Nowadays, people are beginning to pay more attention, not only to what they are eating, but also where food originates from. If they are derived from animals, people want to know if animals are raised humanly. The growing desire for organic pork that originates from animals raised in non-abusive and animal-friendly environments makes some people seek to learn how to raise pigs. When you raise pigs for meat, if you succeed, it can be quite lucrative.
There is value in pork, since almost all parts of a slaughtered pig are a source of consumable food. Ham, ham, bacon and sausage are some of the most common meats. The meat jelly or the head cheese is made with the head of the animal, the pig scratches are made with pig skin, and even the blood and the cicada, the liver, can be used to make black pudding or blood. The manure produced by pigs is also valuable.
Before you can take the pigs home, you must have a place to house them. Pigs require a shelter that is warm and dry and some type of protective cover when there are adverse weather conditions. The shelter provided to your pigs must be large enough so that the animals can wander and move without having to pile up.
Consider the following when preparing and preparing a shelter for your animals:
- If you already have a stable for pigs, you are ahead of the game. Keep in mind that allowing pigs to enter the barn means that you will be transporting pig manure out of the barn regularly to keep it clean.
- If you have a stable, you can set up a pen around the barn door opening: doing so will allow you to establish a lot of space for your pigs.
- An adult pig needs a minimum of 50 square feet of free space to move, which helps avoid overcrowding.
- Make a plan for the pen. When doing so, assign a pen that is twice as long as its width. It will give the pigs a good stretch of space to walk.
- When preparing the pig pen, place the food source and the pig shelter on one end, and the pig water supply on the other: you must do this because the pigs will often urinate and defecate near the source of the pigs. Water.
- To keep your pigs caged and safe from possible predators, you must place a fence around the enclosure. A board has to run along the bottom of the fence’s work; It makes the area very tight and prevents pigs or predators from digging under the fence.
Secure pig housing
At a minimum, you should place some extra wire around the piggy box. The adequate security for your pigs will guarantee your safety, both escape and attack, and the protection of your investment. If you are building your fence from scratch, you can implement the following measures to ensure the security of the cabinet:
- To prevent the escape of pigs, build a solid wood fence and enclose the pig area.
- To prevent your pigs from pushing against the wooden fence you build and forcing their way through it, add a welded wire 4 and # 215; 2 inside the fence.
- If you allow your pigs to roam freely in a pasture, a stationary or moving electric fence could be ideal.
Do not try to cut corners by not providing your pigs with at least some kind of shelter. Pigs, if exposed to the sun for long periods of time, may suffer sunburn. If the weather is cold, the pigs will want to take shelter from the wind and cold air.
At a minimum, a partial shelter is needed and most farmers recommend a minimum of 15 to 20 square feet of space to provide their pigs with adequate coverage and shade. Consider the following characteristics:
- When erecting a partial shelter, the roof has three sides and an open entrance. You can place the shelter in one of the corners of your piggy box.
- The roof must be a minimum of four feet high for ample space.
- Under the eaves, you must leave an opening to escape excess heat in late spring and summer months.
- During the warmer months, securing a shade cloth in the room helps to cool the area.
- During the winter months, a bed of hay helps isolate the shelter so your pigs can stay warm.
Pig mud bed
Your pigs should wallow in a little mud, as it helps them keep their body temperature regulated. If they get too hot, they can roll and play in the mud to cool down quickly. The ability to cool and find relief from extreme stress in the heat setting allows pigs to feel comfortable, but helps prevent induced or heat-related heart attacks.
In the event that you feel you do not have enough space in the yard to roll over, you can do one of two things: Extend your enclosure or use a children’s pool as an area where your pigs can cool down.
The mud wall must have a lot of mud, but also a little extra water so the pig can lie down and roll in the muddy water too. You can easily add a section of clay to a part of the pen you built. That is how:
- Decide where the pen will place the mud. You must separate the area from the rest of the pen.
- Add low height fences to the section of the area. As an alternative, you can dig a trough around the space you are sectioning.
- The soil must be loose, so you will have to cultivate the mud area.
- Once the mud has been dug, add enough water.
- Monitors the water level of the mud. If more water is needed, add a little. Daily monitoring of water levels is recommended.
- To ensure the integrity of the bed and to limit the accumulation of flies, avoid that pig feed (remains or feed) enter the bed. By keeping the food out of the belly, it is helping to reduce the flies attracted to the area.
Once you have established a safe environment for pigs to live, you can choose the pigs you want to buy. Usually, vendors will list the piglets for sale in the local newspaper market bulletins. You may be able to find it by word of mouth if you still do not know someone who sells live pigs. The piglets you buy have recently been weaned from the mother and ready to eat normal foods on their own.
There is no need to go for a specific breed because it is much better to just choose healthy pigs to buy. Look for the most active and largest piglets in the entire litter: these will be the most promising when raising pigs. Do what you can to get your piglets in the first part of the season.
Look for a piglet that has large shoulders and hips and a somewhat lean structure: these are the characteristics that will ultimately make the piglet a pig of fine meat. Avoid any piglet that seems slow, sick, apathetic or coughing. Examine the entire pig to make sure there is nothing to indicate disease. Also avoid pigs with birth defects and malformations.
If you see pork ribs or you can feel pig bones on your back when you touch it, the piglet is too thin and should be avoided. If you see a protrusion in the stomach area of the piglet, you should again avoid the pig, as it may be indicative of a hernia. In summary:
|Characteristics to look for in a piglet.||A weaned pig that can eat alone.|
Lean body structure
|What to avoid||Looking fatigued|
Born with a defect
The ideal time to buy pigs is when the weather is warm because the pigs thrive best in a warm environment. You will want to buy the food you need in advance. Over the course of 100 days, a 50-pound piglet can quadruple and grow into a 250-pound adult pig.
When they buy feeder pigs, they are often sold when the pigs are about 40 pounds. The pigs you buy will probably cost you in the area of $ 1 for every pound of pork. A prize-winning pig can cost much more and the price depends to a large extent on the farmer with whom you treat at the time of purchase.
Be careful with who buys your pigs and where you buy them. Keep in mind that if you are in a place where there are many breeders that show all your piglets, the pigs you are watching will be very stressed: they have been transported to the sample and it is likely that the foreign environment is a little shocking. . In addition, once exposed to all other pigs on display, the piglet is more likely to develop any type of disease that other pigs may have at that time.
Food and water
The food you choose to offer your pigs is important. You can make your own feed, which can be expensive, but it’s much easier to buy at the local store. When you invest in an already mixed food, you can make sure that the pigs get a balanced diet with all the nutrients they need to grow strong and healthy.
When you feed a 50-pound pig, you will need a feed that contains at least 16 percent protein. As the pig ages, its need for protein decreases: a 125-pound pig will only require all of the 14 percent protein. If you eat properly and are healthy, you can expect your pig to grow at least one pound each day.
Feeding leftover pigs will save you some money, but you should remember to balance this with your regular diet. The leftovers only complement the pig’s diet, it does not replace it. In addition, there are things your pig should never eat, since such foods are toxic to the animal, such as raw meat and raw potatoes. Other things that a pig should not be exposed to include:
|Things that are toxic to pigs|
|Toxic plants||All toxic plants should be kept away from pigs. If in doubt, do not give your pig a questionable toxicity plant.|
|Salt||If the pig is not getting enough water, the salt can be quite dangerous.|
|Poison rat and warfarin||No further explanations are required.|
|Gases||Hydrogen sulfide, carbon monoxide and ammonia.|
|Minerals||Zinc, selenium, manganese, iron, iodine and copper|
|Trace elements||Coal tar, fluorine, lead, mercury, arsenic, selenium, iodine, zinc, copper and iron.|
|Antibacterial||Sulfadimidine, monensin, furazolidone and cabadox|
Every pig you have will also need adequate amounts of water. A pig can consume two to four gallons of fresh water daily. Invest in a tub and fill it, but also check it regularly to make sure the water is fresh, clean, not evaporated and does not spill.
Keep a clean pigsty
Once you move your pigs, you must keep the pen. The enclosure of the pig pen is the main living environment for their animals and to ensure human treatment means ensuring a relatively clean place to live for their animals.
A single pig that weighs about 100 pounds can provide more than a pound and a half of manure. If you raise four pigs, you get more than three pounds of manure per day, and over the course of the week you end up with 21 pounds of manure. It is easy to see how quickly manure accumulates. To keep the barn and the premises clean, you must remove the manure and place it somewhere until you are ready to use it or sell it.
The best use for manure is for any garden you are doing. Add manure to shrub bases, tree bases and flower beds to promote the healthy growth of your plants, flowers, shrubs and trees. If you are going to use pig manure, there are some things you should consider before adding it to any area where you will grow food. Manure contains bacteria that can be transferred to your food: keep this in mind when harvesting the foods you grow.
Make sure you clean the food thoroughly before consuming it. In addition, manure is also low in nitrogen and other nutrient content in which most plants grow, while alternative manure, such as beef or poultry byproduct, has a high nitrogen content. higher. Therefore, you must add more to get the most out of the manure you decide to use.
A final note on cleaning the pig pen enclosure: With the manure you have flies, and the pigs also leave urine stains near their water source. You will have to cover the spots with a little garden lime to keep the flies away. Taking the last measure kills the fly eggs as well.
Advice for raising pigs.
In addition to being an exceptional source of food and a natural source of manure, pig farming has several benefits. Some of the advantages you get include:
Save money on food costs
Any leftovers you may have from regular meals can go directly to the pigs, since pigs eat almost anything. As long as the food remains are edible and free of mold, you can add them to your pig’s diet. By feeding pig waste you can minimize the expense you have to pay to feed them. Use a container to add leftovers after finishing a meal or clean the refrigerator, and then serve the leftovers with regular feeding of the pigs.
It benefits from having more than one pig.
Some pig vendors only sell two at a time or more because pigs are social animals. It improves the mental and emotional health of animals, and they thrive better. They will eat more, grow faster and be happier and healthier because they are competitive. What’s more, because pigs are so social and intelligent, you will discover that you entertain yourself with the friendly, carefree and sweet nature of the animals while you raise them.
Keeping some meat for your family.
You do not have to raise pigs for the sole purpose of selling them to everyone. For example, if you have to raise two pigs, then sell one. It will almost cover the price you will pay for the food and butcher fees of one you keep. Essentially, you end up feeding your family for free and you can get a lot of meat from a pig: an adult pig that weighs between 250 and 300 kilos will produce about 120 kilos in first quality cuts or 180 kilos in weight hung: in any way, a pig Put a lot of meat in your freezer.
More pig innards
Remember that raising pigs, although lucrative and fun, is still an arduous job. In fact, some of the things you have to deal with will not be entirely pleasant.
Consider the following:
- Dealing with manure: As mentioned above, it is your responsibility to keep the pen clean. The pigs defecate a lot and, although they can serve as manure to give or sell, the important thing is that they will still have to clean the pen regularly.
- The smelling ballpoint pen and your neighbors. Keep in mind that a pig pen will have a bad natural smell, an odor that also intensifies in the summer heat. This smell may not be openly offensive to you, but your neighbors may not like it. You may want to mention, as a friendly gesture, the neighbors about their pig raising plans so they are aware.
- Pigs with attitude – Just because the pigs are friendly does not mean that you do not meet one or two pigs with an attitude. A pig can ram with considerable force and, sometimes, it is known that they bite. When you face a hostile, angry or escaped pig and stubborn pig, you can use a leaderboard: this is a tool that usually measures about 30 inches by 48 inches and is a thick piece of rectangular plastic with the top and side placed cutouts You can buy them at the local store or you can make your own wood. Check out the pig training videos – Use leaderboards above the video for more information.
- Maintain an emotional detachment Raising piglets to adulthood and sending them to the slaughterhouse is not always as easy as it seems. You will have to avoid an emotional attachment.
If you are one of the many who are considering how to raise pigs, you will find challenges and rewards ahead. Raising pigs for meat has many advantages, especially when it comes to feeding others, feeding your family, and you will find a sense of accomplishment as you become more self-sufficient.
Always keep in mind that, while it is a very lucrative business, you have a lot of work ahead in preparing the pigs you buy and in caring for them once you get them. The purchase of pigs is a great responsibility, and you must be prepared so that the animals receive a complete and adequate care: this includes the daily feeding and cleaning, as well as the necessary medical treatments. Healthy pigs are not only happier, they also provide better meat.
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