case of disasters, people tend to empty ATMs in the area. Banks are also closed if there are electricity problems or other systems do not work.
- It is better to pack extra emergency kits for your car and one in case you need a delegation.
And remember to be patient, but very vigilant and aware of your surroundings, if you want to survive and protect your beloved.
Life after surviving the apocalypse.
There is a lot of information on how to prepare for a natural disaster, but nobody can really prepare it for the “post-disaster” stage. During the disaster, the adrenaline is at the highest level and you are happy to be alive and safe, far from the wrath of nature. After everything calms down and the authorities say it’s safe to go home, he realizes that the beautiful world he used to know is no longer so beautiful. Natural disasters have a special way of going around the world that, in many cases, causes people to approach despair.
The plan to survive natural disasters must have a final chapter in which to prepare for the worst situation. The problems begin with minor damage to the property for the complete and total demolition of your home and everything you have worked for. The before and after picture can be extremely different from one place to another, so when you start your trip back home, you should be prepared. Also try to prepare your family members for this type of situation.
One of the safest ways to protect your assets and property is to have good insurance. This should be included in your plan for surviving disasters; Actually, it must be one of the first steps you take to prepare. Preparation means taking care of the things you left behind as well. This way, if the worst happens and your house is flat, you can begin to rebuild and recover your losses. It will be difficult but not as difficult as starting from scratch again. Check with local authorities and discover the best way to insure your personal property against natural disasters.
In conclusion, natural disasters test our nerves and our spirit strength every year, but if we live everything by chance, the only person we can blame is us. There are ways in which we can prepare ourselves and our families and ways in which we can protect our assets, we just need to access knowledge and learn from other people’s experiences.