How to protect yourself from ticks during a hike: tips from experienced tourists

Ticks are potential carriers of infectious diseases hazardous to human health. Every year a large number of victims seek help from medical institutions. To rest or trips to nature are not clouded, it is very important to know how to protect yourself from ticks, and how to act after a bite.

bloated tickContent

  • Habitats dangerous neighbors
  • 2How to protect yourself against ticks
    • 2.1Safe clothing
    • 2.2 Protivokleschevye drugs
  • 3 First aid
  • 4The effects of tick bites on humans

Habitats dangerous neighbors

Ticks are the oldest group of arthropods on Earth. The world fauna has more than forty thousand species. Some eat mostly plant debris, while others have adapted to drink blood. Parasites carry pathogens of various diseases.

The mites are moisture-loving enough, so the main habitat is a well-moistened area. Such places can be shaded deciduous or mixed forests, dense thickets of grass, forest ravines, willow thickets. The man himself also provokes the accumulation of bloodsuckers. Leaving unmade branches, leaves, people thereby create a favorable microclimate for habitats of dangerous insects.

Tick-borne EncephalitisIn everyday life, there is a myth that ticks fall from tree branches. However, this is not true. Insects are waiting for their victims on the overgrown grass along the paths along which people walk, on stumps and stunted plants.

In the pine forests, the grass is mostly dry and does not grow, therefore there are practically no ticks. They are not found also on the mowed lawn lawns. In order not to breed parasites, it is necessary to destroy fallen leaves and plant debris.

Recently, the number of victims among the townspeople has increased. This suggests that mites do not necessarily need a forest for their livelihoods. They can be found in the park, squares, playgrounds. They need vegetation in the form of high grass, which retains moisture near the ground.

Mites begin to show their activity at temperatures above 5 degrees Celsius. The most dangerous period falls on the sunny days of May, June and August, September. When the temperature drops to 5 degrees below zero, parasites in a daze overwinter in piles of leaves. Accordingly, at this time a person is not exposed to the threat of a bite.

How to protect yourself from ticks

When hiking or walking in a wooded area, you should know how to protect yourself from ticks. Compliance with certain aspects may help with this problem. The main thing is to try to avoid places where parasites accumulate, and remember about protection methods.

Safe clothes

Before going into the forest, you need to carefully consider how to protect yourself from ticks in advance. Mechanical protection in the form of safe clothing can cope with this problem. You can use the fact that there is a wardrobe, and you can buy a special suit. The main thing is that clothes meet certain criteria:

  • the fabric should have a slippery structure so that the mite would be uncomfortable to grab its paws and crawl upwards;
  • light shades allow you to quickly detect the attached insect;
  • pants must be tucked into boots or socks;
  • feet should be rubber boots or other closed shoes;
  • it is better to have a high neck on the neck or a kerchief is tied;
  • a shirt or sweater is recommended to fill in the pants;
  • the thing should have tight cuffs;
  • a hood or cap can be put on the head;
  • clothing should be comfortable and comfortable.

Since the tick is crawling from the bottom up, you need to follow the careful protection of the lower body. The parasite can crawl to the body through the slits of buttons or buttons. So wear things with a zipper or no fastener at all.

In this way, you can protect yourself from both ticks and other harmful insects in the forest. But, if you have a long time to be in the area of ​​increased activity of parasites, it is recommended to get a special protective suit. The fabric of such clothing is dense enough that the tick is not able to bite through it. In addition, it has chemical protection. All costumes are treated with acaricidal agents.

clothes for hiking in the forestAfter the walk, you need to thoroughly shake all the clothes, examine your body and comb your hair with a comb with fine teeth. If you remember how to protect yourself from ticks with clothing, then nothing will spoil your rest.

Tick-borne drugs

As you know, special means can help protect yourself against ticks. The drugs are divided into three groups:

  • acaricidal – destroy parasites;
  • repellent – deter insects;
  • combined – kill and repel the smell of ticks.

tick remediesAcaricidal preparations contain insect acaricide alphamethrin. Aerosol remedy causes nerve paralysis in ticks, and insects simply fall away from things. The most effective medications include:

  • spray Taiga-Antikleshch;
  • vegetable origin Milbiol;
  • Picnic Antikleshch;
  • Allergof spray;
  • Tornado;
  • Reftamide;
  • Gardex aerosol Extreme and others.

The products are very active and harmful, therefore it is recommended to put them on clothes, wait for things to dry, and then only put them on.

Repellent preparations help avoid contact with ticks. Sensing diethyltoluamide, they try to crawl away to the other side. The protective agent is valid for five days. It is not as toxic as acaricidal, so it can be applied to things and unclosed parts of the body. The most popular repellent drugs:

  • Extreme from mosquitoes and ticks;
  • Gardeks;
  • DEFI-taiga;
  • Gal-Ret;
  • Reftamide and others.

These drugs can be protected from ticks and mosquitoes. Funds are more than a week.

Insecticide-repellent substances retain the qualities of two groups. It is not recommended to put them on the body:

  • Gardex Extreme;
  • disinfecting Medilis-comfort;
  • Aerosol Moskitol Special protection against ticks;
  • Kra-Rep;
  • Mite-kaput and others.

Children under three years old are prohibited from using repellent and combination preparations, as this includes chemicals that are dangerous to the child’s body.
Many parents wonder how to protect themselves from tick bites without harming their baby. Quite effective means are the methods of traditional medicine. Fragrant essential oils well repel blood suckers, without compromising the health of the child. But first you need to make sure that he is not allergic to these funds.

 

 

First Aid

If you are going on a hike or just walking in nature and having figured out how to protect yourself from tick attacks, you should also familiarize yourself with the provision of operational assistance, if you have bitten the parasite.

The bite itself is very difficult to notice, as the tick releases saliva, which anesthetizes the wound. Once an insect is found, you need to try to get it out immediately.

  • It is necessary to take manicure tweezers or a special device. If there are no devices, improvised means may come up. We need to take a thread, make a loop and throw it around the proboscis.
  • Tightening the loop, you should gently, shaking from side to side, pull the tick, turning it around its axis.

tick removalAcaricidal preparations contain insect acaricide alphamethrin. Aerosol remedy causes nerve paralysis in ticks, and insects simply fall away from things. The most effective medications include:

  • spray Taiga-Antikleshch;
  • vegetable origin Milbiol;
  • Picnic Antikleshch;
  • Allergof spray;
  • Tornado;
  • Reftamide;
  • Gardex aerosol Extreme and others.

The products are very active and harmful, therefore it is recommended to put them on clothes, wait for things to dry, and then only put them on.

Repellent preparations help avoid contact with ticks. Sensing diethyltoluamide, they try to crawl away to the other side. The protective agent is valid for five days. It is not as toxic as acaricidal, so it can be applied to things and unclosed parts of the body. The most popular repellent drugs:

  • Extreme from mosquitoes and ticks;
  • Gardeks;
  • DEFI-taiga;
  • Gal-Ret;
  • Reftamide and others.

These drugs can be protected from ticks and mosquitoes. Funds are more than a week.

Insecticide-repellent substances retain the qualities of two groups. It is not recommended to put them on the body:

  • Gardex Extreme;
  • disinfecting Medilis-comfort;
  • Aerosol Moskitol Special protection against ticks;
  • Kra-Rep;
  • Mite-kaput and others.

Children under three years old are prohibited from using repellent and combination preparations, as this includes chemicals that are dangerous to the child’s body.
Many parents wonder how to protect themselves from tick bites without harming their baby. Quite effective means are the methods of traditional medicine. Fragrant essential oils well repel blood suckers, without compromising the health of the child. But first you need to make sure that he is not allergic to these funds.

 

 

First Aid

If you are going on a hike or just walking in nature and having figured out how to protect yourself from tick attacks, you should also familiarize yourself with the provision of operational assistance, if you have bitten the parasite.

The bite itself is very difficult to notice, as the tick releases saliva, which anesthetizes the wound. Once an insect is found, you need to try to get it out immediately.

  • It is necessary to take manicure tweezers or a special device. If there are no devices, improvised means may come up. We need to take a thread, make a loop and throw it around the proboscis.
  • Tightening the loop, you should gently, shaking from side to side, pull the tick, turning it around its axis.

In the event that the extraction is wrong, the head may come off and stay inside. Then you need to wipe with cotton wool dipped in alcohol, the place of the bite and the needle previously calcined on the fire to pull the head out like a splinter. Then the wound should be disinfected.

If you don’t get the bloodsucker on your own, you need to contact the nearest trauma center.

Having stretched the parasite, it is necessary to place it in a hermetic container, for example, from a medicine or a vial or put it inside a plastic bag, and tie the neck tightly.

Then you should fill in the label, indicating in it the full name and contacts of the victim, the date, time and place of the tick detection. After that, you should immediately contact an accredited laboratory to check the insect for infections.

The effects of a tick bite on humans

Ticks can be carriers of infections that are dangerous to humans. The category of particularly serious diseases include:

  • viral encephalitis, in which the brain and the nervous system are affected, can cause nerve palsy and death;
  • Transmissible Lyme disease – Borreliosis, affecting the lymphatic system, joints, heart rhythm and other internal organs;
  • monocytic ehrlichiosis causes pathology of the cardiovascular system, acute renal failure, interstitial pneumonia;
  • granulocytic anaplasmosis provokes the development of anicteric hepatitis with increased transaminase activity.

In addition to these diseases, tick-borne infections affect the lungs, causing pneumonia, pulmonary hemorrhage. The liver is also affected, causing dysfunction of the digestive system.

Ticks are active carriers of several types of microbes and viruses. Therefore, so that they do not disturb, follow simple, but effective methods of protection.

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