All the world wars and the generations of the Cold War experienced do not show us the end of insecurity and the violent battles between nations have come to an end. We may want to believe it, but as long as some countries continue to produce and distribute nuclear weapons, we are not near the safe zone. In fact, we can be at risk more than we think. And also, countries are far from being a lasting peace with each other, so we must plan ahead and not focus on the fear of a possible nuclear attack, but think pragmatically and plan how to survive such a threat.
We must point out that today’s nuclear weapons are a hundred, even a thousand, times more powerful than those that were launched in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. This means that those in imminent proximity may not have an opportunity, while those who are far from large cities and in politically insignificant territories have the opportunity to protect themselves from the nuclear consequences.
So, in this article we will cover vital information on how to survive a nuclear attack. We hope that this information will never be applied in the future, but it is better to know and be prepared than not.
Steps to prepare for a nuclear attack.
Your first step in the preparation stage is to store enough food for at least 48 hours. This is the minimum, so if you have more food for a week, at least your mind will be at peace. Otherwise, it can be dangerous and dangerous to go out and look for food several hours after the attack. If you can stay longer in your shelter with food, then your chances of survival are greater.
Make sure you have plenty of non-perishable foods. The list is long but here are the most basic and most important:
- Wheat and rice
- Canned food
- Dry food
- Freeze-dried foods
Along with this food, make sure you can open them and consume them. For example, if you have canned food, prepare a can opener. If you have dry foods, you will need warm water to make them edible. You may need to store a small compact stove to boil water for your dry and lyophilized foods.
Along with food, water is the most invaluable element for its survival. This is the reason why you need to store large quantities of water in your basement, safe room or shelter. You can not survive without water for more than several days. Also, do not store alone and # 8216; a bit ‘in the hope of finding more water later. In the case of a nuclear attack, everything in the area with a radius of several miles or more will be contaminated with heavy metals and chemicals, including all sources of water.
Purifying tablets can disable chemicals, but these were not specifically tested to detect nuclear contamination. As long as you have at least one gallon per day, per person, you can store as much as you can and your shelter is able to store.
This is your next important step to consider. You need to know what happens in your area, state, country, etc. Being informed is one of your best weapons and defenses, so do not underestimate it. It can help you judge whether it is safe to leave your shelter or not, if something is happening outside and can be dangerous, etc. There is a lot of information that can help you make decisions.
Get a radio, which can also capture the NOAA radio station. Also, when considering which radio will suit your needs, look for one that works with solar panels built into the radio or that has a crank to charge it. Otherwise, completely rely on the batteries, which can run out quickly, is not very smart. It also saves valuable space by skipping battery storage. Make sure you can tune in to all radio stations, including emergency broadcasts, that transmit information 24/7.
Another method of communication and sending signals is the whistle. It is a simple and primitive element, but as it does not need batteries or charge, it is an incredibly valuable element.
And of course, your cell phone. It is true that these do not last as long in the battery, but if you know how to conserve energy and turn it on only when you really need it, it can be valuable. Also, even if the calling services are inactive, you still do not know how a cell phone can really help you. You can also find a solar charger if you want to keep the battery life as long as possible. Another warning: although some of the above require solar energy, this means you will have to leave your refuge.
Since most shelters do not have windows, you can not change the solar panel simply by placing it next to the window. If solar energy is not an option for you, think of other methods to change your batteries. There are generators of own manufacture, which can generate and produce energy as long as it maintains a firm and energetic movement. It looks like the crank for some emergency radios.
You can not go very far without some life-saving medications, painkillers, allergy medications or any other special medication for conditions that you or some of your family members have. Prepare a first aid kit and place all necessary medications in a special waterproof plastic bag, preferably with a zipper (to keep water and moisture away). Make sure these medications have been recently purchased, as they have expiration dates that you should keep in mind. Change them once a year for new ones.
In your first aid kit, keep a lot of adhesive tapes, bandages, sterilization and aerosol solutions, gloves, tweezers and scissors, warm blankets and even a (digital) thermometer. Do not forget to include an instruction guide on the most basic first aid actions to save lives. You can buy a ready-to-use first aid kit with the necessary items in it. Most have an instruction guide, but if not, buy one yourself.
Of course, do not forget the flashlights, the face masks against dust, dirt, pollution, etc., the adhesive tape and garbage and the normal plastic bags. Sanitary items must be part of your first aid kit. If they are not, place them in a waterproof plastic bag. Store some pliers and keys in case you need to turn off some of the public services in your home, such as water and gas pipes.
Nuclear attacks do not happen out of the blue without a warning. If you see the news and the political environment, you should be able to choose among the news that there is a certain tension between two or more countries and the situation intensifies. You must be mentally and physically prepared for the worst. While staying well informed, you will not be surprised if a nuclear attack occurs soon.
You can also follow the news on the web and see some trends on the rise. The defense departments of most countries have their own websites where they can issue a warning and give a rating for the increased risk or even an imminent attack. For example, in the USA. UU You can follow the DEFCON rating level (defense condition) on the current situation.
Preparing for the nuclear attack.
When you realize that the risk of a nuclear attack has increased so much that it is only a matter of time, you should evaluate which areas are safer than others. For example, military and naval bases are much more in danger of being attacked. Other similar risk areas may be commercial ports, shopping centers and other public places.
Government buildings are also at high risk. In general, cities and towns with large populations are also risky and are likely to be attacked. In this sense, it is better to evacuate if you are living near any of these, or if you are living in a big city or capital. We recommend that you move to the field, away from military land.
Knowledge about nuclear bombs.
It can be unpleasant to learn more about nuclear bombs. Knowledge can be useful in certain situations. There are two types of nuclear bombs: A and H bombs. The first ones are called fission and the second fusion bombs.
Fission bombs are more likely to be used in times of war, and have been used in the recent past. They incorporate plutonium and uranium atoms, which, when split, release incredible energy and also neutrons. In the bomb itself (before the explosion) there are also neutrons. When the child neutrons are released, this causes a chain reaction to release more and more neutrons.
Fusion pumps, on the other hand, can release much greater amounts of energy, a hundred times more than fission bombs. They use deuterium and tritium, which when heated by the light, heat up to enormous temperatures. When they merge (hence the name of the bomb), they release a massive energy, which, as we have said, is one hundred thousand times more powerful and destructive. Unfortunately, most of the US nuclear bombs. UU And Russia are fusion bombs.
When an imminent attack occurs
This is when you need to act immediately. Wherever you are during the attack, you need to find a shelter nearby. You must recognize that a bomb has exploded either by sounds or by strong lighting. Do not look directly in the light of the explosion. Depending on how close you are to the explosion, you can have from a few seconds to 15 to find shelter. If it is too close to the explosion, there is virtually no chance of survival due to strong thermal and shock waves, including the radiation itself.
If there is no visible shelter near you, start digging as fast as you can. If you are in the city, educate yourself if there are bomb shelters and where they are; do that before there is any risk of nuclear attack. When the explosion occurs, go immediately to the nearest shelter, if it is only a few seconds away from you. That is, of course, a very remote possibility, so we recommend that you simply look for any type of shelter.
Of course, most buildings are not strong enough to withstand the shock wave explosion, but if the pump is more than 15-20 miles away from you, you may only feel the heat wave ( that can burn your skin, so stay inside!). Also, stay away from explosives, flammable materials and turn off electrical appliances if you have time.
After the explosion has subsided and is still alive and safe (for now), you need to know more about the consequences of radiation. It has been estimated that people who died from radiation, but not from the explosion and heat waves, were very few. This means that if you survived the initial attack you have a chance to survive the consequences, if you follow certain rules.
However, radiation can be very dangerous. The radiation particles that were expelled into the air, during the explosion, will begin to fall to the ground. There are too many to think you are safe. Everything that falls will be contaminated and will be dangerous to you, including food and water. There is also black soot, also known as y # 8216, “black rain”, which is also very scorching and can burn your skin quickly.
After the explosion you must stay in your refuge for at least 8 days. This is when the black rain will occur. Depending on the weather conditions, the soot can be blown by strong winds and can be safe after less than 8 days (or more). You must still stay in your shelter for the recommended minimum. Two days is the absolute minimum. If you leave the shelter in less than two days, you risk dying.
So you can ask what is so dangerous about the subsequent explosion. There are the calls and # 8216; fusion products produced by the nuclear explosion. Radioactive iodine is one of the most dangerous and deadly. Its half-life is 8 days. After that, most of them will naturally become isotopes, safe for humans and organisms. In order for all the iodine atoms to decompose, 90 days are needed.
Cesium and strontium are the other two dangerous elements. These can have very long half-lives of up to 30 years. Unfortunately, these are absorbed by organisms and living beings and can accumulate in our body over time.
When it comes to eating food, you must rely completely on your food supplies (see the first section of this article). If your supplies are finished sooner than expected, you may need to look for food outside of your shelter. Make sure it is later than the minimum of 8 days. Of course, there is a risk that any animal or vegetable food will be contaminated, so you will be exposed to a higher risk. If you want to stay in your shelter for at least 2 weeks before leaving it, you should eat moderately and ration your food wisely.
Some plants can be edible, and root plants such as potatoes and carrots can be eaten. They may be your best option. If you have to eat animals, skin them and get away from the meat near the bone, since bone and bone marrow absorb the radiation. Water can be dangerous because it will contain radiation particles. Groundwater sources can be much safer. You can also consider the possibility of building a solar energy source and make sure to always boil the water.
Exposing you to the outside
This is when you should be more careful and wear as much clothes as you can to protect your skin from burning Beta. Be sure to shake your clothes from time to time to eliminate any particles and contaminants, especially when you return to your shelter.
If a Beta burn has occurred, wash it immediately with cold water and be sure to keep the skin / burned place clean and washed. If blisters appear, do not break them! If, as a result, you exposed and burned a large area of the skin, but no blisters appear, do not cover your skin and use ointments and petroleum jelly to keep it moist. Also, help anyone who may need assistance or have the Radiation Syndrome.
Detonations at high altitude
These situations may not be so risky when it comes to the explosion, but they can cause damage to all electrical appliances. High-altitude nuclear bombs generate the so-called EMP (electromagnetic pulse). It can damage and destroy all your utilities and electrical and electronic equipment, including computers and digital data. If these appliances are plugged into the plugs, they can cause short circuits or explosions and, therefore, endanger you and your family.
Then, as soon as you learn of a detonation of such height, unplug all the items you have at home. Regardless of what you can protect, place it in a metal container (for example, the Faraday cage can be a good example). These protect the electronic and electrical devices of the EMP. However, keep in mind that devices should not touch the metal case / container anywhere.
You can make your own Faraday cage by taking a cardboard and placing an aluminum foil (copper will also serve) around it. Keep the device / item connected and grounded.
Consequences of the nuclear attack.
You have to be mentally prepared so that, if a nuclear attack occurs, it is obvious that a war has started. You have to be prepared for more attacks to follow and you will not be completely safe until a treaty of peace is signed between the two (or more) opposing forces. Invasion or more attacks may be imminent. This is why you need to use your resources sparingly and prudently, and collect the elements (food, water or vital elements) that can be useful and save lives in the long term.
Final notes on radiation units.
Here is how to recognize if someone has radiation syndrome. First, we will use the gray units (Gy). This shows how much the organism has absorbed the ionizing radiation. 1 Gy = 100 rad. When it comes to the dosage, Sv (Sievert) measures that, therefore, 1 Sv = 100 REM. In general, 1 Gy is approximately equal to 1 Sv.
You will not see any visible signs of radiation dose in some of less than 0.05 Gy. With up to 1 Gy, you will see that the person suffers from an immunological breakdown and is susceptible to inflammation and infections. Vomitan, suffer from nausea and headaches. These people can survive while they are not exposed to more radiation. With more than 1.5 to 3 Gy, hair loss is also common. Typically, 1/3 of the infected people will die within the next 30 days.
Heavy poisoning comes with more than 3 to 4 Gy. Half of the contaminated people will die within 30 days. Its symptoms are similar to the previous ones, including external and internal bleeding (skin, mouth, pores, kidneys).
From 4 to 6 Gy more than 50% will die (up to 60%). Reaching 6Gy, the mortality rate shoots up to 90%. The symptoms develop rapidly, usually in a few hours and may be latent for the next few days, and are almost the same as those explained above and end with death within 2 weeks. With up to 10 Gy, death is inevitable and occurs in less than 14 days.
Only with special medical attention can someone survive. With these patients, the total destruction of the bone marrow has been recorded and a transplant is required. Other damage to the internal organs are common causes of death and complications. Almost no one has recovered completely after the total exposure to radiation.
During those times, you should evaluate if someone has acute symptoms or not. Keep in mind that without proper care in a matter of days, these people can not survive. Even if it is difficult to recommend this, keep the food and water supply for those who are still healthy. Otherwise you only prolong the suffering of those who are already dying. During nuclear attacks, reality is hard and you must accept that you can not save everyone.
While the issue of nuclear attack and survival may be difficult to process, it is still a bleak possibility. Facing reality is the first step of preparation we must take. However, physical preparation is not enough and can not offer you a complete picture.
Learn more about nuclear attacks and the consequences of radiation. This information will be invaluable when trying to survive a situation of this type and can help you support people close to you and, as a result, increase your chances of survival. And on the good side, humanity has survived many wars and we are still moving forward, a little wiser and we hope that they will never have to experience another war.