Hunting impulses of the turbine type include the bullets of Stendebach “Ideal”, Mayer, BS (Sokolov brothers). All these bullets have an internal channel with inclined ribs giving them rotational motion in flight..
Hunting bullets of Stendebach, Mayer, BS and bullets for rifles having rifled chokes, ballistic characteristics of bullets for smooth-bore guns of 12 caliber.
The Mayer bullet also has external inclined ribs-blades, centering it in the bore and contributing to a more rapid imparting of rotational movement to the bullet in flight. The BS bullet has an annular channel between the core and the casing, which allows the use of this bullet with a tail stabilizer wad.
All these bullets have good ballistic characteristics, and accuracy with careful equipment, especially the Mayer bullet, can be very high. Therefore, turbine bullets have a lot of fans. However, there are also disadvantages: equipping cartridges with such bullets requires great care.
They, with the exception of the BS with a stabilizer wad, must not be equipped with brass sleeves. These bullets have a very complex shape, and their castings are not always of good quality. Perfecting bullets to perfect shape requires considerable time.
Hunting bullets for rifles having rifled chokes, properties and application.
For rifles having rifled chokes (“paradoxes”), special bullets are made that differ in bullets for smooth-bore and rifled weapons. They all have two leading belts, which, crashing into the grooves of the choke, give the pool a rotational movement. The most typical is a cylinder-animated bullet made of lead and having an express void in the head. This provides a strong deformation of the bullet when it hits the target.
Express void is usually filled with paraffin or wax or closed with a plastic cap. There were also bullets of other designs for guns with barrels “paradox”.
Some bullets can be used in rifles with rifled choke, and in conventional smooth-bore weapons, for example, a brass deformable bullet with a biconical head, developed by M. Blum, A. Volnov and V. Sabelnikov. Unfortunately, we do not have data on the quality of the battle with this bullet from an ordinary smoothbore gun. From the “paradox”, special bullets well hit medium-sized animals at a distance of up to 150 meters.
Build quality bullets for a hunting rifle.
The quality of a bullet shot often depends not on the type of bullet used, but on the quality of its manufacture, as well as the correctness and thoroughness of the cartridge equipment. When using bullets, you need to ensure that there are no burrs and burrs on their surface, so that the stabilizing wad is not skewed and tightly attached to the actual bullet. Bullets sold in stores often have extremely low quality castings, so they have to be brought back to normal shape.
Sometimes it becomes necessary to grind off part of a bullet, since it does not go into a muzzle narrowing or has a mass greater than that at which the best shot performance is achieved. Unfortunately, the material itself, from which bullets are poured, leaves much to be desired. Some bullets are very soft. This leads to their severe deformation at the time of the shot and reduces external ballistic indicators.
Equipping bullet cartridges, you need to be especially careful when hanging the gunpowder, and when panning, and when selecting and installing the bullet itself. In no case should you use bullet cartridges of unknown equipment. When using bullet cartridges of factory equipment, you need to remember that they can be fired from barrels with a muzzle narrowing of not more than 1 mm.
Ballistic characteristics of bullets for 12-gauge smoothbore guns.
Additional requirements are imposed on bullet cartridges used in self-loading rifles with an under-barrel magazine (MTs-21, Browning, etc.). In the stores of these rifles, the cartridges are located one after another, so that the top of the bullet, protruding beyond the rolled barrel of the cartridge case, can abut against the capsule in front of the standing cartridge. When hit or jerked, a shot and rupture of the store may occur.
In guns of this type, it is better to use bullets with a flat front part (Mayer, Blondo) or to sink a bullet in a sleeve. Once again, I want to remind you that each gun has individual characteristics, so the best ways to equip cartridges, and even more so bullet cartridges, are often achieved empirically.
The same can be said about the type of bullet used. This is a long process that requires a lot of attention and patience, and in the current conditions – and significant material costs. This labor, however, is likely to pay off during the hunt..
Based on materials from the book Encyclopedia of the Hunter.
Rudenko F.A., Semashko V.Yu., Cherenkov S.E., Matyunin M.M..