We can bet that every time you hear that an airplane has crashed, you shudder. Many people fear flights and altitude, and flying in a plane has its effect on them. They panic very quickly and shake or behave uncontrollably. However, the chances of a plane crashing are very low. 1 in 9 million aircraft will crash, according to statistics. In fact, driving a car is many times more dangerous and results in thousands of victims daily in any country in the world.
Another thing to keep in mind is that there are almost always survivors in 95% of all cases. This means that there are ways to protect yourself and survive the plane crash. If you learn these techniques and tips, and remain alert (but not nervous) during the flight and are always aware of the situation and any changes, you have many chances to survive.
Of course, there are many other things you should keep in mind and we will discuss them in this article. So read on and learn how to survive a plane crash.
This is what you have to do to survive the plane crash.
Before boarding the plane.
First of all, be sure to bring comfortable clothes and shoes. Keep in mind that if something happens with the plane, it may be exposed to low temperatures, so you should stay warm or at least have a jacket on hand to use as soon as something goes wrong. Also, keep in mind that if you wear more clothes, the risk of injury is less, from minor skin lesions to minor burns. Of course, heavy fire will not stop for your clothes.
If possible, do not wear loose and synthetic clothing. These can get stuck here or there in chaos, or they can catch fire extremely quickly. Therefore, they can put you at greater risk, and you want to minimize it.
The best options for clothes are fabrics such as cotton and wool. They have good insulating properties, they are natural and less flammable products. In fact, wool can be the ideal material for a safer flight, since it can still be a great insulator even if it is wet. This can be especially good in case the plane crashes into the water.
While you are on the subject of clothes and shoes, do not wear uncomfortable shoes. This is important for business women who prefer to wear high heels. High heels are not allowed in case of evacuation. This means that you must leave them behind, but that can be dangerous and expose yourself to broken glass or other broken materials. Then, leave high heels in your suitcase if you have business meetings after landing and wear comfortable and stable shoes.
Some people prefer giggles or even boots. While these can be a bit annoying in some airport checks, they are a much safer option if you want to increase your chances of survival after a plane crash.
On the plane
This is when you need to decide where to sit. It has been estimated that the seats in the rear of the aircraft are much safer than those in front. Survival rates are in favor of the rear seat passengers.
When it comes to strategic places, the ideals are those that are near the exit doors or the corridor. As surprising as it is, it is better to book economy class tickets than to go to the first class.
Before the flight, listen to the pre-flight instructions. Most people are bored because of that, since they have listened to it many times and almost nobody listens, but you should not follow the other passengers. Always pay attention to the safety speech and make a mental note of where the exits are. Take a look at the plane and memorize the important points. Different airlines may have slightly different rules and after all planes are not always the same.
In case you are near or near the exit door, try to find out how it can be opened. This is for you to evaluate the plane before something extreme or urgent happens. Take a look at the exit door and read the instructions that may be written on a label next to it. Memorize and imagine how it could work. This will give you an advantage if you need to make an immediate reaction. After all, in an emergency situation, if the flight attendants are injured or even killed, it will be you who is next to the exit door, who must open it.
Also, if you are not really that close to the exit door, before the flight, count how many seats are between you and the exit door. You can even write the number to memorize it better. This will prepare you in case there is poor visibility due to smoke or you can not see much due to chaos and panic among people.
The overall situation may be too overwhelming to maintain that focus, but as long as you know the seats, you can keep that number in your head and concentrate only on that, when you try to get to the exit door. All this will be much easier in the case of an incident.
You’ve probably heard that you are advised to keep your seat belt on all the time. This is to make sure that, if something abrupt happens, do not throw it suddenly, but be sure in your seat. Also note that as long as the safety belt is tight enough, this will minimize the G force on your body during the crash.
If the strap is loose with only one centimeter, count the G force three times. This is an incredible force and can break ribs and even injure internal organs. Therefore, keep the belt reasonably tight and just above the pelvis, and not around your soft stomach.
Preparation for the impact.
Now that the incident has occurred and you have several minutes before the actual crash occurs, this is what you should prepare for.
It’s time to know if you’re going to crash into water or land. If it is above a body of water, immediately prepare the lifejacket and put it on. You will have to inflate it before leaving the plane. Also, if you have spare clothes or a jacket, put it on before putting on your life jacket. Staying in the water before finding some debris on which climbing can take some time, and cooling down and suffering from hypothermia will not be useful.
To be better prepared even before boarding the plane, take a look at the route that the plane will take and if it goes over the ocean, sea, rivers, large lakes, etc. and prepare accordingly.
While you are on the plane, before you lose control of the situation and people get too scared and chaos falls, evaluate the exits, if they are blocked and keep that in mind. Otherwise, evaluate the route to the door and if there are obstructions (suitcases of fallen passengers, etc.) and try to determine how fast you will arrive at the exit. Keep in mind that other people can also run to the exits.
Minutes before the crash, you should still be in your seat with your seatbelt tight. You have options to position yourself in your seat.
In the first option, you should keep your legs pressed together, and you should lean forward, with your head above or between your knees. Keep your hands together above your head for protection. Move your feet back to protect your shins and the sliding bags can not accidentally hit them.
Observe if you have loose cords and tighten them. If you have the sides of your jacket, close them. Keep anything loose or hanging from you, tight to your body. These can be dangerous and even dangerous items.
For the second position, you have the option to lean on the seat in front of you. Keep your legs back as in the previous position, tight and with your feet back. Lean forward and rest your head on both your hands. Place your hands in the front seat and hold one hand over the other. Your head should rest on your hands as if you sleep. One version of this position is to keep your head in the front seat, but put your hands behind your head to protect it.
Of course, it is easy to advise you to stay calm no matter what. When your life is in danger, you would not be able to remain calm and calm. Those people who are really capable of staying calm have undergone many training sessions and programs and know how to handle their own panic.
Most of the passengers have not gone through any practical training and, often, it is the case that people panic and chaos. This, of course, does not mean that we encourage him to panic, but quite the opposite. The more content and calm you are, the better your judgment will be. People rarely make the right decisions when they are in situations of intense stress and life-threatening situations, especially when they have little control.
Remember that your main goal is to stay alive after the accident. Your possibilities increase exponentially higher the more calm and contained you are. If you mentally practice the previous steps, this can be like a mental preparation in case the worst happens.
Do not let yourself be influenced by other people’s panic, since panic will hardly help you at all.
Also, remember to put your oxygen mask. Do not try to help others before taking this step first to yourself. You can lose consciousness in seconds if you try to save the people around you. Even if you put the mask on your child, but do not have time to put it on, the child can survive, but if he loses consciousness, the child may not be able to help him because he will not know how to do it. This puts you at a much greater risk.
And, of course, if someone is unconscious, you can still relive it if you put on the mask within a reasonable period of time.
After the shock and how to survive it.
When the plane crashes, there will be a lot of fire and smoke on the plane. It has been estimated that the majority of victims die from suffocation and poisoning by dangerous chemicals from aircraft and machinery that are burned. Quickly find a cloth to place in your mouth and nose to expose yourself as little as possible to the smoke. The best idea will be if you can have a wet cloth (if you have bought a bottle of water and have not used it yet). It will prevent most particles from entering your lungs and mouth.
Also, try to crawl or at least stay lower than the thickest part of the smoke cloud. Remember that breathing smoke fumes is the reason why many people can die in the first few minutes (or hours). While you can try to avoid breathing the most concentrated part of the smoke, you have more possibilities and more time to act.
Your next step is, of course, get off the plane as soon as possible. It is unfortunate that most of the victims of plane crashes are due to fire and smoke and not to the injuries caused by the accident. For this reason, the longer the exit strategy is delayed, the more risky it becomes. This is when you have to remember where the exit door is and go to it immediately.
If possible, look through the window to assess where you have landed and if there may be something dangerous outside. Maybe it landed on a cliff, or there is a roaring engine on fire, etc. Be aware of what is happening outside and plan how to evacuate passengers safely without endangering them.
If the flight attendants are alive and can help you, try to listen to them and follow their instructions. After all, they are also rigorously trained in safety procedures after a plane crash and know how to evacuate passengers efficiently without any problems or panic. Your chances of survival (and those of other passengers) are much greater if you trust the hostesses.
He has recommended it to him often, but people have not applied it because leaving his luggage is the best he can do. There are still people who would like to rescue their belongings. While it makes sense in general, it does not do so when your life is in danger and it can take only a few minutes to make the right or wrong decisions, so the line between life and death is very thin. For this reason, we strongly recommend that you forget any belongings you have and leave the plane as quickly and safely as possible.
Think and focus only on saving your life. Your possessions can be restored as soon as you return to civilization, but your life is only one.
After all, you can later save the plane to obtain valuable supplies, water, food, etc., after all the fire has been extinguished and there is no more risk to your life.
After the departure
Once you leave the plane, try to keep a minimum distance of at least 500 feet / 150 m and go against the wind. Therefore, in case of explosions, the wind will not transport any remains of debris, heat, smoke towards you, but vice versa.
In case you have crashed in a very small area, where you can not move very far from the plane, try to be as far as possible. There is always the risk of explosions and fire, and you do not want to be near the plane.
After the crash, people are usually advised to remain calm and in one place. This increases your chances of being discovered. Also, try to take care of other people’s wounds, especially if they endanger their lives in some way. If someone has a first aid kit, use it, otherwise use any item you have on hand to help someone bleed. There is a possibility that there is a medical person who can help.
Also, do not ignore their injuries thinking they are insignificant. You can still be under the influence of adrenaline and still not feel the real severity and pain of your injury. While you attend properly, you can also help others.
So, again, the last advice is to sit still, since the crash site has probably already been noticed and rescue teams are on the way. As long as you do not go wandering or very far from the crash site, you have many more chances of being rescued.