AT desert areas it is a very rare network of dirt and highways. Dirt roads (more precisely, caravan routes) Highways usually run along the outskirts of the desert areas from one oasis to another. However, the flat desert area allows movement. Sand dunes. In the dry season, the mounds are impassable. In the winter, in the spring and after the rains, the sands are compacted and improved. Clay surfaces, at the same time, are difficult to pass during the wet season of the year.
In the summer, tracked vehicles and wheeled off-road vehicles are up to 5 km / h. Conventional cars can be lined with mats or bushes. The movement of cars is possible at a speed of 10–20 km / h. It is difficult to bypass the sandboxes and graders.
Takyry are flat horizontal areas with solid clay soil. Usually takyrs are the bottoms of flat valleys; their surface is almost devoid of vegetation. During the raids, it becomes limp to the depths of several centimeters. It is used as a landing pad for airplanes.
The area is divided by the canal. Steep banks and high shafts. Therefore, it is necessary to overcome the channels and transfer means. Therefore, they are best avoided. Irrigation systems, cotton and rice fields
Open flat character desert terrain in the event of the use of nuclear weapons. Large natural obstacles, spreads out here over a long distance. Increase of the intensity of the air flow. Therefore, it may be larger than in hilly or mountainous areas. The desert is very reduced.
If you are on the ground, you will be contaminated by the environment. In addition, it can be found that it increases the amount of water it takes.
It has been noted that this is the time when it comes to the flow rates. Intergroup depressions, dry channels, and others.
Disguise and intelligence
Open desert area possesses minimal masking properties. The movement is well distinguished by a monotonously gray desert with sparse and dusty vegetation. Strongly spilling out of the fires of the guns. The clouds of dust are no longer visible. Therefore, disguising troops in deserts is particularly important.
For peace of minds, troops can use relief lines, as well as thumbs up for saxaul and other bushes. The limited number of natural masks is replenished by the use of tabular camouflage tools. All vehicles, military vehicles and weapons must be painted under the colors of the area. Artificial camouflage tools are widely used. It can be quickly disrupt the masking system.
Monotonous open area deserts, it can be seen that it makes it possible to complete the design, it can make it possible to make it possible. It’s important that you make it possible to ensure that you’re on the ground.
It is a land plot of land. For the orientation of the troops, it is necessary to ensure that it’s possible to carry out the trainings. In addition, in the deserts, the orientation is carried out in azimuths.
It is clear that you can move around 15 ° in one hour.
It is especially difficult to navigate in the desert shortly after nuclear explosions. It will be possible to make it.
It facilitates the recovery of targets. During the day can vary dramatically. Reduce the visual range. During the wind, often completely completely excludes the possibility of sand.
The movement of sand particles begins at 5-7 m / s. It is not a problem to observe the observation points. In order to increase the visibility of the vehicle, it is necessary to observe the mechanical observation of towers mounted on off-road vehicles.
Distances to local objects Inexperienced scouts make up to 50% down mistakes. High speeds and increased air convection during the day. Bright illumination of the area by the sun adversely affects a person’s vision. Therefore, personnel working with optical devices, especially for the range finders, must be periodically replaced.
Water supply and climate security
A deserts is water supply. Limited water resources bind troops to areas that have water sources: oases and even individual wells. Therefore, it was not clear that areas were destined to separate directions – along roads (caravan routes), especially in areas where water is concentrated.
It has been provided by the groundwater pumping facilities. It is a great distance from one another. They can be determined by water intake devices, trees and shrubs. The depth of such wells from 5 to 200 m and sometimes more; Their flow rate is usually 3-5 cubic meters. m per day.
The water is salty, and often bitter-salty; It contains many harmful impurities and is saturated with microbes. Therefore, drinking it is possible only after cleaning and boiling. It is advisable to use water by air.
The climatic conditions are a negative impact on the physical conditions. High temperatures during the summer (up to 35–45 ° C) cause excessive sweating and constant heat. In the case of a motor vehicle
There are sharp daily fluctuations in temperature (up to 30 ° C). Therefore, troops assigned to these operations should be sufficiently acclimatized.
It is a matter of fact that the water regime. Much attention is paid to equipment troops operating in the desert in the summer. In order to maintain combat capability in hot weather, personnel are subject to notice. There are sharp daily fluctuations in temperature, the troops are in hot water. For everyday activities in the desert, personnel are provided:
- For example, there is a need for a tarpaulin mittens;
- Special dust-proof goggles in case of sandstorms;
- Flasks with water and means for disinfecting water.
In the desert, fighting is possible at any time of the year. It is no heat and precipitation falls. There are a number of ways to ensure that all troops are in the area. Fighting usually develops on separate, disunited parts of the desert.
High-level maneuverability. It is not a problem to make the personnel.
If you’re deciding on a battlefield, you’ll be able to give you information about the conditions,
Topographic maps, special maps, aerial photographs, and various descriptions are used to study and evaluate deserts. For example, maps of a scale of 1: 200,000 will be used for land use.
Considering that it is a relatively dynamic landscape, it can be seen as a relatively dynamic landscape. Aerial photographs of 1: 25000–1: 50 000 scale to depend on. Specialized hydrogeological maps for the territory.
It was a great deal of effort to make a great deal of experience.