No matter how far technology has come with respect to predictions and earthquake detection, Mother Nature remains unpredictable. When she decides to show her power, all she will have will be her knowledge and level of preparation. At the end of the day, the way you behave will determine your chances of surviving after an earthquake. Therefore, it is imperative that you learn to survive an earthquake.
You must learn how to survive any earthquake by implementing applicable information before, during and after the event.
What to do in an earthquake?
Preparing in advance for an earthquake is something that will increase your chances of survival. This is especially true if you live in regions prone to earthquakes, but because earthquakes can not be predicted in time, everyone should know more about disaster preparedness. You can read more about this in this article.
Selection of a residential or work building
If you intend to live in a region prone to earthquakes, you need to find a residence that is built according to current safety standards. Modern construction methods have made it possible for some buildings to resist the movement of tectonic plates of the earth with minimal damage. The foundations of such buildings are of mead in such a way that the buildings roll with the movement of the earth. As a result, their chances of survival in the earthquake in a building of this type will be much greater.
If you visit a country whose construction standards are not as high as those of EE. UU Or countries like Japan, your approach should be a bit different. Your task would be to try to identify a place to stay that has been built with high quality materials and looks stable. In such areas, look for buildings that have withstood multiple earthquakes with minimal damage.
Securing internal objects
If your place of residence is one that experiences earth movements regularly, take the time to identify the potential hazards that can become deadly falling objects or projectiles.
Be sure to incorporate secured cabinets and furniture in which to store those objects. The last thing you want is to have to deal with things like flying knives when you are very unstable with your feet.
Creation of a disaster management plan.
No one can really predict precisely when an earthquake will occur or how bad it will be. As such, it is important that you create a disaster management plan with your loved ones. You must all become familiar with the plan.
Problems such as communication, possible hiding places and evacuation plans should be discussed in advance. That way, everyone is less likely to be frightened when the earthquake actually occurs.
Storing important documents
You must identify all your important documents, such as insurance and financial documents, and wills in advance. These documents should be stored in fireproof safes. It will make it easier for you to collect the pieces after the earthquake causes damage.
Accumulation of emergency supplies.
When earthquakes occur, no matter how prepared people think they are, chaos always arises. Getting help or basic supplies in the first days after the earthquake can be difficult. This can be very dangerous, especially if you or your loved ones have been injured or are sick.
You need to gather emergency supplies such as emergency food, water, first aid kits, blankets and medications you may need after the earthquake. Then, you should store several of these supplies in different areas of your home, office and even in the car to facilitate access when the need arises. It is always better to be sure than to regret it! Read more about how to put together an emergency kit for earthquakes.
Turn off power and gas connections
If you have a few warning minutes before the earthquake, try turning off the power and gas connections. By doing so, you may end up saving your home from possible explosions or fires that would have erupted if a flame had been lit. You may want to consider placing all of your fuel containment units away from sources of ignition. This movement, however, is of lower priority than running to safe positions.
What to do during an earthquake?
All the preparation you do in advance, as well as the information you accumulate, will be useless unless you use it during an earthquake. When the Earth moves, your ability to stand is almost non-existent. Your best chance to survive in an earthquake is where you position yourself.
When you are inside a building
When you are inside a building, your chances of surviving an earthquake will be threatened by movement and falling objects. You need to hold on to something strong, immovable and stable to keep standing when the earth begins to move until you reach a safe place. It is important to maintain control of your body as much as possible.
You must also implement what is known as the method of releasing, covering and maintaining. Using this method, it should be placed under a sturdy piece of furniture such as a sturdy table or desk or even near a wall inside the building. Stay away from areas near the window, chimneys and under lighting fixtures.
Become a target as small as possible and cover your vulnerable areas such as the head and neck. If you have a child, cover it. The objective is to protect it from projectiles and falling objects that will be present during the earthquake. This minimizes the risk of injury.
To protect it from additional health complications from the resulting dust, try covering your nose or mouth with a cloth. This is especially important if you have a respiratory illness or allergy such as asthma. The last thing you and your loved ones need is to have to deal with a medical emergency in addition to the complications of the earthquake.
When you are in a vehicle
It can be quite frightening to experience the movement of the earth when you are in a vehicle, especially outdoors. However, your chances of survival are quite high if you do things right.
During an earthquake, if you are driving, look for the safest place possible and stop the car. Make sure the place is away from the electricity and gas lines, under bridges, overpasses and even buildings. The important thing is to minimize the disaster in the form of falling objects, possible electrocution and possible entrapment. Once you stop in the car, just stay in it. The cars are made of metal, which means they can survive quite a lot of impact. You should also have an insect outlet bag in your car that can be used when the situation calls for it.
However, if you are in a multi-level parking lot, the pressure of building materials will likely overwhelm your vehicle. In such a case, you should get out of the car and crouch next to it on the safest side you can determine. The vehicle will act as a shield shape. Whatever you do, do not venture too far from the car because it is your best chance of survival.
If you are out
Making the earth move under your feet when you are outside can be even worse than if you were in a vehicle. That said, you’re really in a relatively good position.
When you are outside, do not try to enter a building. It is unlikely that you will overcome the earthquake. All that is needed are a few seconds of movement and the damage will be done.
If you are in a place that is far from bridges, water, trees, electricity and gas lines, buildings and overpasses, stand still. If you are not in that position, look for a place that seems to meet at least some of the criteria. Their survival depends on avoiding a possible tsunami, electrocution, dangerous projectiles and heavy objects. Your human body can not withstand much impact, so keep that in mind.
What to do after an earthquake?
Many people have survived major earthquakes to be injured or killed in the few hours or days after. After an earthquake, you should worry about the aftershocks. While they are weaker than the earthquake, they tend to mutilate or kill because they destroy buildings that were already damaged. That is why you must be very careful with what you do after an earthquake.
Even if your first instinct is to flee somewhere you feel safe, do not try to do it. If your chosen place helped you stay alive, wait a moment. Replicas can start only a few minutes after the main earthquake and can end up hurting or killing you.
First, take the time to inspect your surroundings and take note of buildings, utility lines, etc. Once you establish that there is no danger, it is when you can move.
Make a count
If you and your loved ones were together when the earthquake occurred, you should begin to take stock of where everyone is if you can. Check for injuries and take care of them. That’s where your emergency kits will be useful; Remember them?
Once you determine that there are no serious injuries that require emergency treatment, evacuation should begin. Be careful when leaving where you took refuge to avoid further injury or death. In addition, the strong must help the weak, the children and the elderly. Your destination should be the safest place nearby. Take emergency supplies if you can, because someone may need them. You can not afford to stay in the building you were in until the inspection is done. A replica can end up falling on their heads.
If you are in a car, once you determine that the greatest danger is over, drive slowly and carefully to a safer destination or from your home. Avoid bridges and overpasses. The condition of the infrastructure can be very unstable after the earthquake, so you should try to avoid them when possible. Opt for roads that are not built right in the middle of potentially affected buildings if possible.
Once you have determined that the worst has already happened, you must document the damage that occurred during the earthquake. Watch for structural damage to your building, as it can cause it to fall. Involve a professional building inspector when possible.
In addition to structural damage, be aware of gas leaks. Open the doors and windows of your home or office if you smell something. However, do not interfere with the power connections. Regardless of whether they are off or on, let them remain that way until it is determined that there is no gas leakage.
The electrical connections must also be checked. If there is any indication of damaged appliances or cables, call a professional. That way you can make sure that there are no electrical fires or electrocutions. The fire can be ignited simply by moving a switch. You really do not want that kind of problem.
When the earth moves, everything moves. That’s why you should not consume tap water. It can be contaminated. Your emergency water rations will be useful for a time like that, while you wait for the water service company to fix things. You should also know how to purify the water in case it is stuck in a place where the survival teams will take a hand to get there. In this article, there are some methods of water purification that can be useful.
Also, if you are at home and your plumb still works, avoid flushing your toilet as much as possible because the sewer system could have been damaged during the earthquake. Call your plumber and ask him to check things first.
The fireplace is another area that can be dangerous to your home and your health after an earthquake. You should inspect it for cracks and possible gas leaks. In such a case, hiring a professional is usually the best way to determine if you have something to worry about. A damaged chimney can cause carbon monoxide poisoning or fire.
Be very careful when opening your cabinets or moving furniture. There may be broken pieces all over the place that may end up hurting you or your loved ones. Try to eliminate all broken objects with caution.
Deal with the long-term consequences
Dealing with the long-term consequences of earthquakes requires courage. If the damage to your property was serious, you will have to spend time, energy and money recovering from the event. In the event that you have been able to store your important documentation in a fireproof safe, it can be much easier to survive and even thrive.
With your documents in order, you can easily obtain compensation from your insurance or the financing you need to start building your life again. That is also part of how to survive an earthquake.
Are you really prepared?
While what you do before, during and after an earthquake is important, the lessons you learn about surviving an earthquake are even more important. Be sure to learn from your mistakes in preparation for the next earthquake. Doing so may be the best way to improve the survival of your earthquake when Mother Nature decides to show her anger again.