All shock traps have one principle of action, which consists in the fact that when an animal takes a bait or touches a stretch, then some kind of load falls on top of it, usually a log, stone or a set of heavy objects that cause damage.
Impact traps with a release lever, a spreader and a traction for catching animals and large birds, the manufacture, installation and adjustment of shock type traps.
Such shock traps, depending on their size and type, are suitable for catching medium-sized animals (wild pigs, foxes, badgers, etc.) and for large birds feeding from the ground. Although, in principle, they can be placed on small animals, such as field mice. Impact traps are usually set near the places of intended habitat, feeding, or along the paths of probable movement (trails) of animals. With careful installation and fine tuning, they are quite effective.
Very conditionally, shock-type traps can be divided into two types. The first cargo itself is on the ground, one edge is raised and supported by a stand or strut. As an example, a heavy stone held in unstable balance with a stick, which is also a trigger with a bait. The animal, having touched the bait, causes the trigger to trigger and the stone to fall, which causes damage to the animal itself. The second type of cargo is in limbo, falls from a height and injures the animal. Such shock traps are more difficult to install and configure, and we will consider them further.
Impact trap weight with release lever, spacer and extension.
When arranging such traps, one must first calculate one’s forces and the availability of the necessary materials, since it would be very difficult to set up such a shock-type trap with a load of sufficient weight alone. And in addition, it will require a significant amount, from 5 or more meters, of a rope (nylon cord, paracord). A log is usually used as a load for a shock trap. Although it will be more practical to take not one thick log, but several smaller ones to increase the area affected, and as a result the overall probability of hitting the target.
The weight of the log itself (logs) is selected on the principle of the heavier, the better, given the following factors. How much your strength is enough to lift such a load, the size of the animal that is being hunted and the strength of the rope or cord used. The height of the load suspension will depend on local conditions, and it should be remembered that the magnitude of the impact force of a falling log in a straight line depends on the height of its fall. Depending on the conditions, the log can be suspended both at one mounting point and at both ends.
Installation and adjustment of the shock trap with the release lever, spreader and extension.
The most difficult part of the shock trap is its trigger mechanism, which usually consists of: a support, a trigger lever, a spacer (lock) and a stretch. Place the mechanism itself aside and as far as possible from the falling load, otherwise working with it during its setting will be too risky. As a support, you can use any suitable local objects, if only they would hold the load. For example, bent and interconnected young growth of trees, as in the photo below. As a trigger lever and spreader, any suitable branches.
The principle of installation and adjustment of the shock trap with a log tied to one point.
1. One end of a rope or cord of sufficient length is tied to a log. The trigger lever is tied to the other end. The log is lifted to the required height and for the time the trigger is set, if possible, with what support.
2. The trigger lever with one end starts behind the support, and the other end is locked using one of the methods shown in the photo (from left to right) below.
The spacer is sandwiched between the support and the trigger lever, the extension is tied to the spacer.
The spacer is sandwiched between the tree trunk and the trigger lever, the extension is tied to the spacer.
With a metal retainer ring and an additional support, the extension is tied to the ring.
With the help of a locking ring, a spreader branch and an additional support, the extension is tied to the spreader.
Or in any other convenient way that you do best.
The principle of installation and adjustment of the shock trap with a log tied for both ends.
If there is a need to establish a shock trap in the version where the log is tied at both ends, then the principle of cocking the trigger mechanism may be somewhat different. For example, as in the photo below. On a suitable tree, a piece of rope or cord is tied with a ring; a trigger lever is started at one end for this ring. At the same time, its other end abuts against a tree. Then the trigger lever is fixed with a metal ring, to which the extension is tied. Or cock the trap trigger in any other way convenient for you that you have mastered best.
Stretching from the trigger mechanism of such a shock trap should not pass high above the ground exactly in the place above which the load is suspended, and then fixed to a solid fixed support. If there is not enough rope or cord to organize a stretch, then instead of them, in some cases, you can use stems of some kind of climbing plants with sufficient tensile strength. During installation, carefully mask all components of the trap. Coat freshly cut wooden surfaces with dirt or dirt. Cover the stretch and its supports as naturally as possible with surrounding debris, etc..
Large shock traps can be dangerous not only for the animals on which they are placed, but also for human life. Their trigger mechanism usually works even with a small external effect on stretched and masked stretch marks. And sometimes this can happen by accident. For security reasons, after installation, mark them with signs that are noticeable and understandable to humans. Do not leave such traps cocked if your stay in the area is over and you leave it.